Chinese medicated diet
发布时间:2010-03-05

Preface

 

The books in series, entitled “A Practical English Chinese Library of Traditional Chinese Medicine”, are edited with a view to disseminating the theory and knowledge of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) across the world, promoting academic exchanges on medical science between China and other countries, and meeting with the ever-increasing international interest in TCM, so as to make it serve the interests of all nations and benefit entire mankind. This library is the first of its kind in China.

The library is composed of 12 books: Basic Theory of TCM (in two volumes), Diagnostics of TCM, The Chinese Materia Medica, Prescriptions of TCM, Clinic of TCM (in two volumes), Health Preservation and Rehabilitation, Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Chinese Medicated Diet and Chinese Qigong. The two other English-Chinese books ——Rare Chinese Materia Medica and Highly Efficacious Chinese Patent Medicine ——chiefly edited by me are also published simultaneously along with this library.

The authors and editors of the series strive to abide by the following principles: maintaining the systematism, integrity, practicability and adaptability in terms of TCM theory; paying full attention to the organic connection between basic theory and clinical treatment, taking in the available results of scientific researches carried out at home and abroad in the field of TCM; and being concise, precise, and easy to understand in the Chinese version, and correct and fluent in the English one. Some of the books mentioned above contain figures and coloured photos. It is our sincere hope that the books will turn out to be good teachers and reliable friends of those abroad who have begun to learn and practice TCM and Chinese, and provide help for those at home who wish to study TCM documents in English.

The component books of this library are written, translated, and edited through joint efforts of professors, associate professors, lecturers and medical research workers from Shandong TCM College and its affiliated hospital, Shandong Medical University and its affiliated hospital, Shandong University, Shandong Teachers Training University, Shandong Medical Academy, Shandong Provincial Anti-epidemic Station, China Academy of TCM, Nanjing TCM College, Shanghai TCM College, Beijing TCM College, etc.

In order to ensure that the present library is of good quality, we have sent its Chinese version for revision to Professor Zhou Fengwu, Professor Li Keshao who was once my tutor when I was a postgraduate student, Professor Xu Guoqian and Professor Zhang Zhenyu at Shandong TCM College, Professor Qiu Maoliang at Nanjing TCM College, and Professor Lu Tongjie, director of the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong TCM College; and the English version for proofreading to Professor Huang Xiaokai of Beijing Medical University, Professor Lu Chengzhi, head of the Foreign Languages Department of Shandong Medical University, Professor Huang Jiade of Shangdong University, Mr. Huang Wenxing, professor of pharmacology, Mme. Zou Ling, professor of gynecology and obstetrics, both working in Shandong Medical University, and our foreign friends, Ms. Beth Hocks, Australian teacher of English, Mr. Howard G. Adams, American teacher of English, and some others working in Jinan.

I am deeply indebted to Mr. Li Dichen, Editor-in-Chief of Publishing House of Shanghai TCM College, and his colleagues, Mme. Xu Ping, director of the Editorial Department and Mr. Yao Yong, responsible editor, for their advice about drawing up an outline for compiling the library to ensure a success of it; to Mr. Chen Keji, professor of China Academy of TCM and advisor on traditional medicine to WHO, Professor Zhang Zhiyuan and Associate Professor Shao Guanyong of Shandong TCM College, Mr. Liu Chonggang, deputy head of the Yellow River Publishing House, for their valuable, instructive suggestions; and to responsible members at various levels, such as Mr. Xu Ximing, Chairman of the World Acupuncture and Moxibustion Association, vice-minister of the Ministry of public Health and chief of the Administrative Bureau of TCM and Pharmacy of the People’s Republic of China, Mr. Zou Jilong, president of Shandong TCM College, Mr. Yang Shiyun, vice-president of Shanghai TCM College, Mr. Gao Heting, president of Beijing TCM College, Mr. Xiang Ping, vice president of Nanjing TCM College, and Mr. Shang Zhichang, president of Henan TCM College for their warm encouragement and indispensable support as well as their personal participation in compiling and checking the books.

TCM, which dates back to ancient times, has a unique and profound theoretical system. The greater part of its terminology has particular denotations, and is matter-offactly difficult to understand and translate. Inaccuracies in the library, therefore, are unavoidable. I hope that my friends in the TCM circle will oblige me with timely corrections.

May TCM spread all over the world and everyone under the heaven enjoy a long happy life.

 

May 20th, 1988 Dr. Zhang Enqin

Editor-in-Chief of A Practical English-

Chinese Library of Traditional Chinese

Medicine, Director of the Advanced Studies

Department of Shandong TCM College

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter One

General Introduction

 

Chinese medicated diet is not a simple combination of food and Chinese drugs, but a special highly finished diet made from Chinese drugs, food and condiments under the theoretical guidance of diet preparation based on differentiation of symptoms and signs of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). It has not only the efficiency of medicine but also the delicacy of food, and can be used to prevent and cure diseases, build up one’s health and prolong one’s life.

 

Section 1 Origin and Development

 

Chinese medicated diet has a long history. The ancient legend “Shennong Tastes a Hundred Grasses” shows that early in remote antiquity the Chinese nation began to explore the function of food and medicaments, hence the saying “Traditional Chinese medicine and diet both originate from the practice and experience in daily life.” In the Zhou Dynasty, one thousand or more years B.C., royal doctors were divided into four kinds. One of them was dietetic doctors who were in charge of the emperor’s health care and health preservation, preparing diets for him. In The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic, a medical classic in TCM, which appeared approximately in the Warring States Period, several medicated diet prescriptions were recorded. In Shennong’s Herbal Classic, which was published approximately in about the Qin and Han Periods and is the extant earliest monograph on material medica, many sorts of medicaments which are both drugs and food were recorded, such as Chinese-date (Fructus Ziziphi Fujubae), sesame seed (Semen Sesami), Chinese yam (Rhizoma Dioscoreae), grape (Vitis), walnut kernel (Semen Fuglandis), lily bulb (Bulbus Lilii), fresh ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens), Job’s-tears seed (Semen Coicis), etc. In the book Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases written by Zhang Zhongjing, a noted medical man, in the East Han Dynasty, some noted medicated diet recipes were recorded, such as Soup of Chinese Angelica Root, Fresh Ginger and Mutton (Danggui Shengjiang Yangrou Tang), Soup of Lily Bulb and Yolk (Baihe Fizihuang Tang), Decoction of Pig-skin (Zhufu Tang), etc., all of which now still have important values. Sun Simiao, a well-known doctor in the Tang Dynasty, listed and discussed such questions as dietetic treatment, dietetic treatment for senile health care and health preservation, etc. in his books Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies and A Supplement to Essential Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies. These two books were substantial in medicated diet prescriptions. According to history books, up to the period of the Sui and Tang Dynasties about more than sixty kinds of books on dietetic treatment had been published. But unfortunately most of them are lost. The book Dietotherapy of Materia Medica by Meng Xian in the Tang Dynasty has a great influence on later generations. It is the extant and earliest monograph o dietetic treatment.

In the Song Dynasty, Wang Huaiyin and some others wrote Peaceful Holy Benevolent Prescriptions, in which they discussed medicated diet treatment for many diseases. A Book on How to Help the Old to Preserve Health and Your Kith and Kin to Prolong their Lives by Chen Zhi is an extant early monograph on gerontology in China. Of all the Prescriptions recorded in it, 70% are about medicated diet. It is emphasized in this book that “dietetic therapy should go first for any senile diseases, and then followed by medicine if they are not cured.” In the book Principles of Correct Diet, a monograph on medicated diet, by Husihui, a royal doctor in the Yuan Dynasty, oceans of medicated diet prescriptions and dietetic drugs were recorded; in addition, some questions, such as diet contraindication in pregnancy, diet contraindication for wet nurse, contraindication for drinking, etc. were also discussed in this book. In the Ming Dynasty, Li Shizhen collected and recorded in his Compendium of Materia Medica many medicated diet prescriptions, dozen of which were about medicated gruel alone, another dozens touched on nothing other than medicated wine. In Eight Essays on Life Preservation, a monograph on health preserving in the Ming Dynasty, many medicated diets on health preserving and health care were recorded too. Monographs on medicated diet treatment in the Qing Dynasty varied in characteristics: in Recipe of Suixiju by Wang Shixiong, over 300 species belonging to 7 phyla of medicated food and drink were introduced; in Analysis of Food and Drink for Treatment of Diseases by Zhang Mu, more medicated foods were touched upon; in Cookbook of Suiyuan cooking principles and methods were dealt with; while in Common Saying for Senile Health Preservation, also known as Jottings on Health Preservation, by Cao Tingdong, about 100 medicated gruel prescriptions for gerocomy were listed.

Now because of the development of economy and the continous rising of the people’s living standard, medicated diet is more and more valued by the people, and a number of works about medicated diet with distinctive traditional features have been collated and published one after another. For example, in 1984, the collated Dietotherapy of Materia Medica appeared, the original of which, published in the Tang Dynasty, was lost long ago. It was compiled by our contemporaries Xie Haizhou, Ma Jixing and some others on the basis of what was recorded and preserved in some medical works. Some other books have been republished in recent years, among which are Principles of Correct Diet by Hu Sihui in the Yuan Dynasty, Recipe of Suixiju by Wang Shixiong in the Qing Dynasty, Analysis of Food and Drink for Treatment of Diseases by Zhang Mu in the Qing Dynasty, and so on. The publishing of these books will play an important role in carrying on the experiences in ancient medicated diet.

In the past ten years or more, many monographs and popular scientific works on medicated diet have come out. Chinese Medicinal Food and Simple Recipes by Ye Juquan, a notable old doctor of traditional Chinese medicine, was published in 1973, in which 183 kinds of Chinese medicinal food and 901 simple prescriptions are recorded. Later on, there have come out such books as Science of Chinese Medicated Diet by Peng Mingquan, Science of Chinese Dietetic Treatment by Qian Bowen, Popular Medicated Diets by Peng Mingquan and Yang Fan, Menu of Medicated Diet for Nourishment and Health Care by Yu Chang fang, A Practical Nutriology of Traditional Chinese Medicine by Jiang Chao, series of Chinese Dietetic Treatment Science by Xie Yongxin and Lei Zaiquan and many other monographs on medicated gruel, and medicated wine. Those books have pushed forward on a large scale the popularization and development of medicated diet treatment.

Medicated diet has been developing greatly in assortment on the basis of traditional process, for example, medicated can, medicated sweets and so on. Salutary food and drinks produced on the basis of achievements in scientific research and having the effect of curing diseases have a variety of sorts and vary in characteristics. There is medicated food suitable for patients suffering from diabetes, obesity and angiocardiopathy; there are health-care food and drinks suitable for athletes, actors, actresses and miners; there are also health-care food or medicated diets suitable for the promotion of children’s health and growth, or for prolonging life of the aged.

Chinese medicated diet has begun to go abroad. Medicated cans, health-care drinks and medicated wine made from traditional Chinese medicine have been sold at the inter-ationd market. Medicated diet dining-halls have been set up in some countries. Personnel of academic, industrial and commercial circles abroad have paid close attention to Chinese medited diet – a special food, hoping to develop academic exchanges and technical and economic cooperation in this respect. Chinese medicated diet will make contributions to the health of the people all over the world.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section 2 Characteristics

 

The characteristics of Chinese medicated diet are as follows:

 

1.      Laying Stress on the Whole, Selecting Medicated Diet on the Basis of Differential

Diagnosis

By “laying stress on the whole, selecting medicated diet on the basis of differential diagnosis”. We mean that when prescribing medicated diet, we should first make an overall analysis of the patient’s physical and health condition, the nature of his illness, the season he got ill in and the geographical condition, etc, form a judgement on the type of syndrome; then decide on corresponding principles for dietetic therapy and select suitable medicated diet. Take a patient with chronic gastritis, as an example. He should take Galangal and Cyperus Gruel (Liangfu Zhou) if he suffers from chronic gastritis of stomach-cold type, but he can take Drink of Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome, Dendrobium, Black Plam and hawthorn Fruit (Yu Shi Mei Zha Yin) if he suffers from chronic gastritis due to deficiency of the stomach-yin.

 

2. Suitable for both Prevention and Treatment, Outstanding in Effect

Medicated diet can be used either to treat diseases or for healthy people to build

up their health and prevent diseases. This is one of the characteristics in which medicated diet is different from treatment by medicine. Although medicated diet is something mild, it has a notable effect on the prevention and cure of diseases, health building-up and health preserving. Here are some of the achievements in scientific research of Shandong Traditional Chinese Medicine College:

Eight-Ingredient Food: It is prepared according to the experience in ancient

dietetic treatment and health care of imperial court in the Qing Dynasty from eight dietetic Chinese drugs including Chinese yam (Rhizoma Dioscoreae), lotus seed (semen Nelumbinis), hawthorn fruit (Fructus Crataegi). 97% of the children who took it for 30 days have whetted their appetite, and their growth has improved too.

Nourishing Extract of Laiyang Pear and Mushroom: It is made from the juice of Laiyang Pear (Malum Piri) and extract of mushrooms (Lentinus Edodes) and tremella (Tremella). If the middle-aged and senile patients suffering from chronic diseases take it, not only can the symptoms of their illness be alleviated, but their blood-fat can be brought down too when they are suffering from hyperlipemia, and their immunologic function can be improved.

 

3. Good in Taste, Convenient for Taking

There goes the saying “Good medicine tastes bitter” among the people, because

most of the decoctions of Chinese drugs are bitter. Some people, especially children, take an aversion to the bitterness of Chinese drugs and refuse to take them. Most of the drugs used in medicated diet are both edible and medicinal, and retain the properties of food: colour, sweet-smelling, flavor, and so on. Even if part of them are Chinese herbs, their nature and flavour are taken into consideration and made into tasty medicated diet by mixing them with food and careful cooking. So it can be said that medicated diet is good in taste and convenient for taking.

 

Section 3 Content and Classification

 

For the convenience of narration, medicated diet is divided into two types; dietetic Chinese drugs and medicated diet for dietetic treatment.

 

1.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

Dietetic Chinese Drugs, also known as “edible Chinese drugs”, “dietetic materia

medica” or “medicinal food”, refer to drink and food, which can be used either for prevention and cure of diseases, or for health care and recovery. Dietetic Chinese drugs of this type include cereals, fruits, nuts, vegetables, seasonings, birds and animals, aquatic products and so on, but only 70 kinds will be discussed in this book.

 

2.      Medicated Diet for Dietetic Therapy

Medicated diet for dietetic therapy is a diet made from salutary drugs, food and

condiments. Concretely speaking, medicated diet can be prepared either from edible Chinese drugs alone, or from Chinese crude drugs and food according to certain prescriptions, by processing and cooking. In light of its form and process, medicated diet can be divided into eleven kinds.

1) Fresh juice  It is the juice extracted from edible Chinese drugs alone, such as fresh fruits, or together with some fresh, clean-washed Chinese crude drugs. For example, Five-Juice Drink is made from the juices of water chestnut (Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae), fresh reed rhizome (Rhizoma Phragmitis), fresh lotus root (Rhizoma Nelumbinis), pear (Malum Piri) and fresh lilyturf root (Radix Ophiopogonis).

2) Medicated tea, also known as “Daichayin” (infusion drunk instead of tea) It is the coarsely mixed powder of drugs with tea or with no tea (some soft prepared heabal medicine in small pieces for decoction can also be used without being pounded). Edible Chinese drugs such as fruits and vegetables are often used as ingredients of medicated tea, while drastic or extremely bitter crude drugs are usually not used. It is to be taken frequently as common tea after being infused in boiling water or decocted in water. Ginger and Sugar Tea, for instance, which is used to treat wind-cold type of common cold, is made from fresh ginger (Rhizoma Zingerberis Recens) and brown sugar.

3) Drink  It is a liquid dose for dietetic therapy, which is prepared usually by decocting in water for a while edible Chinese drugs alone, or along with some crude drugs, and by sifting the extract from the dregs. It is to be taken as a drink. Composite Corn Stigma Drink, for example, is such a drink, which is used to treat ascites due to cirrhosis.

4) Medicated wine  It is a liquid dose made by combining wine with Chinese drugs. It can be made by either infusing or brewing. The medicaments used are usually chosen from edible Chinese drugs too. For example, Spirit of Ginseng, Gecko and Cordyceps (Shen Ge Chongcao Jiu) is of this kind, which is used to treat bronchial asthma at remission stage.

5) Decoction  It is the liquid prepared by decocting together edible Chinese drugs, crude drugs and solvent (usually water, sometimes wine or honey is used), that is, the decoction of medicated diet. For example, Decoction of Chinese Angelica Root, Fresh Ginger and Mutton recorded in Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases is of this kind.

6) Medicated gruel  It is a kind of gruel prepared by cooking together drugs, or decoctions, and rice, which is curative or has the function for health care. If edible Chinese drugs, such as lily bulb (Bulbus Lilii), Job’s-tears seed (Semen Coicis), longan aril (Arillus Longan), red bean (Semen Phaseoli), white hyacinth bean (Semen Dolichoris Album) and Chinese-date (Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae), are used, they can be washed clean and cooked together with rice; if other crude drugs are used, first decoct them in water, sift the liquid from the dregs, then make gruel with the liquid and rice. The gruel can also be prepared by first adding drug powder or decoction to almost done gruel; then cooking it for a few seconds more. In this book or other monographs on medicated diet, medicated gruel makes up a great proportion.

7) Honey extract  Honey extract, also known as soft extract or decoction extract, is a thick half-liquid does prepared by first decocting in water edible Chinese drugs or crude drugs and sifting the liquid from the dregs; then, after enriching the liquid, mixing in honey or sucrose. Take Flavoured Extract of Fritillary Bulb and Pear. It is applicable to patients with bronchial asthma.

8) Medicated cake  It is a cooked food prepared by first grinding edible Chinese drugs into power which are salutary or have the function for health care, or grinding them together with relevant crude drugs; then mixing the powder with rice flour, or wheat flour, or bean flour, or a right amount of white sugar, cooking oil and finally making cakes with the mixture by either steaming or baking. Take Eight-Ingredient Cake for example. It can be used to treat chronic enteritis.

9) Medicated pancake  It is a kind of cooked food prepared by first grinding together curative edible Chinese drugs with the function for health care and relevant medicaments into powder; then mixing the powder with wheat flour, or rice flour, or bean flour, or a right amount of jujube paste, white sugar, cooking oil, etc.; and finally making pancakes with the mixture by steaming, baking in a pan or in an oven, or frying. Pancake Warming the Middle-jiao and Strengthening the Stomach, for instance, can be taken by patients suffering from chronic gastritis of cold of insufficiency type or pepticulcer.

10) Cooked dishes  This is a large group of medicated diet, including varieties of meat and vegetable dishes which are curative and can be used for health care. It is prepared by cooking chicken, or duck, or fish, or vegetable, etc. along with drugs and condiments. It can be cooked in many ways: stewed, braised, simmered, steamed, boiled, cooked in water, stir-fried, roasted, fricasseed, deep-fried and so on. For example, Baby Pigeon Stewed with Ginseng, Astragalus Root and Cordyceps can be used to treat bronchial asthma at remission stage; and Turtle Stewed with Chinese Angelica Root and Wolfberry Fruit can be used to treat early cirrhosis.

11) Miscellanies  In addition to all those listed above, there are many others, such as cooked cereals, thick soup, Huoji, Boto (a kind of cooked wheaten food), dumpling soup, Guan Ou Ji, Sweets and so on. Unfortunately, they will not be dealt with one by one in this book.

 

 

Section 4  Points for Attention

 

Medicated diet differs from food and drink in the common sense; when it is prepared and used, attention should be paid to the nature and flavor of edible Chinese drugs, the compatibility and incompatibility of medicated diet, selection of materials and their process, cookery and so on. The applied basic principles of medicated diet must be grasped, too.

 

1.      Nature and Flavor of Dietetic Chinese Drugs

Dietetic Chinese drugs belong to the category of traditional Chinese drugs, so the theory of

the nature of traditional Chinese drugs is also applicable to dietetic Chinese drugs. Like common traditional Chinese drugs, dietetic Chinese drugs are different from one another in nature and flavor. In medicated diet therapy, better effect can be produced only by paying attention to the nature and flavor of both medicated and non-medicated Chinese crude drugs. Generally speaking, dietetic Chinese drugs, which are warm or hot in nature, such as fresh ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens), Chinese green onion (Bulbus Allii Fistulosi), Chinese-date (Fructus Zhiziphi Jujubae), walnut kernel (Semen Juglandis), mutton, common fennel fruit (Fructus Foeniculi), and so on, have the functions of warming the interior, dispelling cold and restoring Yang, and can be used to treat cold syndrome and yin syndrome; while dietetic Chinese drugs, which are cool or cold in nature, such as mung bean (Semen Phaseoli Radiati), lotus root (Rhizoma Nelumbinis), water melon (Fructus Citrullus), pear (Malum Piri), water chestnut (Heleocharis Tuberosae), purslane (Herba Portulacae), chrysanthemum flower (Flos Chrysanthemi) and so on, can clear away heat, purge fire, remove heat from the blood and remove toxic materials, so they can be used to treat heat syndrome and yang syndrome. There is another kind of dietetic Chinese drugs which are said to be neutral in nature, because they are moderate, showing no distinct differences between warmth and coolness. Take the meat of domestic animals for example. Mutton and dog meat are warm in nature; while that of rabbits is cool, that of horses is cold, and that of donkeys, pork and beef are neutral in nature. As for the five flavors, dietetic Chinese drugs which are sour, such as black plum (Fructus Mume), pomegranate (Malum Granatum), etc. are astringent and can stop discharge; those that are bitter can clear away heat, send down abnormally ascending qi, purging pathogenic fire and eliminate dampness. For example, bitter gourd (Frhctus Momordicae) can clear away heat and toxic materials, and apricot seed (Semen Armeniacae Amarum) can send down abnormally ascending qi; those that are sweet, for example, Chinese-date (Frutus Ziziphi Jujubae), honey (Mel), malt sugar, etc., are nourishing and invigorating, and can regulate qi, blood and the function among the viscera, etc., relieve spasm and pain; those that are acrid have the functions of dispersion and promoting circulation of qi, for example, fresh ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens) and Chinese green onion (Bulbus Allii Fistulosi) can expel wind and clear away cold, and tangerine peel (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae) and amomum fruit (Fructus Amomi) can promote circulation of qi; those that are salty, such as sargassum (Sargassum) and Japanese sea tangle (Thallus Laminariae), can soften indurated mass and disperse accumulation of pathogen; those that are bland, such as poria (Poria), Job’s-tears seed (Semen Coicis) and so on, can promote urination. In using medicated diet, the relationship between the five flavors of dietetic Chinese drugs and the five viscera also deserves our attention. Generally speaking, acridity acts on the lung; sweetness on the spleen; bitterness on the heart; sourness on the liver; saltiness on the kidney. The purpose of nourishing and invigorating the body, preventing and curing diseases can be reached only when medicated diet is selected and used in light of its nature and flavor.

 

2.      Compatibility and Incompatibility of Medicated Diet Therapy

As for invigoration and benefit in the four seasons, it is better to take medicated diet with

dispelling effect in spring, medicated diet capable of clearing away heat in summer, medicated diet that is bland in flavor in longsummer, (the larst month in summer) medicated diet that is moderate in nature in autumn and medicated diet with nourishing and invigorating effect in winter. As for diseases in the five viscera, it is to advisable avoid things acrid in flavor for liver disease, things bitter in flavor lung disease, things salty in flavor for both heart and kidney diseases and things sweet and sour in flavor for spleen and stomach diseases. As for the patient’s physical condition, those who are weak should take invigorating medicated diet, avoid that with dispersing or purging effect; those who are strong should not take more than needed invigorating medicated diet that is warm in nature; those who are yang deficient should take medicated diet with warming and invigorating effect, avoid food that is salty in flavor and cold in nature; while those who are yin deficient should take medicated diet that nourishes yin, avoid food that is acrid in flavor and hot in nature. As for the nature of disease, medicated diet that is cold and cool in nature should be used for heat syndromes, and medicated diet that is acrid in flavor or hot in nature should be avoided; medicated diet that is warm or hot in nature should be used for cold syndromes, and food that is salty in flavor and cold in nature should be avoided. Those who are troubled with weakness of the spleen and stomach, or indigestion should avoid greasy food and drink those who are troubled with skin and external diseases, pyogenic infections, anaphylactic dermatosis, or have just had a surgical operation should avoid “fawu”, which refers to food that is easy to cause clonic convulsion, invigorate fire, or promote the production of phlegm, such as fish, shrimp, crab, pig head, alcoholic drink, Chinese green onion (Allium Fistulosum), Chinese chive (Allium Tuberosum) and so on, so as to neither make the illness worse nor put off the healing.

In addition, there are also some incompatibilities of drugs in prescriptions recorded in ancient literature. For example, coptis root (Rhizoma Coptidis), platycodon root (Radix Platycodi), black plum (Fructus Mume) are incompatible with pork; turtle, with three-coloured amaranth (Amaranthus); ginseng (Radix Ginseng), with radish (Radix Raphani) and so on. Now although there is no experimental evidence, attention should be paid when medicated diet is used.

 

3.      Selection of Materials and Process

The Chinese drugs and food used for medicated diet should be chosen carefully

and seriously. First of all, cleanness-selecting should be carried out so as to ensure that the drugs and food to be used are clean, pure and dustless, and none of them is mildewed or rotten. The next thing deserving attention is the purity of color and flavor, the beautiful appearance and good quality of the materials and food. Take Chinese-date as an example. Those which are big, purplish red, with plenty of flesh, smooth and not moth-eaten should be used; otherwise, they are of poor quality and should not be used. Take wolfberry fruit (Frutus Lycii) as another example. Those with big grains, plenty of flesh, few seeds, red in color and soft should be used; otherwise, they are of poor quality and should not be used.

 

4.      Cooking Techniques

Cooking techniques must be taken into consideration to prepare good medicated

diet. Besides the colour, the fragrance, the taste and the shape that the food cooked in common ways have, attention must be paid, when medicated diet is being cooked, to retain as much as possible its nutrition and effective constituents in order to bring into full play its functions of treatment and health care. The main purpose of cooking medicated diet with proper condiments is to maintain the special properties of the original juice and flavor of food and Chinese drugs so that their nature and flavor might be combined closely. As a result, not only does the medicated diet have good colour, fragrance, taste and shape, thus arousing the appetite, but also the treatment of disease and health care are brought into play. Common edible Chinese drugs and those with no improper flavor (or their fine powder) can be cooked together with food; if the drugs to be used are too many or have distinctly improper flavor, they can be wrapped in gauze and cooked along with food, and by doing so, the property of the drugs can go into the food or the soup; the dregs must be sifted out before it is taken.

 

5.      Applied Principles of Medicated Diet

In the application of medicated diet, apart from grasping and applying the

principle of “laying stress on the whole, selecting medicated diet on the basis of differential diagnosis” (for the detail, refer to section 2 of this chapter), attention should also be paid to the two points below.

1) Right Amount and Perseverance “Moderate in eating and drinking” is an important principle of health preservation and health care in traditional Chinese medicine. “Right amount and moderation” in medicated diet therapy is necessary too. It is no good taking too much at one time, or on the same day, or in a short period of time; don’t act hastily, nor be impatient for success. It should be taken regularly, at small dosages and with perseverance according to the patient’s physical condition; that is, in a way it is taken little by little without a let-up, and a lot of benefit is assured to result after a long period of time.

2) Correct Handling of the Relationship between Medicine Therapy and Dietetic Therapy. It is not necessary for those who are not ill with any disease to take medicine, but they can take medicated diet proper for health care and health preservation; it is all the more good for those who are born insufficient, or weak, or those who are old. It is certain that those who are ill, especially those who suffer from an acute disease, or illness of difficult and complicated cases, or are critically ill, should be treated with medicine, but if the treatment by medicine is coordinated with medicated diet therapy, a better curative effect will be produced. Medicated diet is often more suitable and resultful for recovery during the convalescence or for recuperative medical care of chronic diseases, which, of course, does not mean that they can not be treated with medicine at the same time. What is necessary to be pointed out is that medicated diet is used on a larger scale than medical treatment, but it is far from being either so adaptable or so specially good in effect as medical treatment. If they are used coordinately, supplementing each other, a better effect can be produced.

 

 

 

Chapter Two

Dietetic Chinese Drugs

 

Dietetic Chinese drugs refer to Chinese medicinal edibles having the functions of nourishing the human body and keeping fit as well as preventing and curing diseases. They are characterized by the dual nature of medicine and food.

When looking for food, the ancient Chinese people discovered that some kinds of food were edible and could be taken both as medicine and as food because they not only could allay their hunger but also were very useful for health care and treatment of diseases. It is stated in Treatise on the Relationship between the Viscera and the Four Seasons, a chapter of Plain Questions, that “The five cereals are used for nutrition; the five fruits, for auxiliary; the flesh of the five kinds of livestock, for invigoration; the five vegetables, for replenishment and nutrition. One’s vital essence can be replenished and invigorated if they are taken in appropriate combination according to their nature and flavor.” Sun Simiao, the medicine master, said in his Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies: “If an illness is to be treated, treat it with Dietotherapy first, then with drugs if it is not cured.” It is thus clear that in health care and preservation it is better to eat invigorating food than to take tonic.

Among the main dietetic Chinese drugs are cereals, fruits, vegetables, poultry, aquatic product and so on, which can be eaten in many ways and are easy to be absorbed, so they are ideal for the prevention of diseases, health care and prolongation of life.

 

Section 1 Cereals

 

Polished Round-Grained Rice

 

VARIANT NAMES  Dami (rice), Yingmi (hard rice), Jiashu.

ORIGIN  The seed of Oryza sativa [Gramineae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 75% of starch, about 8% of protein, 0.5 to 1% of fat, and a little vitamin B.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating the middle-jiao and replenishing qi, strengthening the spleen and regulating the stomach, relieving thirst and restlessness, and arresting dysentery and diarrhea.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten steamed, made into gruels, or compounded into medicated diet or medicated gruel. The patient with endogenous cold should eat less.

SUPPLEMENT  Polished long–grained non-glutinous rice and polished glutinous rice: These two kinds of rice and the polished round-grained rice both originate from the same kind of plant. The seeds of the polished long-grained rice are longer and thinner, but less glutinous and expand more; while the seeds of polished glutinous rice are divided; some are the same as those of polished long-grained non-glutinous rice, some are the same as those of polished round-grained rice, which are rounder and shorter, but differ in that they contain more dextrin, with the strongest glutinosity and little expansion. Polished long-grained non-glutinous rice basically has the same functions and indications as polished glutinous rice and polished round-grained rice, except that it is warm in nature, and its excessive eating will cause heat, thus easily resulting in dry stools.

 

 

 

 

Millet

 

VARIANT NAMES  Guzi, Sugu, Foxtail Millet, Liangmi, Bailiangsu, Zimi, Yingsu, Hansu, Huangsu, Kezi, Shansu.

ORIGIN  The seed of Setaria italica [Gramineae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 63.27% of starch, 1.41% of fat, 2.03% of reducing sugar, 2.48% of total nitrogen, 2.41% of protein nitrogen. The protein is composed of glutelin, prolamin, globulin, and contains a great deal of glutamic acid, proline, alanine and methionine. Besides, it contains solid and liquid fatty acids. The outside membrance of the seed contains a greater amount of vitamin B family and minerals (calcium, phosphorus and iron).

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet, salty in flavor and cool in nature. Old millet is bitter in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the kidney, spleen and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Regulating the middle-jiao, tonifying the kidney, removing pathogenic heat and poisonous quality of any substance. It is used to treat fever of deficiency type in the spleen and stomach, regurgitation of food from the stomach and vomiting, diabetes and diarrhea. Old millet can arrest dysentery, relieve thirst and restlessness. Millet is appropriate for treating dripping urination resulting from damp-heat of the spleen, stomach and kidney.

DIRECTIONS  To be decoted or made into gruel. Less should be taken by those who are in a morbid condition resulting from insufficiency of genuine qi with endogenous cold manifested as light-coloured urine. Don’t rub the seeds with your hands while washing them; avoid either soaking them in water for long or washing them in hot water.

 

Wheat

 

VARIANT NAMES  Baimai (White Wheat).

ORIGIN  The seed or flour of Triticum aestivum [Gramineae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 53 to 70% of starch, about 11% of protein, 2 to 7% of sugar, 2 to 10% of dextrin, about 1.6% of fat, about 2% of crude cellulose. Its fatty oil consists mainly of oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid and stearin. It also contains a little sitosterol, lecithin, allantoin, arginine, amylase, maltase and trace of vitamin B.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the heart, spleen and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Nourishing the heart, tonifying the kidney, removing pathogenic heat and relieving thirst. It is used to treat hysteria, dysphoria, diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, carbuncle and swelling, bleeding due to injury, and scald.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, made into gruel or made into cooked wheaten food for oral regular administration; when used externally, it is to be roasted and ground into powder to treat carbuncle and swelling, injuries and scald. Noodles should be avoided by those who are ill with damp-heat syndrome.

SUPPLEMENT  Light Wheat: It can arrest sweating and is used to treat excessive sweating due to debility.

 

Buckwheat

 

VARIANT NAMES  Wumai (Black Wheat), Huaqiao, Tianqiao, Qiaozi.

ORIGIN  The seed of Fagopyrum esculentum [Polygonaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Its achenia contain Salisylamide, 4-hydroxy phenyl methylamine, N-salicylidene-salicylamine.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen, stomach and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting functional activity of the stomach and relieving intestine stuffiness, keeping the adverse qi flowing downward and removing food stagnancy, and removing noxious damp-heat. It is used to treat summer cholera, retention of food in the stomach and intestines, chronic diarrhea, fasting dysentery, wandering erysipelas, lumbodorsal carbuncle, scrofula and scald burn.

DIRECTIONS  To be made into thin gruel, or boluses or powder out of its flour for internal use. It can also be ground into powder for external application. It should not be taken for long, and it should be avoided if one suffers from insufficiency of the spleen-yang.

 

Chinese Sorghum

 

VARIANT NAMES  Shushu, Shushu, Muji, Lusu, Fanshu, Diliang.

ORIGIN  The shelled seed of Sorghum vulgare [Gramineae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing p-hydroxy-mandelonitril-glucoside, which produces p-hydroxybenzal-dehyde, HCN and glucose by hydrolysis.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Warming the middle-jiao to strengthen the spleen, excreting dampness and arresting dysentery. It is used to treat fluid retention due to hypofunction of the spleen, maldigestion, dysentery and difficulty in urination resulting from damp-heat.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, or to be ground to make cooked food for oral administration, or made into gruel.

 

Yellow Soybean

 

VARIANT NAME  Soybean.

ORIGIN  The yellow-skin seed of Glycine max [Leguminosae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing a great deal of protein, fat, carbohydrate, carotene, vitamin B1 and B2 , nicotinic acid, isoflavonoids and saponins. It also contains choline, folic acid, folinic acid, pantothenic acid, sialic acid, biotin and vitamin B12.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Strenghening the spleen and relieving epigastric distention, moistening dryness and inducing diuresis. It is used for treatment of infantile malnutrition, diarrhea, dysentery, abdominal distention, emaciation, toxemia of pregenancy, pyogenic infections of skin and external diseases (such as carbuncle, deep-rooted carbuncle, furuncle, multiple abscess, scrofula, ulcer), and bleeding due to injury. Being antibacterial and antiphlogistic, soybean is effective for pharyngitis, conjunctivitis, stomatitis, bacillary dysentery and enteritis.

DIRECTIONS  To be made into cooked food, soybean milk for oral administration, or ground into powder for external application. Raw soybean is used for soothing the liver and regulating the circulation of qi, while cooked soybean is used for invigoration.

SUPPLEMENT  Black Soybean: It is of the same family as yellow soybean, but with black skin. It can promote blood circulation, induce diuresis, dispel pathogenic wind and remove the poisonous quality of any substance, and is used for treatment of edema, abdominal distension or swelling of the extremities, beriberi due to pathogenic wind, general edema with yellow tinge of skin, migratory arthraliga with clonic spasm of muscle, postpartum convulsive disease, lockjaw, skin and external diseases (such as carbuncle, deep-rooted carbuncle, furuncle, etc.), and for relieving drug’s toxicity. It is easy to cause heat retention and impair the spleen to eat parched black soybean, so valetudinarians and children should not eat it. Though beneficial, it is no good eating cooked black soybean excessively.

 

 

Mung Bean

 

VARIANT NAME  Green Soybean.

Origin  The seed of Phaseolus radiatus [Leguminosae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  In every 100g of mung beans, there are 22.1g of protein, 0.8g of fat, 59g of carbohydrate, 49mg of calcium, 268mg of phosphorus, 3.2mg of iron, 0.22mg of carotene, 0.53mg of thiamine, 0.12mg of ovoflavin, 1.8mg of nicotinic acid. The protein is mainly composed of globulins; there are little methionine, tryptophan and tyrosine in its composition. Its phospholipid is composed of phosphatidylcholine, phosphalidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidic acid.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the heart and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away pathogenic heat and toxic materials, removing summer-heat and inducing diuresis. It is used as a cure of restlessness and thirst caused by summer-heat, edema, diarrhea, dysentery, erysipelas, carbuncle and swelling; it is also used to relieve drug’s toxicity.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, made into gruel, or ground into powder for external application.

 

Black Sesame

 

VARIANT NAMES  Huma, Jusheng, Dog Louse, Wuma, Wumazi, Youma, Jiaoma, Jushengzi, Xiaohuma.

ORGIN  The black seed of Sesamum indicum [Pedaliaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing about 60% of fatty oil, 18.45mg% of folic acid, 0.48mg% of nicotinic acid, 0.64% of sucrose, 0.65% of lecithin, and pentosan, protein, calcium. Its fatty oil contains glyceride composed of oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, arachicic acid, tetracosenic acid, docosanoic acid, as well as sterol, sesamin, sesamolin, sesamol and vitamin E.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the liver and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating the liver and kidney, moisturizing the five viscera. It is used as a cure of deficiency of both the liver and the kidney, dizziness due to endopathic wind of deficiency type, migratory arthralgia, paralyses, dry stools and difficult defection, weakness during the convalescence, early graying of air, lack of lacatation in women.

DIRECTIONS To be decocted, or made into gruel along with polished round-grained rice, or used as an ingredient of boluses, powder for internal use. It can also be decocted for bathing or pounded for external application. It should be avoided by those who suffer from loose stools due to insufficiency of the spleen.

 

Section 2  Fruits

 

Apple

 

VARIANT NAMES  Nai, Naizi, Pinpo, Pingbo, Chaowanzi, Tianranzi.

ORIGIN  The fruit of Malus pumila [Rosaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Mainly composed of carbohydrate, most of which is sugar, and its content varies with genera: sucrose 4%, reducing sugar 6 to 9%. Among the acids it contains, about 0.5% in all, are mainly malic acid, quinic acid, citric acid and tartaric acid. Of the fragrance it contains, 92% is alcohols, 6% is carbonyl compounds, the other 2% is esters, acids and so on.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting the production of body fluid, moisturizing the lung, relieving restlessness, removing summer-heat, promoting functional activity of stomach and dispelling the effects of alcohol.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw, pounded to get its juice or cooked into jam.

 

Banana

 

VARIANT NAMES  Jiaozi, Jiaoguo.

ORIGIN  The fruit of Musa paradisiacal var. sapientum [Musaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 0.5% of starch, 1.3%of protein, 0.6%of fat, 11% of sugar, vitamin A, B, C and E. It also contains a little 5-hydroxytryptamine, noradrenaline and dihydroxyphenyl ethylamine.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the lung and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away pathogenic heat, moisturizing the intestines, removing poisonous quality of any substance. It is used to treat restlessness and thirst caused by febrile diseases, constipation, bleeding due to hemorrhoid.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw with no skin. Stewed banana with skin for oral administration is a cure for bleeding resulting from hemorrhoid. It is no good eating it excessively. Those who suffer from loose stools due to insufficiency of the spleen-yang should avoid it.

 

Pear

 

VARIANT NAMES  Kuaiguo, Guozong, yuru, Mifu.

ORIGIN  Mainly the cultivar fruit of Pyrus brets-chneideri, P. pyrifolia and P. ussuriensis [Rosaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  In every 100g of the edible part of the fruit, there are 0.8g of protein, 0.1g of fat, 7g of carbohydrate, 8mg of calcium, 20mg of phosphorus, 1mg of iron, 0.01mg of carotene, 0.01mg of thiamine, 0.02mg of ovoflavin, 0.7mg of nicotinic acid, 6mg of ascorbic acid; there are also essential oil and some organic acids such as malic acid and citric acid. Among the sugars it contains glucose, fructose, sucrose and xylose.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet, sour in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the intestines and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting the production of body fluid, moisturizing the intestinal tract, promoting blood circulation and removing food stagnation.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten fresh, or made into preserved peach for eating, or decocted to drink its decoction and eat its flesh. Excessive eating will lead up to heat.

 

Watermelon

 

VARIANT NAMES  Hangua, Tiansheng Baihu Tang, Xiagua, Shuigua.

ORGIN  The flesh of Citrullus vulgaris [Cucurbitaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Watermelon juice contains citrulline, α-amino-β-(pyrazoly-N) propionic acid, aminopropionic acid, α-aminobutyric acid, glutamic acid, arginine, phosphoric acid, malic acid, ethylene glycol, betaine, adenine, phosphoric acid, malic acid, ethylene glycol, betaine, adenine, fructose, glucose, sucrose, salts (mainly sylvite), vitamin C, β-carotene, γ-carotene, lycopene, hexahydrolycopene; it also contains a little volatile constituent, such as acetaldehyde, butyladldehyde, isovaleraldehyde, hexanal.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the heart, stomach and urinary bladder.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away summer-heat, relieving restlessness and thirst, and inducing diuresis. It is used for treatment of restlessness and thirst caused by summer-heat, consumption of the fluid due to excessive heat, difficulty in micturition, aphthae, and inflammation of the throat.

 

DIRECTIONS  Eat it raw, extract it to drink its juice, decoct it or boil it down into jam for oral administration. Those who suffer from loose stools due to insufficiency of the spleen-yang should not eat it.

 

Grape

 

VARIANT NAMES  Caolongzhu, Mountain Bottle Gourd, Cattail Peach.

ORIGIN  The fruit of Vitis vinifera [Vitaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing glucose, fructose, a little sucrose, xylose, tartaric acid, oxalic acid, citric acid, malic acid and mono-glucoside and die-glucoside of various kinds of anthocyanidin. In every 100g of grape, there are 02.g of protein, 4mg of calcium, 15mg of phosphorus, 0.6mg of iron, 0.04mg of carotene, 0.04mg of thiamine, 0.01mg of ovoflavin, 0.1mg of nicotinic acid, 4mg of vitamin C.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet, sour in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung, spleen and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating qi and enriching the blood, strengthening the bones and muscles, and inducing diureses. It is used as a cure for deficiency of qi and blood, cough due to deficiency of the lung, palpitation nightsweat, arthralgia due to wind-dampness, stranguria and edema.

DIRECTIONS Eat it raw; soak it in wine, or decoct it for oral administration; or extract its juice for drinking. Excessive eating will result in interior heat or diarrhea.

 

Tangerine

 

VARIANT NAMES  Jushi, Huangju (Yellow Tangerine).

ORIGIN  The ripe fruit of various kinds of tangerine such as Citrus tangerina or C. erythrosa [Rutanccae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing hesperidin malic acid, citric acid, glucose, fructose, sucrose, vitamin C and B1, carotene and Cryptoxanthin.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet, sour in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the lung and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting the function of stomach and regulating the flow of qi, relieving thirst and moisturizing the lung. It is used to treat accumulation of qi in the chest and diaphragm, vomiting and poor appetite, insufficiency of stomach-yin, dry mouth and thirst, cough due to retention of pathogenic heat in the lung and excessive drinking.

DIRECTIONS  Eat it raw after peeling, or sqeeze its juice out for oral administration. These who have cough caused by wind-cold or phlegm-retention should not take it.

 

Hawthorn Fruit

 

VARIANT NAMES  Shucha, yangqiu, Chiguashi, Chizaozi, Large-fruit, Chinese Haw, Hongguo, Haihong, Sour Plum, Mountain Pear, Suanzha.

ORIGIN  The fruit of crataegus pinnatifida or C. cuneala [Rosaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing tartaric acid, citric acid, crataegolic acid, malic acid, oleanolic acid, citric acid noids, lactone, sugars, glycosides, carotene, vitamin C and B2, nicotinic acid, protein, tannin, calcium and iron.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sour, sweet in flavor and slightly warm in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen , stomach and liver.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting digestion and strengthening the stomach, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, and expelling worms. It is used for treatment of retention of meat and food in the stomach, mass in the abdomen, phlegm retention, feeling of fullness in the chest and upper abdomen, diarrhea, dysentery, hematochezia, lumbago, hernia, postpartum abdominal pain, lochiorrhea, milk stagnation of babies.

 

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw; or decocted, or boiled down into jelly, or made into pills or powder for internal use; it can also be boiled in water for external bathing, or pounded for application to the affected part. Precaution should be taken by patients suffering from deficiency of the spleen and stomach.

 

Section 3 Nuts

Walnut Kernel

 

VARIANT NAMES  Walnut, Qiangtao, Xiama, Walnut Meat, Wansuizi.

ORIGIN  The seed kernel of Juglans regia [Juglandaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 40 to 50% of fatty oil (mainly trilinolein, a little linseed oil and olein), 15.4% of protein, 10%of carbohydrate, 0.119% of calcium, 0.362% of phosphorus, 0.035% of iron, 0.17mg% of carotene, 0.11mg% of ovoflavin and vitamin B1, nicotinic acid.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the kidney and lung.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Tonifying the kidney to arrest spontaneous emission, warming the lung to relieve asthma, moisturizing the intestines to relax the bowels. It is used to treat symptoms due to deficiency of the kidney, such as asthma, cough, lumbago and beriberi, impotence and seminal emission, frequent urination, stranguria caused by the passage of urinary stone, dryness and knot of feces.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw or cooked; it can also be made into medicated gruel, decocted or used as an ingredient of boluses or powder. Excessive eating will lead up to diarrhea, so those who suffer from asthma and cough due to phlegfire, hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency, loose stools and diarrhea should not eat it.

 

Sweet Almond

 

VARIANT NAME  Apricot Stone.

ORIGIN  The dry sweet seed of some cultivars of Prunus armeniaca or P. armeniaca var. ansu [Rosaceae].

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Moisturizing the lung, relieving asthma and constipation. It is used to treat cough and asthma due to consumption, constipation due to dryness of the intestinal tract.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw, or decocted for drinking, or used as an ingredient of boluses or powder. Precaution should be taken by those who are troubled with loose stools because it can result in slight diarrhea.

 

Chestnut

 

VARIANT NAMES  Banli, Dali, Liguo.

ORIGIN  The shelled seed of Castanea mollissima [Fagaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 5.7% of protein, 2.0% of fat, 62% of carbohydrate, 1.3% of ash, 25% of starch and vitamin B and lipase.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen, stomach and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS Nourishing the stomach and strengthening the spleen, tonifying the kidney to strengthen the muscles, promoting blood circulation and arresting bleeding. It is used to treat regurgitation of food from stomach or diarrhea due to weakness of the spleen and stomach, soreness of the waist and weakness of the legs caused by general deficiency of the human body, hematemesis, nose-bleeding, hemafecia, incised wound, ecchymoma and pain resulting from fracture, scrofula and pyogenic infections.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw, cooked, parched, or stewed along with meat. It is effective for arresting bleeding to eat it raw; while for invigoration and replenishment, to eat it cooked. Nevertheless excessive eating is no good.

 

Chinese Torreya

 

VARIANT NAMES  Feishi, Pizi, Chiguo, Yushanguo.

ORIGIN  The seed of Torreya grandis [Taxaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing fatty oil, oxalic acid, glucose, polyaccharose, essential oil and tannin. The fatty oil is composed of palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid and glyceride of linoleic acid.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung, stomach and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Destroying intestinal parasites, removing stagnancy of indigested food, moisturizing dryness. It is used to treat abdominal pain due to enterosistosis, malnutrition of children due to impairment of the spleen and stomach caused by improper feeding, dry cough, constipation and piles.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten parched, or decocted for oral use, or used as an ingredient of boluseds or powder. Eating parched Chinese torreya regularly will strengthen the muscles, improve eyesight and build up health. Chinese torreya has the laxative action, so those who suffer from deficiency of the spleen and stomach marked by loose stools should not eat it excessively.

 

Pine Nut

 

VARIANT NAMES  Korean Pine Nut, Xinluo Pine Nut, Shelled Pine Nut.

ORIGIN  The seed of Pinus koraiensis [Pinaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 74% of fatty oil (mainly olein, linolein), palmatine, protein, essential oil.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the liver, lung and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting the production of body fluid, arresting convulsion, moisturizing the lung and lubricating the intestinal tract. It is used as a cure of migratory arthralgia, vertigo, dry cough, hemoptysis and constipation.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten after parched to such a degree that fragrance is given out, or to be taken decocted as a drink, or used as an ingredient of a medicament. It should be avoided by those who are troubled with loosed stools, spermatorrhoea or phlegm-dampness.

 

Peanut

 

VARIANT NAMES  Huasheng, Luohuasheng, Fandou, Changshengguo, Luodisong, Diguo, Fanguo, Didou.

ORIGIN  The seed of Arachis hypogaea [Leguminosae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 40 to 50% of fatty oil, 20 to 30% of nitrogen substances (including protein, amino acid, alkaloid and so on), 8 to 21% of starch, 2 to 5% of cellulose, and vitamin.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen and lung.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Moistening the lung, regulating the stomach and arresting bleeding. It is used to treat dry cough, regurgitation, beriberi and hypogalactia, and now is used to treat bleeding diseases of the internal organs and hemophilia.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw, parched, cooked, or decocted for oral administration. Those who suffer from stagnancy of dampness-cold and lingering diarrhea should not eat it.

 

Siberian Filbert

 

VARIANT NAMES  Chuizi, Pingzhen, Shanfanli.

ORIGIN  The shelled seed of Corylus heterophylla [Betulanceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 16.5% of carbohydrate, 16.2% to 18% of protein, 50.6 to 77% of fatty oil.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the stomach and spleen.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Regulating the function of the spleen and stomach, inducing appetite and digestion, improving eyesight. it is used for treatment of poor appetite, tiredness, liability to fatigue, dim eyesight, emaciation, etc.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten parched, or ground into powder for oral administration, or decocted along with other Chinese herbs.

 

Sunflower Seed

 

VARIANT NAMES  Tiankuizi, Kuihuazi, Kuizi.

ORIGIN  The seed of Helianthus annuus [Compositae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing about 50% of fatty oil (mainly linoleic acid, phospholipid, β-sitosterol, etc.), soluble monosaccharide, diose, trisaccharide, organic acid (such as citric acid, tartaric acid, chlorogenic acid, quinic acid), and β-craotene, phytine, 3,4-benzopyrene (its content is greatest in the shell).

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Reinforcing the spleen and moisturizing the intestinal tract, arresting dysentery and treating boils. It is used to treat constipation due to dryness of the intestinal tract, dysentery with pus and blood in the stool, unulcerated carbuncle and swelling.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten parched, cooked, or decocted for oral use; it is to be pounded for external application, or extracted to get its oil for application to the affected part. Raw sunflower seeds have a better effect of promoting pus drainage, so they should be eaten cooked.

 

Section 4 Vegetables

 

Wax Gourd

 

VARIANT NAMES  Baigua, Shuizhi, Dizhi, Zhengua (Pillow Gourd), Pugua, White Wax Gourd, Donggua.

ORIGIN  The fruit of Benincasa hispida [Cucurbitaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  In every 0.5kg of it, there are 1.5g of protein, 8g of sugar, 15g of crude cellulose, 72mg of calcium, 45mg of phosphorus, 1.1mg of iron, 0.04mg of carotene, 0.04mg of thiamine, 0.08mg of ovoflavin, 1.1mg of nicotinic acid and 61mg of vitamin C.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet, bland in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the lung, large intestine, small intestine and urinary bladder.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Inducing diuresis, clearing away phlegm, removing pathogenic heat and poisonous quality of any substance. It is used to treat hydrops and turgor, beriberi, stranguria, cough and asthma with rale, fidgets due to summer-heat, diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, carbuncle and swelling. It can remove fish toxin and alcohol toxin.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, or eaten stewed, or made into medicated diet, or pounded to get its juice for drinking; raw wax gourd can be applied to the affected part. Cool-natured, it should not be eaten raw, and it should be avoided if a patient suffers from weakness of the spleen and stomach, cold of insufficiency type in the kidney, or lingering diarrhea resulting from a longstanding case.

 

Cushaw

 

VARIANT NAMES  Maigua, Fangua, Wogua, Jindonggua, Fugua, Fangua.

ORIGIN  The fruit of cucurbita moschata [Cucurbitaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  The flesh of the fruit contains 20.9mg% of citrulline and arginine, asparagines, gynesine, adenine, carotene, vitamin B ascorbic acid, fat, glucose, sucrose, pentosan and mannitol.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating the spleen and stomach and replenishing qi, relieving inflammation and pains, removing toxic materials of any substance and destroying intestinal parasites.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten steamed, cooked, or to be decocted for oral administration, or to be mashed for external use. Cushaw has the effects of invigoration, replenishment, alleviation of water retention and inducing diuresis when eaten cooked, but it can expel intestinal ascarides and clear away toxic materials when eaten raw.

 

Towel Gourd

 

VARIANT NAMES  Tiansigua, Tianluo, Mangua, Bugua, Tiandiaogua, Chunyanggua, Daoyangcai, Shuigua, Xugua, Jiangua.

ORIGIN  The fresh tender fruit of Luffa cylindrical or L.acutangula [Cucurbitaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing saponin, towel gourd bitter principle, mucus, citrulline, xylan, fat, vitamin C and B.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL  TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the liver and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away pathogenic heat and resolve phlegm, cooling the blood the blood and removing toxic materials.  It is used to treat fever, restlessness and thirst during the course of febrile diseases, dyspnea and cough due to phlegm retention, fresh blood in stools and anal fistula, metrorrhagia and profuse leukorrhea, stranguria with blood, furuncle, galactostasis, carbuncle and swelling.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten cooked, or decocted for oral administration, or pounded to get its juice for application to the affected part. Those who suffer from debility with endogenous cold should not eat it excessively.

 

Celery

 

VARIANT NAMES  Hanqin, Helanyaerqin, Xiangqin, Puqin.

ORIGIN  The whole grass of Apium graveolens [Umbelliferae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing apiin, bergapten, essential oil, organic acid, cartoene, vitamin C, sugar, etc.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL  TROPISM  Sweet and bitter in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the stomach and liver.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Calming the liver and clearing away heat, expelling wind and removing dampness by diuresis. It is used to treat hypertention, vertigo, headache, flushed face, conjunctival congestion, dysentery with bloody stool, carbuncle and swelling.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten sautéed, or decocted for oral administration; or to be pounded to get its juice or mashed for external application.

 

Spinach

 

VARIANT NAMES  Bolingocai, Red-Rooted Vegetable, Bosicao (Persian Grass), Yingwucai (Parrot Vegetable), Shugencai, Jiaocai.   

ORIGIN  The whole grass of spinacia oleracea [Chenopodiaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  In every 100g of the edible part spinach, there are 2g of protein, 0.2g of fat, 2g of carbohydrate, 70mg of calcium, 34mg of phosphorus, 2.5mg of iron, 2.96mg of carotene, 0.04mg of thiamine, 0.13mg of ovooflavin, 0.6mg of nicotinic acid, 31mg of ascorbic acid, 0.1g of oxalic acid, 17mg of rutin, 1.1mg of fluorine, α-tocopherol, 6-hydroxymethyl lumazin; its leaf (dried leaves),contains 56 to 68mg/kg of zinc, 1.22μg/g of vitamin M, amino acid, xanthophyll,β-carotene, neo-β-carotene B, neo-βcarotene U, α-spinasterol, stigmasten-7-ol, cholesterol, sterol ester, steroline, quercetagetin, spinacin. The root contains spina saponin A and B.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the large intestine and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Nourishing the blood, arresting bleeding, astriging yin fluid, moistening dryness. It is used as a cure of nose-bleeding, hemafaecia, scurvy, polydispsia due to diabetes, difficulty of feces. It has been used recently for treatment of anemia.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten tenderly sauted, cooked, quick-boiled in boiling water, or decocted for oral administration. Those who show symptoms of debility and loose stools should not take it.

 

Coriander

 

VARIANT NAMES  Husui, Xiangcai (Fragrant Vegetable), Hucai, Xiangsui, Mantianxing, Yuansui.

ORIGIN the whole grass with root of Coriandrum sativum [Umblliferae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 92 to 98ma% lf vitamin C, n-decanoic aldehyde, nonaldehyde, linal-ool and so on.

MATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM Pungent in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the lung and spleen.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Inducing diaphoresis and promoting eruption, promoting digestion and keeping adverse qi flowing downward. It is used to treat slow eruption of measles and food retention.

DIRECTIONS To be eaten after quick-boiled in boiling water, stir-fried, or to be decocted or oral administration or external bathing. It should be avoided by those who suffer from measles that either has erupted or not erupted with toxic heat congested other than attack of wind-cold on body surface.

 

Garlic

 

VARIANT  NAMES  Husuan, Hu, Dusuan, Viviparous Onion.

ORIGIN  The bulb of Allium sativum [Liliaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  In every 100g of fresh garlic, there are 4.4g of protein, 0.2g of fat, 23g of carbohydrate, 5mg of calcium, 44mg of phosphorus, 0.4mg of iron, 0.24mg of thiamine, 0.03mg of ovoflavin, 0.9mg of nicotinic acid, 3mg of vitamin C. The essential oil which, about 0.2% in all, consists of allicin and many kinds of thioether compounds. Garlic also contains citral, geraniol, linalool, α-phellandrene, β-phellandrene, propionic aldehyde, valeraldehyde.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Acrid in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen, stomach and lung.

 

 

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting the circulation of retained qi, warming the spleen and stomach, removing mass in the abdomen, clearing away toxic materials, destroying intestinal worms. It is used to treat retention of food in the stomach, cold sensation and pain in the abdomen, hydrops, turgor, diarrhea, dysentery, malaria, whoopy cough, boils and pyogenic infections, tinea capitis and snake bite.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw, mashed, or decocted for internal use. It can also be pounded to get its juice for external application to the affected part, or sliced for moxibustion at acupuncture points. Garlic being pungent in flavor and warm in nature, excessive eating will cause heat and irritation to some part of the body, so it should be avoided if one either indicates syndrome of hyperactivity of fire owing to yin deficiency or suffers from diseases in the eye, mouth or tongue.

 

Chinese Yam

 

VARIANT NAMES  Shuyu, Shanyu, Zhushu, Yancao, Wangyu, Shuyao, Shanzhu, Huaishanyao.

ORIGIN  The stem tuber of Discorea opposita [Dioscoreaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing saponin, phlegm (which is composed of mannan and phytic acid), choline, starch (16%), glucoprotein, fee amino acid, d-abscisin II, polyphenoloxidase, vitamin C, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL  TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung, spleen and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Strengthening the spleen, tonifying the lung, reinforcing the kidney and replenishing the vital essence. It is used to treat diarrhea due to hypofunction of the spleen, protracted dysentery, cough due to consumption, diabetes, emission, leukorrhagia and frequent urination.

DIRECTIONS  To be stir-fried after being peeled. It can also be decocted or made into gruel after being dried.

 

Radish

 

VARIANT NAMES  Laifu, Qigen, Luofu, Luobai, Tu, Zisong, Qinsong.

ORIGIN  The fresh root of Raphanus sativus [Cruciferae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing glucose, sucrose, fructose, various kinds of amino acid, coumaric acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, phenylpyruvic acid, gentisinic acid, hydrox-henzoic acid, vitamin C, methylmercaptan, raphanusin and so on.

NATURE,FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Pungent, sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the lung and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Removing food stagnation, clearing away phlegm-heat, keeping the adverse qi flowing downward, regulating the middle-jiao, clearing away toxic materials. It is used to treat food stagnation, turgor, aphonia caused by cough due to accumulation of phlegm, hematemesis, nose-bleeding, diabetes, dysentery, megrim and headache.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw, stir-fried, cooked, or made into medicated diet. It can also be decocted or pounded to get its juice for drinking, or applied to the affected part when used externally. Patients manifesting symptoms of insufficiency of the spleen-yang should not eat it.

 

Carrot

 

VARIANT NAMES  Hongluobo, Hulufu, Huangluobo, Jinsun, Dingxiang luobo, Honglufu.

ORIGIN  The root of Daucus carota [Umbelliferae].

 

 

CHEMICIAL COMPOSITION  Containing more than two kinds of carotene, such asα-,β-,γ-and,ε-isomer, lycopene, hexahydrolycopene, etc., vitamin B1 and B2, and anthocyanidin. It also contains sugar (3 to 15%), fatty oil (0.1 to .07%), essential oil (0.014%), umbelliferone and caffeic aicd, chlorogenic acid, gallic acid, p-hydroyx-henzoic acid, etc.

NATURE, FLAVOR AD CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung and spleen.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Strengthening the spleen and removing stagnation of food. It is used for treatment of maldigestion, protracted dysentery and cough.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten either raw or cooked. It will strengthen and tonify the five viscera, promote digestion, nourish the kidney-yin, and invigorate the kidney-yang to eat carrot for a long period of time.

 

Lotus Root

 

VARIANT NAMES  Lianou, Liangen.

ORIGIN  The fat rhizome of Nelumbo nucifera [Nymphaeaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing starch, protein, asparagines, vitamin C, pyrocatechol, d-gallic-catechin, neochlorogenic acid, leucocyanidin, leucodephinidin and peroxidase.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNNEL TROPSIM  Sweet in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the heart, spleen and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Raw lotus root can clear away heat, cool the blood, dissipate blood stasis, so it is used to treat restlessness and thirst during the course of febrile diseases, hematemesis, nose-bleeding and strangury of heat type; while cooked lotus root can strengthen the spleen, promote the functional activity of stomach, replenish the blood, promote the tissue regeneration and arrest diarrhea.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten raw, cooked, or pounded to get its juice for drinking. It can be dried in the sun and ground into power for making gruel.

SUPPLEMNENT  Lotus Root Joint: Its decoction, when taken orally, can check upward adverse flow of qi and regulate the middle-jiao; while its parched charcoal, being able to arrest bleeding and dissipate blood stasis, is used to treat bleeding diseases of various kinds.

 

The Shoot of Mao Bamboo

 

VARIANT NAMES  Sun, Maozhusun (Cogongrass Bamboo Shoot), Maozhusun (Cat-Bamboo Shoot).

ORIGIN  The shoot of Phyllostachys pubescens [Poaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Every 100g of the edible part contains 2.6g of protein, 0.2g of fat, 7.0g of carbohydrate, 76mg of phosphorus, 10mg of calcium, 0.5mg of iron and polyose.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the large intestine, lung and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away heat, resolving phlegm, regulating the function of the stomach and spleen, moisturizing the intestinal tract. It is used to treat excessive accumulation of phlegm and heat in the lung, abdominal distention due to retention of food in the stomach, dyschesia, measles reluctant to erupt.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, eaten cooked or sauted. Children with symptoms of deficiency of the spleen should not eat it excessively.

 

Mushroom

 

VARIANT NAMES  Koumo, Baimo, Rouxun (Flesh Gill Fungus), Jizumogu (Chicken-paw Mushroom).

ORIGIN  The whole substance of Agaricus campestrs [Agarocaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Every 100g of dried mushroom contains 35.6g of protein, 1.4g of fat (mainly fattyacid, linoleic acid), 14g of carbohydrate, 100mg of calcium, 162mg of phosphorus, 32mg of iron, 0.02mg of vitamin B1 , 2.53 mg of vitamun B2,, 55.1mg of nicotinic acid, 1mg of vitamin C, and kinds of free amino acid, vitamin A, B6 , D, E, and K, pantothenic acid, biotin and folic acid.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the intestines, stomach and lung.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting the functional activity of stomach, regulating the flow of qi, resolving phlegm, pleasing the mind, clearing away toxic materials, inducing eruption of measles, arresting vomiting and diarrhea. It is used to treat febrile diseases at the middle or late stage, bodily tiredness ad deficiency of qi, dry mouth and anorexia, cough with phlegm, fullness sensation and oppressed feeling in the chest, vomiting, diarrhea, slow eruption of measles in children. Mushroom can also be used as an auxiliary treatment of infectious hepatitis and leucopoenia.

 

Section  Condiments

 

Alcoholic Drinks

 

VARIANT NAMES  Shaojiu (Spirits), Baijiu (Plain Spirits), Huangjiu (Yellow Rice or Millet Wine), Wine.

ORIGIN  A drink made from any of rice, wheat, millet, broom millet, Chinese sorghum and others with leaven.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  There are quite a lot of alcoholic drinks due to the differences of raw materials used, methods of making, process and storage, and they differ greatly from one another in ingredients. According to the methods of making, they fall into two big classifications: distilled alcoholic drinks (that made from Chinese sorghum, for example) and non-distilled alcoholic drinks (such as that made in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province). All alcoholic drinks contain alcohol. Distilled drinks and non-distilled drinks differ in that the former contains more alcohol than the latter; besides, distilled drinks also contain higher alcohols, fatty acids, esters, aldehydes, a little volatile acid and nonvolatile acid, or a little sugar. The ingredients of non-distilled alcoholic drinks are water, alcohol, matobiose, glucose, dextrin, glycerin, acids, substances containing nitrogen, esters, aldehydes, minerals; among the acids they contain are mainly acetic acid, lactric acid, amino acid, succinic acid.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Bitter, sweet and pungent in flavor, and warm and toxic in nature, acting on the channels of the heart, liver, lung and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Promoting blood circulation, preventing pathogenic cold, enlivening the spleen, warming the middle-jiao and helping drugs to take effect soon. It is used to treat arthralgia due to wind-cold, spasm of muscles, obstruction of qi in the chest, cold sensation and pain in the chest and abdomen.

DIRECTIONS  Take it warm together with rice or bread; decoct it along with Chinese drugs or soak Chinese drugs in it for oral administration. It can also be used for drip-bathing, mouth-rinsing, or spread on the affected part. It should be avoided by those who indicate syndrome of deficiency of yin, loss of blood or excessive damp-heat.

 

Table Salt

 

VARIANT NAMES  Salt, Xiancuo.

ORIGIN  The crystal made by boiling-away or sun-drying sea water, the brine of salt wells, salt ponds or salt springs.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Composed mainly of sodium chloride with some impurities such as magnesium chloride, magnesium, sulfate, sodium sulafte, calcium sulfate and insoluble matter.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Salty in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the stomach, kidney, large and small intestines.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Inducing vomiting, removing phlegm, cooling the blood and clearing away pathogenic fire and toxic materials. It is used to treat food stagnation in the stomach, distending pain in the chest and abdomen, accumulation of phlegm in the chest, difficulty in urination and defecation, gum bleeding, sore-throat, toothache, nebula, skin and external diseases (including carbuncles, furuncle, multiple abscess, scrofula, ulcer), insect-bite.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken after being dissolved in boiling water, r used as condiment when vegetable are cooked; when used to induce vomiting, it should be parched yellow and taken after being dissolved. It can also be parched and wrapped in a cloth and applied to the affected part, dissolved in water for eye dripping, or used to bathe skin and external diseases. Those suffering from edema should avoid it.

 

Vinegar

 

VARIANT NAMES  Kujiu, Chuncu, Xi, Micu.

ORIGIN  A liquid made from millet, wheat, Chinese sorghum or alcoholic drink, distillers’ grains and others containing acetic acid.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Generally containing extract, ash, volatile acid, nonvolatile acid, reducing sugar; the concrete substances it contains are higher alcohols, 3-hydroxybutanone, dihydroxyacetone, tyrosol, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, acetal, acetic acid (the content is 3 to 5%), succinic acid, oxalic acid and sorbose.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sour and bitter in flavor, and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the liver and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Dissipating blood stasis, arresting bleeding, clearing away toxic materials and destroying intestinal parasites. It is used for treatment of syncope due to postpartum bleeding, mass in the hypochondrium and abdomen, jaundice, tawny sweat, hematemesis, nose-bleeding, hemafecia, pruritus genitalium, skin and external diseases. It can also remove the poisonous quality of fish, meat and vegetable.

DIRECTIONS  To be used to cook meat and fish dishes, eaten together with rice or bread; it can be mixed with decoction or drugs for oral rinse the mouth, or mixed with rice or bread; it can be mixed with decoction or drugs for oral administration, or warmed up to fumigate offensive odour, rinse the mouth, or mixed with drugs for form excessive dampness of muscles, or show symptoms of the initial stage of febrile diseases caused by exopathogen.

 

Thick Sauce

 

ORIGIN  A paste made from steamed, fermented flour or beans mixed with salt and water, and classified into thick

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  In every 100g of thick broad-bean sauce, there are 39g of water, 20.9g of protein, 11.2g of fat, 2g of carbohydrate, 24.9g of ash, 245mg of calcium, 174mg of phosphorus, 16.1mg of iron, 0.05ng of thiamine, 0.78mg of ovoflavin and 2.1mg of nicotinic acid. In every 100g of sweet sauce made from fermented flour, there are 47g of water, 5.8g protein, 1.2g of fat, 37g of carbohydrate, 6.3g of ash, 32mg of calcium, 104mg of phosphorus, and 5.7mg of iron.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Salty in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the stomach, spleen and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away heat and removing toxic materials. It is used to treat bee stings and insect-bite, scald burn, dysphoria with fullness sensation during the course of febrile diseases.

DIRECTIONS  To be used as seasonings for meat or fish dishes. Its excessive eating will result in accumulation of phlegm and damage to qi.

Peanut Oil

 

VARIANT NAMES  Guoyou, Huashenyou.

ORIGIN  The fatty oil extracted from the seed of Arachis hypoaea [Leguminosae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing glyceride in many kinds of fatty acids, which are composed of 39.2to 65.7% of oleic acid, 16.8to 38.2% of linoleic acid, 7.3 to 12.9% of palmitic acid, 2.6 to 5.6% of stearic acid and arachidic acid, behenic acid, tetracosanoic acid, myristic acid, cerotinic acid, cis-[9]-eicosenoic acid, [11]-eicosenoic acid, lauric acid, etc.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral, acting on the channels of the spleen, lung and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Tonifying the spleen, moistening the lung and loosing the bowel to expel parasites. When eaten cooked, it can moisten the intestines and expel intestinal parasites, and therefore is used to treat ascaris intestinal obstruction.

DIRECTIONS  To be used either for cooking vegetables or for enema.

 

Pepper

 

VARIANT NAMES  Fujiao, Meilizhi, Yujiao.

ORIGIN  The fruit of Piper nigrum [Piperaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing piperine, chavicine, piperanine, piperonal, dihydrocarveol, caryophyllene oxide, cryptone, alcohols and so on.

NATURE, FLAOVR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Pungent in flavor and hot in nature, acting on the channels of the stomach and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Warming the middle-jiao and keeping the adverse qi flowing downward, clearing away phlegm and toxic materials. It is used to treat cold phlegm and food stagnation, cold-pain in the abdomen, regurgitation, watery vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery of cold type. When used externally, it can treat skin and external diseases, poisonous snake or dog bites, and can also be used to remove poisonous quality of food.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted for internal use, or used either as an ingredient of boluses or powder or as seasonings, or ground into powder for external application.  Those who suffer from excessive fire due to yin deficiency should avoid it.

 

Cassia Bark

 

VARIANT NAMES  Guipi, Mugui, Zigui, Yugui, Lagui.

ORIGIN  The bark of trunks and branches of Cinnamomum cassia [Lauraceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing 1 to 2% of cinnamic oil, mainly composed of 75 to 90% of cinnamic aldehyde, a little cinnamyl acetate and phenyl propyl acetate, etc.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Pungent and sweet in flavor, and hot in nature, acting on the channels of the kidney, spleen and urinary bladder.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating the kidney-yang, warming the spleen and stomach, removing retention of coldness, promoting blood and circulation. It is used to treat decline of the fire from the gate of life (kidney-yang), cold extremities and faint pulse, prostration syndrome due to yang depletion, abdominal pain, diarrhea, periumbilical colic due to invasion of cold and sensation of qi rushing, cold-pain in waist and knees, amenorrhea, mass in the abdomen, phlegmon of yin type, multiple abscess, upward flowing of deficiency yang, syndrome of heat in the upper and cold in the lower.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted for oral administration, or eaten cooked together with vegetables, or used as an ingredient of a recipe. It can be ground into powder for external application, soaked in alcoholic drinks to spread on the affected part. Precaution should be taken by women in pregnancy or patients with symptoms of excessive fire due to yin deficiency.

 

 

Honey

 

VARIANT NAMES  Shimi (Stone Honey), Shiyi, Shimi (Food Honey), Mi, Baimi, Baishami, Mitang, Fengtang.

ORIGIN  The honey sugar made by Apris cerana, an insect of Apidae.

CHEMICAL COMPOSTION  Containing fructose, glucose (about 70%), a little sucrose, maltobiose, dextrin, gum, compounds containing nidrogen, organic acid, volatile oil, pigment, wax, plant bits, yeast, ferment and inorganic salt.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung, spleen and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Strengthening the middle-jiao, moistening dryness, relieving spasm and clearing away toxic materials. It is used to treat cough due to lung dryness, constipation due to intestine dryness, epigastralgia, rhinorrhea with turbid discharge, aphthae, scald, burn. It is also used to remove aconitic toxicity.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken soon after deing infused, or to be used as an ingredient of boluses or soft extract. When used externally, it can treat local hot scald. It should be avoided by those who have  the symptoms of accumulation of phlegm-dampness in the body, abdominal distention and lingering diarrhea.

 

Crystal Sugar

 

ORIGIN  The ice-like rock crystal boiled and crystallized out of white granulated sugar.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor, neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung and spleen.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating the middle-jiao and replenishing qi, regulating the function of the stomach and moistening the lung. It is used to treat cough and asthma due to dryness of the lung, deficiency of the lung, wind-cold pathogen and overwork; infantile malaria, fasting dysentery, aphthae; toothache due to pathogenic wind-fire.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted for internal use, or eaten together with rice or bread. It can be used as an ingredient of boluses or pills or soft extract.

 

Green Chinese Onion

 

VARIANT NAMES  Congjingbai, Congbaitou.

ORIGIN  The bulb of Allium fistulosum [Liliaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION Containing volatile oil (mainly allicin, diallyl sulfide), 97mg% of vitamin C (damp weight), vitamin B1and B2, nicotinic acid, a little vitamin A, fatty oil and mucus.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Pungent in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the lung and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Removing superficies syndrome, activating yang and clearing away toxic materials. It is used to treat chills, fever and headache due to exogenous febrile diseases, abdominal pain due to yin-cold, ascarisinstestinal obstruction, constipation and uroschesis, dysentery, carbuncle and swelling.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted or boiled in alcoholic drinks for oral administration. When used externally, it is to be pounded and applied to the affected part, or parched for hot medicated compress, or decocted to bathe the affected part, or wrapped in a cloth and inserted into the ear or nose. It should be avoided by the patient who shows spontaneous perspiration caused by exterior deficiency.

 

Ginger

 

VARIANT NAMES  Fresh Ginger, Dried Ginger, Jun-jiang, Baijiang (White Ginger).

ORIGIN  The dried or fresh rhizome of Zingiber officinale [Zingberaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing volatile oils such as zingiberene, phellandrene, camphene, shogaol, gingerol, zingerone, borneol, zingiberol and citral, and resin and starch.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Fresh ginger is pungent in flavor and slight warm in nature, while the dried one pungent in flavor and hot in nature, both act on the channels of the spleen, stomach and lung.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Fresh ginger has the functions of relieving exterior syndrome, dispersing cold, arresting vomiting and resolving sputum, and is indicated for cold, vomiting and productive cough of wind-cold type. Dried ginger functions in warming the middle-jiao and eliminating pathogenic cold, recuperating depleted yang and promoting blood circulation. It is used to treat cold-pain in the chest and stomach, vomiting and diarrhea, cold extremities and faint pulse, asthma and cough due to fluid retention of cold type, arthralgia due to wind-cold-dampness, hemoptysis, nose-bleeding and hemafecia due to yang deficiency.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted for oral administration, or used as seasoning or cooked together with vegetables. It can also be sliced for moxibustion at acupuncture points. It should be avoided by a patient who manifests the syndromes of interior heat due to yin deficiency or bleeding due to blood-heat.

 

Section 6 Birds and Animals

 

Pork

 

VARIANT NAMES  Tunrou, Chirou, Xirou.

ORIGIN  The meat of Sus scrofa demestica [Suidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  The lean meat contains 16.7% of protein, 28.8% of fat, 1.1% of carbohydrate, 11mg% of calcium, 177mg% of phosphorus, 2.4mg% of iron. The fat meat contains 2.2% protein, 90.8% of fat, 0.8% of carbohydrate, 1mg% of calcium, 26mg% of phosphorus and 0.4mg% of iron.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet, salty in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen, stomach and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Tonifying the kidney, nourishing the blood, replenishing yin-essence and moistening dryness of the viscera. It is used for treatment of consumption of yin during the course of febrile diseases, diabetes, emaciation, debility due to deficiency of the kidney, postpartum deficiency of blood, dry cough and constipation.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten sauted, boiled, roasted, or to be made into medicated diet for eating, or made into soup for drinking. Precaution should be taken by patients with symptoms of phlegm and damp-heat accumulated in the body.

SUPPLEMENT  Pork Liver: It can tonify the liver, nourish the blood and improve eyesight.

Pork Tripe, i.e. pork stomach: It can tonify consumption, strengthen the spleen and stomach.

Pork Kidney, commonly known as “Zhuyaozi” in Chinese. It is used to treat lumbago resulting from kidney deficiency, hydrops, seminal emission, night sweat and deafness of the aged.

Pork Brain: It is used to treat wind syndrome of head, dizziness, frostbite and rhagas.

Pig Trotters: They can tonify the blood, promote lactation and pus discharge. They are used to treat lack of lactation, boils and suppurative skin diseases.

 

Mutton

 

ORIGIN  The meat of Capra hircus and Oris aries [Bovidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  The lean meat contains 17.3% of protein, 13.6% of fat, 0.5% of carbohydrate, 15mg% of calcium, 168mg% of phosphorus, 3mg% of iron, 0.07mg% of thiamine, 0.13mg%of vitamin B2, 4.9mg% of nicotinic acid, 70mg% of cholesterol. The constituents contained in mutton vary with the breed, age, nourishment and different parts of the body of a goat or a sheep.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating qi to treat deficiency syndrome, warming the middle-jiao and relaxing the bowels. It is used for treatment of magersucht due to consumption, lassitude in the loins and knees, insufficiency-cold syndrome after delivery, abdominal pain, periumbilical colic due to invasion of cold, regurgitation of food from the stomach due to deficiency of the middle-jiao.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, boiled, sauted for eating. It should be avoided by those who have symptoms caused by exopathy or retained heat in the body.

SUPPLEMENT  Goat or Sheep Kidney, also known as “Yangyaozi” in Chinese. It can tonify the kidney-qi, replenish the vital essence and marrow, and is used to treat seminal emission due to deficiency of the kidney, soreness and pain along the spinal colum, deafness and tinnitus.

The Milk: It contains protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B2, B2, C and A. Having the effects of warming, moistening and tonifying the human body, it is used for treatment of magersucht due to consumption, diabetes, reguraitation of food from the stomach.

The Liver: It can replenish the blood, tonify the liver and improve eyesight, and is used for treatment of sallow complexion and magersucht due to deficiency of blood, dim eyesight due to deficiency of liver, night blindness, cataract and nebula.

 

Dog Meat

 

VARIANT NAMES  Quanrou, Diyangrou.

ORIGIN  The meat of Canis familiaris [Canidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  It has the similar constituents as the meat of other animals in addition to 0.027% of purine, 0.109% of carnosine and careatine, kalium, soldium, chlorine, etc.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Salty in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen, stomach and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Reinforcing the function of the spleen and stomach to benefit qi, warming the kidney to reinforce yang. It is used to treat deficiency of qi of the spleen and stomach, fullness sensation and depressed feeling in the chest and abdomen, general edema, lassitude in the loins and knees, long-unhealed obstinate sore.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten stewed, or decocted for drinking. It is warm-natured, so precaution should be taken by patients with symptoms of interior heat.

SUPPLEMENT  Dog Testis, Dog Penis: Being able to tonify the human body and strengthen the kidney, both of them are used to treat impotence due to deficiency of the kidney and postpartum impairment of the kidney due to overstrain that is so severe as if the patient suffered from malaria.

 

Black-Bone Chicken

 

VARIANT NAMES  Wuji (Black Chicken), Yaoji, Wushanji, Yangmaoji, Rongmaoji, Songmaoji, Heijiaoji, Congguanji, Chuankuji, Zhusiji.

ORIGIN  The whole substance, except the internal organs, of Gallus domesticus, a kind of chicken.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing protein, fat, calcium, phosphorus, iron, nicotinic acid, and vitamin B2, B2, etc.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the liver and kidney.

 

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Tonifying the liver and kidney, nourishing yin and bringing down fever. It is used for treatment of hectic fever and magersucht due to consumptive diseases, diabetes, lingering diarrhea due to hypofunction of the spleen, fasting dysentery, metrorrhagia and leukorrhagia.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten stewed, stir-fried or used as an ingredient of a prescription. It is used in most of tonifying medicated diets.

 

Quail Meat

 

VARIANT NAMES  Chunniao, Wanchun, Chihouchun.

ORIGIN  The meat or the whole substance, except the entrails and the feather, of Coturnix coturnix japonica [Phasianidae].

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen, stomach and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Tonifying the five viscera, clearing away damp-heat, arresting diarrhea and dysentery. It is used for treatment of debility, diarrhea, dysentery, malnutrition of children due to impairment of the spleen and stomach, arthralgia of damp type.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten stewed, stir-fried, deep-fried, or decocted for drinking, or used as the main material of Tonifying medicated diet.

 

Wild Goose Meat

 

VARIANT NAMES  Big Wild Goose Meat, Meat of Anser albifrons albifvons (scopoli), Meat of A. cygnoides (L.).

ORIGIN  The meat of Anser albifrons albifrons (scopoli), A. cygnoides, etc.[ Anatidae].

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung, liver and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Dispersing pathogenic wind, strengthening the bone, tendon and muscle. It is used to treat obstinate numbness of the extremities and migratory arthralgia.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten stewed, stir-fried or decocted for drinking.

 

Sparrow Meat

 

VARIANT NAMES  Jiaquerou, Waquerou, Binquerou, Maquerou.

ORIGIN  The meat of the whole substance, except the entrails and the feather, of Passer montanus saturatus [Ploceidae].

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the kidney and urinary bladder.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Strengthening yang, replenishing the vital essence, warming the loins and knees, and controlling urination. It is used to treat magersucht due to yang deficiency, impotence, aching pain in the loins and knees, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, leukorrhagia, frequent urination, hernia, etc.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten stir-fried, deep-fried, boiled, stewed or boiled down into soft extract.

 

Edible Bird’s Nest

 

VARIANT NAMES  Yangcai, Yangen, Yanshucai.

ORIGIN  The nest built with saliva or saliva mixed with villus by Collocalia esculenta [Apodidae] and many other swallows of the same breed.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing substances composed of nitrogen, 57.4% in all, such as amide nitrogen, arginine nitrogen, cystive nitrogen, histidine nitrogen, non-amino nitrogen. etc. It also contains a little fat, phosphorus, sulfur, calcium, kalium, hexosamine, and mucinoid material.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNNELS TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the lung, spleen and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Nourishing yin to moisten dryness, Tonifying qi and reinforcing the function of the spleen and stomach. It is used to treat consumptive diseases, tuberculosis, cough and phlegm-dyspnea, hemoptysis, hematemesis, protracted dysentery, chronic malaria, dysphagia and regurgitation.

DIRECTIONS  To be boiled by putting the container in boiling water, or used to cook dishes or make medicated diet. It is to be soaked in warm water, cleaned of the feathers, blood and impure material before cooking.

 

Section 7  Aquatic Products

 

Carp

 

VARIANT NAMES  Chiliyu (Red Carp).

ORIGIN  The flesh or the whole of Cyprinus carpio [Cyprinidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Carps vary with the places where they grow, the seasons, the enviroment, the age and the nourishment. A carp contains protein, fat, calcium, phosphorus, iron, kinds of amino acid (mainly glutamic acid, glycine, histidine), creatine, creatine phosphate, nicotinic acid, protease and vitamin A, B1, B2 and C.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Inducing diuresis to reduce edema, keeping the adverse qi flowing downward, promoting lactation. It is used to treat hydrops with turgor, beriberi, jaundice, cough and reversed flow of qi, and galactostasis.

DIRECTIONS  To be prepared in any of the following ways: boiled in clear soup or steamed, sweetened and vinegared, boiled in mellow wine and stewed.

 

Crucian Carp

 

VARIANT NAMES  Fu, Ji.

ORIGIN  The flesh or the whole substance of Carassius auratus [Cyprinidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Every 100g of the edible part of a crucian carp contains 13g of protein, 1.1g of fat, 0.1g of carbohydrate, 54mg of calcium, 203mg of phosphorus, 2.5mg of iron, 0.06mg of thiamine, 0.07mg of ovoflavin and 2.4mg of nicotinic acid.

 

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen, stomach and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Strengthening the spleen and inducing diuresis. It is used for treatment of the weakness of the spleen and stomach, poor appetite, asthenia, dysentery, hemafecia, hydrops, stranguria, carbuncle and swelling, and ulcer.

DIRECTIONS  To be boiled in clear soup or steamed, fried, made into medicated diet, used as an ingredient of boluses, pills or powder. It can be pounded for external application.

 

Eel

 

VARIANT NAMES  Dan, Huangdan, Danyu, Sea Snake, Ricefield Eel.

ORIGIN  The flesh or the whole of Monopterus albus [Symbranchidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  In every 100g of the edible part of an eel, there are 18.8g of protein, 0.9g of fat, 38mg of calcium, 150mg of phosphorus and 1.6mg of iron.

NAUTRE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the liver, spleen and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Treating deficiency syndromes, expelling pathogenic wind and dampness, strengthening the muscles and bones. It is used t treat impairment due to tconsumptive diseases, arthralgia caused by pathogenic wind-cold-dampness, postpartum stranguria, dysentery with pus and blood in the stools, piles and ecthyma.

DIRECTIONS  To be boiled in clear soup or steamed, or made into medicated diet. Its flesh can be made into small balls and quick-boiled in boiling clear water. When used externally, it is to be pounded for application to, or sliced to stick on, the affected part.

 

Meat of Soft-Shelled Turtle

 

VARIANT NAMES  Jiayu, Tuanyu.

ORIGIN  The meat of Amyda sinensis (Wiegmann) [Trionychidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Every 100g of the edible part contains 16.5g of protein, 1.0g of fat, 1.6g of carbohydrate, 107mg of calcium, 135mg of phosphorus, 1.4mg of iron, 0.62mg of thiamine, 0.37mg of ovoflavin, 3.7mg of nicotinic acid, and 13 IU of vitamin A.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the liver channel.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Nourishing yin and cooling the blood, restoring the vital energy and curing the diseases resulting from asthenia of viscera. It is used to treat consumptive fever due to yin deficiency, chronic malaria, protracted dysentery, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, leukorrhagia, scrofula, weakness during convalescence, bodily weakness of the aged.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted in clear soup, steamed, or made into medicated diet. Pregnant women or those who manifest the syndrome of deficiency of yang of the spleen and stomach should avoid it.

SUPPLEMENT  Turtle Shell: It is the back shell of the Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Amyda sinensis (Wiegmann), containing animal gum, keratin, iodine value, and vitamin D. Having the effects of nourishing yin to remove heat, calming the liver to relieve convulsion, softening the hard lumps, it is used to treat consumptive fever and hectic fever due to yin deficiency, convulsion due to deficiency of yin, malaria, mass in the abdomen, amenorrhea, metrorrhagia or metrostaxis, infantile convulsion. It is to be decocted or boiled down into soft extract for internal use, or used as an ingredient of boluses, pills or powder.

 

Crab

 

VARIANT NAMES  Guosuo, Gui, Fu, Pangxie, Maoxie, Daoxie, Bingqian.

ORIGIN  The meat and the internal organs of Eriocheir sinensis [Grapsidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Every 100g of the edible part contains 14g of protein, 2.6g of fat, 0.7g of carbohydrate, 141mg of calcium, 191mg of phosphorus, 0.8mg of iron, 230 IU of vitamin A, 0.01mg of thiamine, 0.51mg of ovoflavin, 2.1mg of nicotinic acid and a trace of cholesterol. The muscles contain more than 10 kinds of free amino acids, of which glutamic acid, glycine, proline, histidine and arginine are more than the others in content.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Salty in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the liver and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away heat, removing blood stasis, promoting reunion of fractured bones. It is used to treat impairment of muscles and bones, scabies, paint dermatitis and scald.

DIRECTIONS  To be eaten boiled, steamed; or to be burned into charcoal ground into powder for oral administration, or made into boluses or pills for internal use. When used externally, it is to be mashed or dried over a fire and pounded into powder and applied to the affected part after being mixed with water. Precaution should be taken by patients who manifest the symptoms of exterior syndrome, or deficiency cold of the spleen and stomach or chronic diseases due to pathogenic wind. Being easy to go bad, crabs should be eaten fresh.

 

 

 

Sea Cucumber

 

VARIANT NAMES  Cishen, Shaxun, Haishu (Sea Mouse).

ORIGIN  The whole of Stichopus japonicus [Stichopodidae], or any of the other sea cucumbers.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Dried edible sea cucumbers contain 55.51% of crude protein, 1.85% of crude fat, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iron, sterol, triterpenol and iodine.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Salty in flavor and warm in nature, acting on the channels of the heart and kidney.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Tonifying the kidney, replenishing the vital essence, nourishing the blood and moistening dryness. It is used to treat deficiency of the essence and blood, weakness, impotence and seminal emission, frequent urination, constipation due to dryness of the intestinal tract, and debility of the aged.

DIRECTIONS  To be made into soup or eaten sautéed after soaked. Patients suffering from diarrhea due to deficiency of the spleen or excessive phlegm should avoid it.

 

Frog

 

VARIANT NAMES  Qingwa, Wayu, Qingji, Zuoyu, Changgu, Hayu.

ORIGIN  The flesh of Rana nigromaculata or R. plancyi [Ranidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, ovoflavin, nicotinic acid, vitamin A, provitamin A, phosphocreatine, adenosine triposphate, creatine, carnosine, amino acid, glycogen, and vitamin C and B12.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the urinary bladder, intestines and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away heat and toxic materials, treating deficiency syndrome, inducing diuresis and reducing edema. It is used to treat consumptive fever, general edema, malnutrition of children due to impairment of the spleen and stomach, hydrops, dysphagia, dysentery, herpes simplex of children.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, eaten boiled or stir-fried. It can be used as an ingredient, of boluses, pills or powder, or mashed for external application.

 

Kelp

 

VARIANT NAMES  Haimalin, Haicao (Sea Grass), Eelgrass.

ORIGIN  The whole grass of Zostera marina [Zosteraceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Dried kelp contains 0.71% of nitrogen, 4.81%of protein, 1.2% of fat, 8.82% of pentosan and zosterin, galacturonic acid, galactose, arabinose, xylose,α- methyl-xylose, tannin, vitamin B2, rich iodine and so on.

NATURE AND FLAVOR  Salty in flavor and cold in nature.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Softening indurated mass and resolving phlegm, inducing diuresis and expelling pathogenic heat. It is used to treat goiter, tumor, tuberculosis, mass in the abdomen, hydrops and beriberi. Nowdays it is used mostly to treat simple goiter.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, boiled, steamed for oral adminitration, or used as an ingredient of a prescription.

 

Section 8  Miscellanies

 

Shepherd’s Purse

 

VARIANT NAMES  Hushengcao, Jingchangcao, Dimicai, Xiangcai.

ORIGIN  The whole grass of Capsella bursa-pastoris [Cruciferae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing organic acid (oxalic acid, tartatic acid, malic acid, pyruvic acid, p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid and fumaric acid), amino acid (arginine, aspartic acid, proline, methionine leucine, glutamic acid, glycine, alanine, cystine, cysteine), sugar (sucrose, sorbose, lactose, aminoglucose, sorbitol, mannitol, adonitol), inorganic substance (potassium, calcium, iron, chlorine, phosphorus, manganese) and choline, acetylcholine, brucine, saponin, flavonoids. Every 500g of shepherd’s purse contains 21.2g of protein, 1.6g of fat, 24g of sugar, 1680mg of calcium, 292mg of phosphorus, 25.2 of iron, 12.8mg of carotene, 0.56mg of thiamine, 0.76mg of ovoflavin, 2.8mg of nicotinic acid, 220mg of vitamin C.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the liver, heart and spleen.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Regulating the spleen, inducing diuresis, arresting bleeding and improving eyesight. It is used to treat dysentery, hydrops, stranguria, chylous urine, hematemesis, nose-bleeding, hemafecia, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia or metrostaxis, pain and swelling due to conjunctival congestion.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, sautéed, or made into dumplings for eating. It is to be used as an ingredient of pills, powder, or to be mashed for external application.

 

Purslane

 

VARIANT NAMES  Machicao, Maxian, Changmingcai, Machilongya, Jiangbandoucao, Guazicai.

ORIGIN  The whole grass of Portulaca oleracea [Portulacaceae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing a great deal of norarenaline, sylvite, dihydroxyphenyl ethylamine, dihydroxyphenylpropylamine, malic acid, citric acid, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, alanine, and sucrose, glucose, fructose. Every 100g of the edible part contains 2.3g of protein, 0.5g of fat, 3g of sugar, 85mg of calcium, 56mg of phosphorus, 1.5mg of iron, 2.23mg of carotene, 0.03mg of thiamine, 0.11mg of ovoflavin,0.7mg of nicotinic acid, and 23mg of vitamin C.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sour in flavor and cold in nature, acting on the channels of the large intestine, liver and spleen.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Clearing away heat and toxic materials, promoting blood circulation and relieving swelling. It is used to treat dysentery of heat type with pus and blood in the stool, strangury due to pathogenic heat, stranguria complicated by hematuria, leukorrhagia, swelling and malignant boils, erysipelas and scrofula.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted for oral administration or mixed with garlic after being quick-boiled in boiling water for eating. It can be eaten stir-fried, pounded to get its juice either for drinking or for external application.

 

Bean Curd

 

ORIGIN  The finished product of the seeds of Glycine max [Leguminosae].

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the spleen, stomach and large intestine.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating qi and regulating the function of the stomach and spleen, promoting the production of body fluid and moistening dryness, clearing away heat and toxic materials. It is used to treat acute conjunctivitis, diabetes, recurrent dysentery. In addition, it can be used to remove toxic quality of sulphur and alcoholic drinks.

 

Quail’s Egg

 

VARIANT NAMES  Chunniaodan, Quail’s ovum.

ORIGIN  The ovum of Coturnix Coturnix japonica [Phasianidae].

NATURE AND FLAVOR  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Invigorating qi and replenishing the blood, strengthening the muscles and bones. It is used to treat protracted diseases or debility of the aged, palpitation, insomnia, timidity, amnesia, dizziness, bodily tiredness and poor appetite. It can also be used as a supplementary dietetic treatment of rheumatic heart disease, arthritis, lumbago and lassitude in the legs in old people.

DIRECTIONS  To be boiled, stir-fried or made into soup for eating. It has been crowned with “animal ginseng”. It is recommended to eat it regularly in dietotherapy.

 

Milk

 

VARIANT NAME  Niuru.

ORIGIN  The milk of Bos Taurus domesticus or Bubalus bubalis [Bovidae].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION  Containing protein (mainly casein, albumin and globulin), fat, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and vitamin A, B1 ,B2, B6, C and nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid, pyridoxol, biotin, folic acid, inositol and orotic acid.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Sweet in flavor and neutral in nature, acting on the channels of the heart, lung and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Treating consumptive disease, reinforcing the lung and stomach, promoting the production of body fluid and moistening the intestinal tract. It is used to treat debility and internal injury caused by overstrain, regurgitation, dysphagia, diabetes and constipation.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken after boiling or sterilization. Precaution should be taken by patients suffering from diarrhea caused by insufficiency of the spleen-yang or fluid-retention or phlegm-dampness in the body.

 

Tea

 

VARIANT NAMES  Kutu, Ming, Chuan, She, Lacha, Yacha, Chaya, Laonu, Xicha.

ORIGIN  The young leaves of Camellia sinensis [Theaceae].

CHEMCIAL COMPOSITION  Containing purine alkaloid (mainly caffeine), trace theobromine, theocin and xanthine, tannin essential oil (The main constituents of which in green tea are β and γ-heptadecene-ol; those in black tea are α-and β-violet-one and its derivatives,), triterprenoid saponin and aglycone, vitamin C, carotene, dihydroergosterol, quercetin, kaempferol and some esters formed from flavonol and gallic acid.

NATURE, FLAVOR AND CHANNEL TROPISM  Bitter, sweet in flavor and cool in nature, acting on the channels of the heart, lung and stomach.

EFFICIENCIES AND INDICATIONS  Refreshing oneself, relieving thirst and restlessness, resolving phlegm, promoting digestion, inducing diuresis and clearing away toxic materials. It is used to treat headache, blurred vision, sleepiness, confusion, vexation, thirst, indigestion, stagnation of phlegm, dysentery and difficulty in ruination.

DIRECTIONS  To be decocted, or made into tea or used as an ingredient of a prescription. Those suffering from insomnia or gastric ulcer should avoid it.

 

Chapter Three

Medicated Diet Treatment for Common

Diseases and Syndromes

 

Section 1 Diseases and Syndromes of

Cardiovascular System

 

Essential Hypertension

 

Medicated diet can be used not only as a supplementary treatment for essential hypertension but also for its prevention and recovery and for health care.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

 

In light of its common symptoms of vertigo and headache, essential hypertension is divided in traditional Chinese medicine into three types on the basis of the differentiation of syndromes: flaming-up of liver-fire, deficiency of both the liver-yin and the kidney-yin, and hyperactivity of yang due to yin deficiency.

1) Flaming-up of Liver-fire   It is mainly manifested as distending pain in the head, dizziness, flushed face, conjunctival congestion, impetuosity and liability to anger, bitter taste, dry throat or accompanied with tinnitus, deafness, vexation, insomnia, which are aggravated by anger or overstrain, red tongue with yellow fur, wiry and rapid pulse.

2) Deficiency of both the Liver-yin and the Kidney-yin   This type of syndrome is mainly manifested as dizziness, headache, dim eyesight, tinnitus, dry mouth, dryness in the eye, insomnia, dreaminess, feverish sensation in the palms and soles, lassitude in the loins and knees, mental tiredness, amnesia, red tongue with little fur, thready and wiry pulse or thready, wiry and rapid pulse.

3) Hyperactivity of yang due to yin Deficiency   The syndrome of this type is marked by more serious distending pain in the head, occasionally flushed face, impetuosity and liability to anger, vexation, red tongue with thin and yellow fur, wiry, thready and rapid pulse as well as the symptoms of syndrome of deficiency of both the liver-yin and the kidney-yin.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Hawthorn fruit (Fructus Crataegi)   The drug has the function of bringing down blood pressure and is to be taken 9 to 15g per day. It is applicable to patients with essential hypertension or that accompanied with hyperlipemia and coronary heart disease.

2) Chrysanthemum flower (Flos Chrysanthemi)  It can bring down blood pressure and can be taken as a drink for a long time, 6 to 12g per day. This drug is applicable to essential hypertension marked by the types of flaming-up of liver-fire or of hyperactivity of yang due to yin deficiency.

3) Celery (Apium)   It contains apin which functions in bringing down blood pressure. Cut up 250g of fresh celery and extract its juice, which is to be taken twice a day. Or decoct not for long 30 to 60g of fresh celery for oral administration. This drug is applicable to essential hypertension manifested as the type of flaming-up of liver-fire or hyperactivity of yang due to yin deficiency.

4) Onion (Bulbus Allii cepae) Having the function of promoting digestion, onion can prevent and treat hypertension. It can be either pounded to get its juice for drinking or eaten sautéed.

5) Garlic (Bulbus Allii) Garlic contains allin that can bring down blood pressure and is to be eaten raw, stewed, or cooked in gruel. It can be decocted, or pounded and made into blouses or pills for oral administration.

6) Carrot (Radix Dauci Carotae)   It can be eaten raw or cooked, or be decocted, or extracted to get its juice for oral administration.

7) Shepherd’s purse (Herba Capsellae)   Fresh shepherd’s purse is to be extracted to get its juice, or decocted, for oral administration. It can be eaten stir-fried, too. It is applicable to essential hypertension marked by the type of flaming-up of liver-fire. The common dosage is 30 to 60g each time.

8) Japanese sea tangle (Thallus Eckloniae)   The laminine the drug contains can bring down blood pressure. Usually it is to be taken 15 to 60g per day. It can be eaten cooked, or decocted for oral administration, or used as an ingredient of boluses or pills or powder.

9) Straw mushroom (Volva Fungorum)   Fresh straw mushroom should be eaten boiled or stir-fried. The common dosage is 30 to 60g each time.

10) Miscellanies tremella (Tremella), jew’s ear (Auricularia), wild rice shoots (Rhizoma Zizaniae), apple (Malum Silvestre), pear (Malum Piri), persimmon (Fructus Kaki) and tangerine (Fructus Citri Tangerinae) can be selected for eating. In addition, corn stigma (Stigma Maydis) decoction, when taken orally, can also bring down blood pressure and induce diuresis.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Drink of Hawthorn Fruit and Chrysanthemum Flower (Shanzha Juhua Daichayin)

INGREDIENTS

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                        12g

Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                                9g

PROCESS  Infuse them in boiling water for drinking

DIRECTIONS  Patients with essential hypertension or accompanied with hyperlipemia, coronary heart disease can take it regularly as tea; while those with essential hypertension marked by the types of liver-fire or hyperactivity of yang due to yin deficiency can take it as a supplementary medicine.

2) Drink of Chrysanthemum Flower, Sophora Flower and Green Tea (Ju Huai Lucha yin)

INGREDIENTS

Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                                 3 to 6g

Sophora flower, Flos Sophorae                                           3 to 6g

Green tea, Folium Camelliae Viride                                           3g

PROCESS  Infuse them in boiling water for drinking.

INDICATIONS  Its indications are the same as those of Drink of Hawthorn Fruit and Chrysanthemum Flower.

3) Thick Soup of Water Chestnut and Jellyfish Head (Xuegeng Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Water chestnut, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae                          100 to 200g

Jellyfish head, Rhopilema                                           100 to 200g

PROCESS  Cook soup with them.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken twice or three times a day for the treatment of essential hypertension accompanied with syndrome of accumulation of phlegm manifested clinically as vertigo, heaviness sensation in the head, fullness and stuffiness in the chest and stomach, or vomiting, nausea, salivation, white and greasy fur, wiry and slippery pulse.

4) Soup of Tremella and Jew’s Ear (Shuang Er Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Tremella, Tremella                                                    9 to 12g

Jew’s ear, Auricularia                                                 9 to 12g

Crystal sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS   First soak the first two ingredients in warm water and wash them clean; then place them in a bowl, pour water into the bowl and add in the crystal sugar; and finally steam them in a food steamer for an hour.

DIRECTIONS   The tremella and the jew’s ear are for eating and the soup for drinking, once or twice per day. It is applicable to patients with essential hypertension, arteriosclerosis or that accompanied with bleeding from the eyeground, especially good for the type of deficiency of both the liver-yin and the kidney-yin.

5) Decoction of Celery and Chinese-Date (Qincai Dazao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Stem of fresh celery, Herba Apii                                             60g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                        30g

PROCESS   Decoct them in a right amount of water.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken twice a day over a month in succession.

6) Decoction of Hawthorn Fruit and Cassia Seed  (Shanzha Jueming Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                        15 to 30g

Cassia seed, Semen Cassiae                                            15 to 30g

PROCESS   Decoct them in a right amount of water for oral administration or infuse them in boiling water for drinking.

DIRECTIONS   Applicable to paitnets with both essential hypertension and hyperlipemia accompanied with constipation. The amount of cassia seed should be reduced when the patient is free from constipation.

7) Soup of Corn Stigma and Tortoise (yumixu Gui Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Tortoise, Chinemys Reevesii (over 500g)                                        1

Corn stigma, Stigma Maydis                                              120g

PROCESS   Place the tortoise in a basin, pour in hot water; after the tortoise has discharged all its urine, wash it clean and cut off its head and feet, rid it of its internal organs; then put it in an earthenware pot together with the corn stigma and a right amount of water. Cook on a strong fire until the water comes to the boil and then cook on with a slow fire until the tortoise is well-done.

DIRCETIONS   The flesh of the tortoise is for eating and the soup for drinking. It is used to treat essential hypertension manifested as the type of deficiency of both the liver-yin and the kidney-yin.

8) Gruel of Chrysanthemum Flower and Hawthorn Fruit (Juhua shanzha Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Dried chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi (with no bases)              9 to 12g

Hawthorn fruit slices, Fruits Crataegi                                    9 to 12g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         45 to 60g

Crystal sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS   Grind the first two ingredients into powder; then make gruel out of the rice, sugar and 500 ml of water, when the rice begins to boil with the liquid not thick yet, mix the powder of the first two ingredients into the gruel and go on cooking on a slow fire for a while; and finally when the gruel becomes thick, put out the fire and simmer it for five minutes with the pot tightly covered.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken warm, once or twice a day, for patients with essential hypertension or that accompanied with hyperlipemia, coronary heart disease. Stop taking it in winter.

9) Soup of Mung Bean and Kelp (Haidai Ludou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Mung bean, Semen Phaseoli Radiati                                         90g

Kelp, Thallus Laminariae                                                 45g

Crystal sugar                                                    right amount

PROCESS   Cook the three ingredients together in water over a strong fire until the water comes to the boil; then cook over a slow fire until the mung bean and the kelp are well-done.

DIRECTIONS   This soup is for eating. Taking it regularly can prevent essential hypertension and hyperlipemia.

Select one or two from among the recipes above that are to your taste. If curative, they should be taken for a long time.

 

Coronary Heart Disease

 

Coronary heart disease belongs to “xiong bi” (obstruction of qi in the chest), “zhen xin tong” (angina pectoris) and “xin ji” (palpitation) in TCM. Mecicated diet therapy is both helpful and beneficial to the prevention, cure and recovery of this disease.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

TCM believes that this disease is in most cases deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. The deficiency and the excess vary with different patients, but syndrome of deficiency of qi with blood stasis is more common.

1) syndromes of Deficiency in Origin  The syndromes of deficiency of this disease include deficiency of qi, deficiency of yin and deficiency of yang. Deficiency of the heart-qi is manifested as shortness of breath, stuffiness in the chest, dyspnea due to exertion, lassitude, palpitation, disinclination to speak, perspiration, precordial dull pain, pale tongue with teeth mark, weak, thready and relaxed pulse or irregular pulse. Deficiency of the heart-yin is marked by palpitation, vexation, insomnia, dizziness, dryness of mouth and throat, night sweat, precordial burning pain, reddened tongue, lack of saliva, little fur or without fur on the tongue, thready and rapid pulse. Deficiency of the heart-yang is characterized by aversion to cold, mental tiredness, shortness of breath, palpitation or severe palpitation, which is aggravated due to exertion, cold limbs, spontaneous perspiration, oppressed feeling in the chest, precordial pain which will be aggravated due to attack by cold, pale and bulgy tongue with white or greasy fur, weak, thready and slow pulse or irregular pulse.

2) Syndromes of Excess in Superficiality  The syndromes of excess of this disease are divided into blood stasis, accumulation of phlegm, stagnation of qi, and accumulation of cold. Blood stasis is manifested as precordial twinge, colic, occurring in the fixed region and severe, accompanied with oppressed feeling in the chest for a long time if not cured, dark red or purplish dark tongue or tongue with ecchymosis, wiry and unsmooth pulse or irregular pulse. Accumulation of phlegm is marked by distinct oppressed feeling in the chest, accompanied with prcordial pain, fat, vomiting with sputum or saliva in the vomitus, greasy fur, slippery pulse. Stagnation of qi is symptomatized by fullness and oppressed feeling in the chest, paroxysmal dull precordial pain, not occurring in the same region, desire for sighting, attack or aggrvation due to unease of the mind, or accompanied with belch, distending pain in the hypochondria, fullness sensation in the stomach, thin and whitish fur, wiry or wiry and thready pulse. Accumulation of cold is manifested as sudden precordial pain so severe as if something twisted there, attack or aggravation after exposure to cold, cold hands and feet, perspiration with cold sensation, thin and white fur, and tense pulse.

It is common that a patient indicates not only syndrome of deficiency in origin but also symptoms of excess in superficiality; if a patient as the manifestation of both deficiency of the heart-qi and blood stasis at the same time, the patient is said to manifest “deficiency of the heart-qi with blood stasis”.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Hawthorn fruit  (Fructus Crataegi)  Not only resisting myocardial ischemia, but bringing down blood pressure and blood-fat, it is an ideal dietetic drug for coronary heart disease, especially good for the patients accompanied with hypertension and hyperlipemia. Take 9 to 15g per day.

2) Macrostem onion (Bulbus Allii Macrostemi) Also known as wild garlic, small garlic, it is a drug often used in TCM to treat obstruction of qi in the chest and precordial pain because it has the functions of regulating the flow of qi, relieving chest stuffiness, activating yang and resolving accumulation of qi. It is often used to treat coronary heart disease with symptoms of deficiency of yang, or stagnation of qi, or accumulation of phlegm. Take 9 to 12g per day.

3) Lily bulb (Bulbus Lilii)  It can tranquilize the mind and nourish the lung to arrest cough. Those who suffer from coronary heart disease with symptoms of vexation, palpitation and insomnia can take it. Take 9 to 30g per day.

4) Longan aril (Arillus Longan)  Also known as dried longan pulp. It can tonify the heart and spleen, invigorate qi and enrich the blood, so patients suffering from coronary heart disease manifested as deficiency of the heart-qi can take it often. Take 9 to 30g per day.

5) Mulberry (Fructus Mori)  It can nourish yin and supplement the blood, and promote the production of body fluid to moisten the intestinal tract. So patients suffering from coronary heart disease marked by deficiency of yin or constipation can take it often. Take 9 to 15g per day.

6) Poria (Poria)  It can tonify the spleen, excrete dampness and tranquilize the mind. It is applicable to patients with coronary heart disease marked by the type of deficiency of the heart-qi manifested as palpitation and insomnia. Take 6 to 12g per day. There is another kind of poria growing around and against the root of pines, called poria with hostwood (Poria cum Lingo Hopite), which is ideal for tranquilizing the mind.

7) Wild jujube (Fructus et Semen Ziziphi Spinosae)  It can nourish the heart to calm the mind, and the wild jujuba seed (Semen Ziziphi Spinosae) is better at that. Those suffering from coronary heart disease with the symptom of palpitation can take it, 9 to 30g per day.

8) Chrysanthemum flower (Flos Chrysanthemi)  Increasing flow of coronary arteries and improving blood supplies of cardiac muscle, it is effective for coronary heart disease. The common dosage is 9 to 15g.

9) Peach kernel (Semen Persicae)  It can activate blood flow, remove blood stasis and relieve conspitation. Thos who suffer from cornary heart disease marked by the type of blood stasis can take it. Its common dosage is 6 to 9g.

10) Bark of Chinese cassia tree (Cortex Cinnamomi)  It can restore yang and dispel cold, warm the channels and promote circulation of qi. Those suffering from coronary heart disease manifested as the type of deficiency of yang or accumulation of cold and blood stasis can take a right amount of it. Experiments have shown that it can resist myocardial ischemia and inhibit platelet aggregation, therefore it is good for the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease. The common dosage is 1.5 to 4.5g.

11) Dried ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis)  It can dispel cold and warm the channels, recuperate depleted yang and promote blood circulation. Patients suffering from coronary heart disease marked by the types of yang deficiency, accumulation of cold can take it. The common dosage is 3 to 9g.

12) Garlic (Bulbus Allii)  Experiments have proved that its available composition can inhibit atherosclerotic development, bring down blood-fat and resist blood coagulation. Patients with coronary heart disease should take it often.

13) Seaweed (Sargassum) and laminaria (Thallus Eckloniae) Experiments have shown that they both can bring down blood-fat, blood pressure and alleviate atherosclerosis. So patients suffering from coronary heart disease complicated by hyperlipemia and hypertension can take them often.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Drink of Hawthorn Fruit and Chrysanthemum Flower (Shanzha Juhua Daichayin)

2) Drink of Chrysanthemum Flower, Sophore Flower and Green Tea (Ju Huai Lucha yin)

3) Gruel of Chrysantemum Flower and Hawthorn Fruit (Juhua Shanzha Zhou)

4) Soup of Tremella and Jew’s Ear (Shuang Er Tang)

5) Decoction of Hawthorn Fruit and Cassia Seed (Shanzha Jueming Tang)

For all of them, refer to Composite Medicated Diets for Essential Hypertension.

6) Drink of Fleece Flower Root and Chrysantemum Flower (Shuowu Juhua Daichayin)

INGREDIENTS

Prepared fleece-flower root, Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata                 12g

Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                                    9g

PROCESS   Decoct them in water.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken as a drink. Applicable to patients suffering from coronary heart disease or that accompanied with hypertension, also applicable to those who suffer from coronary heart disease marked by the types of deficiency of yin or that accompanied with hyperactivity of yang.

7) Drink of Peach Kernel and Hawthorn Fruit (Taoren Shanzha Daichayin)

INGREDIENTS

Peach kernel, Semen Persicae                                                6g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                            12g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   3g

PROCESS   Infuse them in boiling water or decoct them in water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Applicable to patients suffering from coronary heart disease with obvious symptoms of blood stasis.

8) Gruel of Macrostem Onion and Hawthorn Fruit (Xiebai Shanzha Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Macrostem onion, Bulbus Allii Marcrostemi                                    9g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                    12g (double it if the fresh is used)

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

PROCESS   First wash the first two ingredients clean, them make gruel with all the three.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken once or twice per day for treatment of coronary heart disease with symptoms of fullness sensation in the chest and obvious precordial pain.

9) Garlic Gruel  (Dasuan Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Purple-skin garlic, Bulbus Allii (with no skin)                                  30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

PROCESS   Put the garlic in boiling water, boil them for one minute and fish them out; then put the rice into the water which was used to boil the garlic and cook the rice into thin gruel; finally put the boiled garlic into the thin gruel, mix them well and cook the mixture into gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken warm both in the morning and in the evening. Those who suffer from coronary heart disease accompanied with hyperlipemia can take it.

10) Gruel of Fleece-Flower Root and Lily Bulb (Shouwu Baihe Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Prepared fleece-flower root, Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata             15 to 30g

Clean lily bulb, Bulbus Lilii                                                30g

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                               9g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                       6pcs

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS   First decoct the first ingredient in an earthenware pot and sift the thick liquid from the dregs; then make gruel out of the liquid and all the other ingredients.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken both in the morning and in the evening.   Applicable to patients suffering from coronary heart disease of yin deficiency type.

11) Gruel of Ginger, Bark of Chinese Cassia Tree and Masrostem Onion (Jiang Gui Xiebai Zhou)

INGREDIENTS  

Dried ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                            3g

Macrostem onion, Bulbus Allii Macrostemi             9g (double it if the fresh is used)

Chinese green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi (which must be washed clean and cut up into small bits                                                                2g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

Bark of Chinese cassia tree powder, Pulvis Corticis Cinnamomi              0.5 to 1.0g

PROCESS   Make gruel with all the ingredients but the last one, when the gruel is done, scatter the powder of the bark of Chinese cassia tree over it.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken once or twice per day. Applicable to patients suffering from coronary heart disease marked by the types of yang deficiency or accumulation of cold.

12)        Soup of Seaweed and Laminaria (Haizao Kuenbu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Seaweed, Sargassum                                                      30g

Laminaria, Thallus Eckloniae                                               30g

Jew’s ear, Auricularia                                                     15g

Soybean, Semen Glycinis                                                 200g

PROCESS   Stew all the ingredients together, and when it is done, season it with a little amount of condiments.

DIRECTIONS   For oral administration. Those who suffer from coronary heart disease complicated by hyperlipemia and hypertension can take it often.

13)        Spirits of Ginseng, Red Sage Root and Hawthorn Fruit (Shuang Shen Shanzha Jiu)

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                                    6g

Red Sage root, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae                                    30g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                            30g

Plain spirits                                                            500g

PROCESS   Soak the first three ingredients in the plain spirits in a bottle for 15 days.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken twice or three times per day, 10 to 15ml each time. Applicable to patients suffering from coronary heart disease manifested as the types of deficiency of qi or blood stasis.

14)        Honeyed Extract for Nourishing the Heart and Promoting Blood Flow (yangxin

Huoxue Migao)

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                                60g

Mulberry, Fructus Mori                                                   60g

Lily bulb, Blubus Lilii                                                    60g

Poria with hostwood, Poria cum Ligno Hospite                                60g

Wild jujuba seed, Semen Ziziphi Spinosae                                    60g

Red sage root, Radix Salviae Milliorrhizae                                    60g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                           120g

Safflower, Flos Carthami                                                  30g

Honey, Mel                                                      right amount

 

PROCESS   Decoct all the ingredients except the last one three times; then put the three decoctions together to enrich them; finally make jelly by mixing the honey into the enriched decoction.

DIRECTIONS   To be taken twice or three times per day, 20 to 30g each time.  Those suffering from coronary heart disease with the manifestations of deficiency of the heart-qi, deficiency of the heart-yin, or blood stasis can take this honeyed jelly often.

 

Congestive Heart-Failure

 

Congestive heart-failure refers to a series of clinical manifestations resulting from cardiac incompensation when an angiocardiopathy develops to a certain stage. According to its symptoms, TCM names them in most cases as “palpitation”, “severe palpitation”, “dyspnea and cough”, “phlegm retention”, “hydrops” and so on. Medicated diet therapy can be used for the prevention and cure of light diseases, or for supplementary treatment of serious cases, or for nourishment during convalescence.

 

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Deficiency Syndrome  It is produced by deficiency of qi, blood, yin and yang of

the viscera, such as the heart, the spleen, the kidney and so on. Deficiency of the heart-qi is

manifested as palpitation, shortness of breath, fatigue and weakness, dyspnea and

suffocation due to exertion; deficiency of the heart blood, as palpitation, dizziness, lusterless

complexion, lassitude and weakness, slightly pale tongue, thready and weak pulse;

deficiency of the heart-yin, as palpitation, restlessness, vexation, insomnia, dizziness, red

tongue with little fur or without fur, thready and rapid pulse. Deficiency of qi or blood is

sure to be complicated by deficiency of the spleen; it is often the case that deficiency of yin

has an influence on the liver and the kidney, while deficiency of yang affects the spleen and

the kidney.

2) Excess Syndrome  It has mainly something to do with excessive fluid, turbid

phlegm and blood stasis. Symptoms of palpitation, vertigo, feeling of fullness in the chest

and abdomen, cold extremities, oliguria, or edema of lower limbs, nausea, vomiting,

salivation, white and greasy fur, wiry and slippery pulse are of excessive fluid; symptoms of

palpitation, shortness of breath, feeling of fullness in the chest, abundant expectoration, poor

appetite and fullness of sensation in the abdomen, or nausea, white and greasy or slippery

and greasy fur, wiry and slippery pulse are of turbid phlegm; while these symptoms of

palpitation, restlessness, discomfort and oppressed feeling in the chest, frequent attack of

precordial pain, or dark-purple lips and nails, purple and dark tongue or tongue with

ecchymosis or petechia, unsmooth or irregular pulse are of blood stasis.

     It is common that a patient has deficiency syndrome and excess syndrome at the same time, which leads up to the coexistence of syndromes of deficiency in origin and syndromes of excess in superficiality, or the coexistence of deficiency and excess.

  

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Lily bulb (Bulbus Lilii), longan aril (Arillus Longan), mulberry (Fructus Mori), wild

jujube (Fructus et Semen Ziziphi Spinosae), poria (Poria), etc., all can tonify the heart and tranquilize the mind, which has been dealt with in that part of Dietetic Chinese Drugs for Coronary Heart Disease. Patients suffering from heart failure can also take them regularly.

2) Lotus seed (Semen Nelumbinis)  It can nourish the heart and tranquilize the mind, tonify the kidney and reinforce the spleen. It is very helpful for those who show the symptoms of palpitation, vexation, insomnia and dreaminess to take it regularly.

3) Pork heart  It can invigorate heart-qi and tranquilize the mind. Those having the symptoms of palpitation due to fright, severe palpitation, insomnia can take it. It can be boiled along with other drugs according to the differentiation of syndromes. The hearts of chickens and sika deers have similar functions.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Longan Aril and Lily Bulb (Yuanrou Baihe Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                        15 to 30g

    Lily bulb, Bulbus Lilii                                             15 to 30g

    Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                 6 pieces

    Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

    White sugar                                                  right amount

    PROCESS  Make gruel with them all.

    DIRECTIONS  To be taken both in the morning and in the evening.

    INDICATIONS  Applicable to those who suffer from congestive heart-failure with syndromes of deficiency of qi, yin and blood which are marked by frequent palpitation and shortness of breath.

2)Gruel of Lotus Seed and Wild Jujube (Lianzi Suanzao Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis, (with no plumule)                      15 to 30g

Wild jujube, Fructus et Semen Ziziphi Spinosae (with kernel)             15 to 30g

Chinese-date,Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                 6 pieces

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                        100g

White sugar                                                  right amount

PROCESS  Make gruel out of them all.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken both in the morning and in the evening. Its indications are

the same as those of Gruel of Longan Aril and Lily Bulb.

3) Compound Drink of Wild Jujuba Seed (Fufang Zaoren Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Parched wild jujuba seed, Semen Ziziphi Spinosae                           15g

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                             15g

Mulberry, Fructus Mori                                                15g

PROCESS  Decoct them in water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Its indications are the same as those of Gruel

of Longan Aril and Lily Bulb.

4) Decoction of Longan Aril, Wild Jujuba Seed and Euryale Seed (Longyan Zaoren Qianshi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                             12g

Parched wild jujuba seed, Semen ziziphi Spinosae                           12g

Euryale seed, Semen Euryales                                           12g

PROCESS  Decoct them in water.

DIRECTION  To be taken at bedtime. Its indications are the same as those of Gruel of Longan Aril and Lily Bulb.

5) Honeyed Extract of American Ginseng for Nourishing the Heart (Yangshen Yixin Migao)

INGREDIENTS

Root of American ginseng, Radix Panacis Quinquefolii                      30g

Ophiopogon root, Radix Ophiopogonis                                  150g

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                           250g

Parched wild jujuba seed, Semen Ziziphi Spinosae                         120g

PROCESS  First decoct the four ingredients together three times; then put the three decoctions together and enrich the mixture to make extract, finally honey the extract.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day, both in the morning and in the evening, 15 to 30g each time. Applicable to patients with syndrome of deficiency of the heart-yin manifested as palpitation, vexation, insomnia, dreaminess, dry mouth and throat.

6) Genseng Decoction for Nourishing the Heart (Renshen Yangxin Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                                3g

Parched wild jujuba seed, Semen Ziziphi Spinosae                          15g

Poria with hostwood, Poria cum Ligno Hospite                             9g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium citri Reticulatae                               3g

PROCESS  Decoct them or infuse them in boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Applicable to patients with syndrome of deficiency of the heart-yang manifested as palpitation, shortness of breath, fatigue and weakens.

 

 

7) Gruel of Cinnamon Twig, Dried Ginger and Ginseng (Gui Jiang Renshen Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Cinnamon twig, Ramulus Cinnamomi                                      6g

Dried ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                         6g

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                                3g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                 8 pieces

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

Brown sugar                                                 right amount

PROCESS  Decoct the first four ingredients together, when the water comes to the boil, decoct them with slow fire until they become thick juice; then cook the juice with rice and brown sugar until the gruel is done.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice, both in the morning and in the evening. It is applicable to patients with syndrome of deficiency of the heart-yang manifested as palpitation, shortness of breath, mental tiredness, fatigue and cold extremities.

8) Gruel of ginseng, Astragalus Root and Prepared Aconite Root (Shen Qi Fuzi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Prepared aconite root, Radix Aconiti praeparata                             6g

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                                3g

or dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                           15g

astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                               15g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                 8 pieces

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

Brown sugar                                                 right amount

PROCESS  First decoct the prepared aconite root for 1.5 to 2 hours; then put in ginseng or dangshen, astragalus root and Chinese-date, decoct them for 40 minutes, sift the decoction from the dregs and make gruel together with the Chinese-date and the rice; and finally add the brown sugar to the gruel and cook it for a few seconds.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice, both in the morning and in the evening. Its indications are the same as those of Gruel of cinnamon Twig, Dried Ginger and Ginseng.

9) Quick-Dissolvable  Drink of Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome (Yuzhu Surong Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Clean fragrant solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati             250g

Dry white sugar powder                                              300g

PROCESS  First soak in cold water fragrant solomonseal rhizome and, after it has become saturated and some more water has been added, decoct it three times, twenty minutes each time; then mix the three decoctions into one and continue decocting it over a slow fire until it is almost boiled away; and then, when it becomes warm, put in dry white sugar powder and mix them up to absorb all the decoction left; finally dry the mixture in the sun, grind the mixture and put it in a bottle for future use.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken infused in boiling water, 3 times a day, 10g each time. Applicable to patients suffering from ordinary chronic heart-failure. Fragrant solomonseal rhizome can invigorate yin, moisten dryness, promote the production of body fluid and quench thirst. Modern study has shown that fragrant solomonseal rhizome contains cardiac glucyoside (convallamain, convallarin), and experiments on animals have proved that it has the functions of invigorating the heart, reducing blood sugar and actions similar to adrenocortial hormone, and clinical application proves that it is effective for congestive heart-failure resulting from rheumatic heart disease, coronary heart disease or pulmonary heart disease. This prescription is more applicable to patients suffering from heart-failure marked by the type of deficiency of yin.

 

 

10) Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome Grule (Yuzhu Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Clean fragrant solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati              15g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

Crystal sugar                                                a little amount

PROCESS  Decoct the fragrant solomonseal rhizome (double the amount if the fresh is used) and discard the dregs; then put in the rice, add in a right amount of water and cook them into thin gruel; finally put in the crystal sugar and go on cooking until they come to one or two boils.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day, both in the morning and in the evening, 5 to 7 days making up a course of treatment. It has the same indications as Quick-Dissolvable Drink of Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome. Add to it a certain amount of Longan aril, poria and wild jujuba seed as you think fit if it to be used for nourishing the heart to tranquilize the mind.

11) Japanese Rohdea Drink (Wannianqing Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Japanese rohdea, Rhizoma Rohdeae Japonicae                           3 to 6g

(if the fresh is used)                                               9 to 15g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                 8 pieces

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Applicable to patients suffering from ordinary chronic heart-failure. The herb Japanese rohdea is the rhizome of Rohdea japonica Rotn [Liliaceae], which has the functions of exerting a tonic effect on the heart, inducing diuresis, clearing away heat and toxic material. The contained cardiac glycoside, rhodexin A,B and C have the same function of invigorating the heart as digitalis; nevertheless, overdose must be avoided, for they are poisonous to a certain degree.

12) Fragrant Solomonseal  Rhizome and Pork Heart (Yuzhu Zhuxin)

MAIN INGREDIENTS

Pork heart                                                          500g

Fragrant solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygomati Odorati                  20g

SUBSIDIARY INGREDIENTS

Canned water chestnut, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae                       50g

Hotbed chives, Herba Allii Tuberosi                                      10g

Chicken broth                                                       40g

CONDIMENTS

Refined salt                                                         2.5g

Soy sauce                                                           15g

Cooking wine                                                        10g

Green Chinese onion, Allium Fistulosum                                   6g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                   6g

Watered starch                                                       15g

Sesame-seed oil, Oleum Sesami                                         15g

Vegetable oil 500g(only 50g of it will be used up)

White sugar, pepper powder ad vinegar                            right amount

PROCESS  Wash fragrant solomonseal rhizome clean ,cut them into pieces, and decoct them in water three times; mix the three decoctions into one and enrich the mixture by boiling it until 20ml of it is left. Slice up the pork heart, put the slices in a bowl and mix them with refined salt and watered starch. Wash the hotbed chives clean, cut them into 3-cm-long sections; slice up water chestnut, cut green Chinese onion, ginger and garlic into small bits. Place in a small seasoning bowl the cooking wine, soy sauce, white sugar, gourmet powder and refined salt; make thick liquid mixture of the pepper powder, chicken soup, watered starch and the enriched fragrant solomonseal rhizome decoction for later use. After all this having been done, place a boiler over a fire, pour in vegetable oil and put in the pork heart pieces to sauté them; when they are well-done, pour them in a strainer to drain the oil becomes hot, put in, first of all, the garlic bits, then the bits of green Chinese onion and ginger; fry them until a sweet smell comes off and then put in the sliced water chestnut; when it is well-done, put in the sautéed pork heart, followed by the thick liquid mixture, hotbed chive sections, and stir-fry them until they are done. Finally, drip in vinegar, a little sesame seed oil, and place them in a dish.

This diet has the functions of nourishing yin and blood, and tranquilizing the mind. It is applicable to patients suffering from deficiency of the heart-yin and deficiency of the heart-blood manifested as palpitation, vexation, insomnia and dreaminess, or deficiency of the lung-yin manifested as dry cough, chronic cough, or deficiency of the stomach-yin manifested as excessive thirst, loss of appetite and so on. It can also be used as cooked dishes for health care of patients suffering from chronic heart-failure.

Any of the above-mentioned prescriptions of medicated diets for coronary heart disease can be selected to treat patients suffering from chronic heart-failure according to differentiation of syndromes.

 

Chronic Hypotension

 

Chronic hypotension is manifested as various kinds of symptoms and signs, which are

known in TCM as vertigo, deficiency syndrome and so on.

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

There are mainly two types of syndromes: syndrome of deficiency of both qi and yin

and syndrome of deficiency of both qi and yang.

    1) Deficiency of both Qi and Yin Marked by dizziness, lassitude, palpitation, vexation,

shortness of breath, dry mouth and throat, red tongue, thready pulse in most cases.

    2) Deficiency of both Qi and Yang Marked by dizziness, lassitude, shortness of breath, mental tiredness, aversion to cold, spontaneous perspiration, palpitation, oppressed feeling in the chest, cold limbs, slightly pale and enlarged tongue, weak, thready and slow pulse.

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

According to the differentiation of syndromes select, any of the following dietetic

Chinese drugs as you see fit: Longan aril (Arillus Longan), poria (Poria), lily bulb (Bulbus Lilii), wild jujube (Fructus ZiZiphi Spinosae), lotus seed (Semen Nelumbinis), bark of Chinese cassia tree (Cortex Cinnamomi),dried ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis), tangerine peel (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae), liquorice (Radix Glycyrrhizae) and so on, most of which have been stated in Coronary Heart Disease and Congestive Heart-Failure. No repetition is necessary here.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1)Pork Heart Stewed with Dangshen and Cassia Twig (Shen Gui Dun Zhuxin)

INGREDIENTS

Pork heart                                                            1

dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                   15g

astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                              15g

bark of Chinese cassia tree, Cortex Cinnamomi                              6g

cinnamon twig, Ramulus Cinnamomi                                      6g

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                            12g

tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                               9g

liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                            9g

green Chinese onion, Allium Fistulosum                          right amount

fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                          right amount

table salt                                                    right amount

 

PROCESS  First wash the pork heart clean and slice it up, put the slices in an

earthenware pot, and pour in a right amount of water; then put in all the other ingredients; stew them over slow fire, and when the pork heart is well-done, discard the dregs.

DIRECTIONS  The pork heart is to be eaten and the soup to be drunk. It is applicable

to those who suffer from chronic hypotension manifested as deficiency of both qi and yang.

3) Hypotension Cake (Zhi Dixueya Dangao)

INGREDIENTS

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                               9g

Glehnia root, Radix Glehniae                                            9g

White atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae              9g

Fragrant solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati                   9g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                    9g

The rhizome of oriental water water plantain, Rhizoma Alismatis                9g

Poria, Poria                                                          9g

Pseudostellaria root, Radix Pseudostellariae                                9g

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                             6g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                               6g

Rice sprout, Fructus Oryzae Germinatus                                   6g

Chuanxiong rhizome, Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong                         6g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                           6g

Parched white peony root, Radix Paeoniae Alba Praeparata                   6g

Cinnamon twig, Ramulus Cinnamomi                                     3g

Egg                                                             1000g

White sugar                                                        900g

Flour                                                             700g

Cooked sesame seed, Semen Sesami Praeparatum                          30g

PROCESS  First bake the first sixteen ingredients, which must be clean and without

external material, and grind them into powder; then beat the eggs into a container, add in white sugar and stir them in one direction for about half an hour; when they become as white as milk, sieve in flour and the powder of the first sixteen ingredients and mix them well; and then place a wood frame in a food steamer with a layer of rough straw paper on it, pour in the well-mixed egg paste and roll it flat; finally steam it with strong fire and boiling water until the cake is well-done; scatter the sesame seeds on it and cut it into pieces.

DIRECTIONS  Patients with hypotension may take it as much as they see it fit.

 

Section 2  Diseases and Syndromes of Respiratory System

Common Cold

 

Common cold is also known as “upper respiratory tract infection”; TCM holds that it

results from exopathogens attacking the body. When having a cold, one can be treated with

proper medicated diet according to the differentiation of syndromes so as to shorten the course of disease.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Wind-Cold Type  Manifested mainly as strong aversion to cold, slight fever

without sweating, headache, stuffy nose, watery nasal discharge, itching of the throat, cough,

expectoration of thin and white sputum, non-thirst or thirst and desire for hot drink, aching

pain of limbs, thin and white fur, floating pulse or floating and tense pulse.

2) Wind-Heat Type  Manifested as higher fever, light aversion to wind, slow sweat,

distending pain in the head, sore throat, or dry mouth and throat, thirst and strong desire for

drink, cough, sticky or yellow phlegm, red margin and tip of the tongue with thin and white

fur or light yellowish fur, floating and rapid pulse.

    3) Summer-Heat and Dampness Type  Manifested as catching cold in summer,

marked by fever, light aversion to wind, absence of sweating or slight sweat, heaviness and

distending pain in the head, vexation, thirst, heaviness sensation and aching pain of limbs,

ropy and greasy mouth, thirst but drink little, oppressed sensation in the chest, nausea,

oliguria with yellowish urine, thin and yellow fur or yellow and greasy fur, soft and floating

and rapid pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Fresh ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens)  Slight warm in nature and able to

induce diaphoresis to dispel wind and cold pathogens to a certain degree, it is applicable to

common cold of wind-cold type.

2) Chinese green onion (Bulbus Allii Fistulosi)  Dispelling wind and cold and

inducing diaphoresis to relieve exterior syndrome, it is used to treat light common cold of

wind-cold type, and often taken along with prepared soybean (Semen Sojae Praeparatum).

    3) Prepared soybean (Semen Sojae Praeparatum)  A product made from soybean. It

can not only dispel pathogenic factor attacking the exterior of the body but also stagnant

heat. Common cold of cither wind-cold type or wind-heat type can be treated with it.

    4) Chrysenthemum flower (Flos Chrysanthemi)  Dispelling wind-heat, it is used to

treat common cold of wind-heat type. Of all kinds of chrysanthemum flowers, the yellow

one is most effective, and is often used as an ingredient of medicated gruel or medicated tea.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Ginger and Sugar Tea (Jiang Tang Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Clean shredded fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                      9g

Brown sugar                                                        12g

PROCESS  Infuse them in boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken warm at a time. After taking it, one should lie in bed until

he or she perspires a bit. It is applicable to common cold of wind-cold type.

    2) Decoction of Chinese Green Onion, Prepared Soybean and Yellow Wine (Cong Chi

Huangjiu Tang)

    INGREDIENTS

    Chinese green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi (with hairs)                      30g

Prepared soybean, Semen Sojae Praeparatum                              15g

    Yellow rice or millet wine                                             50g

    PROCESS  First decoct the prepared soybean for 10minutes; then put in the cut-up

Chinese green onion with hairs and go on decocting for 5 minutes more; and finally sift the

decoction from the dregs and pour in the wine.

    DIRECTIONS  To be taken warm, twice a day. It is applicable to common cold of

wind-cold type.

    3) Five-Ingredient Decoction (Wu Shen Tang)

    INGREDIENTS

    Schizonepeta, Herba Schizonepetae                                       9g

    Clean perila leaf, Folium Perillae                                         9g

    Tea leaves, Folium Camelliae Sinensis                                     6g

    Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                   9g

    Brown sugar                                                         30g

    PROCESS  Decoct the first four ingredients and sift the liquid from the dregs; then

put in the brown sugar and stir it to have it dissolved.

    DIRECTIONS  To be taken in several separate doses on the same day. It is applicable

to common cold of wind-cold type.

 

 

    4) Gruel of Fresh Ginger and Glutinous Rice (Shenxian Zhou)

    INGREDIENTS

    Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberris Recens                                  6g

    Clean polished glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                     100g

    Chinese green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi (With hairs)                      30g

    Millet vinegar                                                      10ml

    PROCESS  Cook the fresh ginger and the rice until they come to one or two boils,

then put in the Chinese green onion which has been washed clean and cut up and go on

cooking; finally when the gruel is nearly done, pour in the millet vinegar and cook for a

while.

    DIRECTIONS  To be taken hot. After taking it, one should lie in bed until he or she

perspires a bit. Applicable to common cold of wind-cold type.

    5) Schizonepeta Gruel (Jingjie Zhou)

    INGREDIENTS

    Schizonepeta, Herba Schizonepetae                                       9g

    Peppermint, Herba  Menthae                                            3g

    Prepared soybean, Semen Sojae Praeparatum                                9g

    Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

    PROCESS  Decoct the first three ingredients and sift the decoction from the dregs five

minutes after they begin boiling; then make gruel with the decoction and the rice. It will be

done in a few minutes.

    DIRECTIONS  To be taken warm, twice a day. It is applicable to common cold of

wind-cold type.

    6) Tea of Chrysanthemum Flower and Reed Rhizome (Juhua Lugen Cha)

    INGREDIENTS

    Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                                 6g

    Reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis()double it if the fresh is used)              21g

    PROCESS  Decoct them or infuse them in boiling water.

    DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Applicable to common cold of wind-heat type.

    7) Drink of Mulberry Leaf, Chrysanthemum Flower, Peppermint and Prepared Soybean

(Sang Ju Bo Chi Yin)

    INGREDIENTS      

    Mulberry leaf, Folium Mori                                              9g

    Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                                 9g

Peppermint, Herba Menthae                                             6g

Prepared soybean, Semen Sojae Praeparatum                               6g

Reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis(double the amount if fresh)                15g

PROCESS  Decoct them in water for oral administration. Or infuse them for drinking

instead of tea.

DIRECTIONS  The decoction is to be taken several times each day. It is applicable to

common cold of wind-heat type.

    8) Gruel of Peppermint and Chrysanthemum Flower (Bo Ju Zhou)

    INGREDIENTS

    Peppermint, Heba Menthae                                              9g

    Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                                 9g

    Mulberry leaf, Folium Mori                                              6g

    Lophatherum, Herba Lophatheri                                          6g

    Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

    PROCESS  Decoct the first four ingredients in water and strain the dregs out of the

decoction after they have been boiling for five minutes; then put the rice into the decoction

to make gruel. In a few minutes the gruel will be done.

    DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day. The gruel is applicable to common cold

of wind-heat type.

    9) Gruel of Job’s Tears Seed and Hyacinth Bean (Yimi Biandou Zhou)

    INGREDIENTS

    Job’s tears seed, Semen Coicis                                          30g

    White hyacinth bean, Semen Dolichoris Album                             30g

    Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

    PROCESS  Make  gruel with the three ingredients.

    DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day.  Applicable to patients with common cold

of summer-heat and dampness type.

    10) Wrinkled Giant-Hyssop Drink (Huoxiang Dai Cha Yin)

    INGREDIENTS

    Fresh leaves of wrinkled giant-hyssop, Folium Pogostemonis seu Agastachis     12g

(reduce it to 6g if the dried is used) fresh lotus leaf, Flium Nelumbinis               12g

(6g if dried)

white sugar                                                  right amount

PROCESS  Decoct them in water or infuse them in boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. It is applicable to those suffering from

common cold of summer-heat and dampness type.

    11) Tea of Elscholtzia and Hyacinth Bean (Xiangru Biandou Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Elscholtzia, Herba Elsholtziae                                           9g

White hyacinth bean, Semen Dolichoris Album (Parched yellow and pounded)    12g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                               3g

Lotus leaf, Folium Nelumbinis                                           6g

White sugar                                                  right amount

PROCESS  Decoct them in water or infuse them in boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Applicable to those suffering from common

cold of summer-heat and dampness type.

 

Bronchitis

 

Bronchitis includes actue bronchitis and chronic bronchitis,both of which are mainly

characterized by cough, expectoration and dyspnea, known as “cough’, “phlegm retention”

and “asthma” in TCM.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Acute Bronchitis Characterized mainly by the types of  wind-cold and wind-heat.

Acute attack of chronic bronchitis can refer to the principles of diagnosis and treatment of acute bronchitis on the basis of differentiation of syndromes in TCM.

(1) The type of Wind-Cold Marked by cough with itching of throat, thin and white expectoration, often accompanied with aversion to cold, fever without sweating, stuffy nose, watery nasal discharge, headache, aching pain in the limbs and so on, thin and whitish fur, floating or floating and tense pulse.

(2) The Type of Wind-Heat  Marked by cough, dry and painful throat, difficult expectoration, ropy phlegm or thick and yellow phlegm, often accompanied with symptoms of aversion to wind, fever, thirst, perspiration, yellow nasal discharge, headache and so on, thin and yellow fur, floating and rapid pulse or floating and slippery pulse.

2) Chronic Bronchitis  It can be divided into types of phlegm-dampness, phlegm-heat and deficiency of the lung.

(1) The Type of Phlegm-Dampness  Marked by cough, white and abundant phlegm which is ropy and greasy or thick, oppressed feeling in the chest and epigastric region, poor appetite, lassitude, white and greasy fur, soft and floating and slippery pulse.

(2) The Type of Phlegm-Dampness  Marked by cough, white and abundant and yellow phlegm which is thick or ropy, dyspnea, oppressed feeling in the chest, fever, thirst, red tongue with yellowish and greasy fur, slippery and rapid pulse.

(3) The Type of Deficiency of the Lung  Symptoms of frequent cough, shortness of breath, low voice, pale complexion, lassitude, pale tongue with thin and white fur, and thready and weak pulse attribute to deficiency of the lung-qi; while symptoms of frequent dry cough or cough with little or blood-tinged sputum, night sweat, dry mouth and throat, feverish sensation in the palms and soles, or low fever, red tongue with thin fur, and thready and rapid pulse belong to deficiency of the lung-yin.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Apricot kernel  (Semen Armeniacae)  It can relieve cough, remove phlegm and

send down abnormally ascending qi. In most cases, bitter apricot kernel (Semen Armeniacae

Amarum) is used to treat acute bronchitis, but daily dosage should not exceed 9g, for it is

poisonous; while for treatment of chronic bronchitis sweet apricot kernel is used.

    2) Water chestnut (Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae)  Water chestnut can clear away

pathogenic heat, resolve phlegm and promote the production of body fluid. Patients with

chronic bronchitis indicating either the type of phlegm-heat or the type of deficiency of the

lung-yin can take it regularly, 30 to 60g each time.

        Both of the two kinds of dietetic Chinese drugs mentioned above can moisten the

intestinal tract and relax the bowels, so they are better for those who suffer from bronchitis

accompanied with constipation due to dryness of the intestinal tract.

        3) Lily bulb (Bulbus Lilii)  Lily bulb can nourish the lung to arrest cough.  Patients

suffering from chronic bronchitis with either type of deficiency of the lung-yin or type of

phlegm-heat can take it regularly,15 to 30g each time.

        4) Honey (Mel)  Honey can not only clear away pathogenic heat and moisten the lung, but also treat deficiency syndromes. Patients who suffer form chronic bronchitis with type of deficiency of the lung should take it regularly, and it is especially good for those suffering from chronic bronchitis accompanied with conspitation due to dryness of intestinal tract.

        5) Pear (Malum Piri)  Pear can clear away pathogenic heat and moisten the lung. Patients suffering from either acute bronchitis of chronic bronchitis of types of wind-heat, of phlegm-heat or deficiency of the lung-yin can take it.

        6) White radish (Radix Raphani)  White radish can resolve phlegm and relieve asthma. Any bronchitis patients can take it, and it is especially good for those who suffer from cough of wind-cold type.

        7) Lotus root (Rhizoma Nelumbinis)  Lotus root can nourish yin, clear away pathogenic heat, treat deficiency syndromes and so on, so it is applicable to chronic bronchitis with syndrome of deficiency of the lung-yin.

        8) Walnut kernel (Semen Juglandis)  It can relieve cough, remove phlegm and tonify the kidney. Those who suffer from chronic bronchitis marked by syndrome of deficiency of both the lung and the kidney can take it regularly.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Honeyed Radish (Fengmi Luobo)

INGREDIENTS

honey, Mel                                                          30g

white radish, Radix Raphani                                              1

dried ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                         3g

ephedra, Herba Ephedrae                                               3g

PROCESS  Place all the ingredients in a bowl and steam them. When they are done,

discharge the ginger and the ephedra, and keep the honey and radish for eating.

 

INDICATIONS  It is applicable to acute bronchitis of wind-cold type.

2) Gruel of Perila Leaf and Apricot Kernel (Suye Xingren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Perila leaf, Folium Perillae                                              9g

Bitter apricot kernel, Semen Armeniacae Amarum                            9g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                               6g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                          50g

PROCESS  Decoct the first three ingredients in water, sift the liquid from the dregs,

then put the rice in with a right amount of water and make them into gruel for eating.

INDICATIONS  Same as those of Honeyed Radish.

3) Drink of chrysanthemum Flower and Apricot Kernel (Ju Xing Daichayin)

INGREDIENTS

Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                                 6g

Bitter apricot kernel, Semen Armeniacae Amarum                            6g

Mulberry leaf, Folium Mori                                              6g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                            3g

PROCESS  Infuse them in boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Its indications are the same as those of Drink

of Chrysanthemum Flower and Apricot Kernel.

5) Red Tangerine Peel Gruel (Juhong Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Red tangerine peel, Exocarpium Citri Reticulatae                           12g

Bitter apricot kernel, Semen Armeniacae Amarum                            6g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                          50g

PROCESS  Decoct the first two ingredients in water and sift the liquid from the dregs;

then add the rice and a right amount of water to the decoction and make gruel out of them.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken once or twice a day. Applicable to patients suffering from

chronic bronchitis of phlegm-dampness type.

6) Gruel of Two Chen and Two Kinds of Seeds (Erchen Erren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri, Reticulatae                               9g

Pinellia tuber, Rhizoma Pinelliae                                         6g

Poria, Poria                                                         12g

Job’s tears seed, Semen Coicis                                          15g

Shelled waxgourd seed, Semen Benincasae                                15g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

PROCESS  Decoct in water in the first five ingredients, sift the decoction from the

dregs; then put the rice into it with a right amount of water and cook them into gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken in two separate doses each day. Its indications are the

same as those of Red Tangerine Peel Gruel.

7) Sichuan Fritillary Bulb and Pear Steamed with Additions (Fufang Chuanbei Li)

INGREDIENTS

Sichuan fritillary bulb, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae                          6g

Lily bulb, Bulbus Lilii                                                 15g

Water chestnut, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae                             30g

Crystal sugar                                                        15g

Pear, Malun Piri                                                    1 or 2

PROCESS  Steam all the ingredients together.

DIRECTIONS  The pear, water chestnut, lily bulb and juice are to be taken together.

This recipe is applicable to chronic bronchitis of phlegm-heat type.

 

8) Gruel of Reed Rhizome and Sichuan Fritillary Bulb (Lugen Chuanbei Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis Recens(or 45g of reed rhizome)        90g

Sichuan fritillary bulb, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae                          9g

Bamboo shavings, Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam                            12g

Polished round-grained rise, Semen Oryzae Sativae                        100g

Crystal sugar powder                                                 15g

PROCESS  Decoct the first three ingredients in water, remove the dregs from the

decoction; then put the rice into the decoction with a right amount of water and make them into gruel; finally put the crystal sugar powder into the gruel and cool for a few seconds so as to make it dissolve in the gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken in two separate doses each day. Its indications are the same as those of Sichuan Fritillary Bulb and Pear Steamed with Additions.

9) Composite Decoction of Jellyfish (Fufang Xuegeng Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh water chestnut, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae(with no skin)              15g

Jellyfish, Rhopilema (It must be soaked, rinsed out the salt and cut up )          30g

Sinchuan fritillary bulb, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae                         9g

PROCESS  Decoct in a right amount of water all the ingredients over slow fire for an

hour.

DIRECTIONS  The decoction is for drinking and the water chestnut and jellyfish are

for eating. It is to be taken in two separate doses each day. Its indications are the same as

those of Sichuan Fritillary Bulb and Pear Steamed with Additions.

10) Gruel of Astragalus Root and Pork Lung (Huangqi Zhufei Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Pork lung (washed clean)                                             100g

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                              30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

Green Chinese onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                         right amount

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                          right amount

Table salt                                                    right amount

Gourmet powder                                              right amount

PROCESS  First wash the pork lung clean, boil it in a right amount of water. When it

is almost done, ladle it out and dice it for later use. Then decoct the astragalus root and

remove the dregs. Put the rice and the diced pork lung into the decoction and make them

into gruel. Finally season the gruel with the green Chinese onion, ginger, table salt and

gourmet powder.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken in two separate doses each day. It is applicable to chronic

bronchitis manifested as the type of insufficiency of the lung-yin.

    11) Plain Spirits of Gecko with Additions (Fufang Gejie Jiu)

    INGREDIENTS

    GECKO, gecko(with no paws and head, and cut up)                       a pair

Chinese Caterpillar fungus, Cordyceps                                   15g

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                             30g

Plain spirits                                                      1000g

PROCESS  Soak the first three ingredients in plain spirits in a tightly sealed ceramic

or glass container for 20 days. Sift the clear liquid at the upper part for drinking.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day before meals, both in the morning and in the evening, 10 to 20 ml each time. The dregs can be re-used and soaked once more by adding a right amount of plain spirits to it. It is applicable to chronic bronchitis marked by the type of deficiency of both the lung and the kidney.

12) Gruel of Lily Bulb, Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome, Asparagus Root and Lilyturf (Bai Yu Er Dong Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Lily bulb, Bulbus Lilii                                                 30g

Fragrant solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati                   

Asparagus root, Radix Asparagi                                         12g

Lilyturf root, Radix Ophiopogonis                                       12g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

Honey, Mel                                                         15g

PROCESS  Decoct the first four ingredients in water and remove the dregs from the

decoction; then add to the decoction, the rice and a right amount of water, cook them into

gruel. Finally, when the gruel is done, put in the honey.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken in two separate doses each day. It is applicable to chronic

bronchitis manifested as the type of deficiency of both the lung-yin and the kidney-yin.

13) Drink of Five-Juice for Nourishing the Lung (Zi Fei Wu Zhi Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Water chestnut, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae                           250g

Fresh lotus root, Rhizoma Nelumbinis                                  250g

White radish, Radix Raphani                                         250g

Pear, Malun Piri                                                   500g

Honey, Mel                                                       250g

PROCESS  Cut the first four ingredients into pieces and extract their juice; then add

in honey and mix them well; keep the honeyed juice in a refrigerator.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice or three times a day, 30ml each time. Applicable to

chronic bronchitis marked by the types of phlegm-heat or deficiency of yin.

14) Gruel of Four Kinds of Seeds and Egg (Siren Jizi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Ginkgo seed, Semen Ginkgo

Sweet apricot kernel, Semen Armeniacae Dulce

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis

Peatnut kernel, Semen Arachidis

One egg

PROCESS  Grind the first four ingredients into powder according to the ratio of 1:1:2:2 and mix them well.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken cooked along with eggs, once a day in the morning , 20g

of it and one egg each time. To be taken for half a year in succession. Effective for cough

and dyspnea due to chronic bronchitis.

 

Pneumonia

 

Pneumonia is classified according to pathologic anatomy into labor pneumonia, bronchial pneumonia and interstitial pneumonia. It is caused, as seen in Western medicine, by infection of bacteria, virus or some other pathogen; while as seen in TCM, it results from pathogenic heat attacking the lung. It is marked mainly by cough, expectoration, dyspnea, oppressed feeling in the chest, and so on. Appropriate medicated diet can be selected as a supplementary treatment according to its syndrome at different stages.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Wind-Heat Attacking the Lung  Manifested at the initial stage of pneumonia as sudden

invasion, aversion to cold or chills, fever, cough, non-productive cough with white and ropy sputum, oppressed feeling or dull pain in the chest, thirst, absence of sweating or hypohidrosis, red margin and tip of the tongue with thin and yellow fur, and floating and rapid pulse.

2) Excessive Accumulation of Lung-Heat  Manifested as high fever, excess drinking due to thirst, serious cough, yellowish and thick expectoration, or cough with blood-stinged sputum or rusty sputum, rapid breathing, oppressed feeling and pain in the chest, flushed face or slight purple lips, red tongue with yellow fur, and slippery and rapid pulse.

3) Impairment of both Qi and Yin  Manifested at the restoration stage as pyretolysis, mild cough, reduced expectoration. It is the impairment of the lung and yin if accompanied with dry mouth, vexation, slight fever, night sweat, red tongue, thready ad rapid pulse; it is deficiency of the lung-qi if accompanied with shortness of breath, disinclination to talk spontaneous perspiration and lassitude.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

Of the dietetic Chinese drugs stated above for treatments of common cold and bronchitis,

chrysanthemum flower, prepared soybean and other herbs, which can dispel pathogenic wind and heat from the body, can be used to treat patients suffering from pneumonia at the initial stage manifested as the syndrome of wind-heat attacking the lung; while water chestnut, lily bulb, pear, lotus root, honey and others, which can remove heat-phlegm and nourish yin to moisten the lung, can be used to treat pneumonia patients indicating the syndrome of excessive accumulation of lung-heat or impairment of both qi and yin.

Garlic (Bulbus Allii)  Its effective constituent garlicin has a potent antibacterial action, that

is why both of its juice and garlic syrup can be used to treat pneumonia. Garlic juice containing 5% of it is to be taken 4 times a day, 20ml each time, and garlic syrup containing 10% of it is to be taken every 4 hours, 15 to 20ml each time.

Portulaca (Herba Portulacae)  It is the whole grass of Portulaca oleracea L. [Portulacaceae] and an edible wild vegetable which can remove pathogenic heat, cool the blood, remove the poisonous quality of any substance and inhibit many kinds of bacteria. Gruel of 30g of portulaca and 50g of polished round-grained rice can serve as an auxiliary treatment of pneumonia. It is to be taken once or twice a day.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

Patients suffering from pneumonia at initial stage and showing syndrome of wind-heat

attacking the lung can take composite medicated diets which are used to teat either common cold of wind-heat type or acute bronchitis of wind-heat type; when showing, with the development of pneumonia, manifestations of excessive accumulation of lung-heat, they should take composite medicated diets which are used to teat bronchitis of phlegm-heat type, but with pneumonia at the restoration stage, patients indicative of syndrome of impairment of qi and yin can take composite medicated diets that are used to treat chronic bronchitis marked by the type of lung deficiency. Here are some more.

1)      Drink of Honeysuckle Flower and Chrysanthemum Flower with Additions (Fufang Yin

Ju Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Honeysuckle flower, Flos Lonicerae                                         21g

Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                                    9g

Mulberry leaf, Folium Mori                                                 9g

Bitter apricot kernel, Semen Armeniacae Amarum                               6g

Reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis(double it if the fresh is used)                  30g

Honey, Mel                                                             30g

PROCESS  Decoct the first five ingredients in water, discard the dregs and add honey to the decoction.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Applicable to pneumonia at the initial stage marked by the syndrome of wind-heat attacking the lung.

2)      Gruel of Reed Rhizome and Bamboo Juice (Lugen Zhuli Zhou)

 

 

INGREDIENTS

Reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis(double it if the fresh is used)                  60g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

Bamboo juice, Succus Bambusae                                            30g

Crystal sugar                                                            15g

PROCESS  First decoct the reed rhizome in water, remove the dregs from the decoction;

then put the rice into the decoction with a right amount of water and make gruel out of them. When the gruel is done, add in the bamboo juice and crystal sugar and go on cooking for a short while before it is ready for eating.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken once or twice a day. Those who suffer from pneumonia manifested as the type of excessive accumulation of lung-heat can take it as an auxiliary treatment.

3)      Gruel of Houttuynia with Additions (Fufang Yuxiang-cao Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Houttuynia, Herba Houttuyniae                                             30g

Honeysuckle flower, Flos Lonicerae                                         30g

Reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis                                          30g

Gypsum, Gypsum Fibrosum                                                30g

Bamboo shavings, Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam                                 9g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

Crystal sugar                                                            30g

PROCESS  Decoct the first five ingredients and remove the dregs from the decoction; then

put in the polished round-grained rice with a right amount of water and make them into gruel; finally add in the crystal sugar and go on cooking for a few seconds.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day. Its indications are the same as those of Gruel

of Reed Rhizome and Bamboo Juice.

4)      Five-Juice Drink (Wu Zhi Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Juice of water chestnut, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberrosae

Juice of fresh reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis Recens

Juice of fresh lotus root, Rhizoma Nelumbinis Recens

Juice of fresh pear, Malum Piri

Juice of lilyturf root, Radix Ophiopogonis

PROCESS  Mix the same amount of all the five ingredients.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken three times a day, 30ml each time. Applicable to patients

suffering from pneumonia at the restoration stage marked by the type of impairment of the lung-yin manifested as lower fever, dry mouth and vexation.

 

Bronchial Asthma

 

Bronchial asthma results from bronchospasm, mucocus edema and increasing secretion due

to allergic reaction, and is characterized clinically by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheeze, cough and expectoration. It belongs to “xiao chuan” in TCM. Its medicated diet treatment can be selected and used in light of its clinical manifestations based on differential diagnosis.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) At the stage of attack, there are two types of syndromes, namely, asthma of cold type and

asthma of heat type.

(1)   Asthma of Cold Type  Manifested as rapid breathing, wheezing sound in the throat,

chocking sensation in the chest much like asphyxia, dimmish and blackish complexion, cold extremities, non-thirst or thirst but desire for hot drink, easy to be attacked in cold weather or when taken with cold, white and slippery fur, wiry and tense pulse or floating and tense pulse.

 

(2) Asthma of Heat Type  Marked by dyspnea and raucous breathing, thunderous rale in the throat, fits of irritated cough, cough with yellow, ropy and thick phlegm, difficult expectoration, vexation, restlessness, flushed face, bitter taste, thirst and desire for drink, perspiration, or accompanied with fever, red tongue with yellowish and greasy fur, slippery rapid pulse.

2) At remission stage, it is manifested in most cases as deficiency of the lung, spleen and kidney.

(1) Deficiency of the Lung  Manifested as catching common cold easily, shortness of breath, low voice, spontaneous perspiration, aversion to wind, asthma induced by any change of weather, pale tongue, thready and weak pulse.

(2) Deficiency of the Spleen  Marked by poor appetite, fullness in the stomach at usual time, lassitude, loose stool, or diarrhea after eating greasy food, asthma often induced by improper diet, pale tongue, moderate and weak pulse.

(3) Deficiency of the Kidney  Marked by shortness of breath at usual time which is characterized by inspiratory dyspnea, aggravated asthma due to exertion, susceptivity of asthma attack due to overwork, dizziness, tinnitus, lassitude in the loins and legs. In the case of those who indicate the syndrome of yang deficiency, it is marked by aversion to cold, cold limbs, thick and tender tongue; while in the case of those who show the syndrome of deficiency of yin, it is marked by feverish sensation in the palms and soles, vexation, flushing of zygomatic region, red tongue with little fur, thready and rapid pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Gingko nut (Semen Ginkgo)  Also known as ginkgo seed. Astringing the lung-qi and

relieving phlegm-dyspnea, it is applicable to patients suffering from bronchial asthma with profuse phlegm. To be taken cooked, parched, or used as an ingredient of a decoction, 3 to 9g or 5 to 10 gingko nuts a day. It is poisonous, so overdose should be avoided, to say nothing of eating it raw, so as not to be poisoned. Boiled 9g of parched gingko nuts (shelled, stir-fried) and its decoction, when taken together and with a right amount of honey mixed in, can serve as a supplementary treatment for bronchial asthma or cough due to TB.

2) Jiaomu (Semen Zanthoxyli)  It has the functions of relieving asthma and inducing diuresis. Grind it into fine

powder, fill capsules with it, 0.4g for each. To be taken twice or three times a day, 6 to 8 capsules each time, 3 to 7days making up a course of treatment. It has asthma-relieving effect on bronchial asthma.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Ephedra and Dried Ginger (Mahuang Gan-jiang Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Ephedra, Herba Ephedrae                                                 6g

Dried ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                            6g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                              3g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                           100g

Chinese green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi (cut up)                             3g

PROCESS  Decoct the first three ingredients and strain the dregs out from the decoction; then put the rice into the decoction with a right amount of water and make gruel. Finally when the gruel is done, scatter the cut-up Chinese green onion into it.

DIRCETIONS  To be taken twice each day. It can be used as an auxiliary treatment for asthma of cold type.

2) Soft Extract of Sichuan Fritillary Bub and Pear with Additions (Jiawei Beimu Li Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Sichuan fritillary bulb, Bulbus Fritillariae                                     30g

Bitter apricot kernel, Semen Armeniacae Amarum                               20g

Root of purple-flowered peucedanum, Radix Peucedani                          15g

Gypsum, Gypsum Fibrosum                                                30g

Licorice root, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                            10g

Red tangerine peel, Exocarpium Citri Reticulatae                               30g

Snow pear, pyrus nivalis                                                     6

Waxgourd, Fructus Benincasae                                            100g

Crystal sugar                                                          150g

Alum, Alumen                                                    right amount

PROCESS  First decoct in water the bitter apricot kernel, root of purple-flowered peucedanum, gypsum and raw licorice root and sift out 500ml of the decoction; cut the waxgourd strips into bits as small as soybeans, break the Sichuan fritillary bulb into pieces and grind the red tangerine peel into powder; peel and pound the pears and mix them with the alum solution. Then put into the solution the waxgourd bits, the scrumbs of the crystal sugar, the broken Sichuan fritillary bulb, the ried tangerine peel powder. And then pour the decoction into them in a big bowl and mix them well. Finally put the bowl of the mixture in a food steamer and steam it with the bowl in the boiling water for about 50 minutes until it becomes sticky and thick extract.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken in several days, in the amount which one thinks fit per day. Suitable for asthma of heat type.

3) Jianwei Qi yi cake

INGREDIENTS

Raw euryale seed, Semen Euryales                                          180g

Raw Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                       90g

Raw Job’s tears seed, Semen coicis                                           90g

Raw chicken’s gizzard-skin, Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli                 90g

Wheat flour                                                            400g

Granulated sugar                                                  right amount

PROCESS  Grind the first four ingredients into fine powder and soak the powder of the chicken’s gizzard-skin in boiling water for half a day; then mix very small thin cakes with wheat flour, the powder and sugar and the water in which the chicken’s gizzard-skin is soaked, and toast the cakes rill dark brown.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken any time as one pleases. It can tonify the lung, the spleen and the kidney, and remove phlegm and eliminate dampness. It is good for a patient to take it regularly if he or she suffers from bronchial asthma at remission stage.

4) Spirits of Ginseng, Gecko and Cordyceps (Shen Ge Chong-cao Jiu)

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                                   30g

Cordyceps, Cordyceps                                                     30g

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                             30g

Gecko, Gecko (with no head and paws)                                      a pair

Plain spirits                                                           2000g

PROCESS  Soak the first four ingredients in the 2000g of plain spirits in a tightly sealed ceramic or glass container for 20days. Then sift the clear liquid at the upper part for drinking.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day before meals, both in the morning and in the evening, 10 to 20 ml each time. The dregs can be re-used and soaked once more by adding a right amount of plain spirits to them. The spirits can tonify the lung and kidney, invigorate yang and yin, improve inspiration by invigorating the kidney and relieve asthma. Applicable to bronchial asthma at remission stage marked by the syndrome of deficiency of both the lung and the kidney.

5) Baby Pigeon Steamed with Ginseng, Astragalus Root and Cordyceps (Shen Qi Congcao Ruge)

 

 

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Radix Ginsenx 3g (or dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pitosutae 15g)      

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                  15g            

Poria, Poria                                                             15g

White atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae                  9g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   6g

Cordyceps, Cordyceps                                                     6g

Baby pigeon that has not moulted yet (get rid of its feathers and entrails)              1

PROCESS  Place at the ingredients in a big bowl with a right amount of water; then steam them by putting the big bowl in boiling water in a food steamer and, when the pigeon is well-done, season them with table salt and gou net powder.

DIRECTIONS  The pigeon is for eating and the soup for drinking. It is applicable to bronchial asthma at remission stage marked by deficiency of the lung, spleen and kidney.

6) Powder of Placenta and Testis (Taipan Gaowan Feng)

INGREDIENTS

Human or animal placenta                                                    1

Testis of sheep or goats or pigs                                      equal amount

PROCESS  Roast them in an oven, grind the roasted placenta and testis into fine powder, mix the powder well and make capsules with the mixture.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day, 2 to 3g each time, Applicable to bronchial asthma at remission stage, especially good for those who indicate syndrome of deficiency of the kidney.

7) Honeyed Walnut Kernel (Fengmi Hetaoren)

INGREDIENTS

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                            250g

Hongey, Mel                                                           250g

PROCESS  Put them in a seramic jug or a glass container with a big mouth and steam them in a food steamer.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken a right amount every day. Its indications are the same as those of Powder of Placenta and Testis.

 

Section 3  Diseases and Syndromes of Digestive System

 

Chronic Gastritis and Peptic Ulcer

 

Stomachache is the main symptom of both chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer (gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer), so they are known as ”stomachache” in TCM. Their cause of disease, treatment and recuperation  during convalescence all have much to do with food and drink.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Stomach-Cold  It is manifested as sudden and violent stomachache, aggravated

when the epigastrium is exposed to cold, alleviated when it is warmed, desire for hot food and drink, thin and whitish fur, wiry and tense pulse.

2) Stagnation of Qi Manifested as distending pain in the stomach which radiates costal

region and frequent eructation, and white fur, deep and wiry pulse.

3) Indigestion  It is marked by stomachache and fullness in the epigastrium, nausea,

eructation with foul odour, acid regurgitation or vomiting of indigested food, relief of pain after vomiting, thick and greasy fur, wiry and slippery pulse.

4) Blood Stasis  Marked by stomachache so severe that the patient refuses to be pressed

over the affected part, or as if the stomach were being pricked by needles, and the pain stays at the fixed region. It is manifested as hematemesis and melena if the condition gets more severe, and as purplish dark tongue or with ecchymosis, wiry and unsmooth pulse.

5)      Deficiency of Yin  Manifested as dull stomachache, burning sensation in the stomach,

dry mouth and throat, red and dry tongue, thready and rapid pulse.

6) Asthenia-Cold  Marked by dull pain in the stomach, desire for warmth and pressure over

the affected part, extreme pain before meals, relief after meals, mental tiredness, poor appetite, loose stools, cold extremities in serious cases, pale tongue, deep and thready pulse or slow and moderate pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Fresh ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens)  It can warm the middle-jiao and dispel

pathogenic cold, so those who show syndromes of stomach-cold or asthenia-cold can take it.

The common dosage is 3 to 9g.

2) Dried ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis)  It has better effects of warming the middle-jiao and

dispelling pathogenic cold than fresh ginger; it can be used to treat stomachache of stomach-cold type and asthenia-cold type. The common dose is 3 to 9g.

3) Chuan jiao (Pericarpium Zanthoxyli), also known as pricklyash peel, shujiao  It has the functions of warming the spleen and stomach, and dispelling pathogenic cold. Its indications are the same as those of fresh ginger. The common dosage is 3 to 6g.

4) Black pepper (Fructus Piperis Nigri)  It can warm the spleen and stomach, and dispel pathogenic cold; its indications are the same as those of fresh ginger. The common dosage is 1.5 to 3g when used as an ingredient of a decoction for oral administration, but 0.3 to 0.9g when used as an oral powder.

5) Tangerine peel (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae)  Regulating qi and invigorating the stomach. Applicable to stomachache marked by the type of stagnation of qi. The common dosage is 3 to 9g.

6) Radish (Napus)  Able to keep adverse qi downwards, eliminate retention of food and promote digestion, it is used to treat stomachache of the types of stagnation of qi or retention of food.

7) Pork stomach  It can strengthen the spleen and stomach and treat deficiency syndromes; it is to be taken stewed along with other herbs which warm the middle-jiao and dispel pathogenic cold. It is applicable to stomachache of asthenia-cold type.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Galangal Rhizome and Cyperus Tuber (Liang Fu Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Galangal rhizome, rhizoma Alpiniae Officinarum                                9g

Cyperus tuber, Rhizoma Cyperi                                              9g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             100g

PROCESS  Decoct the first two ingredients in water, sift the decoction from the dregs; then

add the rice and a right amount of water to the decoction and make them into gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day; it is applicable to patients suffering from stomachache of stomach-cold type or that accompanied with symptoms of stagnation of qi.

2) Stomach-Warming Chicken (Nuan Wei Ji)

INGREDIENTS

Roaster                                                                  1

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                       6g

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                              3g

Cloves, Flos Caryophylli                                                   3g

Galangal rhizome, Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinarum                                3g

Cassia bark, Cortex Cinnamomi                                              3g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   3g

Long pepper, Fructus Piperis Longi                                           3g

Pricklyash peel, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli                                       3g

Star anise fruit, Fructus Anisi Stellati                                          3g

Green Chinese onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi,                            right amount

Soy sauce and table salt                                            right amount

Pepper powder                                                        a little

PROCESS  Skin the roaster, get rid of the entrails, wash it clean, cut it into pieces and put them in an earthenware pot with all the other ingredients but the pepper powder and a right amount of water; then stew it over slow fire, and when it is done, scatter the pepper powder on it.

DIRECTIONS  The meat is for eating and the soup for drink. It is to be taken as much as one thinks it fit each time. It is used to treat stomachache of asthenia-cold type or stomach-cold type.

3) Gruel Activating Qi and Promoting Digestion (Xingqi Jianwei Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                              3g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   6g

Fruit of citron, Frutus Aurantii                                               6g

Finger citron, Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis                                      6g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

PROCESS  Decoct the first four ingredients, sift the decoction from the dregs; then put the rice into the decoction with a right amount of water and make them into gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day for treatment of stomachache marked by the types of stagnation of qi.

4) Drink of Tangerine Peel with Additions (Fufang Jupi Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae (which must be cut into threads)        6g

Finger citron, Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis (which must be cut into threads)            6g

Rose, Flos Rosae Rugosae                                                  3g

PROCESS  Infuse all the three ingredients in boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Its indications are the same as those of Gruel Activating Qi and Promoting Digestion.

5) Three-Immortal  Gruel with Additions (Jiawei Sanxian Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Medicated leaven, Massa Fermentata Medicinalis                              12g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                            12g

Parched germinated barly, Fructus Hordei Germinatus Praeparatus                12g

Parched rice sprout, Fructus Oryzae Germinatus Praeparatus                     12g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   6g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

PROCESS  Decoct the first five ingredients in water, remove the dregs from the decoction; then add in the rice and a right amount of water and cook them into gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day. It is applicable to stomachache of indigestion type.

6)      Egg Steamed with Notoginseng and Lotus Root Juice (Sanqi Ouzhi Dun Jidan)

INGREDIENTS

Egg                                                                     1

Fresh lotus root juice, Succus Rhizomatis Nelumbinis                          30ml

notoginseng powder, Pulvis Radicis Notoginseng                                3g

PROCESS  First beat the egg in a bowl, put in the other two ingredients and mix them well; then steam it by putting the bowl in boiling water in a pot.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken once or twice a day. Applicable to patients suffering from stomachache of blood stasis type.

7) Drink of Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome, Dendrobium, Black Palm and Hawthorn Fruit (Yu Shi Mei Zha Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Frangrant solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati                      6g

Dendrobium, Herba Dendrobii                                               6g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                             6g

White peony root, Radix Paeoniea Alba                                        6g

Black palm, Fructus Mume                                                  3g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                               3g

PROCESS  Decoct in water all of the ingredients.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. It is applicable to stomachache marked by

syndrome of deficiency of yin, and also good for atrophic gastritis marked by hypochlorhydria.

8) Cake for Warming the Middle-jiao and Strengthening the Stomach (Wenzhong Jianwei

Bing)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                          60g

White atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractyloidis Macrocephalae                 60g

Poria, Poria                                                             60g

Dried ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                            30g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                  15g

Black pepper, Fructus Piperis Nigri                                           3g

Flour                                                                1000g

PROCESS  First grind together the first five ingredients into fine powder and mix them

well with the pepper powder; then mix the well-mixed powder with the flour and water into dough and make small cakes like biscuits; finally bake the small cakes in an oven.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as much as the patient thinks it fit. It is used to treat stomachache of stomach-cold type or asthenia-cold type.

 

Cirrhosis

 

Cirrhosis is a chronic disease affecting the whole body. Its main pathogenic changes are

extensive destruction, degeneration, necrosis and regeneration of the substantive cells of the liver, and proliferation of fibrous tissue, all of which result in the disorder of the liver structure. For the convenience of clinical observation and analysis of the state of illness, it can be classified into two stages: compensatory phase and decompensatory phase. This syndrome belongs to “xie tong” (hypochondriac pain), “ji ju” (hepatosplenomegaly), “gu zhang” (tympanites), etc. in TCM.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Compensatory Phase  Its diagnosis and treatment are the same as those of

hypochondriac pain and hepatosplenomegaly in TCM. The common types of syndromes are as follows:

(1) Stagnation of Qi  It is manifested as destending pain in the hypochondrium, which wanders up and down in this region with the pain having something to do with mood, accompanied with oppressed feeling in the chest, eructation, flatulence and so on, thin and white fur, wiry pulse.

(2) Blood Stasis  Marked by twinge in the hypochondrium, which occurs in the fixed region, hematosplenomegaly, dark purplish tongue or with ecchymosis, deep and unsmooth pulse.

(3) Deficiency of the spleen  Manifested as lassitude, poor appetite, or loose stools, dropsy, pale tongue, thready and moderate pulse.

(4) Deficiency of Yin  Marked by dull pain in the hypochondrium, dizziness, dry mouth and throat, vexation, feverish sesation in the palms and soles, lassitude in the loins and knees, insomnia, dreaminess, red tongue with little fur, thready, wiry and rapid pulse.

2) Decompensatory Phase  The most conspicuous manifestation during this phase is ascitic fluid, which can be treated as “tympanites” on the basis of differentiation of syndromes in TCM. Tympanites is divided into tympanites due to stagnation of qi, ascites, and tympanites due to blood stasis.

(1) Tympanites due to Stagnation of Qi  The abdomen distends so much as if it were a drum, but does not feel hard yet when pressed; it is sometimes large and sometimes small, sometimes mild and sometimes severe; it is also manifested as fullness sensation in the chest and diaphragm, oliguria with painful urine, dysuria, wiry pulse.

(2) Ascites  The abdomen is as large as a drum, and feels so full and solid when pressed as if it were a bag full of water; it gives out sounds when the patient is turning over; or it is accompanied with dropsical extremities, oliguria, white and greasy fur, deep, wiry and slippery pulse.

(3) Tympanites due to Blood Stasis  It is marked by abdomen as large as a drum, purple veins standing out, masses in the abdomen, emaciation, tawny complexion, drysuria, or melena, dark-purplish tongue or with ecchymosis, deep and wiry pulse or unsmooth pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Corn stigma (Stigma Maydis)  It can induce diuresis to alleviate edema. Decoct in water

30 to 60g of it for oral administration or for drinking instead of tea. It is used to treat ascites due to cirrhosis.

2) Waxgourd peel (Exocarpium Benincasae)  It has an obvious diuretic function. The

common dosage is 15 to 30g. Its indications are the same as those of corn stigma.

3) Red phaseolus bean  (Semen Phaseoli)  It functions in inducing diuresis to alleviate

edema. The common dosage is 9 to 30g. its indications are the same as those of corn stigma.

4) Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)  Inducing diuresis to alleviate edema, it is used as an auxiliary dietetic treatment of ascites due to cirrhosis, far more effective when used coordinately with other herbs inducing diuresis. Crucian carp (Carassius auratus) has similar function.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Gruel Activating Qi and Promoting Digestion (Xingqi Jianwei Zhou)

2) Drink of Tangerine Peel with Additions (Fufang Jupi Cha)

For these two recipes, refer to Gastritis and chronic Peptic Ulcer; they are used to treat

cirrhosis belonging to stagnation of qi.

3) Finger Citron and Rose Tea (Fo Hua Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Finger citron, Fructus Citri Sarcodatylis                                       9g

Rose, Flos Rosae Rugosae                                                  6g

PROCESS  Infuse them in boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. Its indications are the same as those of Gruel of Activating qi and Promoting Digestion and Drink of Tangerine Peel with Additions.

4) Peach Kernel Gruel with Additions (Fufang Taoren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Peach kernel, Semen Persicae                                                9g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   6g

Raw hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                        12g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

PROCESS  Decoct the first three ingredients in water, remove the dregs from the decoction; then add the rice and a right amount of water to the decoction and cook them into gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day for the treatment of early cirrhosis belonging to stagnation of qi and blood stasis.

5) Soup of Pork Stewed with Dangshen and Astragalus Root with Additions (Fufang Shen Qi Zhurou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       12g

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                  12g

Poria, Poria                                                             12g

White atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae                  9g

Lucid ganoderma, Ganoderma Lucidum                                       6g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   6g

Finger citron, Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis                                      6g

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                              3g

Lean pork                                                             100g

Green Chinese onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                            right amount

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                              right amount

Soy sauce and table salt                                            right amount

PROCESS  Stew the pork with all the ingredients and a right amount of water over slow fire until the pork is well-done.

DIRECTIONS  The meat is to be eaten and the soup to be drunk. It is applicable to patients suffering from early cirrhosis belonging to stagnation of the liver-qi and deficiency of the spleen.

6) Soup of Turtle Stewed with Chinese Angelica Root and Wolfberry Fruit (Gui Qi Jiayu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                                 9g

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                                9g

Prepared rehmannia rhizome, Radix Rehmanniae praeparata                       6g

Lilyturf root, Radix Ophiopogonis                                            6g

Glossy privet fruit, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi                                     6g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                           6g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   6g

Turtle, Amyda Sinensis                                                     1

Green Chinese onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                            right amount

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                              right amount

PROCESS  Put the first seven ingredients in a gauze bag; kill the turtle, cut it open, clean it of the entrails and wash it turtle, put the turtle in an earthenware pot, pour in a right amount of water and the seasonings. Stew the turtle with slow fire until it is well-done and then take out the bag of drugs.

DIRECTIONS  The turtle is for eating and the soup for drinking. It is applicable to early cirrhosis manifested as the syndrome of deficiency of yin.

7) Gruel of Citron Fruit, Finger Citron and Radish Seed (Xiang Fo Laifu Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Citron fruit, Fructus Citri                                                   9g

Finger citron, Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis                                      9g

Prepared radish seed, Semen Raphani (ground into powder)                       15g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

PROCESS  Decoct the first two ingredients in water, remove the dregs from the decoction; then add to the decoction the radish seed powder, the rice and a right amount of water and make them into gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice on the same day. Applicable to cirrhosis manifested as tympanites due to stagnation of qi.

8) Composite Drink of Corn Stigma  (Fufang Yumixu Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Corn stigma, Stigma Maydis                                                30g

Waxgourd peel, Exocarpium Benincasae                                      15g

Poria peel, Pericarpium Poriae                                              15g

PROCESS  Decoct all the three ingredients in water and sift the decoction from the dregs.

DIRCETIONS  To be taken as a daily drink. Applicable to ascites due to cirrhosis.

9) Soup of Carp Inducing Diuresis (Lishui Liyu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Carp, cyprinus Carpio                                      1 (about 250 to 500g)

Corn stigma, Stigma Maydis                                               30g

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli                                         30g

Waxgourd peel, Exocarpium Benincasae                                      15g

Poria, Poria                                                             15g

Umbellate pore fungus, Polyporus                                           15g

Rhizome of oriental water plantain, Rhizoma Alismatis                           15g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Cirtri Reticulatae                                  6g

Green Chinese onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                             righ amount

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                              right amount

PROCESS  First get rid of the scales of the carp, remove its entrails, wash it clean and place it in an earthenware pot; then put all the other ingredients into the pot with a right amount of water; after all this having been done, stew it with slow fire until the fish is well-done.

DIRECTIONS  The fish is to be eaten and the soup to be drunk. Its indications are the same as those of Composite Drink of Corn Stigma.

10) Composite Gruel of Red Phaseolus Bean (Fufang Chidou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli                                         30g

Job’s-tears seed, Semen Coicis                                              30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             30g

Powder of tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                          3g

PROCESS  Make gruel with all the four ingredients.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice on the same day. It has the same indications as Soup of Carp Inducing Diuresis.

11) Gruel of Red Peony Root, Peach Kernel, Chinese Angelica Root and Poria (Chi Tao Gui Ling Zhou)

INGREDEINTS

Red peony root, Radix Paeoniae Rubra                                        9g

Peach kernel, Semen Persicae                                               9g

Chinese Angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                                9g

Princesplume ladysthumb fruit, Fructus Polygoni Orientalis                       6g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   6g

Poria, Poria                                                             12g

Umbellate pore fungus, Polyporus                                           12g

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli                                         30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

PROCESS  Decoct the first seven ingredients in water, remove the dregs from the decoction; then add in the red phaseolus bean, the rice and a right amount of water and make them into gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day. Applicable to cirrhosis manifested as the symptoms of tympanites due to blood stasis.

 

Hemorrhage of Upper Digestive Tract

 

It is manifested as hematemesis, melena or hematochezia, belonging to “tu xue” (hematemesis) and “bian xue” (hematochezia) in TCM. Either trace bleeding or profuse bleeding after having been controlled timely can be treated by proper medicated diet care.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Stomach-Heat  Manifested as spitting bright red or dark purple blood, often mixed with

indigested bits of food, halitosis, abdominal distention which will cause pain when worse, melena or constipation, red tongue with yellow and greasy fur, slippery and rapid pulse.

2) Liver-Fire  Manifested as spitting bright red or dark purple blood, vexation and getting

angry easily, bitter taste, hypochondriac pain, insomnia, dreaminess, crimson tongue, wiry and rapid pulse.

3) Deficiency of Qi  Marked by lingering dark and pale hematemesis, which is sometimes mild and at other times serious, mental tiredness, lassitude, shortness of breath, palpitation, pale complexion, pale tongue, thready and weak pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Day lily (Flos Hemerocallis Immaturus)  Also known as Jinzhencai, it can remove heat

from the liver and blood and arresting bleeding when eaten cooked. Those who suffer from hemorrage of upper digestive tract resulting from stomach-heat or liver-fire can take it as a supplementary treatment.

2) Water spinach (Herba Ipomoeae Aquaticae), also known as “kong xin cai” (hollow

vegetable), “wu xin cai” (vegetable without heart) It can be eaten either raw or cooked to remove heat from the stomach and intestines. Its indications are the same as those of day lily.

3) Lotus root (Rhizoma Nelumbinis)  Fresh lotus root can remove heat from blood and remove blood stasis. Patients with hemorrhage of upper digestive tract marked by the types of stomach-heat or liver-fire can drink its juice as a supplementary treatment.

4) Jew’s-ear (Auricularia), also known as black Jew’s-ear. It can remove heat from the blood and arrest bleeding. The powder of the nature-retaining char made by parching can arrest bleeding when either taken in infusion form or used as an ingredient of a decoction. Its indications are the same as those of lotus root.

5) Small thistle (Herba Cephalanoploris), also known as ci er cai. It is an ordinary wild vegetable eaten by people, which can remove heat from the blood to arrest bleeding. It can be eaten raw or used to cook soup. Its indications are the same as those of lotus root.

6)Shepherd’s purse (Herba Capsellae)  Removing heat from the liver to arrest bleeding, it can be eaten either raw or cooked as an auxiliary dietetic treatment for patients suffering from hemorrhage of upper digestive tract of liver-fire type.

7) Sophora (Flos Sophorae)  Clearing away heat and cooling the blood to arrest bleeding, it can be decocted and taken as a drink as an auxiliary cure for hemafecia.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Drink of Cogongrass Rhizome and Small Thistle Juice (Maogen Xiao Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                            30 to 60g

Fresh small thistle, Herba Cephalanoploris                               30 to 60g

PROCESS  Wash them clean and extract their juice.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice each day. It can be used as a supplementary treatment of

hemorrhage of upper digestive tract of stomach-heat type or liver-fire type.

2) Decoction of Day Lily (Huang Hua Cai Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Day lily, Flos Hemerocallis Immaturus                                       60g

Fresh lotus root, Rhizoma Nelumbinis Recens (cut into pieces)                     60g

Cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                                     30g

PROCESS  Decoct the three ingredients together.

DIRECTIONS  For oral administration. Its indications are the same as those of Drink of Congongrass Rhizome and Small Thistle Juice.

3) Egg Steamed with Notoginseng and Lotus Root Juice (Sanqi Ouzhi Dun Jidan)

For this recipe, see Chronic Gastritis and Peptic Ulcer. Its indications are the same as those of Drink of Cogongrass Rhizome and Small Thistle Juice.

4) Drink of Notoginseng, Three Juice and Milk (Sanqi Sanzhi Nai)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                                30g

Fresh lotus root, Rhizoma Nelumbinis Recens                                 30g

Fresh small thistle, Herba Cephalanoploris                                    30g

Milk                                                                100ml

Powder of notoginseng, Pulvis Radicis Notoginseng                              3g

PROCESS  Wash the first three ingredients clean and extract their juice; then mix the juice with the milk and the notoginseng powder.

DIRECTIONS  It is for drinking. The indications are the same as those of Drink of Cogongrass Rhizome and Small Thistle Juice.

5) Gruel of Capejasmine  Seed with Additions (Jiawei Zhiziren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                                     30g

Fresh lotus root, Rhizoma nelumbinis Recens (Cut into lsices)                     60g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

Capejasmine seed powder, Pulvis Fructi Gardeniae                              6g

PROCESS  First decoct the cogongrass rhizome in water and remove the dregs from the decoction; then make gruel out of the decoction, the rice and the lotus root slices, and when the gruel is nearly done, mix the capejasmine seed powder with it and go on cooking for a few minutes.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice on the same day. Those who suffer from hemorrhage of upper digestive tract of liver-fire type can take it as an auxiliary treatment.

6) Composite Gruel of Lotus Seed and Bletilla Tuber Powder (Fufang Lian Zhou Chong Bai Ji)

INGREDIENTS

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis (with no peel and heart)                          30g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                          30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

Bletilla tuber powder, Pulvis Rhizomatis Bletillae                                3g

PROCESS  Make gruel with the first three ingredients and a right amount of water.

DIRECTIONS

To be taken twice on the same day with 3g of bletilla tuber powder mixed in each time. It is used as an auxiliary treatment for hemorrhage of upper digestive tract marked by the type of deficiency of qi.

7) Chicken Stewed with Dangshen, Astraglus Root and Notoginseng (Shen Qi Sanqi Dun Ji)

INGREDIENTS

Young hen                                                                1

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                  15g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       15g

White atractylodes rhizome, Rhizome Atractylodis Macrocephalae                  9g

Notoginseng, Radix Notoginseng                                             6g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   6g

Green Chinese onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                            right amount

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                              right amount

Table salt                                                        right amount

PROCESS  First kill the young hen, get rid of its feather, cut it open, remove its entrals and wash it clean; then fill a gauze bag with the other five ingredients but the last three and place the bag into the body cavity of the hen ; finally put the hen in an earthenware pot with a right amount of water and the last three ingredients and stew it over slow fire. When the hen is well-done, take out the bag of drugs.

DIRECTIONS  The flesh is for eating and the soup for drinking. Its indications are the same as those of Composite Gruel of Lotus Seed and Bletilla Tuber Powder.

 

Acute and Chronic Enteritis

 

Acute and chronic enteritis can be both induced by kinds of causes of disease, but the main clinical manifestation of them is diarrhea, so they belong to “xie xie” in TCM. Appropriate medicated diet treatment can act as an auxiliary treatment or recuperation during the convalescence of the disease.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Cold-Dampness (or Wind-Cold)  Manifested as clear and thin, even watery diarrhea,

abdominal pain, borborygmus, stuffiness in the stomach, poor appetite or accompanied with aversion to cold, fever, headache, stuffy nose, aching pain in limbs, thin and whitish fur or whitish and greasy fur, soft, floating and moderate pulse.

2) Damp-Heat (or Summer-Heat)  Manifested as abdominal pain and diarrhea which is

drastic, or accompanied with difficulty, yellow-brown and offensive feces, burning sensation at anus, dysphoria, thirst, dark urine, yellow and greasy fur, soft, floating and rapid pulse or slippery and rapid pulse.

3) Deficiency of the Spleen  Manifested sometimes as loose stool and at other times as

diarrhea, presence of indigested food in the stool, more frequent stools after taking and irregular meal or a bit more greasy food, poor appetite, discormfort and stuffiness in the stomach after meals, lassitude, sallow complexion, pale tongue with whitish fur, thready and weak pulse.

4) Deficiency of the Kidney-yang  Marked by abdominal pain before dawn, then borborygmus and diarrhea, feeling comfortable after diarrhea, cold sensation in the abdomen, cold limbs, lassitude in the loins and knees, pale tongue with whitish fur, deep and thready pulse.

Those are two common types of syndromes of chronic enteritis.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Roasted ginger  (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens)  First wash fresh ginger clean, wrap it in

rough straw paper and dip it in clean water; then roast it near a fire until the rough straw paper is burned black and the ginger is done. It is applicable to patients suffering from diarrhea of cold-dampness type or wind-cold type. Its common dosage is 3 to 9g. Fresh ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens) or dried ginger (Rhizoma Zingiberis) can be used instead.

2) Pricklyash peel (Pericarpium Zanthoxyli)  Dispelling cold and eliminating dampness, it is applicable to patients with diarrhea of cold-dampness type. Its common dosage is 3 to 6g.

3) Chinese yam (Rhizoma Dioscoreae)  Tonifying the spleen and kidney and arresting diarrhea, it is often used, better arched yellow, as an ingredient of medicated cakes. It is applicable to chronic enteritis marked by the types of deficiency of the spleen or deficiency of the kidney. The common dosage is 12 to 20g.

4) Poria (Poria)  Strengthening the spleen and reinforcing the stomach, inducing diuresis to excret dampness, it is used to treat patients suffering from chronic enteritis manifested as the type of deficiency of the spleen. The common dosage is 6 to 12g.

5) Job’s-tears seed (Semen Coicis)  Strengthening the spleen, inducing diuresis to eliminate dampness and arresting diarrhea. It is to be parched when used. Its indications are the same as those of poria. Its common dosage is 9 to 30g.

6) Euryale seen (Semen Euryales)  It can strengthen the spleen, reinforce the kidney and arrest diarrhea. Its indications are the same as those of poria. The common dosage is 9 to 15g.

7) White hyacinth bean (Semen Dolichoris Album)  It is a good cure for tonifying the spleen and removing dampness. Its indications are the same as those of poria. The common dosage is 9 to 21g.

8) Lotus seed (Semen Nelumbinis)  Strengthening the spleen, reinforcing the kidney and arresting diarrhea. Its indications are the same as those of poria. The common dosage is 6 to 15g.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Agastache and Roasted Ginger (Huoxiang Wei-jiang Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Agastache, Herba Pogostemonis seu Agastachis                                 6g

Roasted ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                     6g

Ledebouriella root, Radix Ledebouriellae                                       3g

Round cardamon seed, Fructus Amomi Rotundus                                3g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             100g

PROCESS  Decoct the first four ingredients in water and remove the dregs from the decoction; then make gruel with the rice and a right amount of water. When the gruel with the rice and a right amount of water. When the gruel is done, pour in the decoction and cook them for a few minutes.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken hot so that the patient can perspire a bit, which will lead up to a best curative effect. It is applicable to diarrhea of cold-dampness type or wind-cold type.

2) Gruel of Dried Ginger (Jiawei Ganjiang Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Dried ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                           4.5g

Galangal cardamon seed, Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinarum                         4.5g

Round cardamon seed, Fructus Amomi Rotundus                                3g

Job’s-tears seed, Semen Coicis                                              30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

PROCESS  Decoct the first three ingredients in water, remove the dregs from the decoction; then add the Job’s-tears seed, the rice and a right amount of water to it, and make gruel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice on the same day. Suitable for patients with diarrhea of cold-dampness type.

3) Composite Drink of Lotus Leaf (Fufang Heye Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh lotus leaf, Flolium Nelumbinis Recens                                    6g

Fresh lophatherum, Herba Lophatheri Recens                                   6g

Fresh hyacinth-bean flower, Flos Dolichoris Recens                              6g

Fresh agastache, Herba Agastachis Recens                                     6g

PROCESS  Decoct all of them in water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink. It is applicable to patients with diarrhea of damp-heat or summer-heat-dampness types.

4) Gruel of Plantain Herb and Hyacinth-Bean (Cheqian Biandou Zhou)

INGREDEINTS

Plantain herb, Herba Plantaginis                                            15g

Lophatherum, Herba Lophatheri                                              9g

Dried lotus leaf, Folium Nelumbinis                                           9g

White hyacinth-bean, Semen Dolichoris Album                                 30g

Job’s-tears seed, Semen coicis                                               30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              60g

 

PROCESS  Decoct the first three ingredients and remove the dregs from the decoction; make gruel with the last three ingredients and a right amount of water; when the gruel is done, add the decoction to it and go on cooking for a while.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice on the same day. Its indications are the same as those of the above recipe.

5) Eight-Ingredient Cake (Ba Zhen Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Job’s-tears seed, Semen Coicis                                              90g

Euryale seed, Semen Euryales                                              90g

Hyacinth bean, Semen Dolichoris Album                                     90g

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                             90g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                          90g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                      60g

Poria, Poria                                                            60g

White atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae                30g

White sugar                                                           240g

PROCESS  Grind the above ingredients into fine powder; then mix well the powder with the rice flour and water and make cakes by steaming the mixture.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken any time as one wishes. The cake can be cut into pieces, toasted and stored for eating at ordinary times. This recipe, can replenish qi to invigorate the spleen and excrete dampness. It is very good for patients suffering from diarrhea due to chronic enteritis manifested as the type of deficiency of the spleen.

6) Gruel of Chinese Yam, Euryale Seed and Lotus Seed (Shanyao Lian Qian Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Discoreae                                            15g

Euryale seed, Semen Euryales                                               15g

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                              15g

Hyacinth bean, Semen Dolichoris Album                                      15g

Job’s-tear seed, Semen Coicis                                               15g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                    10 pieces

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              75g

PROCESS  Make gruel with all the ingredients and a right amount of water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice on the same day. Its indications are the same as those of Eight-Ingredient Cake.

7)      Gruel of Cherokee Rose-Hip (Jiawei Jinyingzi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Cherokee rose-hip, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae                                  12g

Baked ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Praeparata                                  6g

Nutmeg, Semen Myristicae                                                  6g

Schisandra fruit, Fructus Schisandrae                                         3g

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                              15g

Euryale seed, Semen Euryales                                              15g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                          15g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

PROCESS  Decoct the first four ingredients and remove the dregs from the decoction; then

make gruel with the last four ingredients, the decoction and a right amount of water.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice on the same day. Applicable to patients suffering from

diarrhea due to chronic enteritis marked by the type of deficiency of the kidney-yang.

8) Gruel of Aconite Root with Additions (Jiawei Fuzi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Prepared aconite root, Radix Aconiti Praeparata                                 6g

Baked ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Praeparata                                  6g

Nutmeg, Semen Myristicae                                                 6g

Psoralea fruit, Fructus Psoraleae                                             6g

Poria, Poria                                                             15g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  First decoct the first five ingredients in water for two hours and sift the dregs

from the decoction; then add the rice and a right amount of water to it, and make them into gruel. When the gruel is done, mix it with the brown sugar.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice on the same day. The indications are the same as those

of Cherokee Rose-Hip Gruel with Additions.

 

Section 4 Diseases and Syndromes of

Urogenital System

 

Acute and Chronic Nephritis

 

Nephritis is divided into acute and chronic nephritis, both of which are clinically

characterized by edema, proteinuria and hypertension. Acute nephritis in most cases falls into the category of “feng shui” (wind edema) and “yang shui” (yang-type edema); while chronic nephritis in most cases falls into the category of “zheng shui” (anasarca with shortness of breath), “shi shui” (stony edema) and “yin shui” (yin-type edema). Medicated diet, as an auxiliary treatment, has a positive effect on both the improvement of symptoms of the disease and the recovery of the organism.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

Clinical manifestations of acute nephritis and chronic nephritis are different from each other, so are their types of syndromes.

 

Acute nephritis

1) Attack of Wind-Cold on the Lung and Stagnation of Qi in the Triple-jiao Manifested as aversion to cold, fever, cough, dyspnea, edema of the face and extremities, or accompanied with stuffiness sensation in the chest, thirst, oliguria with tawny ruine, dry stools, thin and white fur, floating and tense pulse or deep and thready pulse.

 

2) Retention of Wind-Heat in the Lung and Accumulation of Dampness and Toxic Materials  Manifested as headache, fever, swelling and sore throat, thirst and desire for drink, mild edema of the face and extremities at the onset, serious edema gradually developed, oliguria with dark urine and difficult ruination, dry stool, red tongue with white fur with yellow center deep and slippery and rapid pulse.

3) Toxic heat Attacking the Interior Causing Damage to the yin-Blood  Manifested as swelling of pharyngooral isthmus with running-sore on the back wall, or swelling of tonsil, or mild edema, dry mouth, oliguria with dark ruine and difficult ruination, or blood in the ruine which is the same in color as the water that has been used to wash meat, red tongue, deep and thready and rapid pulse.

 

Chronic Nephritis

1) Overflow of Water in the Body due to Insufficiency of both the Spleen-yang and the Kidney-yang  Manifested as pale or sallow complexion, heavy edema of the whole body, abdominal distention so severe as if the abdomen were a drum, cool limbs and aversion to cold, poor appetite, loose stools, oliguria, light-colored urine, aching pain in the waist, pale but corpulent tongue with teeth marks on its margin, thin and white fur, deep and thready pulse or deep and slow pulse.

2) Insufficiency of both the Spleen and the Kidney with Deficiency of Essence and Blood  Manifested as pale and lusterless complexion, mental and bodily tiredness, lassitude in the loins and knees, albuminuria, pale tongue, weak pulse.

3) Hyperactivity of the Liver-yang due to Deficiency of both the Liver-yin and the Kidney-yin Marked by dizziness, headache, poor vision, tinnitus, dysphorria with feverish sensation in the chest, palms and soles, dry mouth, desire for drinking water, restlessness in sleeping, lassitude in the loins and legs, red tongue with white fur, wiry, thready and rapid pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)  Get one black carp (1000-1500g in weight), cut it open,

remove its internal organs, wrap it with mud and roast it in burning charcoal fire until white smoke comes out, then take it out and grind it into powder when it gets cool. It is to be taken with warm boiled water, 3 times a day, 2 spoonfuls each time. One carp makes up one dose. Table salt should be avoided. It is a very potent antihydropic agent, applicable to patients suffering from acute nephritis marked by the type of attack of wind-cold on the lung and stagnation of qi in the triple-jiao, or from chronic lung and stagnation of qi in the triple-jiao, or from chronic nephritis manifested as the type of overflow of water within the body due to insufficiency of both the spleen-yang and the kidney-yang.

2) Corn stigma (Stigma Maydis)  Decoct 50g of corn stigma in 600ml of water for 20 to 30 minutes, then boil it down to 300 to 400ml of decoction and remove the dregs. It is to be taken in two separate doses each day. It is applicable to patients suffering from obvious edema accompanied with hypertension; it is used to treat acute nephritis of the type of retention of wind-heat in the lung and accumulation of dampness and toxic material, or chronic nephritis marked by the type of hyperactivity of the liver-yang due to deficiency of both the liver-yin and the kidney-yin.

3) Black plum (Fructus Mume)  Make charcoal out of it, which is to be taken twice a day, 1.5g each time, until the end of seven or eight weeks. Its curative effect is all right for removing albumnuria. It can be used to treat chronic nephritis marked by the type of insufficiency of both the spleen and the kidney with deficiency of essence and blood.

4) Cogongrass rhizome (Rhizoma Imperatae)  This is the best diuretic drug. Decoct in water 60g of fresh cogongrass rhizome (30g if the dried is used) for frequent drinking. It is applicable to patients troubled with edema and hematuria, and used to treat acute nephritis manifested as the type of retention of wind-heat in the lung and accumulation of dampness and toxic material, and the type of toxic heat attacking the interior causing damage to yin-blood, or chronic nephritis of the type of overflow of water within the body due to insufficiency of the spleen-yang and kidney-yang.

5) Sesame seed (Semen Sesami Nigrum)  Grind it into powder after it is parched. It is to be taken following its infusion in boiling water after sugar has been added to it, and used to treat chronic nephritis manifested as cold of insufficiency type of the lower-jiao due to protracted illness.

6) Waxgourd (Fructus Benincasae)  Make three big bowls of soup with 500g of waxgourd and take the soup in three separate doses. It is applicable to acute nephritis of the type of retention of wind-heat in the lung and accumulation of dampness and toxic material and the type of toxic heat attacking the interior causing damage to the yin-blood.

7) Those who indicate the symptoms of obvious general edema and gradual reduction of the amount of urine should eat things good at inducing diuresis, such as radish (Napus) Waxgourd (Fructus Benincasae), towel gourd (Fructus Luffae), red phaseolus bean (Semen Phaseoli), black soybean (Semen Sojae Nigrum), crucian carp (Carassius Auratus), bamboo shoots (Germen Phyllostachydis). Water melon (Fructus Citrulli) and so on. Those in whose ruine there are red blood cells proved by uroscopy should eat things that can arrest bleeding, such as shepherd’s purse (Herba Capsellae), eggplant (Fructus Solani), shelled peanut (Semen Arachidis), cogongrass rhizome (Rhizoma Imperatae), lotus root with knots (Rhizoma Nelumbinis cum Nodo) and so on. Those who suffer from nephritis accompanied with hypertension should often eat food that can bring down blood pressure, such as jellyfish (Rhopilema), celery (Apium), Spinach (Spinacia), tomato (Fructus Lycoperisici), Jew’s-ear (Auricularia), fresh corn (Semen Maydis Recens), water chestnut (Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae) and the like.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Drink of Carp and Red Phaseolus Bean (Liyu Chidou Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Big carp, Cyprinus Carpio.                                                   1

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli                                         60g

PROCESS  Stew the two ingredients together.

DIRECTIONS  The fish and the beans are to be eaten and the soup to be drunk. Table salt

should be avoided. It is to be taken in one meal. It is applicable to patients suffering from acute or chronic nephritis with symptoms of distinct dropsy, dark urine and difficult urination.

2) Egg Steamed with Pepper (Hujiao Jidan)

INGREDIENTS

White pepper, Fructus Piperis Albi                                           7g

 Egg                                                                     1

 PROCESS  Make a small hole in the egg, put the seven grains of white pepper into it, seal the hole with flour and wrap the egg with wet paper. Then steam it in a food steamer until it is done.

DIRECTIONS  The egg and the pepper are to be taken together after the egg is shelled, two eggs per day for adults, one for children, ten days making up one course of treatment. The second course of treatment is to begin following a suspension of three days.

3) Two-Dragon Soup (Er Jiao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli                                        120g

Pokeberry root, Radix Phytolaccae                                            9g

PROCESS  Decoct them in water.

DIRECTIONS  To be drunk in one day. It is to be taken for 3 to 5 days on end. It is used to treat acute nephritis marked by the type of retention of wind-heat in the lung and accumulation of dampness and toxic material.

4) Decoction of Houttuynia and Plantain Herb (Jicai Che-qiancao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Houttuynia, Herba Houttuyniae                                             60g

Plantain herb, herba Plantaginis                                             60g

PROCESS  Decoct them in water.

DIRECTIONS  For oral administration. Applicable to nephritis patients with symptoms of distinct decma accompanied with yellow and greasy fur.

5) Decoction of Red Phaseolus Bean and Mulberry Bark (Chidou Sangbaipi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli                                         60g

Mulberry bark, Cortex Mori Radicis                                          15g

PROCESS  Cook them together in water and when it is done, discard the mulberry bark.

DIRECTIONS  The decoction is to be drunk and the red phaseolus bean to be eaten. It is quite good, when used as an auxiliary treatment, for chronic nephritis patients with symptoms of mild edema, a few pus cells in urine proved by uroscopy.

6) Red Phaseolus Bean Cooked with Cogongrass Rhizome (Maogen Zhu Chidou)

INGREDIENTS

Cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                                     250g

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli                                        120g

PROCESS  Cook them together in water, when the water is boiled dry, get rid of the cogongrass rhizome.

DIRECTIONS  The red phaseolus bean is to be eaten several times, chewed carefully before swallowed. Patients suffering from either acute or chronic nephritis of any type of syndromes can take it.

7) Powder of Frog, Mole Cricket and Bottle Gourd (Wa I ou Hulu San)

INGREDIENTS

Dried frog, Rana Nigromaculata seu Plancyi                                     2

Mole crickets, Gyllotalpa Africana                                             7

Old bottle gourd peel, Pericarpium Lagenariae                                 15g

PROCESS  First parch them slightly; then grind them into powder or make pills with the powder.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken with warm alcoholic drinks, 3 times a day, 6g each time. It is applicable to acute nephritis.

8) Thick Crucian Carp Soup (Jiyu Geng)

INGRDIENTS

Big crucian carp, Carassius Auratus                                         500g

Garlic, Bulbus Allii                                                         1

Black pepper, Fructus Piperis Nigri                                           3g

Pricklyash peel, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli                                       3g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   3g

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                              3g

Long pepper, Fructus Piperis Longi                                           3g

Green Chinese onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi        

Thick sauce made from soybean

Table salt

PROCESS  Put all the other ingredients into the belly of the fish, and cook it; then make thick soup with it.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken after seasoned. Applicable to chronic nephritis of all types.

9) Decoction of Princesplune Ladysthumb Fruit and Pork (Shuihongzi Zhurou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Princesplume ladysthumb fruit, Fructus Polygoni Orientalis                       30g

Lean pork                                                             120g

PROCESS  Decoct them in water.

DIRECTIONS  The pork is for eating and the decoction for drinking. To be taken in two separate doses on the same day. It is used to treat chronic nephritis manifested as hydrops or more proteinuria. Patients suffering from nephritis of overflow of water within the body due to deficiency of both the spleen-yang and the kidney-yang as well as the type of insufficiency of both the spleen and the kidney with deficiency of essence and blood can take it.

10) Thick Soup of Waxgourd and Carp (Donggua Liyu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Carp, Cyprinus Carpio                                                   500g

Waxgourd, Fructus Benincasae (cubed)                                      200g

Chinese green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi (cut into sections)                     10g

Table salt                                                             a little

PROCESS  Stew the carp together with Waxgourd.

DIRECTIONS  Put Chinese green onion sections and table salt into the stewed carp before it is taken. It is applicable to patients suffering from chronic nephritis.

11) honeyed  Prepared Rhizome of Rehmannia and Chinese Yam (Shudi Shanyao Mi)

 

INGREDIENTS

Prepared rhizome of rehmannia, Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata                    60g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                           60g

Honey, Mel                                                            500g

PROCESS  Wash the first two ingredients clean quickly, place them in an earthenware pot, pour in three big bowls of water, decoct them over slow fire for forty minutes and get a half bowl of the decoction; then add another bowl of cold water to the remaining drug, decoct them for thirty minutes until half bowl of the decoction is left and sift it out, mix the two-half bowls of decoction with the 500g of honey, pour the mixture into a ceramic basin, cover it so as not to let any steam get into the basin. Finally steam it with strong fire for two hours, and when it becomes cool, put it into a bottle and cover it tightly.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken after meals with warm boiled water, twice a day, one spoonful each time. Those who are debilitated due to chronic nephritis can take it as nourishment.

 

Urinary Infection

 

Urinary infection, including pyelonephritis, cystitis and urethritis, is characterized clinically by lumbago, frequence and urgency of micturition, and urodynia. It belongs to “lin zheng”(stranguria) in TCM.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Damp-heat of the Lower-jiao with Retention of Toxic Material in the Urinary Bladder 

Manifested as frequence and urgency of micturition, urethralgia, ascheturesis, abdominal distention, nausea or vomiting, poor appetite, thirst but no desire for drinking water, or afternoon low-grade fever, turbid and yellow urine, red tongue with yellow and greasy fur, slippery and rapid pulse.

2) Insufficiency of both the Spleen and Kidney with Retention of Toxic Material in the

Lower-jiao  Manifested as burning sensation of urethra.  Urinary infection marked by insufficiency of the spleen is manifested as palpebral edema, swelling of the lower extremities, poor appetite, indigestion, loose stool, corpulent tongue with teeth marks on its margin, deep and moderate pulse; while that marked by insufficiency of the kidney is manifested as dizziness, insomnia, dreaminess, pain in the waist, lassitude in the lower extremities, emaciated and pale tongue, deep and thready pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Stem of sunflower (Medulla Helianthi Annui)  Decoct 15 to 30g of the stem of

sunflower with pith, bringing them to two or three boils (no more than those). To be taken in two separate doses on the same day. It is applicable to urinary infection marked by the type of damp-heat of the lower-jiao with retention of toxic material in the urinary bladder.

2) Gingko nut (Semen Gingko)  Stew ten gingko nuts until they are done.  To be taken along with the decoction for three days running, twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening.

3) Plantain seed (Semen Plantaginis)  Decoct 15g of it and take the decoction as a drink.

The last two recipes above are applicable to both types of urinary infection.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Mung Bean Gruel (Qingxiaodou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Mung bean, Semen Phaseoli Radiati                                         50g

Ricepaper pith, Medulla Tetrapanacis                                        10g

Wheat, Fructus Tritici                                                    50g

 

PROCESS  First decoct the ricepaper pith in 2000ml of water and sift out 1000ml of the

decoction; then make gruel with the 1000ml of decoction, the mung bean and the wheat for eating.

2) Gruel of Red Phaseolus Bean and Chicken’s Gizzard-Membrance (Chixiaodou Neijin Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli

Chicken’s gizzare-membrance powder, Pulvis EndotheliumCorneum Gigeriae Galli

PROCESS  Make gruel with red phaseolus bean, when it is done, add chicken’s gizzard-membrance powder to it.

3)Malva Verticillata Gruel(Kuicai Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Kuicai, Herba Malvae                                                    200g

Chinese green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                                      3

Rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                                               150g

Juice of fermented soybean, Semen Sojae Fermenraturn                        a little

PROCESS  First decoct the kuicai and sift out the decoction, then put the Chinese green onion and the rice into it to make gruel. When the gruel is done, put in a little thick fermented soybean juice and mix them well.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken before meals.

The three recipes above can be used to treat urinary infection of the type of insufficiency of both the spleen and the kidney with retention of toxic material in the lower-jiao.

4) Decoction of Dandelion Herb, Plantain Herb and Lysimachia (Gongying Ercao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dandelion herb, Herba Taraxaci                                            30g

Plantain herb, Herba Plantaginis                                            30g

Lysimachia, Herba Lysimachiae                                             30g

PROCESS AND DIRECTIONS  Decoct them in water for oral administration.

5) Tale Gruel (Huashi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

TALE, Tacum (Wrapped in a piece of cloth)                               20 to 30g

Chinese pink herb, Herba Dianthi                                           10g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                        50 to 100g

PROCESS  First decoct the first two ingredients in an earthenware pot and remove the

dregs, and then add the rice to the decoction and make gruel with them.

DIRECTIONS  This recipe can be widely used to treat acute urinary tract infection manifested as all the types. Pregnant women should avoid it.

6) Lophatherum Gruel (Zhuye Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh lophatherum, Herba Lophatheri (15 to 30g, if dried)                    30 to 45g

Gypsum, Gypsum Fibrosum                                            45 to 60g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                        50 to 100g

Granulated sugar                                                       a little

PROCESS  First wash the lophatherum clean, decoct it in water with the gypsum and strain the dregs out; then put the rice into the decoction and cook them into gruel.

Any of the last three recipes can be chosen to treat urinary infection manifested as the type of damp-heat of the lower-jiao with retention of toxic material in the urinary bladder.

 

Prostatic Hyperplasia

 

This disease is manifested mainly as frequent urination, more frequent at night, which affects sleep, afterwards the urine stream can be seen having got narrower, the range having got shorter and the time for urination having lasted longer, and distending pain in the lower abdomen. It falls in TCM into the category of “long bi” (retention of urine.)

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Deficiency-cold of the Lower-jiao  Manifested as frequent urination, bradyuria, dripping

urination, cool extremities, soreness of the loins and legs, pale tongue, deep and thready pulse.

2) Stagnation of Damp-heat  Manifested as difficulty in urination, dripping urination, unbearable difficulty and pain in micturition, distending pain in the abdomen, yellow and greasy fur, slippery and rapid pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Polished glutinous rice (Semen Oryzae Glutinosae)  Make pancakes with the flour of

polished glutinous rice and take a right amount of it with yellow rice or millet wine at bedtime. It is used to treat frequent urination resulting from prostatic hyperplasia.

2) Plantain seed (Semen Plantaginis)  Decoct 15g of it and take the decoction as a drink. It is used to treat prostatic hyperplasia marked by the type of stagnation of damp-heat.

3) Waxgourd( Fructus Benincasae)  Make 1500ml of soup out of 500g of Waxgourd and take it in three separate doses. It is applicable to prostatic hyperplasia marked by the type of stagnation of damp-heat.

4) Towel gourd (Frutus Luffae)  Grind it into powder after being burned but nature-retaining old towel gourd, which is to be taken with warm boiled water, 5 to 10g each time. Its indications are the same as those of Waxgourd.

5) River snail (Cipangopaludina Chinensis)  It is to be eaten boiled. Its indications are the same as those of Waxgourd.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Bark of Cinnamon (Guixin Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Polished rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                                         60g

Powder of bark of cinnamon, Pulvis Corticis Cinnamomi

PROCESS  Make gruel with the rice. When it is half done, put in the powder of bark of cinnamon (5g each day) and mix them well.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken in two separate doses

2) Kidneys Stewed with Eucommia Bark (Duzhong Yaohua)

INGREDIENTS

Sheep kidney (or pork kidney)                                                2

Eucommia bark, Cortex Eucommiae                                         15g

Ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                  right amount

Green Chinese onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                            right amount

Table salt                                                       right amount

PROCESS  Cut the kidneys open, get rid of the membrance; then stew them together with

all the other ingredients until the kidneys are done.

DIRECTIONS  The kidneys are to be eaten.

3) Chinese chive, Herba Allii Tuberosi

Polished rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PROCESS AND DIRECTIONS  Make gruel with them for eating.

4) Chestnut, Castanea

polished rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PROCESS AND DIRECTIONS

Make gruel with them for eating.

 

5) Decoction of Aniseed and Chinese Green Onion (Huixiang Congbai Jian)

aniseed, Fructus Foeniculi                                                  5g

Chinese green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                                     4

PROCESS AND DEIRECTIONS  Pound them together and decoct them for oral administration. To be taken in three separate doses.

Any of the above recipes can be chosen to treat prostatic hyperplasia marked by deficiency-cold of the lower-jiao.

6) Gruel of Red Phaseolus Bean (Chixiaodou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli                

Polished rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PROCESS AND DIRECTIONS  Make gruel with equal amount of the ingredients; they must be well-done. The gruel is to be eaten.

7) Lophatherum Gruel (Zhuye Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Lophatherum, Herba Lophatheri

Polished rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PROCESS AND DIRECTIONS  Make gruel with them. To be taken orally.

8) Mung Bean Gruel (Qingxiaodou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Mung bean, Semen Phaseoli Radiati                                         80g

Wheat, Fructus Tritici                                                     50g

Ricepaper pith, Medulla Tetrapancis                                         10g

PROCESS  Decoct the last ingredient in water and remove the dregs, and then make gruel with the decoction and the first two ingredients.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as breakfast.

9) Gruel of Job’s-Tears and Bush-Cherry Seed (Yimi Yuliren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Job’s-tears seed, Semen Coicis

Bush-cherry seed, Semen Pruni

PROCESS AND DIRECTIONS  Make gruel with them for eating.

Those who suffer from prostatic hyperplasia manifested as the type of stagnation of damp-heat can select any of the gruel recipes stated above to make gruel for oral administration.

 

Impotence

 

This symptom is manifested as inability to have an erection of the penis or lack of copulative power in males. According to the theory that kidney is the organ to make the penis erect, TCM considers it in most cases as insufficiency of the kidney-yang, therefore the drugs having the functions of reinforcing the kidney and strengthening the yang are chosen to treat it so as to promote its recovery. Medicated diet has a better curative effect on impotence.

 

1.      Common Type of Syndrome

Insufficiency of the Kidney-yang  Manifested as impotence, dizziness, tinnitus, soreness in

the loins and knees, lusterless complexion, listlessness, pale tongue with thin white fur, deep and thready pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Loach (Misgurnus Anguillicaudatus)  Get several fresh loaches, remove the entrails and

wash them clean. Cook them until they are done. The fish is to be eaten and the soup to be drunk.

2) Sparrow (Passer Montanus Saturatus)  Stew its meat until it is done. Eat 3 to 5 day.

 

3) Yang Shi Zi, also known as “yang wai sheng” in TCM, the testicle of a sheep (Ovis aries) or a goat (Capra hircus)  Get fresh testicles and wash them clean; they can be eaten either boiled or stir-fried, or made into pills or powder for oral administration.

4) Gou Bian, the penis and testicle of a dog (Canis Familiaris) Dry over a fire three “gou bian” (better to use those of strong dogs) on a tile a grind them into fine powder.  To be taken with yellow rice or millet wine, 3g each time, for the treatment of severe cases who have been treated for a long time but not cured.

5) Lu Bian, the penis and testicle of a male sika deer of red deer  Get them when deers are killed; get rid of the remaining flesh and fat, and dry them in wind for later used. Fresh ones can also be used. One for each day when it is used alone to make gruel for eating. About 15g a day if ground into powder for oral administration.

6) Gecko (Gecko)  Soak a pair of geckoes in alcoholic drink for drinking, a right amount per day. Geckoes have the same functions as androgenic hormones and estrogenic hormones; its rear part is most effective for restoring yang.

7) Sea horse (Hippocampus)  Soak a pair of sea horses in an alcoholic drink for two weeks. It is to be drunk regularly.

8) Aspongopus (Aspongopus)  Fry 30g of aspongopus in cooking oil, mix it with powder of pricklyash peel (Pericarpium Zanthoxyli) and a little table salt. To be taken with alcoholic drink or warm boiled water after chewed. Fragrant and tasty, it is effective to eat much.

9) Sea shrimp (Macrobrachium Nipponense)  Soak 100g of it in alcoholic drink. It can be taken either raw after they are killed by the drink or stir-fried in a little cooking oil and with a bit table salt.

10) Miscellanies drugs  Such as chives (Herba Allii Tuberosi), walnut kernel (Semen Juglandis), sparrow eggs, mutton, sea cucumber, mussel (Mytilus Crassitesta) and others, all have some curative effect on impotence; any of them can be chosen for eating.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Thick Loach Soup (Qiuyu Geng)

INGREDIENTS

Loach, Misgurnus Anguillicaudatus                                         250g

Lard, Lardum                                                    right amount

Black pepper powder, Pulvis Fructi Piperis Nigri                             a little

Table salt                                                            a little

PROCESS  Cook soup with the loach and the lard, when it is done, season it with the balck pepper powder and salt before eating.

2) Sparrow Meat Fried with Pricklyash Peel and Salt (Jiao Yang Querou)

INGREDIENTS

Sparrow, Passer Montanus Saturatus                                       3 to 5

Pricklyash peel powder, Pulvis Pericarpii Zanthoxyli

Vegetable oil

Table salt

PROCESS  Fry the sparrows in vegetable oil and season them with a little pricklyash peel

powder and table salt when they are done.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken with warm alcoholic drink after chewed.

3) Gruel of Sparrow Meat and Millet (Querou Sumi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Sparrow, Passer Montanus Saturatus                                           5

Millet, Semen Setariae Italicae                                             100g

Chinese green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                                  a little

Pricklyash peel, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli

Cooking oil

Table salt

Rice salt

Rice wine                                                             a cup

PROCESS  First stir-fry the sparrows in cooking oil, when they are done, cook them in the rice wine for a short while; then make gruel with the cooked sparrows, the millet and a right amount of water, and when the gruel is almost done, season it with Chinese green onion, cooking oil, table salt and pricklyash peel.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken before meals.

4) Sea Cucumber and Mutton Soup (Haishen Yangrou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Sea cucumber, Stichopus Japonicus (cubed)                                  250g

Mutton (cubed)                                                         250g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens

Table salt

PROCESS  Stew the first two ingredients together.

DIRECTIONS  Season it with fresh ginger and table salt before it is eaten.

5) River Shrimps Stir-Fried with Chives (Jiucai Chao Hexia)

INGREDIENTS

Chive, herba Allii Tuberosi                                               120g

Fresh river shrimps, Macrobrachium Nippomense                             200g

Cooking oil                                                     right amount

Table salt                                                       right amount

PROCESS  Stir-fry them in cooking oil and with table salt.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken orally.

6) Shrimp and Gecko Powder (Xia Jie San)

INGREDIENTS

Dried shelled shrimps                                                    500g

Gecko, Gecko                                               a pair (about 120g)

Common fennel fruit, Fructus Foeniculi                                      60g

Pricklyash peel, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli                                      60g

Table salt                                                              10g

Plain spirits                                                          200ml

PROCESS  First parch all the ingredients together until they become sweet-smelling and crisp, and then grind them into fine powder.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken with warm boiled water, twice a day, 3g each time.

7) Gecko and Psoralea Fruit Powder (Gejie Buguzhi Fen)

INGREDIENTS

Gecko, Gecko                                                      a pair of

Psoralea fruit, Fructus Psoraleae                                           25g

Alcoholic drink

PROCESS  Stir-fry the geckoes in alcoholic drink and dry them over a fire, and then grind the geckoes and the psoralea fruit into fine powder.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken with warm alcoholic drink, 1.5g each time.

8) Mutton Seasoned with garlic (Dasuan Ban Yangrou)

INGREDIENTS

Mutton                                                                250g

Garlic, Bulbus Allii                                                       15g

Cooked oil

Soy sauce

Capsicum fruit, Fructus Capsici

 

PROCESS  Boil the mutton and cut it into slices after it is done; then pound the garlic; finally mix well all the ingredients: the mutton, the garlic, the cooked oil, the capsicum fruit, the soy sauce and the table salt.

DIRECTIONS  It is for eating.

9) Gruel of Bark of Chinese Cassia Tree and Rice (Guixin Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Polished rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                                         60g

Bark of Chinese cassia, Cortex Cinnamoni

PROCESS  Make gruel with the rice, when it is half done, put in the powder of the bark (5g per day).

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day.

10) Walnut Kernel and Chestnut (Hutao Lizi)

INGREDIENTS

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                      right amount

Chestnut, Castanea                                                right amount

Sugar

PROCESS  Pound the walnut kernel and the parched-shelled chestnut and mix them with sugar.

DIRECTIONS  It is to be taken orally.

11) Epimedium Spirits (Xianlingpi Jiu)

INGREDIENTS

Epimedium, herba Epimedii                                                60g

Plain spirits                                                           500ml

PROCESS  Fill a gauze bag with epimedium, soak it in plain spirits and seal the container. It can be taken after it has been soaked for three days.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken at bedtime, 10 to 15ml each time.

All the recipes above can reinforce the kidney and streng-then yang. Patients with impotence can choose one or two from among them for regular eating according to the state of their illness.

 

Seminal Emission

 

Seminal emission refers to spontaneous discharge of sperm not resulting from sexual intercourse. Medicated diet, as an supplementary treatment, has a certain curative effect on this symptom.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Unconsolidation  due to Kidney Deficiency  Marked by frequent seminal emission,

which takes place in most cases when the patient is dreamless, even spermatorrhea, accompanied with lassitude in the loins and legs, dizziness, tinnitus, pale tongue with white fur, deep and weak pulse.

2) Hyperactivity of Fire due to Yin Deficiency   Manifested as frequent emission, aversion to heat, restlessness, feverish sensation in palms and soles, flushed face, red margin and tip of the tongue, thready and rapid pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Lotus leaf (Folium Nelumbinis)  Grind 30g of dried lotus leaf for oral administration. It is to be taken twice a day, both in the morning and in the evening, 3g each time. Patients with seminal emission marked by the type of hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency can take it.

2) Chicken’s gizzard-membrance (Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli)  Bake dry clean

chicken’s gizzard-membrance on a tile and over a slow fire for 30 minutes until it becomes brown. Then grind it into powder and sift the powder out for later use. Mix 3g of the powder with 15 to 20ml of hot yellow rice or millet wine, which is to be taken with warm boiled water, twice a day, both in the morning and in the evening, three days making up one course of treatment. If there is no obvious effect produced, take another course of treatment. It is suitable for tuberculous seminal emission.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Recipe with Chinese Chive Seed (Jiucaizi Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese chive seed, Semen Allii Tuberosi                                     30g

Psoralea fruit, Fructus Psoraleae                                            30g

PROCESS  Grind them into powder

DIRECTIONS  To be taken 3 times a day, 10g per day. Applicable to patients with seminal emission manifested as the type of unconsolidation due to kidney deficiency.

2) Chinese Yam Pills (Shanyao Wan)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese yam powder, Pulvis Rhizomatis Dioscoreae                     right amount

Cinnabar, Cinnabaris

PROCESS  Make pills with Chinese yam powder as small as mung beans and coat them with cinnabar.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken every morning, 3g each time. Pills of Anemarrhena,

Phellodendron and Rehmannia can be taken at the same time. Applicable to patients with seminal emission manifested as the type of hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency.

3) Powder of Soft-Shelled Turtle’s Head and Tail (Jiayu Shou Wei San)

INGREDIENTS

The head and the tail of a newly-killed soft-shelled turtle, Trionyx Sinensii

Sesame-seed oil, Oleum Sesami

PROCESS  Deep-fry in seasame-seed oil the head and the tail of a newly-killed

soft-shelled turtle until they are scorched, and then grind them respectively into powder.

DIRECTIONS  Mix the powder of the head of the turtle into food and take it all before the meal. When recovered from the illness 100 days later, take the powder of the tail of the turtle the same way as you did with that of the head. The powder of the head of the turtle having been taken, the penis may become impotent, not erect any more, and you will not have the desire for sexuality and the phenomena of nocturnal emission and seminal emission will come to an end. It  is not until 100 days or more (no less than those) later when the powder of the turtle’s till is taken that the penis will resume its original shape and the desire for sexuality will gradually become normal. Nevertheless, temperance in sexual life must be practiced. This recipe is applicable to patients with seminal emission marked by the type of hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency.

4) Gordon Euryale Seed Gruel (Qianshi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Raw Gordon euryale seed, Semen Eruyales

Bran, Exocarpium Fructi Tritici

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PORCESS  Parch together the raw Gordon euryale seed and the bran until they become brown. Take, each time, 15 to 20g of the parched mixture and decoct it with 30g of rice in an earthenware pot with 500ml of water over slow fire until they come to the boil and the gruel liquid becomes thick with rice oil being seen on the surface.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken warm before meals, twice a day both in the morning and in the evening. Suitable for seminal emission of the type of unconsolidation due to kidney deficiency.

5) Gruel of Lotus Seed Powder (Lianrou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Lotus seed powder, Pulvis Seminis Nelumbinis                                 15g

Polished glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                              30g

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Decoct all the three ingredients in an earthenware pot.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken warm before meal both in the morning and in the evening. Applicable to patients with seminal emission marked by the type of unconsolidation due to kidney deficiency accompanied with insomnia and vexation.

6) Decoction of Oyster Shell, Rhizome of Wind-Weed and Lotus Seed (Muli Zhimu Lianzi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Raw oyster shell, Concha Ostreae                                           20g

Rhizome of wind-weed, Rhizoma Anemarhenae                                 6g

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                              30g

White sugar                                                       a spoonful

PROCESS  Decoct in an earthenware pot the first two ingredients in 1000ml of cold water over slow fire for half an hour and sift the decoction for the dregs; wash the lotus seed clean and soak them in 300ml of hot water for an hour. Then pour the decoction and the lotus seed with the water into an aluminium pan and stew them on top of slow fire for an hour. Finally add the white sugar to them and stew them for another hour until the lotus seed is well-done.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as snacks. This decoction is especially good for patients suffering from seminal emission manifested as nocturnal emission resulting from hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency complicated by mild hypertension.

7) Tortoise Soup for Tonifying the Kidney and Replenishing the Essence of Life (Bushen Yijing Wugui Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Desertliving cistanche, herba Cistanches                                      60g

Chinese raspberry, Fructus Rubi                                             30g

Tortoise, Chinemys reevesii                                              1000g

PROCESS  First soak the desertliving cistanche and the Chinese raspberry in 300ml of thin salt solution for 30 minutes. Then put the meat of the tortoise with its shell, the soaked desertliving cistanche and the Chinese raspberry with the soaking salt solution in a big earthenware pot, and pour in cold water until all of them are inundated. Afterwards, heat them with strong fire. When the water begins to boil, add half a spoonful of fine table salt, and stew them with slow fire for four hours until the shell of the tortoise is disintegrated and the meat is well-done.

DIRECTIONS  The soup is to be drunk and the tortoise meat to be eaten. It is to be taken in two days, twice a day, before meals. It is applicable to patients suffering from seminal emission marked by the type of unconsolidation due to kidney deficiency accompanied with the symptom of neurosism.

8) Sweets of Walnut Kernel for Curing Seminal Emission (Gujing Hetao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dogwood fruit, Fructus Corni                                             250g

Schisandra fruit, Fructus Schisandrae                                       100g

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                           1000g

Crystal sugar                                                           500g

PROCESS  Soak the schisandra fruit in cold water in an earthenware pot for half an hour, then decoct it over slow fire until it becomes thick juice. Place the walnut kernel in a big ceramic basin and soak it with the thick juice of schisandra fruit. Half and hour later, mix the dogwood fruit into them and put the crystal sugar on the mixture, then cover the basin and steam with the basin in boiling water for three hours. Steam the sweets every three days, 15 minutes each time.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken with warm boiled water after chewed carefully, 3 times a day, 10g each time. This recipe can regulate and bring down blood pressure, so it is applicable to both the old and the middle0aged who suffer from nocturnal emission and neurosism accompanied with hypertension due to kidney deficiency.

 

Stone of urinary System

 

This illness manifests itself as difficulty in urination, urethral twinge, sensation of spasm of the lower abdomen, or gripping pain in the waist and abdomen; it falls in TCM into the categories of “sha lin” (Stranguria from urolithiasis), “shi lin” (stranguria due to urinary stone) and “xue lin” (stranguria complicated by hematuria).  Medicated diet has a certain curative effect on both alleviating the symptoms and helping remove the stone.

 

1.      Common Type of Syndromes

Stagnation of Damp-heat  Manifested as gripping pain in the waist and abdomen, which affects the lower abdomen, or radiates toward perineum, frequent micturition, urgent urination, urodynia, difficult prolonged scanty urination, blood in the urine, sometimes there are stones in the urine, red tongue with thick yellow and greasy fur, wiry and rapid pulse or slippery and rapid pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

Corn (Radix et Folium Maydis)  Decoct in water 45 to 90g of fresh roots and leaves of

corn (18 to 36g if the dried is used) for oral use. To be taken warm in two or three separate doses on the same day.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Red Phaseolus Bean and Chicken’s Gizzard-Membrance (Chixiaodou Neijin

Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Red phaseolus bean, Semen Phaseoli

Chicken’s gizzard-membrance, Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

PROCESS  Make gruel with red phaseolus bean.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day with 3g of chicken’s gizzard-membrance powder

added to it each time.

2) Thick Soup of Walnut Kernel and crystal Sugar (Hutao ren Bingtang Geng)

INGREDIENTS

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                           120g

Crystal sugar                                                          120g

Sesame oil, Oleum Sesami                                               120g

PROCESS  First deep-fry the walnut kernel in sesame oil until it becomes crisp, and then make it pasty by mixing the crystal sugar and the sesame oil into it

DIRECTIONS  To be taken every four hours, 15g each time.

3) Decoction of Lysimachia and Chicken’s Gizzard (Jinqiancao Jizhin Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dried lysimachia, Herba Lysimachiae                                        50g

Chicken’s gizzard                                                          2

PROCESS  Place the two ingredients in a small earthenware pot, pur cold water into it until they are inundated; then stew them over soft fire for an hour.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day, 300ml of the soup and one chicken’s gizzard each time. The soup is to be drunk and the gizzard is to be taken along with bread or rice after cut into slices and dipped in soy sauce, 15 to 30 days making up one course of treatment. This decoction can dissolve stones.

 

 

4) Decoction of Corn Stigma and Cogongrass Rhizome (Yumixu Baimaogen Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Corn stigma, Stigma Maydis                                                30g

Cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                                      30g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                          8

PROCESS  Put al the three ingredients in a small aluminium pan with 1500ml of cold water and cook them over soft fire for 30 to 40 minutes.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day, 500ml each time. The decoction is to be drunk and the dates to be eaten, one month making up one course of treatment. This recipe can lead up to the best result when taken by patients suffering from incipient ureteral calculus or vesical calculus marked by dark urine, red blood cells in urine proved by uroscopy accompanied with hypertension.

5) Decoction of Stalk Pith of Sunflower (Xiangrikui Jingxin Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Stalk pith of fresh sunflower, Medulla Hellianthi annui

(or 20g of that of dried sunflower)                                           50g

Talc, Talcum                                                            10g

Honey, Mel                                                        1 spoonful

PROCESS  Decoct in 1000ml of cold water the first two ingredients in an earthenware pot; when the liquid is boiled down to 300ml, sift the decoction from the dregs and mix honey into it.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken as a drink every day. This recipe can treat stranguria and is good for diuresis, and what is more, it has no side effect. It can also relieve summer-heat when drunk in summer.

6) Toasted and Honeyed Radish (Mi Kao Luobogan)

INGREDIENTS

Radish, Napus                                                         1000g

Honey, Mel                                                            100g

Thin salt solution                                                  right amount

PROCESS  Cut the radish into strips, spread them out in an iron pot (better to use a pan); then toast them gradually, when they become dry, scatter5 to 6 spoonfuls of honey on them and continue toasting. Do this again and again until the honey is used up.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken before meals with less than half bowl of thin salt solution after chewed carefully, twice a day, 2 to 3 strips each time, one month making up a course of treatment. It is effective for patients who suffer from unbearable pain resulting from urinary lithiasis to take it often.

7) Drink of Climbing Fern Spore and Tea (Haijinsha Cha)

INGREDIENTS                                                         Climbing fern spore, Spora Lygodii                                          15g 

Green tea (the oldest the best), Folium Camelliae Viride                          2g

PROCESS  Infuse both of them in boiling water in a glass.

DIRECTIONS  Take one glass first before meals after getting up every morning, then take it any time as you please. Two months make up one course of treatment.

All the recipes stated above are applicable to the type of stagnation of damp-heat; those who suffer from stone of urinary system can select any of them to eat.

 

Section 5  Diseases and Syndromes of Blood System

 

Anemia

 

Anemia, a collective name for iron-deficiency anemia, macrocytic anemia, hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia and other secondary anemia, is characterized by pale or sallow and lusterless complexion, pale lips and finger-nails, sleepiness, lassitude, shortness of breath, dizziness, palpitation due to exertion, emaciation and bleeding. It belongs in TCM to “xue xu” (blood deficiency), “xu lao” (consumptive disease) and “xu huang” (sallow complexion of insufficiency type).

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Deficiency of the Heart, Spleen, Qi and Blood In addition to the characteristics stated

above, it is also marked by little taste for food, low voice, deficient and feeble pulse; also it may be manifested as nose-bleeding, bleeding from the gums, or dermorrhagia; or in the case of women, scanty and pale menstruation, or amenorrhea if it is a severe case.

2) Deficiency of the Liver-yin, Kidney-yin, Essence and Blood Manifested as dizziness, conjunctival congestion, tinnitus, lassitude in the loins and legs, seminal emission and night sweat, flushing of zygomatic region and tidal fever, feverish sensation in the palms and soles, red tongue, thready and rapid pulse.

3) Deficiency of both the Blood and Qi with Insufficiency of the Spleen-yang and Kidney-yang  Besides the characteristics of anemia, it is marked by aversion to cold, coldness of extremities, lassitude, disinclination to speak, perspiration, loose stools, pale tongue with white fur, deep and thready pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Pork liver  To be eaten stir-fried or boiled alone.

2) Mutton liver  Get the liver of a sheep or a goat, get rid of its fascia, wash it clean, and

boil it for eating.

Pork liver and mutton liver have the same functions. They are both good for invigorating the liver, enriching the blood and improving eyesight, so they are applicable to anemia of all types.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Pills of Soybean and Green Copperas (Huangdou Zaofan Wan)

INGREDIENTS

Parched soybean, Semen Glycinis                                            60g

Calcined green copperas, Ferrosi Sulfas Crudus                                30g

Chinese-date, Furctus Ziziphi Jujubae      

PROCESS  Grind the first two ingredients into fine powder; then decoct Chinese-dates in

water; finally make pills with the powder and the decoction.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken twice a day, 6g each time. Green copperas contains ferrous sulfate, so this recipe can be used to treat iron-deficiency anemia.

2)Boluses of Chinese-Date and Ginseng (Zao Shen Wan)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                         10

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                                    3g

PROCESS  First, steam the Chinese-dates to stone them; then add ginseng to them and steam together until they are well-done; finally, pound them and mix them well and make boluses out of the mixture.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken in one or two separate doses.

3) Extract of Longan Aril (Dai Shen Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                                30g

White sugar                                                    a little amount

PROCESS  Put the longan aril and white sugar in a bowl and steam them together until they become something like thick extract.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken in three or four separate doses after being infused in boiling water.

4) Decoction of Litchi and Chinese-Date (Lizhi Hongzao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dried litchi, Fructus Litchi                                                 15g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                        30g

PROCESS  Decoct them in water for oral administration.

The last three recipes above are applicable to the type of deficiency of the heart, spleen, qi and blood.

5) Mulberry Extract (Sangshen Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh mulberry, Fructus Mori                                             1000g

(or dried mulberry)                                                      600g

Honey, Mel                                                            300g

PROCESS  Extract the juice of the mulberry and boil it down into thin extract; then add in honey and cook the mixture until it becomes very thick. Let it cool for later use.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken after being infused in boiling water, 10g each time.

6) Extract of Wolfberry Fruit and Longan Aril (Qi Yuan Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii

Longan aril, Arillus Longan

PORCESS  Decoct in water with soft fire the equal amount of the two ingredients until both of them are tasteless, then strain the dregs out and continue to decoct the liquid until it is boiled down into extract.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken after being infused in boiling water, 10 to 20g each time.

7) Thick Soup of Cherry and Longan Aril (Yingtao Longyan Geng)

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan 10g, or fresh longan aril                            15g                                                   

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                               10g

Fresh cherry, Fructus Pseudocerasi                                          30g

White sugar       

PORCESS  First, decoct the first two ingredients together in a right amount of water. After they have expanded to the full extent, put in the cherry and continue to decoct them until they are brought to the boil; then season them with white sugar.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken orally. Every 100g of cherry contains 5.9mg of iron, so this recipe is applicable to iron-deficiency anemia.

Those who suffer from anemia of the type of deficiency of the liver-yin, kidney-yin, essence and blood can choose to take any of the last three recipes.

8) Soup of Asia Bell, Chinese Angelica Root and Pigeon Meat (Shen Gui Gerou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Pigeon, Columba Livia Domestica                                             1

Asia bell, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                        25g

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                               12g

PROCESS  Stew all the ingredients in water.   

DIRECTIONS  The soup is to be taken orally for treating anemia of the type of deficiency of both the blood and qi with insufficiency of the spleen-yang and kidney-yang.

9) Celestial Gruel (Xianren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Prepared  fleece-flower root, Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata           30 to 60g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                  3 to 5pieces

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

 

PROCESS  Decoct the first ingredient, sift the thick decoction from the dregs; then make gruel in an earthenware pot with the decoction, the rice and the Chinese-dates; and finally when the gruel is nearly done, season it with brown sugar and bring it to one or two more boils.

DIRECTIONS  This gruel is applicable to anemia of the type of deficiency of the liver-yin, kidney-yin, essence and blood.

10) Gruel of Polished Glutinous Rice and Donkey-Hide Gelatin (Nuomi Ejiao Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Polished glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                              60g

Donkey-hide gelatin, Colla Corii Asini                                       30g

Brown sugar                                                          a little

PROCESS  Make gruel with the rice. When the gruel is almost done, add in the pounded donkey-hide gelatin and stir it while cooking until it is brought to two or three boils.

DIRECTIONS  It is applicable to anemia of the type of deficiency of the heart, spleen, qi and blood.

 

Thrombopenic Purpura

 

This disease is a trouble mainly manifested as bleeding. In TCM, dermorrhagia due to this disease belongs to “fa ban” (purpura), “hong zhen” (petechial hemorrhage), “ji niu” (hematohidrosis); while visceral hemorrhage belongs to “xue zheng” (blood troubles). Medicated diet has a certain curative effect on this disease.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) Excessive Accumulation of Toxic Heat  Manifested as purple ecchymoses, or epistaxis,

bleeding from the gums, hematuria, hematochezia, irritability, red tongue with yellow fur, wiry and rapid pulse.

2) Interior Heat due to Yin Deficiency   Marked by more purple ecchymoses, profuse bleeding with bright red blood, accompanied with tidal fever, vexation, feverish sensation in the palms and soles, red tongue with dry fur, thready and rapid pulse.

3) Failure of Qi to Keep the Blood Flowing within the Vessels  Manifested as repeated bleeding, ecchymoses on the whole body, accompanied with epistaxis, bleeding from the gums, dizziness, pale complexion, lusterless lips and finger nails, mental and bodily tiredness, palpitation, shortness of breath due to exertion, pale tongue, wiry, thready and weak pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

Persimmon leaf (Folium Diospyri Kahi)  Grind dried persimmon leaves into fine powder.

It is to be taken with warm boiled water, 3 times a day, 3g each time, 30 days making up one course of treatment. Stop taking it if the illness has not responded to the treatment by the end of two courses of treatment. Better curative effect can be produced if the frosted persimmon leaf is used.

 

3.      Composite Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Chinese-Date and Sheep Bones (Dazao yanggu Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Cervical vertebrae of a sheep (pounded)                                     1 to 2

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae (with no stones)                            20

Polished glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                         50 to 100g

PROCESS  Make gruel with all the ingredients and season it with table salt.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken orally in several separate doses.

2) Decoction of Pigskin and Cogongrass  (Zhupi Maogen Jian)

INGREDIENTS

Cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                                     60g

Pigskin, Corium Suis                                                    500g

Crystal sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Decoct the cogongrass rhizome (wrapped in cloth) in water. After getting rid

of the hair of the pigskin and washing it clean, stew it with the decoction. When they become thick and sticky, mix it with crystal sugar.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken 4 to 5 times, once a day and several doses in succession.

3) Decoction of Fresh Buckwheat Leaves (Xian Qiaomaiye Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh buckwheat leaves, Folium Fagopyri Esculenti                            100g

Lotus nodes, Nodus nelumbinis Rhizomatis                                     4

PROCESS  Decoct them in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken once a day, 5 to 7 days on

4) Thick Soup of Fish Air Bladder (Yubiao Geng)

INGREDIENTS

Fish air bladder of yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena Polyactis                     200g

Eclipta, Herba Ecliptae                                                    60g

PROCESS  Put both the fish air bladder and the eclipta (Wrapped in cloth) in a pot, add water to them and stew them over slow fire for one day; stir them from time to time while they are being stewed so that they will not be burned. When they are being stewed so that they will not be burned. When the fish air bladder completely becomes liquid, sift the dregs out.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken warm in two days, two separate doses a day and several doses on end.

Those who suffer from thrombopenic purpura manifested as the type of excessive accumulation of toxic heat can choose one or two from among the recipes above to take.

5) Decoction of Dried Rehmannia Root, Biota Tops and Cogongrass Rhizome (Shengdi Cebo Maogen Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dried rehmannia root, Radix Rehmanniae                                     50g

Biota tops, Cacumen Biotae                                                15g

Congongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                                   100g

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Decoct all the ingredients in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken 7 to 8 doses in succession, one dose a day.

6) Decoction of Tree Peony Bark, Fresh-Water  Turtle Shell and Dried Rehmannia Root (Danpi Biejia Shengdi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Tree peony bark, Cortex Moutan Radicis                                      12g

Fresh-water turtle shell, Carapax Trionycis                                    50g

Dried rehmannia root, Radix Rehmanniae                                     30g

PROCESS  Decoct them together in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken 8 to 10 doses in succession, one dose a day.

7) Scales Glue (Yulin Jiao)

INGREDIENTS

Scales of big fishes, such as black carp (Mylopharyngodon Aethops), carp (Cyprinus Carpio), Crucian carp (Carassius Auratus), right amount.

Some seasonings:

Yellow rice or millet wine

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens

Table salt

Gourmet powder

Soy sauce

Sesame oil, Oleum Sesami

PROCESS  Wash the scales clean, boil them in water for 2 to 4 hours and strain the dregs out; then season them with the wine, fresh ginger, table salt and gourmet powder. They will become glue overnight.

DIRECTIONS  Cut the glue into small pieces and mix them with soy sauce and sesame oil for eating. It is be taken for several days running, once a day, 350 to 400g each time.

Those who suffer from thrombopenic purpura marked by the type of interior heat due to yin-deficiency can select any of the above recipes for oral administration.

8) Soup of Wolfberry Fruit, Asia Bell, Chinese-Date and Egg (Gouqi Shen Zao Jidan Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                          10 to 15g

Chiense-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                         10

Asia bell, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                        15g

Egg                                                                     2

PROCESS

Make soup with all the ingredients in an earthenware pot. When the eggs are done, shell them and go on cooking for a few seconds.

DIRECTIONS  The eggs are to be eaten and the soup to be drunk. It is to be taken 6 to 7 doses in succession, once a day or every other day.

9) Decoction of Peanut Coat, Asia Bell and Chinese-Date (Huashengrenyi Shen Zao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Peanut coat, Cortex Seminis Arachidis                                     6 to 9g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                         10

Asia bell, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       15g

PROCESS  Decoct all the ingredients in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken once a day, seven days making up one course of treatment.

10) Decoction of Astraglus Root, Ginger, Dangshen and Hairy Vein Agrimony (Qi Jiang Shen He Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                 15g

Baked ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Praeparata                                  6g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       9g

Hairy vein agrimony, Herba Agrimoniae                                      9g

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PORCESS  Decoct all of them in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken orally, one dose a day, several doses on end.

11) Soup of Black Soybean, Astraglus Root and Tangshiyu (Heidou Qi Yu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Black soybean, Semen Sojae Nigrum                                    60 to 90g

Tangshiyu, Clarias Fuscus                                               2 to 4

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                 18g

PROCESS  First get rid of the gills and entrails of the Clarias Fuscus, then stew them in an earthenware pot together with black soybean and astragalus root. If the patient has a poor appetite, add atngerine peel (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae) to the soup to regulate qi.

DIRECTIONS  To be taken every other day and several doses on end. It can be taken in two or three separate doses in case absorption should be affected because black soybean is difficult to digest.

Patients suffering from thrombopenic purpura marked by the type of failure of qi to keep the blood flowing in the vessels can select any from the last four recipes above to take.

Sections 6 Diseases and Syndromes of Metabolic and Endocrinous System

 

Hyperlipemia

 

This syndrome usually has symptoms such as drowsy heaviness in the head, stuffiness in the chest and abdomen, and so on. Some patients may have no apparent symptoms and do not suffer much. It belongs, for the most part, to the categories of “yu zheng”(blood stasis) and “tan zhuo” (stagnation of phlegm) in the science of traditional Chinese medicine. Dietetic Chinese drugs and recipes of composite medicated diet cited here are applicable not only to those who have apparent clinical symptoms of hyperlipemia, but also to those who have subclinical symptoms with really high blood-lipid level if examined.

 

1.      Common Type of Syndromes

The spleen fails to send up essential substances with thick phlegm accumulated in the

interior, which results mostly in drowsy heaviness in head, sensation of stuffiness in the chest and abdomen, or nausea, or a full figure with a short breath, heaviness sensation in the body, numbness and heaviness of the limbs, white greasy or moist coating on the tongue, and taut and slippery pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Hawthorn fruit (Fructus Crataegi)  It has the function of regulating metabolism of

blood lipid. It is recommended to take 6 to 12g each day.

2) Onion (Bulbus Allii Caepae)  Cut 120g of onion into thin strips; put an appropriate amount of cooking oil into a cooking pan to be heated over a strong fire; then put the onion strips into the pan and turn over and over; add salt, soy sauce, a bit of vinegar and white sugar, stir-fry and mix thoroughly. It can prevent and treat hyperlipemia if frequently taken together with cooked rice or bread.

3) Lentinus (Lentinus Edodes)  Stir-fry 90g of fresh lentinus with an appropriate amount of vegetable oil and a bit of salt; then, add wager to make soup. It is good at lowering blood lipid.

4) Corn (Semen Maydis) Scatter 30 to 60g corn flour into water after it boils, and stir it thoroughly to make a thin paste. When the gruel is done, add some sesame oil, scallion, ginger and salt to flavour it before ready for oral administration.

5) Sunflower seeds (Semen Hellianthi Annui)  Take the raw seeds, 9 to 15g daily.

6) Miscellaneous  Garlic (Bulbus Allii), carrot  (Radix Dauci Carotae), Honeysuckle flower (Flos Lonicerae), etc., all can be taken to lower blood lipid.

 

3.      Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Water-plantain Tuber (Zexie Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Water-plantain tuber, Rhizoma alismatis (powdered)                             10g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

PROCESS  Dry water-plantain tuber in the sun and then grind it into fine powder. Choose

50g of polished round-grained rice and add 500ml of water to make gruel first, then take 10g of the powdered water-plantain tuber and mix with the gruel after the rice grains have split. Then have it boiled several times over a slow fire.

   DIRECTIONS  Take the gruel warm, twice a day.

2) Gruel of Fleece-flower Root (Heshouwu Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Fleece-flower root, Radix Polygoni Multiflori(Powdered)

polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                                 50g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                              2                      

White sugar                                                          right amount

Fresh lotus leaf, Folium Nelumbinis                                                1

 

PROCESS  Wash fleece-flower root clean and dry it in the sun; then grind it into fine powder. Choose 50g of first-class polished round-grained rice, two Chinese-dates, right amount of white sugar and put them all into an earthenware pot; add 500ml of water and cook them together to make thin gruel. Then, put the powdered fleece-flower root (20 to 30g at a time); stir it gently to mix it thoroughly; go on cooking it over a slow fire until it has boiled several times. Stop cooking when the gruel is thick and sticky. Cover the pot tight for five minutes.

DIRECTIONS  Take it warm at one draught, twice a day, at breakfast and at supper. The gruel can exert a tonic effect on the heart, lower blood lipid and blood pressure. Do not use an ironware to cook the gruel.

3) Gruel of Lotus Leaf (Heye Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

Crystal sugar                                                     right amount

Fresh lotus leaf, Folium Nelumbinis                                            1

PROCESS  Cut one fresh lotus leaf into thin slices and decoct it in water so as to get about 150ml of thick extract; get rid of the dregs from the extract and put in 50g of polished round-grained rice, right amount of crystal sugar and 400ml of water, getting them cooked together to make medium-thick gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take the gruel warm, twice a day. It is especially fit to be taken in summer. Having a delicate fragrance, this kind of gruel is particularly ppetizing, a fit to be taken over a long period of time by the aged who suffer from hypertension and hyperlpemia.

4) Gruel of Mussle (Dancai Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Mussel, Mylilus Crassitesta                                                50g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

PROCESS  Have 50g of mussel soaked in warm water for half a day. Boil it a bit and remove its heart. Put it together with 100g of polished round-grained rice, add 800ml of water, and right amount of cooking oil and salt; have them cooked together to make thin gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take the gruel warm, twice a day, once in the morning and the other in the evening. This kind of gruel has a good effect upon both hypertension and arteriosclerosis, fit to be taken over a long period of time.

 

Adiposis

 

This morbid state refers to body weight exceeding normal weight by more than 20%. Those who have subjective symptoms suffer from what belongs to the category of phlegm syndrome in TCM. Some people are also overweight indeed, but don’t suffer much.

 

1.      Common Type of Syndromes

The common syndrome is stagnation of phlegm-dampness with insufficiency of the spleen and qi, manifested as obesity, sluggishness of heavy limbs, impeded movement; sometimes marked by dizziness, shortness of breath, fullness and choking sensation in the chest and stomach, enlarged tongue with white and greasy, or yellow and white coating, slippery or deep and relaxed pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Japanese sea tangle (Thallus Eckloniae)   Eat cooked Japanese sea tangle, 30g a day. It

is prohibited to be eaten by those who suffer from insufficiency and coldness of the spleen and stomach.

2) Waxgourd (Benincasa)  Cut 500g of Waxgourd into thick slices and then make soup. It is advisable to use a bit of sesame oil and salt to flavour it. Waxgourd contains no fat, less sodium and therefore, is ideal for reducing weight. Not only is it fit to be eaten frequently by obsess persons, but it does a lot of good to those who suffer from kidney diseases, hydrops and diabetes.

3.      Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Lotus Leaf and Hawthorn Fruit Drink (Hey Shanzha Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Lotus leaf, Folium Nelumbinis                                               9g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi (powdered)                                   9g

PORCESS  Decoct 9g of lotus leaf and 9g of burnt hawthorn fruit in water for a while and

take it as a drink. To treat simple obesity, it is advisable to take such a drink frequently.

2) As for other recipes, one can choose and eat persistently such compound medicated foods as steamed round cardamon bread, or poria stuffed bun (steamed), or red bean and carp, etc., which can invigorate the spleen, remove dampness and resolve phlegm.

 

Diabetes

 

This disease belongs to the category of “xiao ke” in TCM, characterized by polydipsia, polyphagia but getting thinner, polyuria or turbid urine, Recuperation by proper diet plays a very important role in relieving the above symptoms of the patients, Therefore, dietetic Chinese drugs and medicated diet are comparatively desirable aids in treating this disease.

 

1.      Common Types of Syndromes

1) The first one is dryness of the lung and impairment of body fluid due to scorching action

of stomach-fire, marked by extreme thirst and excessive drinking, dry mouth and tongue, normal discharge of excrement with frequent urine, red mar-normal discharge of excrement with frequent urine, red margin and tip of the tongue with thin, yellow coating and rapid pulse.

 

2.      Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Oyster shell (Concha Ostreae)  This recipe is also named “Yijia Decoction.” Grind 60g

of it into fine powder, then add 600ml of water, cook it until 200ml is left. Take it warm.

2) Chinese yam (Rhizoma Dioscoreae)  This recipe is also named Single Ingredient Chinese Yam Drink. Make a decoction of 1500ml with 120g of Chinese yam. Sip it warm as a drink at short intervals.

3) Mulberry (Fructus Mori)  Press the fresh fruit of mulberry to get the juice. Take 15ml at a time.

4) Scarcocarp of dogwood fruit (Fructus Corni)  Make a concentrated decoction with 30g of sarcocarp of dogwood fruit and take it as a drink.

The above-mentioned drugs are applicable to the type of deficiency and exhaustion of vital essence due to unconsolidation of the lower-jiao. They can be used either alone or in combination.

5) Snow pear (Pyrus nivalis)  Cut one sweet and juicy snow pear into thin slices and soak it in cool water freshly drawn from the well for half a day; drink it frequently.

6) Flesh of clam  Get the flesh from live clams and mash it; boil it in water until it is done. Take it warm, several times a day.

The afore-listed two recipes are applicable to the type of dryness of the lung and impairment of yin fluid.

7) Corn stigma (Stigma Maydis)  Put 30g of corn stigma in 1500ml of water to decoct it until 700ml is left. Take half`1500ml of water to decoct it until 700ml is left. Take half of it at a time, twice a day. This recipe is especially applicable to patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension concurrently.

8) Wheat bran (Exocarpium Fructi Tritici)  Make gruel with wheat bran as food. It is applicable to diabetics with obvious symptoms of vexation.

 

 

 

3.      Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Reed Rhizome (Shenglugen Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis Recens                               30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

PROCESS  Decoct 30g of fresh reed rhizome in 1500ml of water to get 1000ml of extract,

and then add 50g of polished round-grained rice to make gruel for eating.

2) Gruel of Sea Cucumber (Haishen Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Sea cucumber, Stichopus Japonicus                                          20g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

PORCESS  Make gruel with 20g of sea cucumber and 50g of polished round-grained rice.

3) Drink of Five Juices (Wu Zhi Yin Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Pear juice, Malum Piri

Water chestnut juice, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae

Juice of fresh reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis Recens

Juice of lilyturf root, Radix Ophiopogonis

Lotus root juice, Rhizoma Nelumbinis

PROCESS  Mix thoroughly the five kinds of juices, of pear, water chestnut, fresh reed rhizome, lilyturf root and lotus root.

DIRECTIONS  Take it cool. The amount of each juice is decided spontaneously.

4) Gruel of Rehmannia Root (Shengdihuang Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Juice of rehmannia root, Radix Rehmanniae                                 150ml

Long-stored millet, Semen Setariae Italicae

PROCESS  Add 150ml of rehmannia root juice into the gruel made from long-stored

millet. Stir and mix it thoroughly for eating.

5) Gruel of Lucid asparagus (Tianmendong Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Lucid asparagus, Radix Asparagi                                            30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

PORCESS  Cook gruel with 30g of lucid asparagus and 50g of polished round-grained rice, and then take it.

6) Pudding of Lotus Seed Powder and Poria (Lianzi Fuling Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis

Poria, Poria

Lilyturf root, Radix Ophiopogonis

PROCESS  Have equal portions of lotus seed, poria and lilyturf root ground into powder

and, make pudding with it.

7) Gruel of Chinese Yam and Longan (Shanyao Guiyuan Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae

Longan pulp, Arillus Longan

Litchi, Fructus Litchi

Chinese magnolia vine fruit, Fructus Schisandrae

PORCESS  Make gruel with Chinese yam, longan pulp, litchi and the fruit of Chinese magnolia vine.

 

 

8) Soup of Chinese Trichosanthes Root and Waxgourd (Gualougen Donggua Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese trichosanthes roots, Radix Trichosanthis

Waxgourd, Fructus Benincasae

PORCESS  Make soup with the root of Chinese trichosanthes and Waxgourd for drinking.

9)      Decoction of Pig’s Pancreas (Zhuyi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Pig’s pancreas                                                          30g

Seed of Job’s tears, Semen Coicis

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                 60g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                         120g

PROCESS  Decoct pig’s pancreas with 30g of the seed of Job’s tears, 60g of astragalus

root and 120g of Chinese yam in water for oral administration.

The recipes mentioned above have some auxiliary function of treating the types of dryness of the lung and impairment of the body fluid due to scorching action of stomach-fire, and insufficiency of yin fluid due to excessiveness  of stomach-fire. It is recommended that one or two of them be chosen for persistent oral administration.

10)  Soup of Pork Skin (Zhufu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Pork skin                                                              500g

Rice flour                                                             250g

PROCESS  Decoct 500g of pork skin and 250g of rice flour in water until it smells

fragrant, stir and mix it thoroughly.

DIRECTIONS

Take it warm in six times.

11)  Pudding of Hempseed and Chestnut Powder (Maren Lizi Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Hempseed, Fructus Cannabis

Sesame seed, Semen Sesami

Chestnut powder, Pulvis Castaneae

Corn flour

PROCESS  Steam corn flour mixed with hempseeds, sesame seeds and chestnut powder

into puddings for eating.

12)  Eggs Stewed with Schisandra Fruit (Wuweizi Dun Dan)

INGREDIENTS

Eggs (hen’s or pigeon’s)

Schisandra fruit, Fructus Schisandrae

PROCESS  Stew eggs together with schisandra fruit for eating.

The three recipes cited above can be used to treat the type of deficiency and exhaustion of the vital essence and energy due to unconsolidation of the lower-jiao.

 

Section 7  Diseases and Syndromes of Nervous System

 

Cerebrovascular Diseases

 

Diseases including cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, subarachnoid hemorrhage, hypertensive cerephalopathy and so on, all belong to the category of “zhong-feng”(apoplexy)in TCM. Among them, cerebral hemorrhage corresponds to “rufu ruzang” (apoplexy involving viscera); cerebral thrombosis and cerebral embolism to “zaijing zailuo” (apoplexy involving channels and collaterals) subarachnoid hemorrhage generally belongs to “fengtan shang rao” (wind and phlegm disturbing upwards); hypertensive cerephalopathy mostly belong to “ganyang shang kang” (hyperactivity of the liver-yang, for this disease, refer to Essential Hypertension). These diseases are mostly typical of such clinical manifestations as sudden attacks, facial hemiparalysis, retarded speech or hemiplegia in the mild type; sudden fall and coma in the severe case.

                                               

1.Common Types of Syndromes

1) The first one is phlegm and heat accumulated in the interior, manifested as regaining consciousness after a fainting spell, uttering a sigh and opening the mouth, laryngeal rale, retarded speech, stiff tongue with greasy fur and deep, slippery and forceful pulse.

2) The second one is blazing of the liver-fire, marked by uttering a sigh and opening the mouth after a fainting spell, raucous breathing, restlessness, accompanied with feeling of distension in the head, tinnitus, parietal headache, red margin of the tongue, and wiry and rapid pulse.

3) The third one the is vital-qi tending to break, manifested as closing eyes and opening the mouth, hoarseness and raucous breathing, shortened tongue and darkish complexion, spontaneous perspiration, limbs with coldness extending up to the elbows and knees, involuntary passage of urine and feces, pale tongue, and deep, thready and weak pulse.

 

2.Dietetic Chinese Drugs

White radish (Napus)  Mash white radish to get its juice and take it for treating the type of phlegm and heat accumulated in the interior.

 

3.Composite recipes of Medicated Diet

1)      Gruel of Bamboo Juice (Zhuli Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Juice of henon bamboo, Succus Bambosae

Millet, Semen setariae Italicae

PORCESS  Get henon bamboo juice (excreted from the baked bamboo stem) and

millet, each equal in portion; first, make gruel with the millet, and when it is done, put in the bamboo juice. Stir and mix it thoroughly for eating.

2)      Drink of Waxgourd Seeds (Dongguazi Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Waxgourd seed, Semen Benincasea                                      30g

Brown sugar                                                 right amount

PROCESS  Mash 30g of Waxgourd seeds and an appropriate amount of brown sugar;

take it after infusing it with boiling water.

3)      Gruel of Bush-cherry Seed (Yuliren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Bush-cherry seed, Semen Pruni                                         10g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         60g

PROCESS  Grind 10g of bush-cherry seeds with 100ml of water, and filter it to get

the extract; then, add water until the mixture amounts to 1000ml. Put in 60g of polished

round-grained rice to make gruel for eating.

    The three recipes listed above are applicable to the type of phlegm and heat accumulated in the interior.

4)      Tea with Sword-bean Root (Daodou Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Sword-bean root, Radix Canavaliae                                      30g

Rice (or millet) wine or black tea                                         3g

PROCESS  Decoct 30g of sword-bean root with 3g of rice (or millet) wine or black

tea to make a drink for oral administration.

5) Gruel with Fresh-water Mussel (or nacre) (Bang Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh-water mussel or nacre, Concha Margaritifera Usta                    120g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                          50g

PORCESS  Make gruel for eating with 120g of fresh-water mussel or nacre and 50g of polished round-grained rice.

6) Powder of Pig’s Bile and Green Gram (Zhudan Ludou Fen)

INGREDEINTS

Pig’s bile, Succus Fellis Suillum                                        120g

Flour of green gram, Semen Phaseoli Radiati                               80g

PORCESS

Mix 80g of green gram flour thoroughly with 120g of pig’s bile and dry it by airing, then, grind it into fine powder. Take 6g at a time, twice a day.

The three recipes listed above have a certain curative effect on the type of blazing of liver-fire.

7) Ginseng Decoction (Renshen Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                               10g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                              10g

Purple perilla leaves, Folium Perillae                                     15g

Granulated sugar                                                    150g

PROCESS  Decoct 10g of ginseng, 10g of tangerine peel, 15g of purple peilla leaves and 150g of granulated sugar in 3000ml of water. Take it as a drink.

8) Decoction of Schisandra Fruit (Wuweizi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Schisandra fruit, Fructus Schisandrae                                    10g

Purple perilla leaves, Folium Perillae                                    18g

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                               12g

Granulated sugar                                                    100g

PROCESS  Get 10g of schisandra fruit, 18g of purple perilla leaves, 12g of ginseng and 100g of granulated sugar. Decoct the first three drugs in 3000ml of water until 1500ml is left; remove the dregs and let it settle; and add in the granulated sugar. It can be taken as much as one likes.

9) Powder of Oyster Shell and Wheat Bran (Muli Maifu San)

INGREDIENTS

Powder of oyster shell, Concha Ostreae

Wheat bran, Exocarpium Fructi Tritici

PROCESS  Have oyster shell powder and wheat bran mixed thoroughly, each equal in portion. Take 3g at a time, twice a day.

The three recipes mentioned above have a good preventive effect on the syndrome of feeble vital-qi tending to break, so patients who suffer from this syndrome may choose one or two from them for use.

10) Drink of Wolfberry Fruit and Ophiogon Root (Gou Mai Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii

Ophiopogon root, Radix Ophiopogonis

PORCESS  Decoct wolfberry fruit and ophiopogon roots each equal in portion. It can be taken as a drink.

11) Gruel of Rehmannia Root (Dihuang Zhou)

 

 

INGREDIENTS

Juice of rehmannia root, Succus Radicis Rehmanniae                      100ml

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PORCESS  Get 100ml of the juiceof rehmannia roots ready for use; first, make gruel with polished round-grained rice and when it is done, put in the juice of rehmannnia root and stir thoroughly before eating.

12) Gruel of Lucid Asparagus Root (Tianmendong Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Lucid asparagus root, Radix Asparagi                                    30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         50g

PROCESS  Make gruel for eating with 30g of lucid asparagus root and 50g of polished round-grained rice.

13) Gruel of Chinese Yam and Yolk (Shuyu Jizihuang Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Yolks of cooked eggs                                                   3

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae

PORCESS  Put three yolks of cooked eggs into the gruel of Chinese yam for use.

The above four recipes are applicable to the types of deficiency of the kidney and blockade of the channels and collaterals.

 

Neurosism

 

Neurosism is a morbid condition resulting form the temporal functional disorder of cerebral certex caused by psychic factors. This disease belongs to the categories of “jingji”(palpitation due to fright), “bumei” (insomnia), “jian wang” (amnesia),”xuanyun” (dizziness), “toutong”(headache), “xusun” (consumptive disease) and son on, in the science of traditional Chinese medicine. Medicated diet therapy is beneficial both to relieving the symptoms and to the recovery of organism.

 

1.Common Types of Syndromes

This category of disease is marked mainly by insomnia and dreamful sleep, dizziness and feeling of fullness in the head, palpitation, hypomnesis, alopecia, and spermatorrhea. Usually it is divided into three types according to the differentiation of syndromes in traditional Chinese medicine:

1) The first type is that liver-fire flares up and burns the heart-yin, which leads to palpitation, dysphoria, irritability accompanied with insomnia and excessive dreaming, tinnitus and dizziness, flushed face, dark urine, red tongue with little fur, and wiry rapid pulse.

2) The second type is deficiency of qi, blood, heart and spleen, which results in palpitation and insomnia, dreaminess and propensity to wake, timidness and aptness to be frightened, accompanied with dizziness and amnesia, anorexia, lassitude of the mind and body, pale tongue with teeth prints at its borders, and deep, thready and weak pulse.

3) The third type is hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency with breakdown of the normal physiological coordination somnia due to vexation, accompanied with propensity to be frightened while sleeping or dreaming, spontaneous sweating at night, lassitude in the loins and legs, seminal emission, red tongue, and thready and rapid pulse.

 

2.Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Pig brain  Fresh pig brain, from whose meninges small blood vessels are removed, is washed clean and used singly to make soup or be braized in brown sauce for eating. It is applicable to the type of syndrome marked by hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency with breakdown of the normal physiological coordination between the heart and the kidney.

2) Longan aril (Arillus Longan)  Longan aril is taken raw, 12 to 15g at a time, applicable to the type of syndrome marked by deficiency of qi, blood, heart and spleen. It has a certain curative effect on insomnia and palpitation.

 

3.Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Decoction with Dried Longan Aril and Arborvitae Seeds (Guiyuan Baiziren Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                         10g

Arborvitae seed, Semen Biotae                                       10g

PROCESS  Put 10g of dried longan aril and 10g of arborvitae seeds together into a small aluminium pan, add 500ml of cold water and half a spoonful of white sugar, cook them together on a slow fire for 20 to 30 minutes until above 200ml of extract is left, then take the pan away from the fire, remove the residues of the arborvitae seeds and take it as a refreshment. It is applicable to deficiency of qi, blood, heart and spleen.

2) Decoction with Lily Bulb and Arborvitae Seed (Bai-he Baiziren Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh lily bulb, Bulbus Lilii                            50g(or 20g if dried used)

Arborvitae seed, Semen Biotae                                          10g

PROCESS  Put 50g of fresh lily bulb (or 20g of dried lily bulb) and 10g of arborvitae seeds in a small aluminium pan, add 500ml of cold water and heat it over a slow fire for 20 to 30 minutes. Take it away from the fire, add a spoonful of honey, remove the residues of the arborvitae seeds and eat it as a refreshement.

3) Soft Extract for Calming the Liver, Invigorating the Spleen and Tranquilizing the Mind (Pinggan Yipi Anshen Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan (or 250g of dried longan aril)                   1000g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                   500g

Prunella spike, Spica Prunellae                                         200g

Spiny jujube seed, Semen Ziziphi Spinosae                               100g

Honey, Mel                                                       1000g

Crystal sugar                                                       250g

PROCESS  Put the Chinese-dates, prunella spike and spiny jujube seeds into a big earthen-ware pot and soak them in cold water for half an hour and then, heat it over a medium fire. When the water boils, decoct it over a slow fire for an hour until 1000ml or so of extract is left; filter it to get the first extract; add 1500ml of cold water into the pot and heat it again until 700ml of medicinal fluid is left; filter it to get the second extract and remove the residues. Put all the extract, the dried longan aril, honey and crystal sugar into the big ear-then-ware pot and heat it over a slow fire for about an hour. Cool it to have soft syrupy extract, and then, put it into a bottle and cover it tight.

DIRECTIONS  Take it after its infusion with boiling water, twice a day, 10 to 15g at a time. As for the longan aril, swallow it after chewing it. It is very effective to those who suffer from the flaring of liver-fire marked by irritability accompanied with high blood pressure if they take this kind of soft extract frequently over a long period of time.

Both of the above-mentioned recipes are applicable to the type of syndrome in which liver-fire flares up and burns the heart-yin.

4) Decoction with Dragon’s Bone, Oyster Shell and Lotus Seed (Longgu Muli Lianzi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dragon’s bone, Os Draconis Fossilia Ossis Mastodi                         10g

Oyster shell, Concha Ostreae                                           15g

Rhizome of wind-weed, Rhizoma Anemarrhenae                             3g

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                          30g

PROCESS  Decoct the dragon’s bone and oyster shell first, then put in the rhizome of wind-weed, lotus seeds and white sugar to make decoction for drinking. It exerts a remarkable effect upon those suffering from insomnia, night sweat, dysphoria with somothery sensation and is applicable to the type of hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency with breakdown of the normal physiological coordination between the heart and the kidney.

5) Pearl Powder Mixed with Honey (Zhenzhu Mi)

INGREDIENTS

Pearl powder, Pulvis Margaritae                                         60g

Honey, Mel                                                        500g

PROCESS  Put 60g of pearl powder into 500g of honey and mix them thoroughly, then put it in a bottle.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, 10g at a time, after it is infused with a small quantity of boiling water. Take it for two months as a course of treatment.

6) Honey with Sesame Seed and Three Kinds of Kernels (San Ren Zhima Mi)

INGREDIENTS

Spiny jujube seed, Semen Ziziphi Spinosae                                60g

Arborvitae seed, Semen Biotae                                          60g

Hemp seeds, Fructus Cannabis                                          30g

Black sesame seed, Semen Sesani Nigrum                                500g

Honey, Mel                                                        500g

PROCESS  First, decoct the arborvitae seeds, hemp seeds and spiny jujube seeds; put the first and the second extract obtained separately and honey into an earthen-ware pot to be heated over a small fire, when it boils, put in the roasted black sesame seeds, stir it continuously with a chopstick for a quarter of an hour, then, remove the pot from the fire. Put the content into a bottle after it cools.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, 10g at a time, after infusing it with boiling water or take it with cooked rice (or millet) water. As for the sesame seeds, swallow it after it chewing. This recipe is especially fit for the aged patients who suffer from neurosism.

 

Section 8  Surgical and Dermatic Diseases and Syndromes

 

Impetigo

 

Of all sorts of suppurative dermatoses, this is a more common one, which is called “huang shui chuang” in the science of traditional Chinese medicine. At the initial stage, herpes appear in the affected region. After their diabrosis, yellow pussy water flows out, and the region becomes and erosive surface, itching and aching.

 

1.Common Type of Syndromes

The most common syndrome is stagnation of noxious dampness with invasion of pathogenic wind. At the initial stage herpes appear in the affected region of the skin. When the herpes ulcerate, yellowish pussy water flows out. It has a nature of lingering, accompanied with irritability, dark urine, red tongue with yellowish greasy fur, and slippery and rapid pulse.

 

2.Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Chrysanthemum flower (Flos Chrysanthemi)  Soak 5g of chrysanthemum flowers in boiling water and take it as a drink.

2) Honeysuckle flower (Flos Lonicerae)  Put 15g of honeysuckle flowers in water to make decoction and add some sugar for oral administration.

3) Purple gromwell root (Radix Lithospermi)  Decoct 10g of purple gromwell roots in water, then, add in some brown sugar for drinking.

4) Lily bulb (Bulbus Lilii)  Pound the right amount of lily bulbs into a paste and apply it externally on the affected part.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1)Decoction of Oriental Wormwood and Tale (Yinchen Huashi Jian)

INGREDIENTS

Oriental wormwood, Herba Artemisiae Scopariae                           10g

Tale, Talcum                                                         10g

Cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae                                  10g

Decoct the above ingredients in water and take the decoction as a drink.

3) Decoction of Rush Pith and Lophatherum (Dengxin Zhu-ye Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Rush pith, Medulla Junci                                          10 pieces

Bamboo leaves, Herba Lophatheri                                   20 pieces

Skin of mung beans, Cortex seminis Phaseoli Radiati                        10g

PROCESS  Decoct 10 pieces of rush pith, 20 bamboo leaves and 10g of mung bean skin in water to make a drink.

4) Gruel of Portulaca (Machixian Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Portulaca, Herba Portulacae                                            30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                          50g

PROCESS  Make gruel for eating with 30g of portulaca and 50g of polished round-grained rice.

5)      Gruel of Great Burdock (Niubang Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Great burdock root, Radix Arctii                                         50g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         60g

PROCESS  Have great burdock roots ground and squeezed to get 50ml of juice; add

in 60g of polished round-grained rice to make gruel for eating.

6)Recipe of Egg and Chinese Scholartree Seed (Jidan Huaizi Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese scholartree seed, Semen Sophorae                                30g

Egg (hen’s)                                                           1

Sesame oil, Olem Sesami                                      right amount

PROCESS  Mix the seeds of Chinese scholartree with the egg white, and then parch and grind the seeds into powder. Apply it externally on the affected part after mixing it with sesame oil.

7) Recipe of Broad Bean Skin and Yellow Lead (Candouke Huangdan Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Skin of broad bean, Membrana Viciae Fabae

Yellow lead, Minium

PROCESS  Have broad bean skins calcined into charcoal with its property preserved. Then, grind the charcoal together with a bit of yellow lead into fine powder. Apply it on the affected part after mixing it with rape oil or sesame oil.

 

Mastitis

 

Acute mastitis is an acute inflammation caused by pyogenic germs invading mammary glands, which is often evoked to rhagas of the nipple, deformed nipple, crater nipple and galaetostasis. Breat-feeding women are most susceptible to the disease within one or two months after childbirth. Some unmarried women and ante-partum women may also get the disease, but the number is much smaller, where as the incidence is relatively higher in primiparae. It is termed “ru yong” (acute mastitis) in traditional Chinese medicine.

 

1.Common Type of Syndromes

This disease is characterized by local red swelling in the breast accompanied with fever. Generally, it is treated as a disease with abundant heat-toxin accumulated in the affected region in TCM.

The common type is caused by accumulation of abundant noxious heat, marked by local red swelling. If the swollen part is hard and has a pain when pressed and yet no apparent undulation, it shows no suppuration in this part; if there is apparent undulation with distending and throbbing pain, it means local abscess has formed. It is usually accompanied with symptoms such as fever, dry mouth and thirst, constipation, yellowish fur on the tongue and rapid pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

Rape (Herba Brassicae Campestris)  Decoct a drink with an appropriate amount of rape. Or, wash some rape clean and mash it, then put it in a piece of clean gauze and twist it so as to get a small cup of rape juice (about 30 to 40ml). Take it warm, three times a day, for three to five days. At the same time, have some rape leaves mashed and applied on the affected part. Change it twice a day for three to five days.

 

3.Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1)      Decoction of Dandelion Herb and Honeysuckle Stem (Gongying Rendong Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dandelion herb, Herba Taraxaci                                         30g

Honeysuckle stem, Caulis Lonicerae                                     30g

PROCESS  Add the right amount of water and yellow rice (or millet) wine into 30g of

dandelion herb and 30g of honeysuckle stem and decoct them together so as to get a thick

extract. Drink it in two separate doses a day.

2)      Decoction of Hornet Nest and Viola Herb (Fengfang Diding Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Hornet nest, Nidus Vespae                                              10g

Dandelion herb, Herba Taraxaci                                         50g

Viola herb, Herba Violae                                               20g

PROCESS  Decoct 10g of hornet nest, 50g of dandelion herb, 20g of viola herb and

the right amount of white sugar in water and take it as a drink. Take it once a day, for three

to five days.

 

Trauma

 

    Trauma is very common in productive labour and daily life, mainly including incised wound, punctured wound, stabbed wound, impacted wound and so on. As far as the locations of injury are concerned, some are in the joints of the limbs, some in the waist, and some in certain other parts of the body. As for treating methods, it is most common to adopt external treatments with drugs in addition to choosing dietetic drugs for oral administration.

 

  1. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

  1) Stones of longan (Semen Longan)  Grind the right amount of longan stones into fine powder and spread some of it over the location of the wound to treat bloody trauma.

  2) Cuttle-bone (Os Spiellae seu Sepiae)  Grind some cuttle-bone into fine powder and spread some of it over the wound. It is effective for arresting bleeding.

  3) Honey (Mel)  Apply the right amount of honey externally on the affected part. It has a good function as an astringent to shrink the ulcerating surface and can be used to treat burns and scalds.

  4) Capejasmine (Fructus Gardeniae)  Grind some capejasmine into fine powder; mix it thoroughly with wheat flour or egg white and apply it on the affected part. Change it once a day. It is applicable to those who suffer from acute soft tissue injury with local red swelling and hot pain.

  5) Chinese chives (Herba Allii Tuberosi)  Get some Chinese Chives mashed and apply it externally on the region of injury. It has good effects of promoting blood circulation, subduing swelling and relieving pain.

 

  2. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

  1) Decoction of Chinese Rose (Yuejihua Tang)

  INGREDIENTS

  Chinese rose, Flos Rosae Chinensis                                3-5 flowers

  Crystal sugar                                                        30g

  PROCESS  Wash three to five withered flowers of Chinese rose clean and add 500ml of water to decoct it over a slow fire until 200ml of water is left. Put in 30g of crystal sugar and take it warm at a draught. It can be applied to injuries with swelling and pain.

  2) Recipe of Waxgourd Peel and Cattle-hide Glue (Dong-guapi Niupijiao Fang)

  INGREDIENTS

  Dried Waxgourd peel, Exocarpium Benincasae                             30g

  Cattle-hide glue, Colla Corii Bovis                                       30g

  PROCESS  Get 30g of dried waxgourd peel and 30g of cattle-hide glue filed into a pan and parched till the outer parts become charred with the inner parts still yellowish-brown, so that the original property is retained, and then grind them all into fine powder.

  DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, 5g at a time, with 30 to 50ml of yellow rice (or millet) wine after the wine is warmed by putting the wine container in hot water. It can be applied to local red swelling and pain caused by trauma.

  3) Recipe of Goat Blood and Notoginseng Powder (Shanyangxue Sanqimo Fang)

  INGREDIENTS

  Goat blood

  Notoginseng, Radix Notoginseng

  PROCESS  Grind goat blood and notoginseng together into fine powder.

  DIRECTIONS  Take 0.3g of the powder at a time, twice a day, with yellow rice (or millet) wine. It is applicable to trauma with pain and swelling due to blood stasis.

  4) Recipe of Lettuce Seed, Frankincense and Myrrh (Wojuzi Ru Mo Fang)

  INGREDIENTS

  Lettuce seed, Semen Lactucae Sativae                                   30g

  Millet, Semen Setariae Italicae                                          6g

  Black plum fruit, Fructus Mume                                         5g

  Frankincense, Resina Olibani                                           5g

  Myrrh, Myrrha                                                       5g

  Honey, Mel                                                        a bit

  PROCESS  Have the lettuce seeds and millet parched in a frying pan separately until they smell fragrant; then, grind them together with black plum fruit, frankincense and myrrh into fine powder, add a bit of honey to make pills, each weighting about 6g.

  DIRECTIONS  Chew and swallow one pill at a time with warm wine. It is applicable to acute lumbar sprain.

 

Hemorrhoid

 

  Hemorrhoid is an anal disease caused by varicose hemorrhoidal veins. There are internal hemorrhoid, external hemorrhoid and mixed hemorrhoid according to clinical manifestations. Medicated dietetic treatment has more desirable curative effect.

 

  1.Common Types of Syndromes

  1) The first type is blood stagnation. At the initial stage of hemorrhoid, it is marked by mucosal congestion, discomfort with pruritus ani to the accompaniment of foreign body sensation. It may cause a little bleeding and pain as a result of blood stagnation, dark red tongue, uneven pulse.

  2) The second one is the damp-heat type, marked by a sensation of bearing-down, distending and burning pain in the anus, hematochezia, constipation or loose stool, scanty dark urine, dry mouth with bitter taste, red tongue with thick yellowish and greasy fur, wiry and rapid pulse.

  3) The third one is type of blood deficiency, marked by dizziness, tinnitus and pale complexion due to long-term hematochezia, pale tongue with thin whitish fur, and deep and thready pulse.

 

  2.Dietetic Chinese drugs

  1) Fig (Receptaculum Fici Caricae)  Eat seven or eight candied figs daily. It is applicable to the damp-heat type.

  2) Pig’s gall bladder (Fel Suillum)  Steam a pig’s gall bladder in a bowl for twenty minutes; get the bile out and take it warm at a time. Usually take three to five gall bladders this way. This recipe is applicable to those suffering from the hemorrhoids of blood-stagnation type or damp-heat type and having pain, swelling and constipation.

  3) Siliquose pelvetia (Pelvetia Siliquosa)  Cook 30g of siliquose pelvetia well in water, then put in 30g of white sugar and mix it together for eating. It is for those who suffer from blood-stagnation type.

  INGREDIENTS

  Mulberry, Fructus Mori (or 30 to 60g if fresh)                         20 to 30g

  Polished glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                         100g

  Crystal sugar                                                        25g

  PROCESS  First, submerge the mulberries in water for some time and wash them clean. Then, put them into an earthenware pot tighter with the glutinous rice to make gruel. Put in the crystal sugar and keep on cooking for a while.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice each day, on an empty stomach, and five to seven days making up a course of treatment.

4) Pig’s Large Intestine with Mung Bean and Coix Seed (Ludou Yimi Chang)

INGREDEINTS

Mung bean, Semen Phaseoli Radiati                                     50g

Coix seed, Semen Coicis                                              30g

Pig’s large intestine                                                 250g

PROCESS  Wash the pig’s large intestine clean and get the mung beans and coix seeds soaked in water; put the mung beans and coix seeds into the pig’s large intestine. Add a bit of water (so as to expand the mung beans and coix seeds when cooking) and tie tight both the ends of the intestine; boil it well in an earthenware pot for eating.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, for three to five days as a course of treatment. It can also be taken intermittently.

6)      Recipe of Batryticated Silkworm, Brown Sugar and Lotus Root (Jiangcan

Hongtang Ou)

 

    INGREDIENTS

    Lotus root, Rhizoma Nelumbinis                                        500g

    Batryticated silkworm, Bombyx Batryticatus                                 7

    Brown sugar                                                        120g

PROCESS  Have the lotus root washed clean and cut into thick slices. Put the lotus root slices, batryticated silkworms and brown sugar into a cooking pot to decoct them in water.

DIRECTIONS  It should be taken on an empty stomach with millet (or rice) water, three times a day, for four or five successive days.

The above three recipes are all applicable to hemorrhoid of blood deficiency type.

 

Section 9   Obstetrical and Gynecological Diseases and Syndromes

 

Menstrual Disorder

 

Menstrual disorder refers to abnormal changes in menstrual cycle, intermenstrual period, menstrual flow, colour of menses and nature of menses. In traditional Chinese medicine it is believed that menstrual disorder is mainly related to excess or deficiency of qi and blood as well as functions of viscera and is classified into preceded menstrual cycle, delayed menstrual cycle, irregular menstrual cycle, menorrhagia, oligomenorrhea and so on. Medicated dietetic treatment can be used as an aid to treating menstrual disorder.

 

1. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Water melon seed kernel (Semen Citrulli)  Grind 9g of kernels of water melon seeds into fine powder. Take it twice a day after mixing it with water. It can be used to treat preceded menstrual cycle and menorrhagia.

2) Black edible fungus (Auricularia)  Bake 60g of black edible fungus on a tile and grind it into fine powder. Take 3 to 6g of it each time, twice a day, for five successive days. Take it with brown-sugared water. It is applicable to preceded menstrual cycle and menorrhagia.

3) Water chestnut (Semen Trapae)  Have 250g of fresh water chestnut mashed and decocted in water; add some brown sugar into the decoction and then take it. It is applicable to preceded menstrual cycle and menorrhagia.

4) Cottonseed (Semen Gossypii)  Bake 80g of cottonseeds until they become yellow; then grind them into fine powder and divide it into 14 equal portions. Take one portion in the morning and one in the evening, with brown-sugared water. It is applicable to irregular menstrual cycle.

5) Hawthorn fruit (Fructus Crataegi)  Decoct 50g of hawthorn fruits in water and remove the residues from the decoction which is to be infused with 21 to 24g of brown sugar. Take it warm. It is applicable to delayed menstrual cycle.

6) Head of snakeheaded fish  Have some heads of snake-headed fish calcined with the original property retained and ground into fine powder. Take 9g of it each time, twice a day, with old wine. It is applicable to delayed menstrual cycle.

7) Motherwort (Herba Leonuri)  Put 30g of motherwort into the pot for decocting herbs, and then decoct it in water for oral administration. It is applicable to menstrual disorder.

8) Horse’s hoof  Have horse’s hooves burned into charcoal with the original property retained and ground into fine powder. Take 6g each time with cooked millet (or rice) water, twice a day. It is applicable to menorrhagia or profuse leukorrhea.

9) Root of rose (Radix Rosae Rugosae)  Have 6 to 9g of rose roots decocted in water; infuse the decoction into some yellow rice (or millet) wine and brown sugar. Divide it into two portions and take one in the morning and the other in the evening. It can be used to treat menstrual disorder.

2. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of motherwort juice (Yimucaozhi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Motherwort, Succus Herbae Leonuri                                    10ml

Fresh rehmannia root, Succus Radicis Rehmanniae                         40ml

Lotus root juice, Succus Rhizomatis Nelumbinis                           40ml

Ginger juice, succus Zingiberis                                          2ml

Honey, Mel                                                        10ml

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

PROCESS  First, make gruel with the polished round-grained rice, put in all the above-listed juices and honey. Go on cooking until thin gruel is made.

DIRECTIONS  It is applicable to patients suffering from menstrual disorder and heavy menstrual flow.

2) Gruel of Hawthorn Fruit (Shanzha Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi(or 60g of fresh fruit)                  30 to 40g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                        100g

Granulated sugar                                                     10g

PROCESS  Have the hawthorn fruit decocted in an earthenware pot to get thick extract and remove the residue from it; put in the rice and sugar so as to make gruel.

DIRECTIONS  It is applicable to patients suffering from delayed menstrual cycle and dysmenorrhea.

3) Gruel of Peach Kernel (Taoren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Peach kernel, Semen Persicae                                      10 to 15g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                    50 to 100g

PROCESS  Pound the peach kernels into mash, add water and grind it so as to get its extract; then, remove the residue from the extract. Make thin gruel with the extract and rice.

DIRECTIONS  Such gruel has a certain curative effect upon amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea due to stagnation of blood.

4) Hen Steamed with Argyi Leaf (Aiye Muji)

INGREDIENTS

Old hen                                                              1

Argyi leaf, Folium Artemisae Argyi                                      15g

Wine                                                             50ml

PROCESS  Have the hen rid of its feathers and internal organs; steam it together with the argyi leaves, wine and 50ml of water without its contacting water until it is done.

DIRECTIONS  It can be used to treat metrostaxis, prolonged menstrual period and general debility.

5) Recipe of Brown Sugar and Egg (Hongtang Jidan)

INGREDIENTS

Brown sugar                                                        100g

Cooked egg (with no shell)                                               2

PROCESS  Have the eggs boiled in water with the brown sugar.

DIRECTIONS  Take them after menstruation. It can be used to treat syndrome of blood deficiency and menstrual disorder.

6) Recipe of Lotus Receptacle and Pomegranate Rind (Lianpeng Shiliupi)

INGREDIENTS

White pomegranate rind, Pericrpium Granati                              1pc.

White lotus receptacle, Receptaculum Nelumbinis                           1pc.

PROCESS  Decoct the two ingredients in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  It can be used to treat menorrhagia.

7) Recipe of Celery and Rubia Root (Qincai Qiancao Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh celery, Herba Apii                                               30g

Rubia root, Radix Rubiae                                               6g

Serissa, Herba Serissae                                                12g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  It can be used to treat delayed menstrual cycle and scanty menstruation.

8) Recipe of Capsicum Root and Chicken’s Claw (La-jiaogen Zhua Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Capsicum root, Radix Capsici                              15g (or 31g if fresh)

Chicken’s claw                                                         4

PROCESS  Wash the capsicum roots clean, put them in a cooking pot together with the chicken’s claws and cook them in water.

DIRECTIONS  Take the decoction at a draught each day. Go on taking five to ten doses after the bleeding stops so as to maintain the curative effect. The hotter the capsicum, the better curative effect its roots have. This recipe is mainly used to treat the menstrual disorder caused by dysfunctional uterine bleeding.

 

Dysmenorrhea

 

Dysmenorrhea is a kind of subjective symptom, referring to such morbid conditions in which patients feel pain in the abdomen or in the lumbar region; in some cases, the pain can even be intolerable. Dysmenorrhea is classified into two types: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea. Medicated dietetic treatment can be used as an aid to treating this disease.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One of the common syndromes is stagnation of the liver-qi, manifested as sensation of distension of the breast prior to menstruation, distending pain in the chest and hypochondrium, dysphoria, feeling of depression in the chest and pain in the lower abdomen before menstruation, purple menses, extending menstrual cycle, darkish tongue and taut pulse.

2) Another type is blood stasis caused by accumulation of pathogenic cold, marked by delayed menstrual cycle, cold-pain in the lower abdomen during or prior to menstruation which is relieved by hot medicated compress, scanty menstruation, thin and light menses sometimes with blood clot, pale purplish tongue, and deep and tight pulse.

3) The third type is deficiency of both blood and qi, marked by heavy or scanty menstrual flow, irregular menstrual period, vague pain in the lower abdomen a little before or after the finishing period of menstruation, thin and light menses, relative heavy leukorrhea at ordinary times, pale tongue with thin whitish fur and thready, uneven and weak pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Dried tangerine (Fructus Citri Reticulatae) Soak some dried tangerines in boiling water. Take the water as a drink.

2) Barley (Fructus Hordei)  Grind some barley into pieces as big as millets, then make gruel with the barley and take it.

3) Orange (Fructus Aurantii)  Soak oranges in water to remove the sour flavour, add honey to make decoction. Take it as a drink in small doses at short intervals.

 

4) Radish (Napus)  Make soup with radish, flavour it with condiments before taking it.

Those suffering from dysmenorrhea caused by stagnation of the liver-qi can choose any of the above recipes for use.

5) Juice of Chinese chive root  (Bulbus Allii Tuberosi) Sqeeze 100g of Chinese chive roots to get juice; stew it and take it warm. It is indicated for dysmenorrhea due to blood stasis caused by accumulation of cold.

6) Chinese-date  (Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae)  Have several Chinese-dates dried on the fire; then decoct them in water for drinking. It is applicable to dysmenorrhea due to deficiency of qi and blood.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Macrostem Onion (Xiebai Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         50g

Macrostem onion, Bulbus Allii Macrostemi                                10g

PROCESS  Make gruel with the ingredients in the common way.

2) Recipe of Amomum Fruit and Lotus Root Powder (Sharen Ou Fen)

INGREDIENTS

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                         1.5g

Aucklandia root, Radix Aucklandiae                                       1g

PORCESS  Have the amomum fruit and aucklandia root ground into powder; take it together with lotus root powder and white sugar after infusing them in boiling water.

3) Decoction of Finger Citron and Ginger (Foshou Jiang Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Finger citron, Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis                                  10g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                   6g

PROCESS  Decoct the finger citron and ginger in water, remove the residues from the decoction.

DIRECTIONS  Add some white granulated sugar and take it warm.

4) Syrup of Citron Fruit (Xiang Yuan Jiang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh citron fruit, Fructus Citri                                        1 to 2

Malt sugar

PORCESS  Cut one or two fresh citron fruit into pieces and put them into a bowl with a lid, add as much malt sugar, then steam it without contacting the water for several hours until the citron fruit becomes a pulp.

DIRECTIONS  Take 10 to 15g of it at a time, twice a day, in the morning and in the evening respectively.

The above four recipes are applicable to dysmenorrhea caused by stagnation of the liver-qi.

5) Drink of Fresh Ginger and Brown Sugar (Shengjiang Hongtang Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                               3 slices

Brown sugar                                                 right amount

PROCESS  Inguse three slices of ginger and the right amount of brown sugar with boiling water.

DIERECTIONS  Take it as a drink.

7)      Drink of Bark of Chinese Cassia Tree and Hawthorn Fruit (Guipi Shanzha Yin)

INGREIDENTS

Bark of Chinese cassia tree, Cortex Cinnamomi                             6g

Flesh of hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                 10g

Brown sugar                                                        30g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients together in water.

DIRECTIONS  Take it warm prior to menstruation.

7) Mutton Soup  with Chinese Prickly Ash and Ginger (Jiao Jiang Yangrou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                               a slice

Chinese prickly ash peel, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli                    a few grains

Star anise, Fructus Anisi Stellati                                  a few grains

Mutton                                                            250g

PROCESS  Make soup with the above-listed ingredients for eating.

The above three recipes are applicable to dysmenorrhea due to blood stasis caused by accumulation of cold.

8) Gruel with Chicken Extract (Jizhi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Hen                                                                 1

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PROCESS  Boil a hen (prepared) until it becomes a pulp so as to obtain chicken

extract; make gruel with polished round-grained rice; put in the chicken extract right before the gruel with polished round-grained rice; put in the chicken extract right before the gruel is ready and mix it with the gruel thoroughly.

9) Soft Extract of Astragalus Root (Huangqi Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                             120g

Honey, Mel                                                         30g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                           6g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                       10g

Fresh cogongrass root, Rhizoma Imperatae Recens                          12g

PROCESS  First, decoct astragalus roots and cogongrass roots until the water has boiled more than ten times, remove the resicue and get extract of about 500ml; put in the powdered liquorice and Chinese yam (pounded into pieces) and decoct; stir it with a chopstick while decocting so as to prevent the two kinds of powder from settling down on the bottom of the pot. The soft extract will be ready as soon as the decoction has boiled once. Then, put in the honey and mix it well; stop decocting when it is just about to boil.

DIRECTIONS  Take it all in three doses.

10) Mutton Soup with Chinese Angelica Root and Fresn Ginger (Danggui Shenjiang Yangrou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese angelica roots, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                           15g

Mutton                                                           125g

Fresh ginger, Rhizome Zingiberis Recens                                 30g

PROCESS  Stew the above-listed ingredients to make soup for oral administration.

11) Gruel with Mutton (Yangrou Zhou)

INGREDEINTS

Mutton (cut into cubes)                                              100g

Husked kaoliang, Semen Sorghi Vulgaris                                100g

PROCESS  Make gruel with mutton and husked kaoliang and put in the right amount

of scallion and salt before eating.

    12) Soup of Black-bone Chicken (Wuji Tang)

    INGREDIENTS

    Black-bone cock, Gallus Domesticus (cut into cubes)                          1

    Dtangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                              3g

Galangal, Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinarum                                   3g

Pepper, Fructus Piperis Albi                                             6g

Tsaoko, Fructus Tsaoko                                                  2

Scallion and vinegar                                           right amount

PROCESS  Stew the above ingredients together until the chicken is thoroughly done.

DIRECTIONG  Take the chicken as well as the soup.

13) Drink of Black Edible Fungus (Muer Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Black edible fungus, auricularia                                          6g

Sugar                                                              a bit

PROCESS  Boil the black edible fungus and sugar in water until the edible fungus is well done, and then take it.

14) Recipe of Chinese Angelica Root and Pork Liver (Danggui Gan)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                            10g

Pork liver                                                           60g

PROCESS  Have 10g of Chinese angelica roots and 60g of pork liver boiled together and then take it.

The seven recipes listed above are applicable to dysmenorrhea of qi and blood deficiency.

 

Leukorrhagia

 

It refers to the morbid state in which sufferers often have sticky mucus or secretion varying in thickness and turbidness, discharged from the vagina, and belongs to syndrome of “dai-xia” in traditional Chinese medicine.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One of the common syndromes is leukorrhagia due to cold and dampness, marked by leukorrhagia which is clear and thin like water, lassitude in the loins and legs, general weakness, inappetence, cold limbs, pale tongue with thin and whitish fur, and thready and slow pulse.

 

2) Another one is leukorrhagia due to damp less and heat, manifested as heavy and foul (or yellow or white in colour) leukorrhea, sensation of down-weighing pain in the loins and abdomen, nausea, red tongue with yellowish greasy fur, and slippery and rapid pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Hyacinth bean (Semen Dolichoris)  Have 60g of hyacinth bean seeds (or 120g of tender hyacinth bean pods) stir-fried in cooking oil and seasoned with salt, then add water to boil it until it is done. Take it twice a day, successively for a week.

2) Gordon euryale seed (Semen Euryales)  Have 30g of it decocted in water. Take it twice a day.

3) Chinese yam (Rhizoma Dioscoreae)  Have 120g of Chinese yam boiled in water (or in sugared water) until it is done. Take it every morning.

4)Buckwheat (Semen Fagopyri Esculenti)  Have buckwheat parched and ground into fine powder. Take 6g at a time, twice a day.

5) Plantain seen (Semen Plantaginis)  Have 15g of plantain seeds decocted in water and take the decoction as a drink.

6) Dried litchi (Fructus Litchi)  Eat 10 pieces of dried litchi each day.

The above-listed drugs are applicable to leukorrhagia caused by cold and dampness.

 

7) Towel gourd (Fructus Luffae)  Have a Segment of dried towel gourd decocted in water and drink it.

8) Day lily (Flos Hemerocallis Immaturus)  Have 60g of day lily decocted in water and take it

The two drugs listed above are applicable to leukorrhagia due to dampness and heat.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Chicken Stewed with Ginkgo Nut and Lotus Seed (Baiguo Lianzi Dun Wuji)

INGREDIENTS

BLACK-BONE CHICKEN, Gallus Domesticus                              1

Ginkgo nut, Semen Ginkgo                                              9g

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                          15g

Polished glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                           15g

Pepper, Fructus Piperis Nigri                                            3g

PROCESS  Put all the other ingredients into the stomach of the chicken, tie up the chicken to prevent the stuffing from leaking out and cook it in boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  Take it on an empty stomach.

2) Pill of Two Immortals (Shuilu Er Xian Dan)

INGREDEINTS

Cherokee rose-hip, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae                             120g

Gordon euryale seed, Semen Euryales                                   120g

PROCESS  Have 120g of Cherokee rose-hip (with seeds removed) decocted in an appropriate amount of water over a slow fire and condense the decoction into soft extract; have 120g of Gordon euryale seeds ground into powder. Mix the powder into the above extract to make pills.

DIRECTIONS  Take 6g each time with wine or warm boiled water.

3) Gruel with Bark of Chinese Cassia Tree (Guixin Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         60g

Powder of bark of Chinese cassia tree, Cortex Cinnamomi

PROCESS  Cook gruel with 60g of polished round-grained rice; put in the powder of bark of Chinese cassia tree just as the gruel is half done.

DIRECTIONS  Take 5g daily

4) Gruel with Poria Powder (Fulingfen Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Poria, Poria (powder)

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae

PROCESS  Make gruel with powder of poria, polished round-grained rice and jujubes, and then take it.

5) Drink of Ginkgo Nut and Wax-gourd Seed (Baiguo Dongguazi yin)

INGREDIENTS

Ginkgo nut, Semen Ginkgo                                           10pcs.

Wax-gourd seed, Semen Benincase                                      30g

(or add 15g of pulp of lotus seeds and 1.5g of pepper)

DIRECTIONS  Have the above ingredients decocted in water for oral administration and take it warm.

6) Gruel of Lotus Seed, Jujube and Polished Glutinous

Rice (Lian Zao Nuomi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                         50g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                       10pcs.

Polished glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                          50g

PROCESS  Make gruel with 50g of lotus seeds, 10 jujubes and 50g of polished glutinous rice, and take it at breakfast and at supper. Keep on taking such gruel until the symptoms of leukorrhagia have disappeared.

7) Decoction of Millet and Astragalus Root (Xiaomi Huang qi Jian)

INGREDIENTS

Millet, Semen Setariae Italicae                                          50g

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                              50g

PROCESS  Have 50g of millet and 50g of astragalus root (wrapped in gauze) decocted in water for oral use.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel twice a day, for 5 to 7 days successively.

The above seven recipes can be used to treat leukorrhagia due to cold and dampness.

8) Decoction of Coix Seed and Broad Bean Flower (Yimi Candouhua Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh broad bean flower, Flos Viciae Fabae Recens                          30g

Coix seed, Semen Coicis                                               30g

PROCESS  Have 30g of fresh broad bean flowers and 30g of coix seeds decocted in an earthenware pot with an appropriate amount of water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, for 5 to 7 days.

9) Gruel of Portulaca (Machixian Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Portulaca, herba Portulacae                                            30g

Polished round-graine rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                          50g

PROCESS  Make gruel with 30g of portulaca and 50g of polished round-grained rice and then take it.

10) Drink of Waxigourd Seed (Dongguazi Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Waxgourd seed, Semen Benincasae                                       30g

Brown sugar                                                 right amount

PROCESS  Have 30g of Waxgourd seeds and the right amount of brown sugar pounded into a mash.

DIRECTIONS  Take it after its infusion with boiling water.

11) Drink of Honeysuckle and Brown Sugar (Yinhua Hongtang Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Hongeysuckle, Flos Lonicerae                                          10g

Brown sugar                                                 right amount

PROCESS  Sock 10g of honeysuckle and an appropriate amount of brown sugar in boiling water for drinking.

12) Gruel of Red Bean (Chixiaodou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Red bean, Semen Phaseoli

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PROCESS  Make gruel with red beans and polished round-grained rice, equal in amount.

The above-listed five recipes are applicable to the syndrome of leukorrhagia due to dampness and heat.

 

Sterility

 

It refers to such a morbid state in which a woman fails to have a baby three years after marriage (with no disease affecting fertility on the husband’s side).

 

1. Common Type of Syndromes

The most common syndrome is cold of insufficiency type in the uterus, marked by normal development in the reproductive organs (after gynecological examination), yet with sterility after some years of marriage, normal menstruation, ice-cold or cold and pain in the lower abdomen, pale complexion, pale tongue with whitish fur, and thready and slow pulse.

 

2. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Gruel with Desertliving Cistanche and Mutton (Congrong Yangrou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Desertliving cistanche, Herba Cistanchis                             10 to 15g

Choice mutton                                                      100g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

Chines green onion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                              2 stalks

Ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                   3 slices

PROCESS  Have the desertliving cistanche and mutton washed clean and cut into thin pieces. First, decoct the desertliving cistanche in an earthenware pot to get the extract and remove the residue; put in the mutton and polished rice to make gruel. When it boils, add salt, fresh ginger and Chines green onion to make thin gruel.

DIRECTIONS  It is suitable to be taken in winter.

2) Gruel of antler Gelatin (Lujiaojiao Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Antler gelatin, Colla Cornus Cervi                                  15 to 20g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         100g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                               3 slices

PROCESS  First, make gruel with the polished round-grained rice; when it boils, add antler gelatin and fresh ginger to make thin gruel.

DIERECTIONS  This kind of gruel is suitable to be taken in winter; take it for 3 to 5 days as a course of treatment.

3) Freshwater Shrimpas Stir-fried with Chinese Chives (QingxiangChaoJiucai)

INGREDIENTS

Freshwater shrimps, Macrobrachium nipponense                          250g

Chinese chives, Herba Allii Tuberosi                                   100g

Rice wine                                                          a bit

Soy sauce                                                          a bit

Vinegar                                                           a bit

PROCESS  Have the Chinese chives washed clean and cut into short sections; stir-fry the freshwater shrimps in vegetable oil; add the spices and quickfry. Then put in the Chinese chives and stir-fry until it is tenderly done.

DIRECTIONS  It has an auxiliary curative effect if patients with sterility due to retention of cold in the uterus take it frequently.

 

Vomiting during Pregnancy

 

The symptoms of nausea, vomiting, dizziness, feeling distressed in the chest, disliking the smell of food, or vomiting immediately after taking food after two or three months of pregnancy are called vomiting during pregnancy.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) The first type is failure of descending of the stomach-qi due to deficiency of the stomach in the early period of pregnancy, manifested as vomiting, nausea, anorexia, tastelessness, distension and fullness in the stomach, general weakness, dizziness and sleepiness, pale tongue with thin and whitish fur, and deep and weak pulse.

2) Another type is upward invasion of hyperactive liver-qi due to liver-heat, marked by, in the starting period of pregnancy, vomiting bilious or acid fluid, distension and fullness in the chest and hypochondrium, emotional depression, dizziness and headache, belching, red margin of the tongue with slightly yellowish fur, and taut and slippery pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Raw hyacinth bean (Semen Dolichoris)  Have 75g of raw hyacinth beans dried in the sun and ground into fine powder. Take 9g each time, three times a day, with millet (or rice) water. If vomiting is serious, a gram of coptis root (Rhizoma Coptidis) powder should be taken before meals in addition to the hyacinth bean powder.

2) Tangerine leaf (folium Citri Reticulatae)  Decoct tangerine leaves in water to get extract for oral administration.

3) Kaki calyx (Calyx Kaki)  Have 10 kaki calyxes decocted in water so as to obtain extract for drinking.

4) Orange (Fructus aurantii)  Have oranges soaked in water to remove acidity, then, decoct the processed oranges in water with some honey to make decoction and drink it at short intervals.

5) Grapevine (Vinea)  Have 10g of dried grapevine decocted in water to make decoction for oral administration.

6) Carp (cyprinus Carpio) Have a fresh carp (weighing more than 500g) washed clean and rid of its scales; put it on a dinner plate and steam it for 20 to 30 minutes before eating it. Eat it once a day for three to five days successively. Don’t use spices such as oil and salt, or it will have no curative effect.

The drugs listed above are applicable to vomitus gravidarum caused by failure of descending of the stomach-qi due to deficiency of the stomach.

7) Black plum flower (Flos Mume)  Have 6g of black plum flowers infused with boiling water, and then take it as a drink.

8) Shaddock ped (Pericarpium Citri Grandis)  Have a shaddock ped decocted in water, and then take the decoction in three separate portions. Keep on taking such decoction for several days.

9) Watermelon juice (Succus Citrulli)  Squeeze the pulp of a watermelon to get its juice for drinking.

10) Mung bean (Semen Phaseoli Radiati)  Make decoction with mung beans for drinking at short intervals.

The four drugs listed above can be used to treat vomitus gravidarum caused by upward invasion of hyperactive liver-qi due to liver-heat.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Drink of Fresh Ginger and Brown Sugar (Shengjiang HongtangCha)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                               3 slices

Brown sugar                                                 right amount

PORCESS  Have the ginger and the right amount of brown sugar soaked in boiling water and take the water as a drink.

2) Millet (or rice)  Water with Ginger Juice (Jiangzhi Mitang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh ginger, Succus Zingiberis

Millet or rice

PROCESS  Put 3 to 5 drops of ginger juice in millet (or rice) water and take the water at short intervals.

3) Lotus Root Powder with Amomum Fruit (Sharen Oufen)

INGREDIENTS

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                         1.5g

Aucklandia root, Radix Aucklandiae                                       1g

Lotus root powder, Pulvis Rhizomatis Nelumbinis

PROCESS  Grind the amomum fruit and aucklandia root into fine powder, and infuse the powder, louts root powder and white sugar with boiling water before taking it.

4) Decoction of Hyacinth Bean ( Biandou Zhi)

INGREDIENTS

White hyacinth bean, Semen dolichoris Album                             10g

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                         1.5g

PROCESS  Have the white hyacinth beans decocted in water to make decoction. Take the decoction with amomum fruit powder.

5) Decoction of Perilla Fruit and Baked Yellow Earth (Suzi Fulonggan Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Perilla fruit, Fructus Perillae                                             6g

Baked yellow earth                                                   12g

Millet (or rice) flour

PORCESS  Have the perilla fruit and the baked yellow earth decocted in water and remove the residue; add millet (or rice) flour to make thin gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take it several times, with a small amount each time.

6) Juice of Sugar Cane Mixed with Juice of Ginger (Ganzhe Jiang Zhi)

INGREDIENTS

Ginger juice, succus Zingiberis                                         a bit

Sugar cane juice, Succus Sacchari                                     300ml

PROCESS  Put the ginger juice into the sugar cane juice, sip it slowly at short intervals.

7) Decoction of Bamboo Shavings and Baked Yellow Earth (Zhuru Fulonggan Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Orange peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                 6g

Bamboo shavings, Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam                             9g

Baked yellow earth                                                   50g

Ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                               right amount

PROCESS  Make decoction with the above ingredients. Put some ginger slices in the mouth before taking the decoction.

DIRECTIONS  Take it in several portions, and for a few days successively.

8) Drink of Coriander and Amomum Fruit (Xiangcai Sharen Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Coriander, Herba Coriandri                                             9g

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                          6g

PROCESS  Have the coriander washed clean and put it with the amomum fruit in a bowl, infuse it with boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  First, smell it and then take the water when you can bear its smell.

The above composite recipes are suitable for vomitus gravidarum resulting from failure of descending of the stomach-qi due to deficiency of the stomach.

9) Mutton Soup with Perilla Leaf and Coptis Root (Sulian Yangrou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Perilla leaf, Folium Perillae                                             5g

Copits root, Rhizoma Coptidis                                          1.5g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water, remove the residue; stew mutton in the decoction and soak cakes in the soup for eating.

10) Gruel of Polished Round-grained Rice and Reed Rhizome (Lugen Jingmi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Reed rhizome, Rhizoma Phragmitis

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PORCESS  Decoct reed rhizome in water, cook polished roung-grained rice in the decoction to make gruel for oral administration.

11) Juice of Chinese Chives Mixed with Juice of Ginger (Jiucai Jiang Zhi)

INGREDIENTS

Juice of Chinese Chives, Succus Allii Tuberosus

Juice of ginger, Succus Zingiberis

PORCESS  Mix the juice of Chinese chives with the juice of ginger and some sugar for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once or twice each day, for several days successively.

Those suffering from vomitus gravidarum caused by upward invasion of hyperactive liver-qi due to liver-heat can choose one or two for use from the above three recipes.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One of the common syndromes is deficiency of both blood and qi, manifested as puerperal hypogalactia, soft mammae with no sensation of distending pain, pale complexion, loss of appetite, shortness of breath and lassitude, pale tongue with little fur, and soft and feeble pulse.

2) Another type is stagnation of the liver-qi, marked by galactostasis, feeling of distension, fullness and pain or having lumps in the mammae, sensation of fullness and distress in the chest and hypochondrium, poor appetite and hiccup, darkish red tongue, and taut and slippery pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Crucian carp (Carassius Auratus)  Have fresh crucian carps rid of scales and internal organs, and stewed without soy sauce. Take it with the broth.

2) Crab (Cancer)  Have two crabs washed clean and boiled in water. Then, drink the water.

3) Red bean (Semen Phaseoli)  Make thin gruel with 120g of red beans and the right amount of water. Take it twice a day.

4) Sesame seed (Semen Sesami)  Have 15g to 30g of sesame seeds parched until they give out fragrance and put in a bit of salt. Chew well before swallowing them.

5) Pumpkin seed (Semen Cucurbitae)  Have 15g of pumpkin seed kernels pounded into a mash, infuse it with just the right amount of boiling water, or add a bit of white sugar right amount of boiling water, or add a bit of white sugar to flavour it. Take it as one portion, twice a day, in the morning and in the evening respectively, on an empty stomach, for five to seven days successively. Pumpkin seeds do have lactigenous effect if taken raw (but have no such effect if used to make gruel or taken roasted.)

6) Pig trotter  Have some pig trotters stewed thoroughly. Take the meat and the broth.

The above recipes are all applicable to hypogalactia due to deficiency of both qi and blood.

7) Tangerine leaf (Folium Citri Reticulatum)  Decoct tangerine leaves in water to get extract for oral administration.

8) Sword bean (Semen Canavaliae)  Have sword beans boiled and take them, or grind them into fine powder and take it after its infusion with boiling water.

The above two drugs are suitable for hypogalactia due to stagnation of the liver-qi.

9) Miscellanies  Chicken, Chicken eggs, venison, carp, hair-tail, cuttlefish, freshwater shrimps, sea prawns and others, all have lactigenous or lactagogue effect, and can be used for this purpose.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Soup of Fresh Mushroom for Nourishing the Spleen (Xianmo Yi Pi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh mushroom, Agaricus Campestris (with caps torn into small pieces and stems cut into slanting slices)                                                      100g

Lean pork (cut into thin slices)                                         100g

PROCESS  Stir-fry the meat in cooking oil and salt until it turns white, add just the right amount of water to boil the mushroom and meat until it is done, and then take it.

2) Soup of Venison and Astragalus Root (Lurou Huangqi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Venison (cut into cubes)                                              120g

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                              30g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                          30g

PROCESS  Add water to boil the above ingredients together until the venison is well done.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the soup and eat the venison.

3) Gruel with Chicken Extract(Jizhi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Hen                                                                  1

Plished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PROCESS

Boil the hen (Processed) thoroughly to get extract, put the extract into the gruel of polished round-grained rice and take it.

4) Pig Trotter Broth with Chinese Angelica and Astragalus Root (Danggui Huangqi Zhuti Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Pig trotter                                                             2

Chinese angelica, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                                15g

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali Seu Hedysari                              30g

PROCESS  Have the pig trotters, the Chinese angelica and astragalus roots stewed together to get broth for roal administration.

5) Gruel with Mutton (Yangrou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Mutton (cut into cubes)                                               100g

Husked kaoliang, Semen Sorghi Vulgari                                  100g

PROCESS  Boil the mutton and the husked kaoliang together to make gruel; add some scallion and salt, and then take it.

6) Soup of Black-bone Chicken (Wuji Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Black-bone rooster, Gallus Domesticus (cut into cubes)                         1

Dried orange peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                             3g

Galangal, Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinarum                                   3g

Pepper, Fructus Piperis Nigri                                            6g

Caoguo, Fructus Tsaoko                                                 2

Scallion and vinegar                                       right amount each

PROCESS  Have the black-bone rooster, the dried orange peel, galangal, pepper, caoguo, scallion and vinegar well-stewed, take the chicken with the soup.

7) Soup of Astragalus Root and Pork Liver (Huangqi Zhugan Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Pork liver                                                         500g

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                              60g

PROCESS  Make soup with the pork liver and astragalus roots.

DIRECTIONS  Take the liver and the soup.

8) Decoction of Gingseng (Renshen Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                               10g

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                              10g

Perilla leaf, Folium Perillae                                            15g

Granulated sugar                                                    150g

PROCESS  Add 3000ml of water to decoct the above ingredients; take the decoction as a drink.

Patients who have hypogalactia caused by deficiency pf both qi and blood can choose one or two from the above recipes for oral use singly or together.

9) Recipe of Bean Curd, Towel Gourd, Mushroom and Pig’s Trotter (Doufu Sigua Xianggu Ti)

INGREDIENTS

Bean curd                                                          500g

Towel gourd, Fructus Luffae (with its pulp)                               250g

Mushroom, Lentinus Edodes                                            50g

Pig’s trotter                                                           1

Spices                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Have the pig’s trotter and mushroom boiled together, flavour it with scallion, ginger and salt; after they are all done put in the towel gourd and bean curd to make soup.

DIRECTIONS  Take it in three separate portions in one day. Take such soup for five days successively.

10) Recipe of Kelp, Finger Citron and Soy Bean Milk (Haidai Foshou Doujiang)

INGREDIENTS

Soy bean milk, Succus Semi Sojae                                      500g

Kelp, Thallus Laminariae                                             100g

Finger citron, Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis                                      9g

PROCESS  make soup with the above ingredients and take it saltless, once a day, for

several days.

11) Drink of Germinated Barley and Green Tangerine (Orange) Peel (Maiya Qingpi Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Raw germinated barley, Frutus Hordei Germinatus                             30g

Green tangerine (or orange) peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride             10g

PROCESS  Have 30g of raw germinated barley and 10g of green tangerine peel decocted in water for drinking.

12) Powder of Vaccaria Seed (Wangbuliuxing Mo)

INGREDIENTS

Vaccaria seed, Semen Vaccariae                                              5g

PROCESS  Grind 5g of vaccaria seeds into fine powder and take it with pig trotter broth.

Patients who have hypogalactia caused by stagnation of the liver-qi can choose one or two for use from the above recipes.

 

Section 10  Pediatric Diseases and Syndromes

 

Enuresis in Children

 

This disease refers to the morbid state in which children over three years old unconsciously

urinate in their sleep, realizing it only after waking up.

 

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One type is deficiency of the kidney-qi and kidney-yang (vital function of the kidney), marked by frequent enuresis, yellowish pale complexion, cold hands and feet, the enuresis taking a turn for the worse in cold weather, lassitude in the loins and legs, light-coloured urine, pale tongue, and deep; thready and moderate pulse. 

2) Another type is failure in controlling urination caused by deficiency of the spleen-qi and lung-qi, marked by frequent enuresis, pale complexion, weak limbs, spontaneous perspiration, loss of appetite, pale tongue with thin and white fur, and thready and weak pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Pangolin (Manis Pentadactyla)  Have 120g of the flesh of pangolin stewed with a bit of cooking oil, salt, and wine. Take it after it’s done. It can be used to treat the disease due to deficiency of the kidney-qi and kidney-yang.

2) Goat (or sheep) tripe  Have one goat’s tripe washed clean, then add water to make soup; season and take it on an empty stomach, once a day, for four to five days successively. It can be used to treat the disease with failure of controlling urination caused by deficiency of the spleen-qi and lung-qi.

3) Pork urinary bladder  Have one pork urinary bladder washed clean and parched until it gives out fragrance and is done. Chew it slowly before swallowing it, or with a bit of wine.

4) Bitter Cardamon (Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae)  Have 9g of bitter cardamon parched with vinegar and ground into fine powder. Take it in three portions with boiled water, for six to seven days successively.

The two drugs listed above can both be applied to the disease with deficiency of the kidney-qi and kidney-yang.

5) Chinese chive seed (Semen Allii Tuberosi)  Have 9g of Chinese chive seeds ground into powder, and then mixed up with flour to make a round flat cake. Take it in two portions, once a day, for six to seven days successively.

6) Dried litchi (Fructus Litchi)  Take 10 Pieces of dried litchi once a day, for six to seven days successively.

The two drugs listed above can be used to treat the disease with deficiency of the spleen-qi and lung-qi.

 

3. Composite Recipes of medicated Diet

1) Gruel with a Hen (Muji Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Yellow hen                                                               1

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            120g

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu hedysari                                  30g

Prepared (steamed and dried) rehmannia root, Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata        15g

PROCESS  Have the hen rid of its feathers and internal organs, and cooked with astragalus roots and rehmannia roots until it is thoroughly done; get rid of the drugs and chicken bones. Put in the rice to make gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take it at will after seasoning it. It can be taken by the affected children who have the disease with either type of the above two syndromes.

3) Dog Meat Boiled with Black Soya Bean  (Heidou Zhu Gourou)

INGREDIENTS

Dog meat                                                       250g to 500g

Black soya bean Semen Sojae Nigrum                                        20g

PROCESS  Have the dog meat washed clean and cut into cubes; then make soup with

the meat and black soya beans for eating.

 

DIRECTIONS  Take it as a dose in two portions in one day, and take it every other day for five to six doses in all. This recipe is applicable to the disease belonging to deficiency of the kidney-qi.

3) Recipe of Pork Urinary Bladder and Sophora Flower (Zhupangguang Huaihua Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Pork urinary bladder                                                        1

Sophora flower, Flos Sophorae                                             15g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       15g

PROCESS  Have the pork urinary bladder cut open, washed clean and cut into cubes, and the sophora flowers and dangshen wrapped up with a piece of cloth; then put them into a pot and add water to cook them until the bladder is thoroughly done; remove the residues and take it after it’s seasoned.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose every other day and take seven to eight doses in all. This recipe is applicable to the disease caused by deficiency of both the spleen-qi and lung-qi.

4) Recipe of Black Plum, Silkworm Cocoori and Jujube (Wumei Canjian Hongzao Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Black (or green) plum, Fructus Mume                                         6g

Silkworm cocoon, Coccum Bombycis                                        20g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubea                                              10

White sugar                                                             50g

PORCESS  Make decoction for oral administration with the above ingredients.

DIRECTIONS  Take it before four o’clock p.m. every day, and that for days successively. It is applicable to the children who have the disease of the type with defiviency of the kidney-qi.

5) Recipe of Litchi and Longan (Lizhi Guiyuan Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Litchi, Fructus Litchi                                                    10pcs

Longan, Arillus Longan                                                  10pcs

PROCESS  Make decoction with litchi and longan, 10pcs each, and take it.

DIRECTIONS  It is applicable to the children who have the disease with deficiency of both the spleen-qi and lung-qi.

6) Recipe of Dangshen, Astragalus Root and Chicken’s Gizzard-skin (Shen Qi Neijin Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                  10g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       10g

Mantis egg-case, Ootheca Mantidis                                          10g

Chicken’s gizzard-skin, Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli                     10g

PROCESS  Make decoction with astragalus roots, Dangshen, mantis egg-case and chicken’s gizzard-skin, and take it.

DIRECTIONS  This recipe is applicable to the children who have the disease belonging to deficiency of both the spleen-qi and lung-qi.

 

Infantile Malnutrition

 

This syndrome is characterized by gaining no weight or even losing weight. Medicated dietetic treatment is relatively good for it.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One type is hypofunction of the spleen-qi, marked by dim and sallow complexion, emaciation, dried and withered hair tangling together like tassels, tiredness and sleepiness, dull eyes, loss of appetite for food and milk, a big head and a slender neck, distension and fullness in the stomach, restless sleep, pale tongue with greasy fur, and thready and feeble pulse.

2) Another type is insufficiency of both qi and blood, marked by pale complexion, skinny physique, cold limbs, dried and sparse hair, sleeping with eyes half-closed, weakness in crying, hollow abdomen, loss of appetite, indigestion, loose stool, pale tongue and weak and feeble pulse.

3) Carrot (Radix Dauci Carotae)  Steam a carrot until it is done and take it. Take one each day, for several days.

The three drugs listed above are applicable to the type of hypofunction of the spleen-qi.

4) Quail (Coturnix)  Have one quail rid of its feathers and internal organs and washed clean; steam it with a bit of salt and oil. Then, take it. It is applicable to the disease marked by insufficiency of both qi and blood.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Barley (Fructus Hordei)  Have some barley ground into granules as big as millets. Then, make gruel with it for eating.

2) Chicken’s gizzard-skin (Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli)  Have one chicken’s gizzard-skin washed clean baked dry and ground into fine powder. Take 0.6 to 0.9g each time, three times a day, with sugared boiled water.

3) Carrot (Radix Dauci Carotae)  Steam a carrot until it is done and take it. Take one each day, for several days.

4) Quail (Coturnix)  Have one quail rid of its feathers and internal organs and washed clean; steam it with a bit of salt and oil. Then, take it. It is applicable to the disease marked by insufficiency of both qi and blood.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Recipe of Chicken’s Gizzard-skin and Finless Eel (Neijin Shanyu)

INGREDIENTS

Finless eel, Monopterus Albus                                                1

Chicken’s gizzard-skin, Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli                      6g

PROCESS  Have one finless eel(rid of its internal organs) and 6g of chicken’s gizzard-skin steamed until they are done, and then seasoned with right amount of soy sauce for taking.

2) Gruel with the Powder of Chicken’s Gizzard-skin (Jizhenfen Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Chicken’s gizzard-skin, Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli                    6pcs.

Dried tangerine peel, Pericarpium citri Reticulatae                               3g

Amomum fruit, Fructus Amomi                                            1.5g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             30g

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Grind the chicken’s gizzard-skins, tangerine peel and amomum fruit into fine powder; make gruel with the rice and put in the powder after the gruel is done.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as gruel.

3) Cake with Jujube (Zaogao)

INGREDIENTS

Barley flour (or kaoliang flour, or millet flour)

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae

PROCESS  Make cakes with barley flour and jujubes.

DIRECTIONS  Take them after they are steamed.

4) Drink of Germinated Barley and Hawthorn Fruit (Maiya Shanzha Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Germinated barley, Fructus Hordei Germinatus                                10g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                             3g

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Have the germinated barley (Parched) and the hawthorn fruit slices (Parched) and the right amount of brown sugar decocted in water.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as a drink.

5) Human Milk (Rennai)

INGREDIENTS

Human milk, Lac Femininum                                       right amount

White sugar                                                             15g

PROCESS  Have the right amount of human milk and 15g of white sugar mixed up and then decocted in water.

DIRECTIONS  Take it two or three times a day, for six to seven days successively.

6) Drink of Dangshen and Roasted Millet (Dangshen Chaomi Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                   9 to 15g

Roasted millet (or rice)                                                    30g

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Put the roasted millet and Dangshen in a pot, add 2000ml of water; decoct them to make decoction until 700ml of water is left, season it with the brown sugar and take it as a drink.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose every other day and take four to five doses in all.

7) Gruel of Chinese Yam and Coix Seed (Shanyao Yiren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                      30 to 60g

Coix seed, Semen Coicis                                                   30g

Polished glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                       right amount

PROCESS  Have the Chinese yam and coix seeds roasted separately until they give out fragrance, and then ground into fine powder. Add the polished glutinous rice to make gruel for eating.

The composite recipes listed above are applicable to the trouble belonging to hypofunction of the spleen-qi.

8) Sugared Apple (Tang Pingguo)

INGREDIENTS

Apples, Mala Silvestria

Malt extract, Saccharum Granorum

Honey, Mel

PROCESS  Cook apples in malt extract and honey for eating.

9) Powder of the Crust of Cooked Millet (Xiaomi Jiaoba San)

INGREDIENTS

Millet crust

PROCESS  Have the crust of cooked millet baked dry and ground into fine powder.

DIRECTIONS  Take it with brown-sugared water.

10) Gruel with Chinese Yam (Shanyao Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Mutton                                                                500g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                         500g

Rice (or millet)                                                         250g

PROCESS  Have the mutton cooked and ground into a mash; have the Chinese yam ground into a mash; put the rice, the mutton and the Chinese yam into the mutton broth to make gruel for eating.

11) Gruel with Lotus Seed (Lianzi Zhou)

INGREIDENTS

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis (rid of the skins and plumules)

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

Granulated sugar

PORCESS  Make gruel in a usual method with lotus seeds, polished round-grained rice and granulated sugar.

12)  Soup with Ginseng, Astragalus Root and Pigeon (Shen Qi Gerou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Rdix Ginseng                                3g (or 9 to 15g of dangshen)

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                              9 to 15g

Bighead atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae                9g

Yong pigeon                                                            one

PROCESS  Have one pigeon rid of its feathers and internal organs; wrap up ginseng,

astragalus roots and bighead atractylodes in a piece of clean cloth; put the above ingredients in a stewing-plate with just the right amount of water. Stew it without its contacting water until the pigeon is done.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the soup and eat the flesh of the pigeon. Generally, take such a drug once every three days, and four to five times in all.

13) Recipe of Walnut Flesh and Larvae of Bombyx Mori (Hetao Canyong)

INGREDIENTS

Walnut flesh, Semen Juglandis                                       100 to 150g

Silkworm chrysalis, Larva Bombycis                                        50g

PROCESS  Have the silkworm chrysalis roasted a bit; put the silkworm chrysalis and the walnut flesh into a pot to stew it without contacting water until it is thoroughly done.

DIRECTIONS  Take such a drug every other day for five to seven days.

14) Milk with Clove and Ginger Juice (Dingxiang Jiangzhi Nai)

INGREDIENTS

Clove, Flos Caryophylli                                                2 grains

Ginger juice, Succus Zingiberis                                            20ml

Milk, Lac Bovis                                                        250g

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Decoct the first three ingredients together until the liquid boils; remove the cloves and add the white sugar.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, for ten days successively.

The above composite recipes can be chosen for oral use to treat the disease due to insufficiency of both qi and blood.

 

Pertussis

 

Pertussis is also known as “dunke” in traditional Chinese medicine, an acute respiratory infectious disease commonly found in children. It belongs to the category of “yike” in traditional Chinese medicine, which is marked by paroxysmal spasmodic cough, peculiar inspiratory croup after coughing, prolonged course, being obstinate and hard to cure.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

Typical pertussis can be divided into three periods, namely, the initial stage of cough, the stage of paroxysmal cough and convalescence. The course can be shortened and the paroxysmal spasmodic cough relieved if treated at the early stage.

1) The initial stage of cough  It is marked by rhinorrhea, sneezing, slight fever succeeded later by cough with expectoration which is more serious at night; flushed face, red lips, thick sputum, thin yellowish fur on the tongue, floating and rapid pulse may be found in those who are strong and have excessive heat in the lung and stomach; while pale complexion, pale tongue and lips, thin sputum, and deep, slippery and feeble pulse in those who are weak.

2) The stage of paroxysmal cough  It is marked by paroxysmal cough which is even more serious at night and may recur itself more than then times or even scores of times; oppressed feeling in chest and flushed face while coughing, high pitched croup while inhaling, expectorating a lot of phlegm and saliva or food after repeated paroxysmal coughing and then, stop coughing temporarily; dried mouth, red tongue with yellowish fur, and slippery and rapid pulse. Some affected children may expectorate sputum with blood, or even suffer from subconjunctival hemorrhage.

3) Convalescence  It is marked by relieved cough and lessened sputum, or dry cough which is serious at night and is relieved by day, red tongue with scant saliva, and thready and rapid pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Radish seed (Semen Raphani)  Have 6g of radish seeds ground into fine powder. Take it after mixing it with boiled water.

2) Stemona root (Radix Stemonae)  Have 9g of stemona roots decocted in water for oral administration.

3) Grasshopper (Oxya Chinensis)  Decoct 5 to 10 grasshoppers in water for oral administration. Take the decoction in three portions a day.

The above three drugs can be applied in both the initial stage of cough and the stage of paroxysmal cough.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Recipe of Pear and Tendril-leaved Fritillary Bulb (Chuanbei Li)

INGREDIENTS

Snow pear, Pyrus Nivalis                                                    1

Tendril-leaved fritillary bulb, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae                        3g

PROCESS  Have the pear washed clean and rid of its core; grind the tendril-leaved fritillary bulb into fine powder; put the powder into the hollow center of the pear; cover the pear properly and put it in a bowl to steam in a bamboo or wooden utensil for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, for three to five days successively.

2) Recipe of Crystal Sugar and Chinese Cabbage (Bingtang Dabaicai)

INGREDIENTS

Root of Chinese cabbage, Rhizoma Brassicae Pekinensis                           2

Crystal sugar                                                           30g

PROCESS  Have the Chinese cabbage roots washed clean and decocted together with the crystal sugar in water for drinking.

DIRECTIONS  Take three doses a day, for four to six days successively.

3) Mashed Garlic (Dasuanni)

INGREDIENTS

Garlic, Pasta Bulbi Allii                                                   50g

White sugar                                                             15g

PROCESS  Pound the garlic into a mash, mix it thoroughly with white sugar, and then put in cold boiled water to soak it for two days and nights; remove the residue by filtering before it can be taken.

4) Recipe of Potherb Mustard and Pork Tripe (Xuelihong Zhudu)

INGREDIENTS

Pork tripe                                                                 1

Ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                       3 slices

Onion, Bulbus Allii Caepae                                           half a bulb

Potherb mustard, Herba Brassicae Junceae                                    30g

PROCESS  Boil the above ingredients together until the pork tripe is thoroughly done and then add a bit of salt.

DIRECTIONS  Take one third of the pork tripe together with some of the soup at a time, once a day, for fifteen days successively (five pork tripes altogether). This recipe is applied to those who have bad physique.

 

The above recipes can be used by the sick children in the initial stage of cough.

5) Pills with Bile of Chicken’s Gall Bladder (Jikudan Wan)

INGREDIENTS

Chicken’s gall bladder, Fel Gallinaceum

White sugar

PROCESS  Make pills the size of mung beans with the bile of chicken’s gall bladder and white sugar.

DIRECTIONS  Take one pill at a time, three times a day.

6) Gruel with Bamboo Juice (Zhuli Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Bamboo juice, Succus Bambosae

Millet, Semen Setariae Italicae

PROCESS  Get bamboo juice and millet which are half and half. Make gruel with the millet and put in the bamboo juice when the gruel is done. Stir thoroughly to get the gruel and the bamboo juice mixed well.

DIRECTIONS  Take the gruel.

7) Gruel with Perilla Fruit (Suzi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Perilla fruit, Fructus Perillae                                               2.5g

Rice (or millet)                                                         250g

Have the perilla fruit washed clean, ground and filtered to obtain extract; make gruel with the extract of perilla fruit and rice (or millet).

8) Decoction of Peanut and Safflower (Huasheng Honghua Dai Cha Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Peanut kernel, Semen Arachidis                                             15g

Safflower, Flos Carthami                                                  1.5g

Watermelon seed, Semen Citrulli                                            15g

Crystal sugar                                                            30g

PROCESS  Pound the watermelon seeds into pieces and decoct them in water with peanut kernels, safflowers and crystal sugar.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as a drink and eat the peanut kernels. Take a dose a day, for several days successively.

9) Recipe of Chestnut  Kernel and Preserved Waxgourd (Liren Donggua Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Chestnut kernel, Semen Castanae                                            30g

Preserved Waxgourd, Fructus Benincasae                                     30g

Corn stigma, Stigma Maydis                                                 6g

Crystal sugar                                                            30g

PROCESS  Put the chestnut kernels, corn stigma and preserved Waxgourd into a pot, add 500ml of water and boil it until 250ml of water is left; add sugar and get it mixed thoroughly into the water.

DIRECTIONS  Take the decoction as a drink, once a day, for 10 to 15 days successively.

The above recipes are applicable to the cases in the stage of paroxysmal cough.

10) Decoction of Sesame, Peanut and Honey (Zhima Huasheng Mi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

White sesame, Semen Sesami Album                                         50g

Peanut kernel, Semen Arachidis                                             30g

Honey, Mel                                                             50g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water and take the decoction after it is done.

DIRECTIONS  It is taken once a day, for 3 to 5 days successively.

11) Decoction of Jujube and Arborvitae Tops (Hongzao Bianbai Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                           10pcs.

Arborvitae tops, Cacumen Biotae                                           15g

PROCESS  Have the jujubes rid of the stones; Put the jujubes and arborvitae tops in a pot to decoct them in water.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the decoction. Take a dose a day, and take it for several days.

12) Recipe of Tremella and Crystal Sugar (Yin’er Bingtang)

INGREDIENTS

Tremella, Tremella                                                       10g

Crystal sugar                                                            20g

PROCESS  Decoct the tremella and crystal sugar in water so as to make decoction for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, for three to five days.

The above three recipes can be applied to the cases in convalescence.

 

Infantile Diarrhea

 

The main symptoms of this disease are marked by increased times of defcating, simultaneously accompanied with fever and mild vomiting, etc. Medicated dietetic therapy has a certain effect upon this disease.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One of the syndromes is impairment by overeating, marked by abdominal distension and pain, feces mixed up with indigested food which have a sour and fetid odor, abdominal pain ameliorated after the discharge of stools, accompanied with milk-mass vomiting, loss of appetite, sending out air with fetid odor, feverish sensation in the palms and soles, thick and greasy fur on the tongue, and slippery and rapid pulse.

2) Another one is the type of damp-heat, which is commonly found in summer, marked by sudden onset of the disease, fever and vomiting, spouting diarrhea and tenesmus, watery feces usually with yellow-greenish colour, frequent diarrhea occurring more than then times a day and with a sour and fetid odor, accompanied with irritability and thirst, scanty and yellowish urine, pale tongue with yellowish ad greasy fur, and floating and rapid pulse.

3) The third type is deficiency of the spleen, marked by diarrhea occurring several times a day, indigestion, thin and weak physique, sallow complexion, loss of appetite, sleeping with eyes half-closed, pale lips, pale and thick and tender tongue with little or thin and whitish fur, and thready, feeble pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Dried tangerine (Fructus Citri Reticulatae)  Soak some dried tangerines in boiling water for drinking.

2) Radish seed (Semen Raphani)  Have some radish seeds parched and ground into powder; make gruel with the powder and rice (or millet).

It is applicable to the type of diarrhea due to impairment by overeating.

3) plantain seed (Semen Plantaginis)  Decot 15g of plantain seeds in water. Drink the decoction in a small amount at short intervals.

4) Apple (Mala Silvestria)  Take mashed apples or apples which are done by burning in fire.

The above two recipes are applicable to the diarrhea of damp-heat type.

5) Gordon euryale seed (Semen Eruyales)  Cook Gordon euryales seeds to make gruel which should be thoroughly done. It is applicable to the diarrhea of spleen-deficiency type.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Gruel with Chicken’s Gizzard-skin, Chinese Yam and Radish Seed (Neijin Shanyao Fuzi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Radish seed, Semen Raphani                                                9g

Chicken’s gizzard-skin, Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli                     6g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                   right amount

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  First, decoct the radish seeds and chicken’s gizzard-skin in water to get extract; then, put in the Chinese yam to make gruel. Mix it with white sugar and take it.

DIRECTIONS  Children under the age of one year take about 10g at a time, the total gruel to be taken in two or three protions in one day; children above the age of one year can take as much as is thought fit. Take the drug for 3 to 5 days successively.

2) Decoction of Carrot and Hawthorn Fruit  (Huluobo Shanzha Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh carrot, Radix Dauci Carotae                                             2

Parched hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                     15g

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose in several portions in one day, and take it for 2 to 3 days.

3) Gruel of Parched Rice Flour (Mifen Hu)

INGREDEINTS

Rice (or millet) flour                                               right amount

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Have the rice flour parched brown, add water and white sugar to make thin gruel. Take such gruel once or twice a day, for several days.

4) Gruel with Hawthorn Fruit (Shanzha Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                      30 to 40g (or 60g of fresh fruit)

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

Granulated sugar                                                        100g

PROCESS  Decoct the hawthorn fruit in an earthernware pot to get thick extract; add rice and sugar after removing the dregs so as to make gruel.

DIRECTIONS  It is applicable especially to those who have the disease due to impairment caused by overeating meat.

The above recipes of medicated diet are all applicable to the diarrhea due to impairment caused by overeating.

5) Recipe of White Hyacinth Bean and Tea-Leaves (Bai biandou Chaye Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Tea leaves, Thea                                                          9g

White hyacinth bean, Semen Dolichoris Album                                  9g

White sugar                                                             50g

PROCESS  Cook the above ingredients in 500ml of water until it boils.

DIRECTIONS  Drink it after it cools. Take a dose a day, for two to three days.

6) Recipe of Raw Coix Seed and Pulsatilla Root (Shengyimi Baitouweng Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Raw coix seed, Semen Coics                                                30g

Pulsatilla root, Radix Pulsatillae                                             15g

Husked sorghum, Semen Sorghi                              an appropriate amount

White sugar                                              an appropriate amount

 

PROCESS  Pop the husked sorghum in a pot and have 6g of it decocted in water together with raw coix seeds and pulsatilla roots to make decoction; add white sugar for oral administration.

DIREDTIONS  A dose is to be taken in two or three separate portions a day for several days successively.

7) Gruel with Coix Seed (Yimi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Coix seed, Semen Coicis                                          2 or 3 portions

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                         1 portion

PORCESS  First, have the coix seeds cooked in water until they are thoroughly done, then, put in the rice to make gruel.

8) Drink of Oriental Wormwood and Tangerine Peel ( Yinchen Jupi Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Oriental wormwood, Herba Artemisiae Capillaris                              10g

Tangerine peel, Pericapium Citri Reticulatae                                  10g

PROCESS  Decoct the oriental wormwood and tangerine peel in water to make decoction for drinking.

The above recipes of medicated diet are applicable to the diarrhea of damp-heat type.

9) Gruel of Chinese Yam (Shanyao Zhou)  (For this, see Infantile Malnutrition).

10) Gruel with Chinese Yam and Hyacinth Bean (Shanyao Biandou Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae

White hyacinth bean, Semen Dolichoris Album

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PORCESS  Cook gruel with Chinese yam, white hyacinth beans and polished round-grained rice.

11) Gruel with Cherokee Rose-hip (Jinyingzi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae

PROCESS  Cook polished round-grained rice and Cherokee rose-hip to make gruel for eating.

12) Gruel of Husked Sorghum, Polished Round-grained Rice and Husked Broomcorn Millet (San Mi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Husked sorghum, Semen Sorghi                                             50g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

Husked broomcorn millet, Semen panici                                      50g

Bees wax, Cera Flava                                                      6g

DIRECTIONS  Take 10ml at a time, twice a day, in the morning and in the evening.

13) Decoction of Dangshen, Poria and Jujube (Shen Ling Dazao Tang)

INGREDEINTS

Dangshen, Radix codonopsis Pilosulae                                        6g

Poria, Poria                                                              9g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                             5pcs

Roasted rice or millet                                                     30g

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water to make decoction for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose several times a day, for two or three days successively.

The above recipes are applicable to the diarrhea of spleen-deficiency type.

 

Rickets

 

This is an infantile disease of chronic malnutrition, caused mainly by lack of vitamin D. It is called “xiaoer ruo zheng”, ie. Infantile syndrome of weakness in traditional Chinese medicine. Medicated dietetic treatment has a comparatively good curative effect on the disease.

 

1.Common Type of Syndromes

Insufficiency of the kidney-qi is the main syndrome of rickets, marked by irritability, increasing cry, hyperhidrosis on the head, followed by subsequent skeletal changes such as cephalus quadratus, chicken breast and bowlegs, etc.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Eggshell (Hen’s)  Have several eggshells baked dry on a tile and then ground into powder.  Take 6g at a time with rice (or millet) water, once or twice a day).

2) Armillaria mellea (Armillaria Mellea)  Grind 500g of armillaria mellea into fine powder. Take 6g at a time with boiled water, twice a day.

3) Pig bone  Have pig bones baked dry and ground into fine powder. Take 6 to 9g after meals.

4) Ox bone  Have ox bones baked crisp and then ground into fine powder. Take 3g after meals.

5) Shark flesh  Have 250g of shark flesh seasoned with spices and cooked. Take it often as a dish with cooked rice (or bread).

6) River snail (Cipangopaludina Chinensis)  Put 250g of river snails in clean water for 24 hours, and then stew them in clean water and season them with salt. Take the soup often.

7) Oyster flesh (Caro Ostreae)  Cook 100g of fresh oyster flesh together with noodles and spices. Take it as a snack.

8) Miscellanies Foods rich in vitamin D such as meat, milk, egg, liver, cod-liver oil, yeast, etc. can be chosen for use as one likes.

 

 3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Decoction of Cuttle-bone and Tortoise Plastron (Wuzegu Guiban Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Cuttle-bone, Os Sepiella seu Sepiae                                          10g

Tortoise plastron, Plastrum Testudinis                                        12g

Rubia root, Radix Rubiae                                                   6g

Brown sugar                                             an appropriate amount

PROCESS  First, decoct the cuttle-bone, the tortoise plastron and rubia roots in water; add brown sugar when it becomes warm cools for a while and drink it.

DIRECTIONS  Take it three times a day.

2) Pill of Clam Shell and Pangolin Scales (Geqiao Shanjia Wan)

INGREIDENTS

Clam shells, Concha Meretricis seu Cyclinae                                  30g

Prepared turtle shell, Carapax Trionycis                                      30g

Prepared pangolin scales, Squama Manitis Praeparata                           30g

PROCESS  Grind the above ingredients into fine powder and mix it with just the right amount of honey to make pills.

DIRECTIONS  Take 3g at a time, twice a day with cooked rice (or millet) water.

3) Pill of Fleece-flower Root and Achyranthes Root (Heshouwu Niuxi Wan)

INGREDIENTS

Fleece-flower root, Radix Polygoni Multiflori                                 500g

Achyranthes root, Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae                               500g

Wine                                                                500ml

PROCESS  Soak the fleece-flower roots and achyranthes roots in the wine for seven days and then take them out, dry them in the sun and grind them into fine powder. Mix it with flesh of jujubes to make pills the size of mung beans.

DIRECTIONS  Take 30 to 50 pills at a time.

4) Decoction of Tortoise Plastron and Drynaria Rhizome (Guiban Suibu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Tortoise plastron, Plastrum Testudinis                                         9g

Drynaria rhizome, Rhizoma Dryariae                                          9g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis                                                9g

PROCESS  Decoct the tortoise plastron, the drynaria rhizome and Dangshen in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  This recipe can be used to treat infantile metopism.

 

Section 11  Ophthalmic Diseases and Syndromes

 

Acute Conjunctivitis

 

Acute Conjunctivitis is an acute ocular disease caused by bacterial or viral infection popularly known as “hong yan bing”(pinkeye) in China. It manifest itself prominently as acute congestion in conjunctiva and increased secretion. It is termed “tianxing chiyan” (acute contagious conjunctivitis) or “baofa huoyan” (epidemic hemorrhagic conjunctivitis) in traditional Chinese medicine.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One is wind-heat type, marked by red eyes at the initial stage, alternate pain and itch, shedding tears, fear of light, thin and yellowish fur on the tongue, and slippery and rapid pulse.

2) Another one is noxious heat type, marked by apparent red and swollen eyes, tears with mucopurulent secretion, red tongue with yellowish and greasy fur, and floating and rapid pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Balsam pear (Fructus Momordicae Charantia)  Have one balsam pear cut open to remove its pulp; have it dried in the sun and baked, then grind it into powder. Take 5g at a time with the decoction made with rush pith (Medulla Junci). It can be applied to wind0heat type.

2) Dandelion herb (Herba Taraxaci)  Decoct 60g to 120g of fresh dandelion herb in water for oral administration. It is applied to noxious heat type.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Decoction of Wild Chrysanthemum Flower and Spinach Seed (Yejuhua Bocai Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Spinach seed, Fructus Spinaciae Oleraceae                                     9g

Wild chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici                           9g

PROCESS  Have 9g of spinach seeds and 9g of wild chrysanthemum flowers decocted in wtater for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take the decoction twice a day, for several days successively.

2) Decoction of Tremella (Baimuer Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Tremella, Tremella                                                       30g

Green tea, Folium Camelliae Viride                                           6g

Crystal sugar                                                            50g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water in a pot.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the tremella and drink the decoction. Take a dose a day, for several days successively.

The above two composite recipes of medicated diet are applicable to wind-heat type.

3) Decoction of Portulaca and Day Lilly (Machixian Huanghuacai Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Portulaca, Herba Portulacae                                               30g

Day lily, Flos Hemerocallis Immaturus                                       30g

PORCESS  Decoct the portulaca and day lilies in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take the decoction twice a day, for four or five days.

4) Soft Extract of Sheep’s Gallbladder and Honey (Yangdan Fengmi Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Sheep’s gallbladder, Fel Ovis

Honey, Mel                                              an appropriate amount

PROCESS  Get the bile of the sheep’s (or goat’s) gall-bladders and put it into the honey; then concentrate the mixture in a pot into soft extract for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take it after mixing it with boiling water, 10 to 15g at a time, twice a day.

5) Decoction of Aster Scaber and Climbing Groundsel (Dongfeng Qianli Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Aster scaber, Herba Asteris Scabri                                           15g

Climbing groundsel, Herba Senecionis Scandentis                              15g

PROCESS  Decoct the aster scaber and climbing groundsel in water for oral administration.

6) Decoction of Young Plant of Chinese Wolfberry and Mulberry Leaf (Gouqi Sangye Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh young plant of Chinese wolfberry, Germen Lycii Recens                    30g

Fresh plantain herb, Herba Plantaginis Recens                                 30g

Fresh mulberry leaf, Folium Mori Recens                                    60g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in just the right amount of water for oral administration.

7) Decoction of Japanese St.Johns Wort and Dandelion Herb (Dier Gongying Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Japanese St. Johns wort, Herba Hyperici Japonici                               15g

Dandelion herb, Herba Taraxaci                                            30g

Wild chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici                          15g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water for oral administration.

The above recipes can be applied to noxious heat type.

 

Night Blindness

 

It is a kind of pathological change in the eye caused by lack of vitamin A, which is also termed “que mu” or “jimangyan” in traditional Chinese medicine.

 

1. Common Type of Syndromes

Insufficiency of both the liver and kidney is the most common syndrome with clinical manifestations of gradual decrease in tears, dim vision at night or even being unable to see objects at all. Some patients may concurrently have dry skin, desquamation, pale tongue with little fur, and thready and uneven pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Carrot (Radix Dauci Carotae)  Have just the right amount of carrots washed clean, cut into slices and steamed. Take as much as one pleases.

2) Chicken liver  Have one or two chicken livers cooked in water and take it after dipping it in soy sauce, once a day, frequently over a period of time.

3) Shepherd’s purse (Herba Capsellae)  Decoct 60g of it for oral use. It is to be taken twice a day.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Sweet Potato Leaf  Cooked With Sheep Liver (Hongshuye Zhu Yanggan)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh tender sweet potato leaf, Folium Ipomoeae Batatis                        100g

Sheep (or goat) liver                                                      90g

PROCESS  Have the sweet potato leaves and sheep liver cooked together in water (don’t cook them too long).

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, for 5 to 7 days successively.

2) Recipe of Bat’s Feces and Pork Liver (Yemingsha Zhugan Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Pork liver (cut into bits)                                              90 to 120g

Bat’s feces, Excrementum Vespertilii                                         15g

PORCESS  Make decoction with bat’s feces; remove the dregs from it and scald the pork liver with the boiling decoction.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the decoction and eat the liver. Take a dose a day and 2 to 3 doses successively.

3) Recipe of Spinach, Pipewort and Sheep Liver (Bocai Gujingcao Yanggan Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Spinach, Herba Spinaciae                                                 500g

Sheep liver                                                               1

Pipewort, Flos Eriocauli                                                   15g

PROCESS  Make decoction with the above ingredients.

DIRECETIONS  Eat the liver and drink the decoction. Take a dose a day, and 3 to 4 doses successively.

4) Decoction of Chicken Liver and Silkworm Excrement (Jigan Cansha Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Chicken liver                                                              1

Mulberry leaf, Folium Mori                                                15g

Late silkworm excrement, Excrementum Bombycis                             15g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day, and several doses successively.

5) Pills of Rutabaga Seed (Datoucaizi Wan)

INGREDIENTS

Rutabaga seed, Semen Brassicae Rapae                                     1000g

Spirits                                                  an appropriate amount

Honey, Mel                                                   a certain amount

PROCESS  Soak the seeds in the spirits for a night; take them out and steam them without letting them contact with water for 20 minutes; dry them in the sun and grind them into fine powder. Make pills as big as soy beans by mixing the powder with the honey.

DIRECTIONS  Take 6g at a time, twice a day, with millet (or rice) water, for several days successively.

6) Recipe of Celosia Seen and Black Chinese-date (Qingxiangzi Heizao Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Black Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae Praeparatae                       500g

Celosia seed, Semen Celosiae                                             100g

Honey, Mel                                                            500g

PROCESS  Have the celosia seeds decocted in water, take out the extract every 20 minutes, then add water to decoct them again; put together the extract obtained at three times; boil the black Chinese-date in the extract until they ate thoroughly done; when the remaining extract is boiling dry, add honey and mix them thoroughly.

 

DIRECTIONS  Put the mixture in bottle for later use. Take 15g each time, once a day.

7) Recipe of Sheep Liver and Mustard Seed (yanggan Jiecaizi Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Sheep liver                                                               1

Mustard seed, Semen Sinapis                                               12g

Outer layers of bamboo shoots                                                4

PORCESS  Have the sheep liver washed clean and cut into four cubes; have the mustard seeds roasted dark and ground into fine powder; scatter the powder over the sheep liver cubes; wrap up the cubes with the outer layers of the bamboo shoots; then, steam them in a food steamer.

DIRECTIONS  They are to be taken in two separate doses in a day.

8) Recipe of Fish Liver and Egg (Yugan Jidan Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Fish liver (rid of the gallbladder)                                              1

Egg (hen’s)                                                               2

Fermented soya bean, Semen Sojae Fermentum                                15g

PROCESS  Take the decoction, eggs and all, after they are done.

9) Recipe of Grass Carp Intestine and Egg (Caoyuchang Jidan Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Grass carp intestine                                                      1 set

Egg (hen’s)                                                               2

PORCESS  First, have the grass carp intestines washed clean and cut into short sections, add eggs and just the right amount of water. Mix them thoroughly, stew them until they are done for eating.

10) Drink of Sheep Liver for Improving Sight (Yanggan Mingmu Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Sheep liver                                                             60g

Pigwort, Flos Eriocauli                                                   10g

White chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                              10g

PORCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water for taking.

11) Cake for Replenishing the Kidney (Bu Shen Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                      right amount

Chestnut, Castanea                                                right amount

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                   right amount

Dried longan aril, Arillus Longan                                    right amount

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                       right amount

PROCESS  Make cakes or snacks for eating with the right amount of walnut kernel, chestnut, Chinese yam, dried longan aril and wolfberry.

 

Senile Cataract

 

Senile cataract is a kind of visual disturbance caused by partial or complete lens opacity in the eyeball due to one’s getting on in years. This disease manifests itself mainly as hypopsia, dim vision, seeming smog before the eye, even loss of eyesight. It is termed “yuanyi neizhang” or “ruyin neizhang” in traditional Chinese medicine.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One of the syndromes is deficiency of the kidney-yin, marked by dizziness, tinnitus, physical fatigue, soreness and pain in the back and loins, red tongue with little fur, and thready and feeble pulse in addition to the above symptoms.

 

2) Another syndrome is deficiency of the liver and spleen, marked by either poor or somewhat poor sight of both eyes, sight weakening with each passing day, dizziness and yellowish complexion, bitter taste and dry throat, listlessness, myasthenia of limbs and body, pale tongue with thin whitish fur, and wiry, thready and feeble pulse.

 

2. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Decoction of Siberian Solomonseal Rhizome and Wolfberry Fruit (Huangjing Gouqi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Siberian solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati                             15g

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                               9g

Chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysantemi                                     3g

Nacre, Concha Margaritifera Usta                                           18g

Dried tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                              9g

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PORCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day, for 10 to 15 days successively. This recipe can be applied to the disease caused by deficiency of the kidney-yin.

2) Gruel for Replenishing both the Liver and the Spleen (Gan Pi Shuang Bu Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Bat’s feces, Excrementum Vespertilii                                          9g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                          30g

Dodder seed, Semen Cuscutae                                               9g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

Brown sugar                                             an appropriate amount

PROCESS  Wrap up the bat’s feces, Chinese yam and dodder seeds in a piece of cloth; add 2500ml of water and heat it until 1500ml is left; put in rice and brown sugar to make gruel after removing the dregs.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day, 15 to 20 doses successively.

3) Pill of Sparrow (Que’er Wan)

INGREDIENTS

Sparrow, Passer montanus saturatus                                          10

Magnetite, Magnetitum                                                    30g

Medicated leaven, Massa Fermentata Medicinalis                              30g

Halite, Halitum                                                          30g

Desertliving cistanche, Herba Cistanchis                                      30g

Dodder seed, Semen Cuscutae                                              90g

Dried tangerine peel, Pericarpium citri Reticulatae                               9g

Rice (or millet) wine                                               right amount

Honey, Mel                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Have the sparrows rid of the feathers, wings, claws and beaks, and ground (intestines, stomach, bones, flesh into vinegar repeatedly for seven times, then grind it into fine powder; grind the medicated leaven into fine powder after it is roasted; grind the halite and desertliving cistanche into powder after they have been soaked in wine and wine-fried; grind the dodder seeds into powder after they have been soaked in wine for three days and dried in the sun. Make pills, 6g each, by refining into soft extract the mixture of the above medicinal powder with millet (or rice) wine and honey.

DIRECTIONS  Take 20 pills at a time, twice a day, after its infusion with warm wine. Take several doses successively.

 

 

Section 12  E.N.T. Diseases and Syndromes

 

Tinnitus refers to such a morbid condition in which a sound rings in one ear or both ears, like the chirping of cicadae, or like the swashing of the water, or like the sound of a bell or a drum.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One of the syndromes is flaming up of liver-and-gall-bladder fire, marked by sudden ringing in the ear accompanied with headache, flushed face, or seeming deafness as if the ears were stuffed up, irritability, conjunctival congestion, bitter taste in the mouth, constipation, red tongue with thin and yellowish fur, and taut and rapid pulse.

2) Another syndrome is flaming up of phlegm-fire from the spleen and stomach, marked by ringing at times in the ears, accompanied with oppressed feeling in the chest and fullness in the abdomen, vomiting phlegm, bitter and greasy taste in the mouth, or seeming deafness as if the ears were stuffed up, difficulty in urination and defecation, yellowish greasy fur on the tongue, and slippery and rapid pulse.

3) The third type is failure of nourishing the ears due to deficiency of the kidney essence, marked by ringing in the ears, which is even more severe after noon and at night and recurs frequently and lasts for a long time, and a condition that worsens gradually, accompanied with dizziness, or hardness of hearing which is so severe as if the ears were deaf, soreness of the waist, emission, pale tongue, and deep and thready pulse, especially chi pulse (cubit pulse) which is extremely feeble.

 

2. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Gruel of Chrysanthemum Flower (Juhua Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Chrysanthemum flower, Pulvis Flois Chysanthemi                          10 to 15g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

PROCESS  Make gruel for eating with 10 to 15g of chrysanthemum flower powder and 60g of polished round-grained rice.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day, and several doses successively.

2) Decoction of Bupleurum Root, Capejasmine and Trichosanthes Root (Chai Zhi Huafen Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Bupleurum root, Radix Bupleuri                                              9g

Capejasmine, Fructus Gardeniae                                             9g

Trichosanthes root, Radix Trichosanthis                                       18g

Water chestnut, Pulvis Heleodaris                                           30g

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Decoct the first three drugs in water; add the powder of water chestnut and white sugar after removing the dregs, then, boil it for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day, and 7 or 8 doses successively.

The above two recipes can be applied to patients manifested as the type of flaming up of liver-gallbladder fire.

3) Gruel of Celery (Qincai Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Celery (with roots), Herba Agii                                            120g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            250g

PROCESS  Make gruel for eating with 120g of celery and 250g of polished round-grained rice.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day successively over a period of time.

4) Recipe of Tangerine Peel and Poria (Chenpi Fuling Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                   9g

Poria, Poria                                                             15g

Chlorite-schist, Lapis Chloriti                                              18g

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                              30g

Sugar                                                          right amount

PROCESS  Make decoction with the first three drugs and remove the dregs; put in the lotus seeds and brown sugar to cook them thoroughly for eating.

DIRECITIONS  Take a dose a day, 8 to 10 doses successively.

The above two recipes can be applied to patients with the type of flaming up of phlegm-fire from the spleen and stomach.

5) Dog Meat Stewed with Black Soy Bean (Gourou Dun Heidou)

INGREIDENTS

Dog’s meat                                                            250g

Black soy bean, Semen Sojae Nigrum                                        60g

PROCESS  Have the dog meat and black soy beans cooked thoroughly.

DIRECTIONS  Take it in two separate doses, once in the morning and in the evening. Take it every other day, for 2 or 3 weeks successively.

6) Decoction for Replenishing the Kidney and Nourishing the Ear (Bu Shen Chong Er Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dogwood fruit, Fructus Corni                                               9g

Psoralea fruit, Fructus Psoralea                                              9g

Rhizome of wind-weed, Rhizoma Anemarrhenae                                9g

Tortoise plastron, Plastrum Testudinis                                        18g

Lean pork                                                              90g

PROCESS  Make decoction with the first four drugs wrapped up in cloth and then remove the dregs; add the lean pork into the decoction and cook it thoroughly.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the meat and drink the decoction. Take a dose a day, and 7 or 8 doses successively.

The above two recipes can be applied to patients with the type of failure of nourishing the ears, which results from deficiency of the kidney essence.

 

Pharyngitis

 

Pharyngitis is divided into two kinds: acute and chronic. Acute pharyngitis, because of widespread red swelling int the part of throat, belongs to the category “houbi”(inflammation of the throat) in traditional Chinese medicine; while chronic pharyngitis belongs to the category of “meihe qi” (globus hystericus) because of apparent foreign body sensation in the part of throat. Medicated dietetic treatment is a desirable auxiliary aid to treating this disease.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One is the type of invasion of the throat by wind-heat, marked by fever and chills at the onset, red swelling in the part of the pharynx, dry mouth with a feeling of burning, apparent pain and increasing secretion in the part of throat, headache and feeling of fullness in the head, red tongue with thin yellowish fur, and slippery and rapid pulse.

2) Another type is impairment of the lung-yin caused by lung heat, manifested as dryness and discomfort in the part of the pharynx, slight pain, apparent foreign body sensation, abundant and thick expectoration, deep-red tongue with little fur, and taut and rapid pulse; dark red retropharynx with bumps of lymph follicles can be seen when examined.

 

 

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Frost-weathered luffa (Fructus Luffae)  Have one luffa cut into pieces and decocted in water for drinking. If there is no frost-weathered luffa available , a tender one will do either, pound it into a mash, infuse the mash with water for gargling; or, take a spoonful once with boiled water, three times a day, it can be applied to cases with the type of invasion of the pharynx by wind-heat.

2) Chinese white olive (Fructus Canarii)  Have one fresh Chiense white olive washed clean; keep it in the mouth and chew its juice out; stop chewing and kep the juice in the mouth, swallow the juice slowly after mixing it with saliva. A few minutes later, repeat the chew-swallow process again. A Chinese white olive is kept in the mouth and chewed slowly for about 20 minutes. After chewing, swallow the dregs and spit out the stone. Chew 3 to 4 Chinese white olives this way successively at a time, twice a day, in the morning and in the afternoon respectively, after meals. The patients of chronic pharyngitis should apply this recipe frequently over a period of time before it begins to exert desirable curative effect.

3) persimmon frost (Mannosum Kaki)  Take 3g of persimmon frost in three separate doses a day after dissolving it in warm water.

4) Water chestnut (Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae)  Have a number of water chestnuts washed clean, peeled and then wrung to obtain the juice. Add a bit of white sugar for drinking.

5) Luohanguo (Fructus Momordicae Grosvenori)  Have some Luohanguo washed clean, pounded into pieces and then add water to make decoction; take out the decoction 30 minuteslater and add water to make decoction again, and again for the third time; put together all the decoction thus obtained at three times and go on decocting, after removing the dregs, to make it concentrated. Stop decocting when it is getting slightly sticky and thick. Wait for it to cool, add 500g of white sugar and mix thoroughly. Dry the mixture in the sun and grind it into pieces and keep it in a bottle for later use. Take 10g at a time, 3 to 5 times a day, after infusing it with boiling water.

The above three recipes are suitable for those suffering from the type of impairment of lung-yin by lung-heat.

 

3. Composite recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Drink of Radish and Chinese Olive (Luobo Ganlan Dai Cha Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Radish, Napus                                                          100g

Chinese olive, Fructus Canarii                                              30g

PROCESS  Decoct the radish and Chinese olives in water to make decoction.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as a drink, a dose a day, and 5 to 7 doses successively.

2) Gruel for Relieving Exterior Syndrome and Sore throat (Jie Biao Li Yang Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Schizonepeta, Herba Schizonepetae                                           9g

Platycodon root, Radix Platycodi                                            12g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                               6g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

PROCESS  Decoct the first three drugs which are wrapped up in cloth to obtain the decoction and remove the dregs. Add the rice into the decoction to make gruel for eating.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day and several doses successively.

3) White Radish Boiled with Chinese White Olive (Bailuobo Zhu Qingguo)

INGREDIENTS

White radish, Radix Raphani                                              250g

Chinese white olive, Fructus Canarii                                       5 pcs.

PROCESS  Have the white radish washed clean and cut into slices, and the Chinese white olives pounded into pieces; add 700ml of water to cook them until they are well-done.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day and 5 or 6 doses successively.

The above three recipes are suitable for the type of pharyngitis resulting from wind-heat invading the pharynx.

4) Drink of Scrophularia Root (Xuanshen Cha)

INGREIDENTS

Scrophularia root, Radix Scrophulariae                                       15g

Ophiopogon root, Radix Ophiopogonis                                        9g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                               3g

PROCESS  Decoct the ingredients in water.

DIRECTIONS  Take the decoction as a drink.

5) Sugared Kelp (Tangyan Haidai)

INGREDIENTS

Kelp, Thallus Laminariae                                                 300g

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Have the kelp washed clean, cut into thin slices and scaladed in boiling water for a moment, and then take the kelp out and preserve it in white sugar for three days.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, 30g at a time.

6) Distillate of Scrophularia Root and Radish for Removing Pathogenic Heat from the Throat (Xuanshen Luobo Qing Yan Lu)

INGREDIENTS

White radish, Radix raphani                                               300g

Scrophularia root, Radix Scrophulariae                                       15g

Arctium fruit, Fructus Arctii                                                15g

Honey, Mel                                                             80g

Rice(or millet) wine                                                     20ml

PROCESS  Have the radish washed clean and cut into slices; have the scrophularia roots and arctium fruits washed clean and soaked in the wine for later use. Put a layer of radish slices in a porcelain basin, and on this layer, a layer of scrophularia roots and arctium fruits; drench them with about 10g of honey; put 4 or 5 layers this way; add 20ml of cold water into the remaining honey, and pour it into the porcelain basin. Steam the drugs over a brisk fire for two hours with the drugs not contacting water and then stop steaming.

DIRECTIONS  Warm it up every day in a steamer for oral administration. Take it twice a day, 50ml of the distillate and 4 slices of radish at a time.

7) Recipe of Rhizome of Wind-weed, Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome and Honey (Zhimu Yuzhu Mi)

INGREDIENTS

Rhizome of wind-weed, Rhizoma Anemarrhenae                               60g

Fragrant solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Poligonati Odorati                      60g

Honey, Mel                                                           1000g

PROCESS  Have the rhizome of wind-weed and fragrant solomonseal rhizome washed clean quickly and put in an ear-then-ware pot; add 1500ml of cold water and heat it over a slow fire until 500ml is left; filter out the first extract; add 700ml of cold water and heat it until 300ml is left, filter out the second extract and remove the dregs. Pour the first and second extract and honey into a big porcelain basin, and then cover it properly. Steam it for two hours over a brisk fire with the drugs not contacting water. Then, stop steaming, let it cool, put it in a bottle and seal the bottle.

DIRECTIONS  Take 15ml each time, three times a day, with warm boiled water after meals.

8) Tea of Bamboo Leaf and Ophiopogon Root (Zhuye Maidong Cha)

INGRDIENTS

Fresh bamboo leaf, Herba Lophatheri Resens                           10 to 15 pcs.

Ophiopogon root, Radix Ophiopogonis                                       6g

Green tea, Folium Camelliae Viride                                      0.5 to 1g

PROCESS  Have the ingredients soaked in boiling water for drinking.

The above dietetic therapeutic recipes can be applied to cases with the type of impairment of the lung-yin by lung-heat.

9) Honey for Reducing Excess Fire by Purgation (Fudi Chou Xin Mi)

INGREDIENTS

Prepared Chinese rhubarb, Radix et Rhizoma Rhei                              60g

Honey, Mel                                                            500g

Rice (or millet) wine                                                     60ml

PROCESS  Have the prepared Chinese rhubarb washed clean quickly, soaked in the rice wine for an hour and put in an earthen-ware pot; add 1000ml of cold water and heat it over a slow fire for 10 minutes, then, filter out the extract of about 300ml; add 500ml of cold water, heat it for 10 minutes, then again, filter out the extract of about 200ml and remove the dregs. Put the above two extracts of the prepared Chinese rhubarb and honey into a porcelain basin, cover the basin to prevent vapour from entering. Steam it over a brisk fire for half an hour with the content not contacting water. Then, stop steaming, let it cool and keep it in bottles.

DIRECTIONS  Take 15 to 30ml at a time, once or twice a day, with hot boiled water after meals.

This recipe is suitable for patients suffering from extended constipation accompanied with halitosis, dry pharynx and pain in the throat caused by stomach-heat.

10) Soup of Mung Bean (Lüdou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Mung bean, Semen Phaseoli Radiati                                         50g

White sugar                                                            20g

PROCESS  Wash the mung bean clean, add 1000ml of cold water and heat it over a mild fire; add white sugar when it boils. Go on heating with the pot covered for about 20minutes from the moment it resumes boiling, until the mung beans have split open, the skins still green (haven’t become brown yet), then, stop heating.

DIRECTIONS  It isn’t advisable to have the mung beans cooked thoroughly, or, the curative effect may be reduced.

This can be used as a dietetic therapeutic recipe to be used frequently by patients suffering from chronic pharyngitis, especially suitable for oral use in summer.

11) Green Tea Soaked with Chinese White Olive (Qingguo Pao Lücha)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese white olive, Fructus Canarii                                           2

Green tea, Folium Camelliae Viride                                       1 to 2g

PROCESS  Soak 2 Chinese white olives and 1 to 2g of green tea in boiling water for drinking.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken as a drink by patients with pharyngitis over an extended period of time.

12) Tea with luohanguo (Luohanguo Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Luohanguo, Fructus Momordicae Grosvenori                              10 to15g

Green tea, Folium Camelliae Viride                                           1g

PROCESS  Soak 10 to 15g of luohanguo and 1g of green tea in boiling water everyday for drinking.

DIRECTIONS  This kind of tea has a preventive function for those who haven’t got pharyngitis. It is recommendable for announcers, teachers and performers to take this kind of tea frequently.

 

Tonsillitis

 

This disease is termed “ru e” in traditional Chinese medicine.

 

1. Common Type of Syndromes

The most common syndrome is excessive heat stored in the lung and stomach, and concurrent affecting exogenouxs pathogenic factors, marked by a sudden high fever, sweeling and pain or festering in the pharynx, restlessness, thirst and constipation, red tongue with thick and yellowish fur, and slippery and rapid pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Arctium root (Radix Arctii)  Decoct 60g of fresh arctium root in water for daily drinking. Take it several times a day.

2) Luffa (Fructus Luffae)  Have 150g of fresh luffa cut into sections, pounded into a mash and wrung out its juice. Take 100ml each time after infusing it with boiling water.

3) Three-coloured amaranth (Amaranthus)  Have some three-coloured amaranth (its roots, stem and leaves, any will do) washed with the inner part still yellowish-brown (so that its original property is retained) and ground into fine powder. Gargle (with cold boiled water) after meals, and then have a bit of the three-coloured amaranth powder blown onto the affected the three-coloured amaranth powder blown onto the affected part, four times a day, until it is cured.

4) Pomegranate (Malum Granatum)  Take out the pulp of one or two fresh pomegranates and soak them in boiling water for half an hour. Then, wrap the pulp with a piece of antiseptic gauze to wring out the juice. Keep some of the juice in the mouth to gargle, several times a day.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Decoction of Subprostrate Sophora Root, Belamcanda Rhizome and Capejasmine (Dougen Shegan Zhizi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Subprostrate sophora root, Radix Sophorae Subprostratae                         9g

Belamcanda rhizome, Rhizoma Belamcandae                                   9g

Capejasmine, Fructus Gardeniae                                             9g

PROCESS  Decoct the ingredients in water.

DIRECTIONS  Drink a dose a day.

2) Powder of Black Carp Gallbladder and Natural Indigo (Erqing Fen)

INGREDIENTS

Black carp gallbladder

Natural indigo, Indigo Naturalis

PROCESS  Have equal portions of dried powder of black carp gallbladder and natural indigo ground into fine powder.

DIRECTIONS  Have a bit of the powder blown onto the throat at a time, twice a day.

3) Cucumber Frost (Huanggua Shuang)

INGREDIENTS

Ripe cucumber, Fructus Cucumeris Sativus                                      1

Alum, Alumen                                                a certain amount

PROCESS  Get one big ripe cucumber, cut off its top end, remove the pulp and seeds, fill it up with alum, cover the cut end and fix it with a bamboo spike, put the cucumber in a string bag and hang it in a cool, shaded and ventilated place for several days until frost-like powder constantly oozes out through the skin of the cucumber, which is called “cucumber frost”. Collect the powder by sweeping it down with a sterilized goose feather.

DIRECTIONS  Gargle (with cold boiled water)  after meals, and then have just the right amount of the “frost” blown onto the affected part (it can be swallowed down) at a time, several times a day, until the disease is cured.

4) Gruel with Dandelion Herb (Pugongying Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Dandelion herb, Herba Taraxaci                         40 to 60g(60 to 90g if fresh)

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                        50 to 100g

PROCESS  Have the dandelion herb washed clean, cut into pieces and decocted in water to get medicinal extract; remove the dregs and put in the polished round-grained rice to make thin gruel. It would be better to make the gruel thin.

DIRECETIONS  Take the gruel warm two or three times in a day, 3 to 5 days as a course of treatment.

5) Juices of Dayflower and Pepermint (Yazhi Bohezhi)

INGREDIENTS

Dayflower, Herba Commelinae                                            120g

Fresh peppermint, Herba Menthae                                           60g

PROCESS  Have 120g of dayflower and 60g of fresh peppermint pounded into a mash and wrung to get the juices.

DIERCETIONS  Take 30ml of the juice each time by keeping it in the mouth and swallowing it bit by bit at short intervals after mixing it thoroughly with the right amount of cold boiled water.

6) Decoction of “Green Dragon and White Tiger” (Qinglong Baihu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh Chinese olive, Fructus Cancarii                                        15g

Radish, Napus                                                          250g

PROCESS  Have the Chinese olives and radishes cut into pieces or slices. Decoct them in water for oral administration.

7) Decoction of Emblic Leafflower Fruit, Liquorice and Platycodon Root (Yugan Gan Jie Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Emblic leafflower fruit, Fructus Phyllanthi                                    15g

Platycodon root, radix Platycodi                                            10g

Scrophularia root, Radix Scrophulariae                                       12g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                               6g

PROCESS  Make decoction for oral administration with the above ingredients.

 

Voice Disease

 

This disease is marked mainly by a hoarse voice. Medicated dietetic treatment is of great benefit to the treatment of the disease.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One type is stagnation of phlegm mingled with excessive heat, marked by a low and harsh voice, abundant, thick and yellowish phlegm, accompanied with bitter taste and dry throat, yellowish phlegm, accompanied with bitter taste and dry throat, yellowish and greasy fur on the tongue, and slippery and rapid pulse.

2) Another type is dryness of the lung and scanty body fluid, marked by a hoarse voice, gradual loss of voice, accompanied with dry mouth and pharynx, itching and pain in the throat, or dry cough, reddened tongue with scanty saliva, and thready and rapid pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Tangerine peel (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae)  Decoct 9g of tangerine peel in water for oral administration. Take small doses at short intervals. It is applicable to patients with the type of stagnation of phlegm mingle with excessive heat.

 

2) Tea-leaves (Thea)  Put the right amount of tea-leaves in a small cloth bag, tie up its opening, add a spoonful of honey into the water after soaking the bag of tea-leaves in it and keep stirring until the honey dissolves in the water. Gargle with the water every 30 minutes. It is applicable to cases with the type of dryness of the lung and scanty body fluid.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Decoction of Radish and Chinese Honey Locust (Luobu Zaojiao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

White radish, Radix Raphani                                               1pc.

Chinese honey locust fruit, Fructus Gleditsiae                                 1.5g

PROCESS  Have the white radish cut into slices and decocted in water together with the Chinese honey locust fruit.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the decoction and eat the radish.

2) Juices of Radish and Fresh Ginger (Luobo Shengjiang Zhi)

INGREDIENTS

Radish, Napus                                                          250g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                     30g

PROCESS  Have the radish and fresh ginger cut into slices, pounded into a mash and wrung to get their juices.

DIRECTIONS  Keep the juice in the mouth and swallow it slowly at short intervals. The above two recipes are both applicable to patients with the type of stagnation of phlegm mingled with excessive heat.

3) Recipe of Day Lily and Honey (Huanghuacai Fengmi Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Day lily, Flos Hemerocalis Immaturus                                        30g

Honey, Mel                                                             30g

PROCESS  Have the day lily washed clean, add 250ml of water (about a bowlful) to cook it thoroughly.

DIRECTIONS  Swallow the water slowly after mixing the honey with it and take it in three separate doses a day.

4) Recipe of Peanut and Honey (Huasheng Fengmi Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Peanut kernel, Semen Arachidis                                             30g

Honey, Mel                                                             30g

PROCESS  Have the peanut kernels rid of the red skin and well-cooked in the honey with addition of water.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the water and eat the peanut kernels, twice a day, in the morning and in the evening respectively.

5) Drink of Honey and Borneol (Fengmi Bingpian Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Borneol, Borneolum                                                      0.6g

Honey, Mel                                                             30g

PROCESS  Grind the borneol into fine powder and put it into a cup with honey.

DIRECTIONS  Take it after infusing it with boiling water.

6) Decoction of Scrophularia Root. Ophiopogon, Liquorice and Platycodon Root (Xuan Mai Gan Jie Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Scrophularia root, Radix Scrophulariae                                       12g

Ophiopogon, Radix Ophiopogonis                                           12g

Platycodon root, Radix Ophiopogonis                                        10g

Liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                              3g

PROCESS  Make decoction for oral administration with the above ingredients.

The above composite recipes are applicable to cases with the type of dryness of the lung and scanty body fluid.

7) Gruel of Pear Juice (Lizhi Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Pear, Malum Piri                                                       3 to 5

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

Crystal sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Have 3 to 5 pears washed clean, cut into pieces and pounded to get the juice; remove the dregs and put the juice, the polished round-grained rice and crystal sugar into an earthenware pot, add 400ml of water to make thin gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take it slightly warm two or three times a day. It has a remarkable effect of protecting and improving voice, especially for singers and announcers.

DIRECTIONS  Take it slightly warm two or three times a day. It has a remarkable effect of protecting and improving voice, especially for singers and announcers.

 

Section 13  Infectious Diseases

 

Viral Hepatitis

 

This disease has two major types: icteric and non-icteric. Icterohepatitis belongs to the catgoryof “huangdan” (jaundice) in traditional Chinese medicine, marked by icteric sclera and skin, and yellow-coloured urine, while nonicteric hepatitis the category of “xie tong” (hypochrondriac pain), “yu zheng” (disturbance of the liver-qi) marked by nausea, hypochrondriac pain, distension and fullness in the abdomen and lassitude. Medicated dietetic treatment is an auxiliary aid of great importance to the treatment of the disease, which plays a role not ignorable in relieving the patient’s symptoms, and recuperating the health of the organims.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One type is bile oozing from the gallbladder due to damp-heat accumulating in the liver and gallbladder, marked by icteric sclera and skin, and yellow-coloured ruine, accompanied with fever, irritability, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, yellow fever, irritability, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, yellowish and greasy fur on the tongue, and taut and rapid pulse.

2) Another type is incoordination between the spleen and the stomach caused by accumulation of excessive damp-heat in the interior, marked by nausea, hypochondriac pain, distension and fullness in the abdomen, lassitude, accompanied with loss of appetite, irritability, white and greasy or yellowish and greasy fur on the tongue, and slippery and rapid pulse.

3) The third one is stagnancy of qi and blood resulting from incoordination between the liver and the spleen, marked by wandering or stationary distending pain or piercing pain in hypochondrium, dim complexion, loss of appetite, distension in the abdomen, belching or hepatosplenomegaly, dim and pale tongue or with ecchymoses, thin fur on the tongue, and taut and uneven pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Day lily (Radix Hemerocallis)  Decoct 30g of the fresh roots of day lily in water for oral administration.

2) Cucumber skin (Exocarpium Cucumeris Sativus)  Decoct cumcumber skin in water for drinking, three times a day.

3) Cucumber root (Radix Cucumeris Sativus)  Pound some cucumber roots into a mash to get the juice. Take a cup of it warm every morning.

4) Corn (Semen Maydis)  Make gruel with 50g of corn pieces; put in a bit of salt when the gruel is well done.

5) Shaddock ped (Pericarpium Citri Grandis)  Have the peel of 2 shaddocks burnt until it becomes charred and ground into fine powder. Take 5 to 10g at a time, three times a day, with rice (or millet) soup after meals.

6) River snail (Cipangopaludina Chinensis)  Raise 10 to 20 river snails in clear water to rinse the mud out of them; take out the flesh and add 200ml of millet wine; have it mixed and stewed in water until it is done. Drink the soup once a day.

7) Waxgourd (Fructus Benincasea)  Have 500g of Waxgourd boiled in water to get 1500ml of soup. Take it in three portions.

The above dietetic therapeutic drugs are applicable to icteric hepatitis of the type of bile oozing from the gallbladder due to damp-heat accumulating in the liver and gallbladder.

8) Wild jujube (Fructus Ziziphi Spinosae)  Decoct 30g of wild jujubes in just the right amount of water for an hour; remove the dregs, eat the jujubes and drink the decoction. Take a dose a day. This recipe has an effect of lowering transaminase to normal, applicable to both the type of incoordination between the spleen and the stomach caused by damp-heat accumulating in the interior, and the type of stagnancy of qi and blood resulting from incoordination between the liver and the spleen.

9) Purple gromwell root (Radix Arnebiae seu Lithospermi)  Have 30g of purple gromwell roots decocted two times in just the right amount of water, letting it boil for thirty minutes each time and then filtering out the decoction; put all the filtered decoction together. Take it twice a day.

10) Plum (Prunum)  Eat fresh plums after meals, two or three at a time.

The above two drugs are suitable for those who suffer from the type of stagnancy of qi and blood resulting from incoordination between the liver and the spleen.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Recipe of Day Lily and Loach (Jinzhen Niqiu)

INGREDIENTS

Day lily, Flos Hemerocalis Immaturus                                        30g

Loach, Misgurnus Anguillicaudatus                                         100g

PORCESS  Make soup with the day lily and loach flesh and season it for eating.

2) Drink of Willow Leaf and Water Chestnut (Liuye Biqi Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Willow leaf, Folium Salicis                                                 6g

Water chestnut, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae                                500g

PROCES  Make decoction with 6g of willow leaves and 500g of water chestnuts.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the decoction and eat the water chestnuts; take a dose a day, and several doses successively.

3) Recipe of Canton Love-pea Vine and Lean Pork (Jigucao Shouzhurou Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Canton love-pea vine, Herba Abri                                           60g

Lean pork                                                             100g

PROCESS  Boil 100g of Canton love-pea vine and 100g of lean pork in just the right amount of water for two to three hours, remove the dregs and have it seasoned.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose once a day, for several days.

4) Loach and Bean-curd (Niqiu Cuan Doufu)

INGREDIENTS

Bean-curd                                                             100g

Living loach, Misgurnus Anguillicaudatus                                    250g

Corn stigma, Stigma Maydis (wrapped up in cloth)                              30g

PROCESS  Have the loach raised in a basin for 1 or 2 days; take it out and put it in an earthenware pot together with the corn stigma and bean-curd; add just the right amount of water to have them decocted. When they are thoroughly done, have them seasoned for eating.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, for several days.

5) Decoction of Watermelon Peel and Red Bean (Xiguapi Chixiaodou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Watermelon peel, Exocarpium Citrulli                                        50g

Red bean, Semen Phaseoli                                                 50g

Cogongrass root, Rhizoma Imperatae                                        50g

PROCESS  Make decoction with watermelon peel, red beans and cogongrass root.

DIRECTIONS  Take the decoction once a day, for 5 to 7 days successively.

6) Gruel with Oriental Wormwood (Yinchen Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Oriental wormwood, Herba Artemisiae Capillaris                          30 to 45g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

White sugar                                                            a bit

PROCESS  Have some oriental wormwood washed clean and use 30 to 45g at a time; add 200ml of water and decoct it until 100ml of water is left. Remove the dregs to get the extract; put in 100g of polished round-grained rice, add 600ml of water and cook until the rice is well-done and the extract becomes thick. Add a bit of white sugar and go on cooking for a while until it has boiled for a little while.

DIRECTIONS  Take it 2 or 3 times a day, with 7 to 10 days as a course of treatment.

All the above dietetic therapeutic composite recipes can be applied to acute icterohepatitis marked by the type of bile oozing from the gallbladder due to damp-heat accumulating in the liver and gallbladder.

7) Celery Stewed in Honey (Mi Dun Qincai)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh celery, Herba Apii                                            100 to 150g

Honey, Mel                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Have the celery washed clean and pounded into a mash to get the juice warm once a day, with no limit to the course of treatment.

8) Recipe of Giant Knotweed Rhizome and Honey (Huzhang Mi)

INGREDIENTS

Giant knotweed rhizome, Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspitati                          500g

Schisandra fruit, Fructus Schisandrae                                       250g

Honey, Mel                                                           1000g

PROCESS  Wash the giant knotweed rhizome and schisandra fruit clean, put them in an earthenware pot and add water (to the point that the two drugs can be submerged) and soak them for half an hour. Heat them over a moderate fire until the water boils. Then, change to a low fire and go on decocting for about half an hour until 500ml of medicinal extract is left; filter it to get the extract. Add 1000ml of water and heat it to get extract of about 500ml; remove the dregs and put all the extract obtained and the honey into a big earthenware pot which is to be heated over a low fire. Let the decoction boil for 5 minutes, take the pot away from the fire to let it cool. Pour the decoction in a bottle and cover it tight.

DIRECTIONS  Take a spoonful at a time after meals, three times a day after infusing it with boiling water, with two months as a course of treatment.

9) Decoction of Four “Red” Ingredients for Tonifying the Liver and Eliminating Dampness (Si Hong Yi Gan Li Shi Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Red bean, Semen Phaseoli                                                 60g

Peanut kernel with red skin, Semen Arachidis                                  30g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                              10

Brown sugar                                                            50g

PROCESS  Put the red beans and peanut kernels in a pot after washing them clean, add 2000ml of water to stew them slowly over a low fire for one and a half hours, then, put in the jujubes and brown sugar and go on stewing for about half an hour until the ingredients are thoroughly done.

DIRECTIONS  Take a small bowlful of it as breakfast or snacks and take it twice a day.

10) Decoction of Oriental Wormwood, Germinated Barley and Jujube (Yinchen Maiya Hongzao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Oriental wormwood, Herba Artemisiae Capillaris                              15g

Germinated barley, Fructus Hordei Germinatus                                20g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                              10

White sugar                                                            a bit

PROCESS  Put the oriental wormwood, germinated barley and jujubes in a small aluminium pan, add 1000ml of cold water to stew the drugs slowly over a low fire for about half an hour; put in a half spoonful of white sugar and take it away from the fire.

DIRECTIONS  Take less than half a bowlful at a time, twice a day. Drink the decoction, eat the jujubes and discard the dregs.

11) Steamed Soft-shelled Turtle (Qingzheng Jiayu)

INGREIDNETS

Soft-shelled turtle, Trionyx Sinensis                                            1

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                  3 slices

Refined salt                                                      right amount

Millet wine                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Kill the soft-shelled turtle; soak it in boiling water to remove the membrane from the turtle, cut open its belly, remove its intestines and the like, retain the liver and the eggs that are still in the belly, wash it clean and drain the water out. Put the turtle in a porcelain basin with its back downward and put the ginger slices in its belly, spread the salt and sprinkle millet wine over it. Steam it without its contacting water over a brisk fire for 30 to 45 minutes.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as light refreshments on an empty stomach, or take it with bread (or cooked rice). Anyway, take it hot, Being delicious, it has a great nutritive value and is a desirable therapeutic tonic for hepatitis patients and people of weak constitution.

12) Recipe of Honey, Sugar and Soya-bean Milk (Feng Tang Doujiang)

INGREDIENTS

Soya-bean milk, Lac Semi Sojae                                        a bowlful

Honey, Mel                                                        a spoonful

White sugar                                                            a bit

PROCESS  Put a bowlful of saltless soya-bean milk, a spoonful of honey and a bit of white sugar into a small aluminium pan, then, heat it. Take the pan away from the fire as soon as the soya-bean milk has boiled.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as breakfast with other light refreshments.

The above composite recipes are applicable to both the type of incoordination between the liver and the stomach type of incoordination between the liver and the stomach caused by damp-heat accumulating in the interior, and the type of stagnancy of qi and blood in acute and chronic hepatitis. It can be used as an auxiliary treatment for chronic hepatitis patients.

 

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

 

It is also termed “fei lao” or “lao zhai” (Comsumptive disease) in traditional Chinese medicine, marked by cough, hemoptysis, tidal fever, night sweat and gradual emaciation.

 

1. Common Types of Syndromes

1) One type is deficiency of the lung-yin, marked by dry cough with little phlegm, or sputum mixed with blood, tidal fever, night sweat, flushing of zygomatic region, dry pharynx and mouth, reddened tongue, and thready and thready and rapid pulse.

2) Another type is insufficiency of the lung-qi and the spleen-qi, marked by short breath, cough with little phlegm, or sputum mixed with blood, tidal fever, night sweat, flushing of zygomatic region, dry pharynx and mouth, reddened tongue, and thready and rapid pulse.

3) The third one is insufficiency of both the lung-qi and the lung-yin, marked by cough with little sputum, or blood tinged sputum, short breath and listlessness, flushing of zygomatic region and pale complexion, spontaneous and night sweat, dry pharynx and mouth, loss of appetite, reddened tongue with white or exfoliative fur, and thready, rapid and feeble pulse.

 

2. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Abalone (Caro Haliotidis)  Cook the dish with just the right amount of abalone and take it daily with bread (or cooked rice). It’s applicable to the type of disease due to deficiency of the lung-yin.

2) Silkworm chrysalis  (Larva Bombycis)  Have silkworm chrysalis baked dry and ground into fine powder. Take 2 to 3g of it at a time, twice a day (the powder should be kept dry, it would be best to preserve the powder in capsules). It is applicable to the disease due to deficiency of the lung-qi and the spleen-qi.

3) Otter liver (Jecur Lutrae Lutrae)  Have otter liver baked and ground into fine powder. Take 3g of it at a time, twice a day, with rice or millet water. It is applicable to the disease belonging to the type of deficiency of the lung-qi and the spleen-qi.

4) Sheep (or Goat) gallbladder (Fel Ovis)  Have several sheep (or goat) gallbladders washed clean, baked dry and ground into fine powder. Take 0.5g of it at a time, three times a day. As to of the course of treatment, there is no limit. It is applicable to the cases of deficiency of the lung-yin.

5) Aquiline-mouthed tortoise  Get an aquiline-mouthed tortoise of about 250g in weight and remove the shell and internal organs; cut it into cubes and stew it to make soup. It is applicable to cases of deficiency of both the lung-qi and the lung-yin.

6) Eel (Anguilla Japonica)  Have several eels parched till their outer parts become yellowish brown so that their original property is retained, and ground into fine powder. Take 5g of it at a time, twice a day. There is no limit to the course of treatment. It is applicable to the disease belonging to the type of insufficiency of the lung-qi and lung-yin.

 

3. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Recipe of Sichuan Fritillary Bulb, Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome and Crystal Sugar (Chuanbei Yuzhu Bingtang Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Sichuan Fritillary bulb, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae (pounded into pieces)        6 to9g

Frangrant solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati                     15g

Crystal sugar                                                            25g

PROCESS  Stew the ingredients in just the right amount of water for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, for 15 to 20 days successively.

2) Recipe of Edible Bird’s Nest, Tremella and crystal Sugar (Yanwo Yiner Bingtang Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Edible bird’s nest                                                          6g

Tremella, Tremella                                                        9g

Crystal sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Have the edible bird’s nest and tremella soaked in hot water to make them puffy and soft, and then washed clean, put in crystal sugar and stew them without their contacting water until they are well-done and suitable for eating.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, in the morning and in the morning and in the evening, for 10 to 15 days successively.

INGREDIENTS

Snow pear, Pyrus nivalis                                                 1 or 2

Black soybean, Semen Sojae Nigrum                                         30g

PROCESS  Have the snow pears washed clean and cut into slices, add just the right amount of water, put in the black soybeans, stew it gently over a moderate fire until it is thoroughly done.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, for 15 to 20 days successively.

4) Decoction of Chinese Caterpillar Fungus and Tremella (Chongcao Yiner Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese caterpillar fungus, Cordyceps                                        10g

Tremella, Tremella                                                       15g

Crystal (or white) sugar                                                   30g

PROCESS  Have the Chinese caterpillar fungus washed clean and wrapped up; put it into a small earthenware pot together with the tremella and crystal sugar. Stew it slowly over a low fire for 2 to 3 hours; take it away from the fire and remove the packet of Chinese caterpillar fungus (wash the gauze clean and keep it for use next time.)

DIRECTIONS  Take a small bowlful at a time, twice a day, once in the morning on an empty stomach and once in the evening before going to bed; gargle after eating it.

The four recipes listed above are applicable to cases with the type of deficiency of the lung-yin.

5) Decoction of Lily Bulb and Jujube (Baihe Hongzao Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh lily bulb, Bulbus Lilii (or 25g if dried)                                   50g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                           10pcs.

White sugar                                                       a spoonful

PROCESS  Put the lily bulb, the jujubes and white sugar into a small aluminium pan, add 1000ml of water to stew it slowly over a low fire for an hour, and then take it away from the fire.

DIRECTIONS  Take a small bowlful at a time, twice a day, as light refreshments.

6) Soup of Dangshen, Lily Bulb and Pork Lung (Shen He Zhufei Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis pilosulae                                       15g

Lily bulb, Bulbus Lilii                                                    30g

Pork lung                                                             250g

PROCESS  Stew the above ingredients in just the right amount of water over a low fire, season them after well done.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the soup and eat the pork lung. Take it twice in a day, for 15 to 20 days successively.

7) Gruel of Hyacinth Bletilla, Polished Round-grained Rice and Garlic (Baiji Mi Suan Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Garlic with purplish skins, bulbus Allii                                       30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

Powder of hyacinth bletilla, Rhizoma Bletillae                                  5g

PROCESS  Cook the rice and the powder of hyacinth bletilla in water until they are well done; then, put in the prepared garlic (remove the skins, boil it in boiling water for a minute, and then take it out) and cook it in the gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take this kind of gruel frequently in the morning and in the evening, and that often.

8) Soup of Chestnut and Pork (Banli Zhurou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                          50g

Chestnut, Castanea                                                       50g

Lean pork                                                             100g

PROCESS  Make soup for eating with the above ingredients.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, for 15 to 20 days successively.

The four recipes listed above are all applicable to cases with the type of insufficiency of the lung-qi and the spleen-qi.

9) Soup of Radish and Mutton (Luobo Yangrou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Mutton (from legs of a sheep or a goat)                                     1000g

White radish, Napus                                                     500g

Carrot, Radix Dauci Carotae                                               60g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                  3 slices

Poel of 2 tangerines, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae

PROCESS  Have the white radish, carrot, mutton washed clean and cut into cubes, put three spoonfuls of vegetable oil into a pan that is heated over a brisk fire; first, put in the ginger and fry it quickly after the oil becomes hot, then, put in the mutton immedicately, stirfry it for five minutes, add three spoonfuls of rice (or millet) wine, fry it until it gives off fragrance, add half a bowlful of cold water, go on heating so as to let it boil for ten minutes. Ladle it out. Put the mutton, carrot and dried tangerine peel into a big earthenware pot, add cold water to submerge all the ingredients; after it has boiled over a moderate fire, add a spoonful of rice (or millet) wine, one and a half spoonfuls of refined salt; change to cooking it over a low fire for half and hour, add the white radish. Go on cooking it over a low fire for an hour; when the mutton, radish are thoroughly done, stop cooking.

DIRECTIONS  Discard the tangerine peel, take the rest with bread (or cooked rice). It is most suitable for eating in severe winter.

10) Soup of Luohanguo and Pork (Luohanguo Zhurou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Luohanguo, Fructus Momordicae Grosvenori                                a half

Dried tangerine peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                              6g

Chinses yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                            9g

Lean pork                                                             100g

PROCESS  First, soak the dried tangerine peel in water and scrape the inside white; make soup with the above ingredients for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  Take this kind of soup twice a day, for 15 to 20 days successively.

11) Soup of Soft-shelled Trutle Flesh and Stemona Root (Bierou Baibu Tang)

soft-shelled turtle flesh, Trionyx Sinexsis                                     250g

stemona roots, Radix Stemonae                                             15g

wolfberry bark, Cortex Lycii Radicis                                         15g

dried root of rehmannia, Radix Rehmanniae                                   20g

astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                  15g

PROCESS  Decoct the above ingredients in water and take it after removing the medicinal dregs.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day, for 7 to 10 days successively.

12) Recipe of Pueraria Rott Starch, Ginger Juice and Honey (Gefen Jiangzhi Fengmi Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Ginger juice, Succus Zingiberis                                        a spoonful

Honey, Mel                                                        a spoonful

Starch of pueraria root, Pulvis Radicis Puerariae                          a spoonful

PROCESS  Infuse ginger juice, honey and pueraria root starch, a spoonful each, with boiling water.

DIRECTIONS  Take it three times a day, for 20 to 30 days successively.

13) Recipe of Tremella and Pork (Muer Zhurou Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Tremella, Tremella                                                        5g

Lean pork                                                             100g

Cod-liver oil, Oleum Jecoris Piscis                                   right amount

PROCESS  Make soup with the first two ingredients, put in 10 drops of cod-liver oil after they are well done, and then, season it for eating.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, for 20 to 30 days.

14) Soup of Edible Fungus and Pig Lung (Muer Zhufei Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Black edible fungus, Auricularia                                            30g

Peanut kernel with red husk, Semen Arachidis                                100g

Pork lung                                                                1

Refined salt                                                      right amount

Rice(or millet) wine                                               right amount

PROCESS  Put the pig’s lung, which has been washed clean and cut into pieces, and peanut kernels into a big earthen-ware pot, add cold water to have them submerged. After it has boiled over a high fire, skim off the froth and add two spoonfuls of rice wine. Change to stewing it gently over a low fire for an hour, and then, put in the black edible fungus, add a spoonful of refined salt, go on stewing it slowly for an hour and then, take it away from the fire.

DIRECTIONS  Take 500ml at a time, twice a day.

The above recipes are applicable to the type of insufficiency of the lung-qi and the lung-yin.

 

Section 14  Tumor

 

Tumor has two kinds, namely, benign and malignant. Malignant tumor is also called cancer. The following dietetic therapeutic drugs and composite recipes have a certain cancer-preventing effect. They can be chosen for application in light of the specific conditions of the individual patient.

 

1. Dietetic Chinese Drugs

1) Lentinus (Lentinus Edodes)  Have 90g of fresh lentinus fried in just the right amount of vegetable oil and a bit of salt, add water to cook soup for eating. It is applicable to patients with stomach cancer and carcinoma of uterine cervix.

2) Meadow mushroom (Agaricus Campestris)  Have just the right amount of meadow mushroom either decocted in water or boiled for eating – both will do. Or grind it into powder for oral administration.

3) Peeled water chestnut (Pulpa Trapae)  Have 20 to 30 peeled fresh water chestnuts decocted in just the right amount of water over a low fire until the decoction becomes thick. Take it in two or three portions. It has a definite curative effect upon stomach cancer and carcinoma of uterine cervix.

4) Oolong Tea  Drinking oolong tea consistently has a definite cancer-preventing effect.

5) Royal jelly  Taking it persistently can enhance the immunity of the human body and produce a cancer-preventing effect.

6) Bean sprout (Semen Sojae Germinatum)  The chlorophyll in bean sprouts can prevent rectal cancer and other kinds of cancer.

7) Miscellany  Cow milk or goat (sheep) milk is not only rich in various kinds of vitamins, but also contains certain cancer-preventing substances; fresh vegetables such as radish, cabbage, pumpkin, pea, lettuce,etc., all have a certain effect upon offsetting the nitrosamine in food; carrots, spinach, tomato and laver, all are rich in vitamin A and have a certain cancer-preventing effect.

 

2. Composite Recipes of Medicated Diet

1) Boiled Straw Mushroom and Hedgehog Hydnum (Zhu Caogu Houtou)

INGREDIENTS

Fresh straw mushroom, Volva Fhagorum (cut into slices)                         60g

Fresh hedgehog hydnum, Hydnum erinaceus (cut into slices)                      60g

PROCESS  Heat some cooking oil until it is done, add a bit of salt, put in the above ingredients and fry them. Then, add water to cook them until they are done.

DIRECTIONS  It can be applied mainly to treating cancer of digestive tract.

2) Decoction of Hedgehog Hydnum and Oldenlandia (Houtou Baihuasheshecao Tang)

INGREDINENTS

Hedgehog hydnum, Hydnum erinaceus                                       60g

Oldenlandia, Herba Hedyotis Diffusae                                        60g

Chinese actindia root, Radix Actinidiae Chinensis                               60g

PROCESS  Decoct the above drugs in water to make decoction for oral administration.

DIRECTIONS  It is applicable to stomach cancer, carcinoma of esophagus, cardiac cancer, liver cancer, etc.

3) Decoction of Coix Seed, Water Chestnut and Barbat Skullcap (Yiyi Lingjiao Banzhilian Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Coix seed, Semen Coicis                                                   30g

Water chestnut, Pulpa Trapae                                               30g

Barbat skullcap, Herba Scutellariae Barbatae                                  30g

PROCESS  Make decoction with the above ingredients decocted in water.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice in a day, and continue for a long period or time.

It is applicable to stomach cancer, carcinoma of uterine cervix, etc.

4) Gruel with Coix Seed (Yiren Zhou)

INGREDIENTS

Coix seed, Semen Coicis                                                   20g

Polished glutinous rice or polished round-grained rice,

Semen Oryzae Glutinosae seu Sativae                                        30g

White sugar                                                    half a spoonful

PROCESS  Put the coix seeds and rice together into a small aluminium pan and add about 1000ml of cold water; cook them over a moderate fire for about half an hour. Move the pan away from the fire and put in the sugar.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, as breakfast or light refreshments. Taking this kind of gruel can exert very ideal effect of preventing malignant change of gastric ulcer; for gastrointestinal cancer which has already of gastric ulcer; for gastrointestinal cancer which has already come on and been excised, taking this kind of gruel can also reduce the possibilities of a relapse.

5) Tea of Indocalmus Leaf (Ruozhuye Cha)

INGREDIENTS

Dried indocalamus leaf, Folium Indocalami Tessellati                           15g

PROCESS  Infuse the indocalamus leaves with boiling water to make more than half a cupful of tea and cover it for five minutes till, it’s fit to be drunk.

DIRECTIONS  Indocalamus leaves contain polusaccharide substance, thus, having a great cancer-preventing and antidotal effect.

6) Decoction of Arnebia Root and Mung Bean (Zicao Lüdou Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Arnebia root, Radix Arnebiae seu Lithospermi                                 15g

Mung bean, Semen Phaseoli Radiati                                         30g

White sugar                                                       a spoonful

PROCESS  First, decoct the arnebia roots in water to get the first extract; decoct the mung beans in the first extract of the arnebia roots; take it away from the fire after it has boiled for about three minutes over a low fire and before the mung beans have split open; filter out the extract and leave the mung beans and a bit of the extract in the pot. Put the second extract of the arnebia roots into the pot with the mung beans; cook the mung beans until they are thoroughly done (if the extract is insufficient, just add some water). Take it away from the fire at the time when about 500ml of extract is left.

DIRECTIONS  Add a bit of white sugar into the extract of the arnebia roots and the mung beans, which is to be taken in two portions; add a spoonful of white sugar into the soup with the thoroughly cooked mung beans and take it as light refreshements. This recipe has a certain effect of preventing chorionic epithelioma in women.

7) Decoction of Tortoise for Regulating Qi (Wugui Jie Yu Tang)

INGREDIENTS

Tortoise, chinemys Reevesii                                                  1

Bupleurum root, Radix Bupleuri                                              9g

Peach kernel, Semen Persicae                                                9g

Bighead atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae               15g

Oldenlandia, Herba Hedyotis Diffusae                                        30g

PROCESS  Have the tortoise processed to make it clean; make decoction with the rest of the drugs and remove the dregs; put the tortoise into the decoction and heat it until the tortoise is well-done.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the tortoise and drink the decoction. Take such a dose every two or three days over a long period of time. It can be used as an auxiliary dietetic therapeutic prescription for treating nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

8) Recipe of Fish Air Bladder and Notoginseng (Yubiao Tianqi Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Air bladder of yellow croaker                                       right amount

Notoginseng, Radix Notoginseng (powdered)                                   3g

Rice (or millet) wine                                              right amount

PROCESS  Fry the air bladders of yellow croakers in sesame oil to make them crisp and then grind them into fine powder.

DIRECTIONS  Take 5g of it each time after infusing the powder and the notoginseng powder with rice wine. Take a dose a day, with 15 to 20 doses as a course of treatment.

It can be applied to carcinoma of esophagus marked by the type of blood stasis accumulated in the interior.

9) Recipe of Mushroom and Vitis Wilsonae Veitch Root (Mogu Yeputaogen Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Mushroom, Agaricus Campestris                                            30g

Vitis wilsonae veitch root, Radix Viti Wilsonae                                 60g

Honey, Mel                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Make decoction with the mushroom and vitis wilsonae veitch roots; season it for oral administration with just the right amount of honey.

DIRECTIONS  Take a dose a day, for long periods. It can be used as an auxiliary dietetic therapeutic recipe for patients with lung cancer.

10) Recipe of Sea Horse and Pangolin Scales (Haima Shanjia Fang)

INGREDIENTS

Sea horse, Hippocampus                                                   10g

Centipede, Scolopendra                                                    6g

Prepared pangolin scales, Squama Manitis praeparata                           10g

Millet wine                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Grind the first three ingredients into fine powder and mix them together.

DIRECTIONS  Take 3g each time. Three times a day, after infusing the powder with millet wine. Take it for 15 to 20 days as a course of treatment. It can be applied to patients with mammary cancer.

11) Drink of Five Drugs (Wuwei Dai Cha Yin)

INGREDIENTS

Caoheche, Paris polyphylla                                                30g

Oldenlandia, Herba Hedyotis Diffusae                                        30g

Fresh-water turtle shell, Carapax Trionycis                                    30g

Peach kernel, Semen Persicae                                               9g

Safflower, Flos Carthami                                                   6g

Cane sugar                                                      right amount

 

PROCESS  Make decoction with the first five ingredients, remove the dregs, and add cane sugar to season it.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as a drink, one dose a day. It can be used frequently by patients with liver cancer.

 

Chapter Four 

Medicated Diets For Nourishment and Longevity

 

Medicated Diets For Nourishment and Longevity are mainly used to treat various syndromes of debility as well as build up the physique for prolonging life.

Chinese doctors of past ages all attached great importance to dietetic therapy. A renowned physician of the Tang Dynasty, Sun Simiao Points out in Dietetic Therapy, a chapter of his book Prescriptions worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies, “for those who are doctors, it is necessary that to a clear knowledge of the cause of a disease, know what it affects, treat it by diet first, prescribe drugs only when dietetic therapy has failed.” “Food can expel pathogenic factors from the human body, regulate the functions of the five viscera (the heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney), please the senses, nourish the blood and invigorate qi.” A wealth of experience and prescriptions of medicated diet has also been accumulated by TCM doctors in the field of achieving strengthening effect by means of tonics. Just as Zhang Jiebin (1563-1640A.C.), a physician in the Ming Dynasty says, “The creation of nourishing prescriptions is for deficiency syndromes. As for those who show deficiency of qi, the upper should be restored, and for this purpose, ginseng, astragalus root and the like are the kind that that can be used; as for those who show deficiency of esscenc, the lower should be restored, and for this purpose, prepared rehmannia root, wolfberry fruit and the like are the kind that can be used; those who show deficiency of yang should be replenished and warmed, and for this purpose, cinnamon bark, prepared aconite root, dried ginger and the like are the kind that can be used; those who show deficiency of yin (vital essence) should be replenished and excessive heat in them cleared, and for this, lucid asparagus root, peony, dried rehmannia root and the like are the kind that can be used.” In this chapter medicated diets are classified into three groups according to their functions, that is, medicated diets for nourishing the blood, invigorating qi, strengthening yang and replenishing yin; medicated diets for tonifying the five viscera and medicated diets for improving the health and prolonging life.

 

Section 1  Medicated Diets for Nourishing

Qi, Blood, Yin and Yang

 

1. Medicated Diets for Invigorating Qi

Medicated diets for invigorating qi are such foods cooked by mixing Chinese materia medica chosen for this purpose into certain foods. These medicated foods, having the function of invigorating qi, being able to enhance the resistance of organism and the function of immunity, build up the physique, increase the adaptability to the environment and strengthen the function of tissues and organs in the body, are applicable to syndromes of qi deficiency, marked by lassituse, deficiency of qi, disinclination to talk, dyspnea on slight exertion, sweating due to debility, liability to catching cold, pale complexion, inappetence, loose stool, pale or reddish tongue with white moist fur and feeble pulse.

 

Ginseng Gruel

(Renshen Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Experience of Dietitians.

INGREDIENTS

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                        50 to 100g

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                                  10g

PROCESS  Cut ginseng into pieces, soak it in clear water for 40 minutes, and then, put it in an earthenware pot (or an aluminium pan).  Heat it over a strong fire until the water boils, then change to a gentle fire and go on heating it for about two hours; wash the rice and put it into the ginseng decoction to make gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. It produces an effect if taken over a long period of time.

EFFICACY reinforcing the middle-jiao, replenishing qi and invigorating the spleen.

INDICATIONS  Dyspepsia due to dysfunction of the stomach and spleen, marked by poor appetite, distention in the stomach, loose or soft stool, discomfort in the stomach or even diarrhea after taking a bit of cold food or dink.

PRECAUTIONS  Don’t use an ironware to make the gruel; radish and tea are prohibited to be taken during the period of taking such gruel.

 

Gruel for Restoring and Invigorating Qi

(Buxu Zhengqi Zhou)

 

SOURCE  General Collection For Holy Relief

INGREDIENTS

Prepared astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                           20g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       10g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                            100g

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  Cut astragalus roots and dangshen into slices and soak them in clear water for 40 minutes, decoct them in water to get 30ml of condensed extract. Make gruel with the washed rice; put in the condensed extract and go on cooking for a while.

DIRECTIONS  Take it with as much white sugar as you think fit, twice a day, in the morning and in the evening respectively.

EFFICACY  invigorating the vital-qi, treating consumptive diseases and delaying senility.

INDICATIONS  Impairment of the function of internal organs, emotional strain, infirmity due to old age, emaciation caused by prolonged illness, manifested as palpitation and shortness of breath, weakness, spontaneous perspiration, inappetence, protracted diarrhea due to insufficiency of the spleen, and so on.

PRECAUTIONS  Generally, eat such gruel for 3 to 5 days successively, resume eating 2 to 3 days later. Radish and tea are prohibited during the period of taking such gruel.

 

 

 

Chunpan Noodles

(Chunpan Mian)

 

SOURCE  Principles of Correct Diet

INGREDIENTS

Wheat flour                                                           3000g

Mutton                                                                100g

Goat (or sheep) tripe                                                     500g

Egg                                                                     5

Mushroom, Agaricus Campestris                                           200g

Hotbed chive, Herba Allii Tuberosi                                         250g

Stalk of Chinese cabbage, Herba Brassicae Pekinensis                          500g

Fresh ginger, salt, pepper powder, cooking wine, wind, vinegar, right amount.

PROCESS  Have the mutton and tripe washed clean and cut into cubes of 2 square centimeters; have the mushroom washed clean and cut in halves; wash the stalks of Chinese cabbage clean and cut them into sections. Have the chives washed clean and chopped up for later use. Mix the flour with just the right amount of water, put in the hotbed chives and salt and knead them together into a firm dough, roll it out to make noodles. Put the mutton and tripe into an aluminium pan, add fresh ginger and mushroom; heat it over a strong fire until they are well done, then, put in the noodles, go on heating until the soup boils; put in salt, cooking wine, vinegar and pepper powder.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken as meals.

EFFICACY  Invigorating the spleen and stomach to replenish qi.

INDICATIONS  Shortness of breath, disinclination to talk, lassitude, emaciation and other symptoms resulting from malnutrition caused by deficiency of the spleen-qi and the stomach-qi.

 

Soup of Ginseng and Lotus Seed Kernel

(Renshen Lianrou Tang)

 

SOURCE  Proved Effective Prescriptions

INGREDIENTS

White ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                              10g

Lotus seed, Semen Nelumbinis                                               10

Crystal sugar                                                            30g

PROCESS  Put white ginseng and lotus seeds (rid of the lotus plumules) in a bowl, add the right amount of clean water to make them expand by soaking, then, add the crystal sugar. Put the bowl with the drugs in a steamer to steam without its contacting water for an hour. The ginseng can be used three times successively- add lotus seed kernels, crystal sugar and the right amount of water the following day to make soup in the same way.

DIRECTIONS  Drink the soup and eat the lotus seed kernels; at the third time, eat the ginseng as well. Take it twice a day, once in the morning and in the evening respectively.

EFFICACY  Invigorating qi and replenishing the spleen.

INDICATIONS  Symptoms after an illness such as weakness, deficiency of qi, anorexia, lassitude, spontaneous perspiration; or diarrhea due to deficiency of the spleen.

PRECAUTIONS  It is prohibited to use an ironware to make the soup and take radish and tea.

 

Chicken Stewed with Astragalus Root

(Huangqi Qiguo Ji)

 

SOURCE  Cookbook of Suiyuan

 

INGREDIENTS

Young hen                                                                1

Astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                  30g

Refined salt                                                              5g

Cooking wine                                                           15g

Scallion, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                                              10g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                     10g

Gourmet powder                                                  right amount

Pepper powder, Pulvis Fructus Piperis                                right amount

PROCESS  Kill the hen, remove its feathers, cut off its claws, get rid of its internal organs, wash it clean and scald it in cold water and drain; have the astragalus roots washed clean and cut into sections 6 to 7cm long (each cut lengthwise into halves); then, put them tidily in the chicken’s abdominal cavity; have the scallion and ginger washed clean and cut into sections and slices respectively; put the chicken in a small food steamer, add the scallion sections, ginger slices, cooking wine, and salt; cover the steamer tight, then put it in a big food steamer and heat it over a strong fire to boiling point for about two hours. After taking it out from the big steamer, pick the scallion and ginger out; then, take the astragalus roots out from the chicken’s abdominal cavity, stack them on the chicken, season it with pepper powder before eating.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken with bread or cooked rice.

EFFICACY  Replenishing qi and elevating yang; nourishing the blood and treating syndromes of deficiency.

INDICATIONS  Anorexia due to deficiency of the spleen, weakness, spontaneous perspiration, liability to catching cold caused by deficiency of qi; dizziness due to deficiency of blood; prolapse of rectum, prolonged diarrhea, prolapse of uterus and other symptoms resulting from sinking of qi of the middle-jiao. It can be used as health-improving food for those who are weak after an illness and for those who suffer from malnutrition, anemia, nephritis and prolapse of internal organs. As for those who are healthy, it can be used to build up their physique and prevent them from catching cold if taken often.

 

2. Medicated Diets for Nourishing the Blood

medicated diets for nourishing the blood are cooked by mixing Chinese materia medica chosen for this purpose into certain foods. They have the effects of nourishing the blood and the liver, replenishing the heart and spleen, and are applicable to deficiency of blood, marked by giddiness, lassitude, numb limbs, palpitation or severe palpitation, insomnia, amnesia, sallow complexion, pale lips and tongue and nails, and thready and rapid or thready and uneven pulse.

 

Thick Soup of Chinese Angelica Root and Mutton

(Danggui Yangrou Geng)

 

SOURCE  Prescriptions for Succouring the Sick

INGREDIENTS

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                                15g

Astragalus roots, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                                 25g

Mutton                                                                500g

Scallion, fresh ginger, cooking wine and gourmet powder          right amount for each

PORCESS  Wash the mutton clean; put Chinese Angelica roots, astragalus roots and Dangshen into a gauze bag and tie up its opening; put scallion, ginger, salt and cooking wine tongether into an aluminium pan, add the right amount of water. Heat it over a strong fire to boiling point, change to stewing it gently over a low fire until the mutton is thoroughly done. Add gourmet powder before eating.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the mutton and drink the soup, twice a day, once in the morning and in the evening respectively.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the blood and treating syndromes of deficiency.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of blood or weakness after an illness or delivery manifested as abdominal cold-pain, cold sensation in uterus with blood deficiency, metrorrhagia or metrostaxis and other kinds of anemia.

PRECAUTIONS  Those who have a fever due to exopathy, painful swelling in the throat and toothache are prohibited to take such soup. It is prohibited to use a copper ware and to eat pumpkin.

 

Recipe of Chinese Angelica Root, Dangshen, Chinese

Yam and Pig Kidney

(Gui Shen Shanyao Zhuyao)

 

SOURCES  Select Recipes of 100

INGREDINTS

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                                10g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       10g

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                          10g

Pig kidney                                                             500g

Soy sauce, vinegar, shredded ginger, mashed garlic, sesame oil

just the right amount for each

PROCESS  Cut the pigs kidney open, remove the fasciae and the renal pelvis, and wash it clean; put Chinese angelica roots, Dangshen and Chinese yam into a gauze bag, tie up its opening and put it together with the pigs kidney in an aluminium pan; add just the right amount of water, have the ingredients boiled in clear soup (without soy sauce) until the pig kidney is well done. Take the kidney out and let it cool. Cut it into thin slices, put it on a plate and then mix it with soy sauce, vinegar, shredded ginger, mashed garlic and sesame oil.

DIRECTIONS  Take it with bread or cooked rice.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the blood, replenishing qi and invigorating the kidney.

INDICATIONS  Palpitation, shortness of breath, pain and soreness of waist, insomnia, spontaneous perspiration and other symptoms due to deficiency of qi and blood accompanied with deficiency of the kidney.

 

Gruel of Glutinous Rice and Donkey-hide Gelatin

(Nuomi Ejiao Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Experience of Dietitian

INGREDIENTS

Donkey-hide gelatin, Colla Corii Asini                                        30g

Glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                                      60g

Brown sugar                                                            a bit

PROCESS  First, make gruel with glutinous rice; put in donkey-hide gelatin (pounded into pieces) when the gruel is about to be done; stir to mix it thoroughly while cooking until it boils two or three times.

DIRECTIONS  Take it in the morning on an empty stomach.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the blood and treating syndromes of deficiency, arresting bleeding and preventing abortion.

INDICATIONS  Scanty menstruation, metrostaxis, threatened abortion in women due to blood deficiency; cough due to consumption, hempoptsis due to blood deficiency; cough ting blood, epistaxis and hematochezia.

PRECAUTIONS  This kind of gruel should be taken intermittently; taking it without intermission may easily cause fullness sensation in the chest and shortness of breath;those who suffer from weakness of the spleen and stomach and insufficiency of yang and qi should not take such gruel.

 

Drink of Longan and Wild Jujube Seed

(Longyan Zaoren Yin)

 

SOURCE  Food and Treatment of Diseases

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                                10g

Wild jujube seed (roasted), Semen Ziziphi Spinosae                             10g

Gordon euryale seed, Semen Euryales                                        12g

PROCESS  Pound the roasted wild jujube seeds into pieces and put them in a gauze bag; put Gordon euryale seeds into 500ml of water to boil them for about half an hour; add longan aril and wild jujube seeds and boil them for another half an hour; take out wild jujube seeds and add just the right amount of white sugar. Filter to get the extract.

DIRECTIONS  Drink it at any time and eat the longan aril and Gordon euryale seeds.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the blood, tranquilizing the mind, tonifying the kidney and controlling nocturnal emission.

INDICATIONS  This kind of drink can be taken by those who suffer from palpitation, insomnia, forgetfulness, listlessness and nocturnal emission and other symptoms resulting from defici ency of the heart-yin and insufficiency of the heart-blood which is unable to benefit the kidney-yin in the lower due to internal disturbance by fire of deficiency type.

 

Candied Ginger, Jujube and Longan

(Mijian Jiang Zao Longyang)

 

SOURCE  Materia Medica of Quanzhou

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                               250g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                            250g

Honey, Mel                                                            250g

Ginger juice, Succus Zingiberis                               an appropriate amount

PROCESS  Wash longan arils and jujubes clean, put them in a pot and add just the right amount of water to heat them over a strong fire to boiling point, then, change to a gentle fire until the content is 70% done; add ginger juice and honey and mix them thoroughly; go on heating until the content is well done. Take it out from the pot and let it cool. Then, put it in a bottle and seal the bottle.

DIRECTIONS  Take it three times a day, eating 6 to 8 longan arils and 6 to 8 jujubes each time.

EFFICTIONS  Invigorating the functions of the spleen and stomach, and replenishing the heart and blood.

INDICATIONS  Inappetence, sallow complexion, palpitation or severe palpitation and other symptoms caused by deficiency of the spleen and the blood.

 

3. Medicated Diets for Nourishing Yin

The medicated diets for nourishing yin are cooked by mixing Chinese materia medica chosen for this purpose into certain foods. They have the effects of nourishing yin and tonifying the kidney, replenishing the vital essence to promote the generation of marrow, and are applicable to deficiency of yin, manifested as emaciation, giddiness,dry mouth and throat, insomnia due to vexation, hectic fever, night perspiration, redness in the zygomatic region, red lips, dysphoria with feverish sensation in the chest, palms and soles, lassitude in the loins and knees, emission, forgetfulness, reddened tongue with little fur, and thready and rapid pulse.

 

Gruel with Dongwood Fruit

(Shanyurou Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Gruel Menu

INGREDIENTS

Dogwood fruit sarcocarp, Fructus Corni                                  15 to 20g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              60g

White sugar                                                      right amount

PROCESS  First, have the dogwood fruit sarcocarp washed clean and rid of the stones; put it together with the rice in an earthenware pot to make gruel; add white sugar when the gruel is about to be done and go on cooking for a while.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once in the morning and in the evening respectively.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the liver and tonifying the kidney, arresting seminal emission and treating excessive sweating.

INDICATIONS  Giddiness, tinnitus, soreness in the loins, seminal emission, enuresis, incessant sweating due to debility, leukorrhagia and frequent urination due to deficiency of the kidney.

PRECAUTIONS  Take such gruel for 3 to 5 days as a course of treatment; cease to take it when the disease is completely cured, or go on taking such gruel intermittently for a period of time so as to strengthen such gruel intermittently for a period of time so as to strengthen the curative effect. Those who have a fever, difficulty and pain in micturition should not take such gruel.

 

Gruel with Lucid Asparagus Root

(Tianmendong Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Collection of Selected Diets

INGREDIENTS

Lucid asparagus root, Radix Asparagi                                    15 to 20g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              60g

Crystal sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  First, decoct lucid asparagus roots in water to get concentrated extract, remove the dregs; put in the polished round-grained rice to make gruel; add crystal sugar after it has boiled and go on cooking for a while.

DIRECTIONS  Take the gruel once in the morning and once in the evening respectively.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the vital essence and moisturizing the lung, and promoting production of the body fluid to quench thirst.

INDICATIONS  Interior heat syndrome due to deficiency of the kidney-yin, marked by dry mouth and hypoptyalism; heat syndrome caused by deficiency of the lung-yin, manifested as dry cough with little or no sputum, sputum mixed with blood; pulmonary tuberculosis with symptoms of low fever in the afternoon and night sweating.

PRECAUTIONS  Take such gruel for 3 to 5 days as a course of treatment; resume taking it three days later; those who suffer from abdominal pain due to cold of deficiency type, cough due to affection by wind-cold should not take such gruel.

 

Soup of Tremella and Black Edible Fungus

(Shuang Er Tang)

 

SOURCE  A folk remedy

INGREDIENTS

Tremella, Tremella                                                        10g

Black edible fungus, Auricularia                                             10g

Crystal sugar                                                            30g

PROCESS  Have tremella and black edible fungus expanded by soaking them in lukewarm water, remove the bases and impurities and wash them clean; put them in a bowl, add just the right amount of water and crystal sugar. Put the bowl in a bamboo steamer and heat it for an hour until the tremella and fungus are well done.

 

DIRECTIONS  Eat the tremella, edible fungus and drink the soup. Take such soup twice a day.

EFFICACY  Replenishing yin, tonifying the kidney and moisturizing the lung.

INDICATIONS  Arteriosclerosis, hypertension and bleeding in the eye-ground, marked by the type of deficiency of the kidney-yin; cough, dyspnea and other symptoms caused by deficiency of the lung-yin.

 

Recipe of Wolfberry Fruit and Shredded Meat

(Gouqi Rousi)

 

SOURCE  A folk remedy

INGREDIENTS

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                              100g

Lean pork                                                              500g

Fresh bamboo shoots, Germen Rhyllostachydis                                100g

Lard, Lardum                                                            30g

Salt, white sugar, cooking wine, sesame oil, dried starch, gourmet powder, soy sauce      

                                                    Right amount for each

PROCESS  Have the lean pork washed clean, remove its fasciae and cut it into shreds 2 Chinese cun (equal to 6.7cm) long; cut fresh bamboo shoots into shreds of the same length wash the wolfberry fruit clean for later use; put lard into a cooking pan and heat it; put the meat and the bamboo shoot shreds into the pan at the same time; put in the cooking wine and stirfry it quickly in hot oil, add white sugar, soy sauce, salt, and gourmet powder and stir thoroughly; put in the wolfberry fruit, stir it several times, drip sesame oil into the pan and take it out from the pan.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as dishes.

EFFICACY  Replenishing yin, toniifying the kidney, strengthening the health and improving eyesight.

INDICATIONS  Lassitude, listlessness, giddiness, dim vision, impotence, pain in the loins and other symptoms due to kidney deficiency. It can also be used to strengthen constitution and prolong life.

 

Specially- prepared Black Soybean

(Fazhi Heidou)

 

SOURCE  Complete Works of Zhang Jingyue

INGREDIENTS

Black soybean, Semen Sojae Nigrum                                        500g

Dogwood fruit, Fructus Corni                                               10g

Poria, Poria                                                             10g

Chinese angelica root, Radix angelicae Sinensis                                10g

Mulberry, Fructus Mori                                                    10g

Prepared rehmannia root, Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata                         10g

Psoralea fruit, Fructus Psoraleae                                            10g

Dodder seed, Semen Cuscutae                                               10g

Eclipta, Herba Ecliptae                                                    10g

Schisandra fruit, Fructus Schisandrae                                         10g

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                               10g

Wolfberry bark, Cortex Lycii Radicis                                         10g

Sesame seed, Semen Sesami Nigrum                                         10g

Salt, Sal Communis                                                      100g

PROCESS  Soak the black soybeans in lukewarm water for 30 minutes; put the other drugs listed above (except the salt) into a gauze bag, tie it up, then, put it in an aluminium pan; add just the right amount of water to heat it; take out decoction once every 30 minutes and put it in a basin; add water into the aluminium pan to heat it again; put all the decoction into the aluminum pan. Put black soybeans into the pan containing the decoction and put in the salt; heat it over a strong fire until the decoction has boiled, then change to a low fire until the decoction has run dry. Dry the black soybeans in the sun. Put the black soybeans into a china pot (or a bottle ) for later use.

DIRECTIONS  Chew as many as your appetite permits.

EFFICACY  Tonifying and replenishing the vital essence of the kidney to strengthen the muscles and bones.

INDICATIONS  Giddiness, tinnitus, deafness, emaciation, frequent micturition, emission, soreness in the loins and pain in the legs, flaccidity of extremities and other symptoms caused by insufficiency of the vital essence of the kidney and deficiency of the kidney-yin.

 

4. Medicated Diets for Restoring Yang

Medicated diets for restoring yang are those cooked by mixing warm-natured drugs chosen for this purpose into certain foods. They have the effects of warming the kidney, invigorating yang, strengthening the constitution, exciting sexuality, enhancing sexual function and genitality, and are applicable to deficiency of yang – mainly that of both the spleen and the kidney, manifested as tinnitus, giddiness, lassitude or cold-pain in the loins and knees, impotence, remature ejaculation, sterility in women, clear urine, loose stool, pale complexion, listlessness, pale tongue, and deep, tready and feeble pulse.

 

Gruel with Chinese Chives

(Jiucai Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Compendium of Materia Medica

INGREDEINTS

Fresh Chinese chive, herba Allii Tuberosi                                 30 to 60g

(or 5 to 10g of Chinese chive seed, Semen Allii Tuberosi)

polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              60g

refined salt, Sal communis                                                 a bit

PROCESS  Have the fresh Chinese chives washed clean and cut into bits (or Chinese chive seeds ground into fine powder); first, make gruel with the rice; put in the Chinese chives or the powder of the Chinese chive seeds, and salt after the gruel has boiled; go on cooking to make thin gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel in the morning and in the evening.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the kidney, invigorating yang, arresting emission, promoting the function of the spleen and warming the stomach.

INDICATIONS  Cold pain in the abdomen, loose stool or constipation, protracted dysentery of deficiency-cold type, dysphasia and regurgitation, impotence, premature ejaculation, emission, frequent micturition, incontinence of urine in children, leukorrhagia in women, lassitude in the loins and knees, dysmenorrhea, metrorrhagia, metrostaxis and other symptoms caused by yang deficiency of both the spleen and the kidney.

PRECAUTIONS  The gruel should be cooked for immediate consumption. Don’t take the gruel of the previous day. Those who have a fever due to deficiency of yin, sores and eye diseases are prohibited to take this kind of gruel. It is not advisable to take it in summer.

 

 

Gruel with Desertliving Cistanche and Mutton

(Congrong Yangrou Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Compendium of Materia Medica

INGREDIENTS

Desertliving cistanche, Herba Cistanchis                                  10 to15g

Chosen mutton                                                           60g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              60g

Refined salt, Sal Communis                                                a bit

Scallion stalks, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi (cut into slices)                              2

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                   3 slices

PROCESS  Have desertliving cistanche and chosen mutton washed clean and cut into slices; first, decoct the desertliving cistanche in an earthenware pot to obtain extract and remove the dregs; then, put in the mutton and the rice; add salt, scallion stalks and fresh ginger into the pot to make thin gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the kidney, invigorating yang, improving the function of the spleen, tonifying the stomach and loosening the bowel to relieve constipation.

INDICATIONS  Insufficiency of the kidney-yang, manifested as impotence, emission, premature ejaculation, sterility in women, cold-pain in the loins and knees, frequent micturition, polyuria at night, general debility, internal injury due to overstrain, chills and intolerance of cold, cold limbs, cold of deficiency type in the spleen and stomach, and constipation due to insufficiency of yang in the aged.

PRECAUTIONS  Gruel with desertliving cistanche and mutton is warm-natured medicated gruel, fit to be taken in winter; take it for 5 to 7 days as a course of treatment; those who suffer from loose stool, sexual hyperesthesia, should not take it; it is not fit to be taken in summer.

 

Stir-fried Chinese Chives with Walnut Kernel

(Hetaoren Chao Jiucai)

 

SOURCE  Orthodox School of Recipes and Pulse Study

INGREDIENTS

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                             60g

Chinese chive stems, Bulbus Allii Tuberosi                                   250g

Sesame oil, Oleum Sesami                                                 30g

Salt, Sal Communis                                                      1.5g

PORCESS  Scald the walnut kernels in boiling water for about 2 minutes; take them out, strip off the husk and wash them clean; after draining, put them in a bowl; have the Chinese chive stems trimmed, washed clean and cut into sections 3cm long; when the frying pan is hot, put in sesame oil; when the oil is hot, put in the walnut kernels and stir-fry them until they turn yellow; put in the chive stems and stir-fry again until they are done; add salt and stir to mix them thoroughly before putting the dish on a plate.

DIRECTIONS  Take it with bread (or cooked rice)

EFFICACY  Replenishing yin, invigorating yang, warming and recuperating the kidney-qi.

INDICATIONS  Impotence, weakness, cold-pain in the loins and knees due to insufficiency of the kidney-yang; emission, leukorrhagia, frequent micturition due to unconsolidation of the kidney-qi, constipation, etc.

Dog Meat Soup for Promoting Yang

(Zhuang Yang Gourou Tang)

 

SOURCE  Popular Medicated Diets

INGREDIENTS

Prepared aconite root, Radix Aconiti Preaparata (cut into slices)

Dodder seed, Semen Cuscutae                                               10g

Dog meat                                                              250g

Salt, gourmet powder, fresh ginger, scallion               just the right amount for each

PROCESS  Have the dog meat washed clean, put it as one piece into a pot with boiling water a and quick-boil it through; take it out and put it into cold water to remove the blood froth; and cut it into cubes. Cut fresh ginger and scallion into slices; stirfry the dog meat in an aluminium pan together with ginger slices; pour it into an earthenware pot after adding cooking wine; meanwhile, put the dodder seeds and the prepared aconite roots slices in a gauze bag and tie it up; put the bag together with salt and scallion into the earthenware pot; add just the right amount of clear soup which is heated to boiling point over a strong fire, then change to stewing it on a low fire until the dog’s meat is thoroughly done. Add gourmet powder before eating.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the meat and drink the soup; it can be taken with bread or cooked rice.

EFFICACY  Warming the kidney, recuperating the kidney-yang and replenishing the essence to nourish the marrow.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of yang and qi, marked by listlessness, lassitude in the loins and knees, etc.

PRECAUTIONS  Those who suffer from deficiency of yin are prohibited to take it.

 

5. Medicated Diets for Replenishing All of Qi, Blood, Yin and Yang

These medicated diets are cooked by mixing Chinese material medical chosen for tonifying qi and yang, replenishing yin and nourishing blood into certain foods. They have the effects of recuperating both qi and blood, tonifying yin and warming yang, replenishing essence and nourishing marrow, and are applicable to deficiency of qi, blood, yin and yang, which is manifested as shortness of breath, disinclination to talk, listlessness, dizziness and palpitation, spontaneous perspiration or night sweating, hectic fever or intolerance to cold, cold limbs, etc.

 

Decoction of Ten Powerful Tonics

(Shi Quan Da Bu Tang)

 

SOURCE  Popular Medicated Diets

INGREDIENTS

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       10g

Prepared astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                           10g

Chinese cassia tree bark, Cortex Cinnamomi                                    3g

Prepared rehmannia root, Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata                         15g

Parched bighead atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae         10g

Parched chuanxiong rhizome, Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong                      6g

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                                15g

Wine-steeped white peony root, Radix Paeoniae Alba                            10g

Poria, Poria                                                             10g

Prepared liquorice, Radix Glycyrrhizae                                        6g

Inkfish, Sepia                                                            50g

Pork                                                                  500g

Pork tripe                                                               50g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                      30g

Pork bones, green Chinese onion (or scallion),

cooking wine, salt, Chinese prickly ash, gourmet powder     just the right amount of each

PROCESS  Put the above medicinal herbs into a clean gauze bag and tie up the opening for later use; have the pork, inkfish and pork tripe washed clean, pork bones washed clean and cracked by pounding, fresh ginger beaten into pieces, and put them together with the medicinal herb bag into an aluminium pan; add just the right amount of water, put in Chinese prickly ash, cooking wine and salt, then, heat the pan over a strong fire until the water has boiled; change to stewing it over a low fire. When the pork is thoroughly done, take it out and cut it into short thin pieces, then place it back into the decoction and remove the medicinal herb bag.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice in a day, once in the morning and once in the evening; eat the meat and drink the decoction.

EFFICACY  Replenishing both qi and blood.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of both qi and blood or debility after a protracted illness, manifested as sallow complexion, listlessness, lassitude in the loins and knees, etc.

PRECAUTIONS  Resume taking it five days after the first treatment. Those suffering from common cold of wind-cold type are prohibited to take it.

 

Thick Soup with Chinese Angelica Root, Dangshen and Eel

(Gui Shen Shanyu Geng)

 

SOURCE  Discovering Sources of Materia Medica

INGREDIENTS

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                                15g

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       15g

Eel, Monopterus Albus                                                   500g

Cooking wine, green Chinese onion, fresh ginger,

garlic, gourmet powder, salt, soy sauce                   just the right amount for each

PROCESS  Cut open the back of the eel, remove the bones, internal organs, head and tail, and cut it into slices; put Chinese angelica roots and Dangshen into a gauze bag and tie up its opening, then, put it together with the eel into an aluminium pan; put in the cooking wine, green Chinese onion, ginger, garlic and salt, add just the right amount of water and heat it over a strong fire to boiling point, skim off the froth; change it to a low fire and go on cooking for an hour. Remove the medicinal herb bag and add the gourmet powder before eating.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening.

EEFICACY  Replenishing qi and blood.

INDIECATIONS  Deficiency of both qi and blood, debility after a protracted illness, manifested as lassitude, emaciation with sallow complexion.

 

Pork Stewed with Siberian Solomonseal Rhizome

(Huangjing Dun Zhurou)

 

SOURCE  Popular Medicated Diets

INGREDIENTS

Siberian solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati                             50g

Lean pork                                                              200g

Green Chinese onion, fresh ginger, cooking wine, salt, gourmet powder

                                                     Just the right amount each

PROCESS  Have Siberian solomonseal rhizome and lean pork washed clean, cut into cubes, 1 cun (equal to 3.3cm) in length and half a cun in width, respectively; then, put them into an earthenware pot, add just the right amount of water and put in green Chinese onion, fresh ginger, salt and cooking wine. Put the pot in water and stew until the meat is thoroughly done and then, add a bit of gourmet powder.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Tonifying the spleen-yin, nourishing the heart and lung.

INDICATIONS  It can be used both as a daily nourishing food and nutrition for those who have deficiency of yin and as a treatment of anorexia and insomnia and other symptoms caused by insufficiency of yin and blood of the heart and spleen.

 

Gruel of “Pearl and Jade”

(Zhu Yu Er Bao Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Records of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Combination

INGREDIENTS

Raw Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                       60g

Coix seed, Semen Coicis                                                   60g

Cake of frostlike powder on the surface of dried persimmon, Mannosum Kaki         24g

PROCESS  First, have Chinese yam and coix seeds pounded into coarse pieces and cooked until they are thoroughly done; then, cut the cake of dried persimmon frost into small pieces and mix them into the gruel and wait for them to dissolve.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the spleen and the lung, and removing heat from them; tonifying ad moistening yin with drugs sweet in taste and moist in nature.

INDICATIONS  Anorexia, low fever in the afternoon, or even hectic fever and night sweating, cough especially at night, hollow, rapid and taut pulse caused by deficiency of qi and yin of the spleen and lung.

 

Gruel for Immortals

(Xianren Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Eight Essays on Life Preservation

INGREDIENTS

Prepared fleece-flower root, Radix Polygoni Multiflori                      30 to 60g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                            3 to 5

Brown sugar                                                     right amount

PROCESS  Decoct the prepared fleece-flower roots in water to get thick extract and remove the dregs; put the extract together with rice and jujubes into an earthenware pot to make gruel; add a bit of brown sugar or crystal sugar to season the gruel when it is about to be done; go on cooking until it has boiled once or twice.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Replenishing qi and blood, nourishing the liver and the kidney.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the liver and kidney, manifested as early graying of hair, dizziness due to deficiency of blood, tinnitus, lassitude in the loins and knees, and constipation.

PRECAUTIONS  It is prohibited to use an ironware pot; don’t take scallion and garlic while taking such gruel.

 

Section 2  Medicated Diets for Tonifying and

Benefiting Five Viscera

 

1. Medicated Diets for Strengthening the Spleen

medicated diets for strengthening the spleen are cooked by mixing some materia medica chosen for invigorating the spleen and nourishing qi into certain foods. They have the effects of invigorating the spleen, nourishing qi, normalizing the function of the stomach and regulating qi of the middle-jiao (TCM holds it is the part where the spleen and stomach lie). They are applicable to deficiency of the spleen and weakness of qi, manifested as listlessness, lassitude of limbs, shortness of breath and disinclination to talk, dizziness, spontaneous perspiration, loss of appetite, dull pain in the stomach, loose stool, pale tongue with whitish fur, and relaxed and feeble pulse.

 

Cooked Rice with Dangshen and Chinese Dates

(Shen Zao Mifen)

 

SOURCE  Recipe of Xingyuan

INGREDIENTS

Dangshen, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae                                       10g

Chinese-date, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                        20g

Polished long-grained glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                   250g

White sugar                                                             50g

PORCESS  Put Dangshen and Chinese-dates in an earthenware pot, add water to make them expand. Decoct them in water for about 30 minutes and take out Dangshen and Chinese-dates; wash the glutinous rice clean, put it in a big porcelain bowl with just the right amount of water and steam until the rice is done. Turn the bowl upside down to put the cooked rice on a plate. Put Dangshen and Chinese-dates on the rice. Add white sugar into the prepared extract of Dangshen and Chinese-dates and concentrate it, then, pour it on the cooked Chinese-date rice.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken for breakfast.

EFFICACY  Strengthening the spleen and nourishing qi.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of qi due to weak consititution, manifested as lassitude, palpitation, insomnia, loss of appetite, loose stool, dropsy, etc.

 

Cake for Nourishing the Spleen

(Yi Pi Bing)

 

SOURCE  Records of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Combination

INGREDIENTS

Bighead atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae                30g

Dired ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                             6g

Chicken’s gizzard-skin, Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli                     15g

Wheat flour                                                            500g

Rapeseed oil and salt,                                       right amount for each

PROCESS  Put the bighead atractylodes rhizome and dried ginger into a gauze bag and tie up its opening; put the bag together with the Chinese-dates into a cooking pot; add just the right amount of water and heat it over a strong fire until the water boils; change it to a low fire and go on boiling it for about an hour; remove the medicinal bag and the Chinese-date stones, stir the Chinese-dates to make a paste for later use. Grind the chicken’s gizzard-skin into fine powder, mix it with the flour, and put the flour into the Chinese-date paste; add just the right amount of water to make dough; divide the dough into several small lumps to make thin cakes; bake the cakes over a low fire until they are done.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken as meals.

EFFICACY  Strengthening the spleen, nourishing qi, inducing appetite and promoting digestion.

INDICATIONS  Loss of appetite, stomachache after meals, chronic diarrhea, chronic enterogastric diseases, etc.

 

Gruel with Ginseng and Poria

(Shen Ling Zhou)

 

SOURCE  General Collection for Hoy Relief

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                          3 to 5g (or 15 to 20g of Dangshen)

Poria, Poria                                                        15 to 20g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                         3 to5g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

PROCESS  Have the ginseng (or Dangshen) and fresh ginger cut into thin slices, poria pounded into pieces. After soaking them for half an hour, decoct them in water for 30 minutes. Take out the extract and go on decocting it to obtain extract again. Put together the two extracts. Wash rice clean and put it into the extract to make gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Invigorating the middle-jiao and replenishing qi, strengthening the spleen and regulating the stomach.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of qi, weak constitution and insufficiency of the spleen and stomach, manifested as lassitude, pale complexion, poor appetite, regurgitation and vomiting, loose stool, etc.

 

Gruel with Bighead Atractylodes Rhizome and Pork Tripe

(Baizhu Zhudu Zhou)

 

SOURCE  General Collection for Holy Relief

INGDREDIENTS

Bighead atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrcephalae                 30g

Areca seed, Semen Arecae                                                 10g

Pig’s tripe                                                                 1

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis, Recens                                     a bit

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              60g

PROCESS  Have the pig tripe washed clean and cut into small pieces; decoct it together with the bighead atractylodes rhizome, areca seeds and fresh ginger in water to get extract and discard the dregs. Put in rice to make gruel. Take the tripe out and eat it after dipping it in sesame oil and soy sauce.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Reinforcing qi and replenishing the middle-jiao, strengthening the spleen and regulating the function of the stomach.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the spleen-qi and stomach-qi, manifested as indigestion, anorexia, lassitude, shortness of breath, abdominal distension, loose stool, and discomfort during discharging excrement.

PRECAUTIONS  As areca seed in the above recipe belongs to the category that relieves stagnation of qi and consumes qi, the dose of it to be used shouldn’t be too great. Take such gruel for 3 to 5 days as a course of treatment; resume taking it three days later; stop taking it after recovering from the illness.

 

Noodles with Chinese Yam

(Shanyao Mian)

 

SOURCE  Principles of Correct Diet

INGREDIENTS

Wheat flour                                                           3000g

Powder of Chinese yam, Pulvis Rhizomatis Dioscoreae                         1500g

Egg                                                                     10

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                       5g

Soy bean flour                                                          200g

Salt, lard, pepper powder, green Chinese onion, gourmet powder        right amount each

PROCESS  Put wheat flour, Chinese yam powder and soy bean flour into a basin, add eggs, water and salt, just the right amount each, to make dough; roll it out into a thin piece and cut it into noodles. Put just the right amount of water in an aluminium pan; put in lard, green Chinese onion and fresh ginger; heat it until the water boils, then, put in noodles (as many as one can consume at a time). Go on heating until the noodles are done. Put in gourmet powder and salt to season it.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken as meals.

EFFICACY  Strengthening the spleen and kidney.

INDICATIONS  Diarrhea due to deficiency of the spleen, chronic dysentery, emission, leukorrhagia, frequent urine, etc.

 

2. Medicated Diets for Tonifying the Lung

Medicated diets for nourishing the lung are cooked by mixing materia medica chosen for recuperating the lung-qi, nourishing yin and moistening the lung into certain foods. They have the effects of tonifying the lung-qi, nourishing yin, moistening the lung and arresting cough, and are applicable to insufficiency of the lung-qi or deficiency of the lung-yin. Insufficiency  of the lung-qi is manifested as shortness of breath, disinclination to talk, cough with thin and clear sputum, preference for warmth, spontaneous sweating, susceptibility to cold, pale complexion; while deficiency of the lung-yin is marked by cough, dry cough with no or little and sticky sputum, emaciation, tidal fever in the afternoon, night sweating, flushing of zygomatic regions, etc.

 

Gruel with Lily Bulb

(Baihe Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Collection of Selected Diets

INGREDIENTS

Fresh lily bulbs, Bulbus Lilii Recens                                     30 to 50g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              50g

Crystal sugar                                                     right amount

PORCESS  Have the rice washed clean and put it in a cooking pot; add just the right amount of water and hear it over a strong fire until it boils; change it to a low fire for and heat it 40 minutes; put in the lily bulbs and go on cooking until it is done. Add crystal sugar before eating.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Recuperating the lung, nourishing the spleen and relieving asthma and cough.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the lung-yin and weakness of the spleen-qi, manifested as dry cough, asthma, lassitude, inappetence, fever of deficiency type and fidgetiness at times.

 

Soft Extract with Astragalus Root

(Huangqi Gao)

 

SOURCE  Records of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Combination

INGREDIENTS

Crude astragalus root, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari                             12g

Plaster stone, Gypsum Fibrosum                                             12g

Fresh cogongrass rhizome, Rhizoma Imperatae Recens                           12g

Liquorice, Polvis Radicis Glycyrrhizae                                         6g

Crude Chinese yam, Pulvis Rhizomatis Dioscoreae                              10g

Honey, Mel                                                             30g

PROCESS  First, pound the plaster stone into fine powder, decoct it together with cogongrass rhizome and astragalus roots in water until the water has boiled more than ten times; remove the dregs and let the decoction settle to obtain about 500ml of clear extract; mix the liquorice powder and Chinese yam powder into the extract and cook together; stir it with a chopstick while cooking to prevent the powder from sinking onto the bottom of the pot; the decoction will become a kind of thick extract after it has boiled once; then, mix honey into the extract and stop heating when it simmers.

DIRECTIONS  Take it in three portions in one day.

EFFICACY  Recuperating the lung, clearing away heat and moistening dryness of the lung.

INDICATIONS  Persistent asthma and cough due to slight affection by wind-cold, especially in winter, which is caused by impairment of the purifying and descending functions of the lung resulting from deficiency of both its qi and yin.

 

Soup of Sheep (or Goat) Lung

(Yang Fei Tang)

 

SOURCE  Compendium of Materia Medica           

INGREDIENTS

Sheep (or goat) lung                                                      1 set

Apricot kernel, Semen Armeniacae                                            9g

Persimmon frost, Mannosum Kaki                                           30g

Flour of mung bean, Pulvis Semen Phaseoli Radiati                             30g

Butter, Butyrum                                                          30g

Honey, Mel                                                             60g

PROCESS  First, remove the husk of the apricot kernels, then grind them into fine powder; put it together with the persimmon frost, mung bean flour and butter into a bowl, and then, put the honey into the bowl; add a bit of water while stirring it until the above five ingredients are mixed thoroughly and become a thick-extract-like stuff; have the sheep lung washed clean, squeeze out the blood and water; fill the medicinal extract into the lung; put the lung in a container, add about 500ml of water and stew it without its contacting water until it is done. Put the lung in a bowl and pour in the soup.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the lung and drink the soup with bread (or cooked rice).

EFFICACY  Replenishing yin, clearing away heat, tonifying qi and nourishing the blood, arresting cough and relieving asthma.

INDICATIONS  Debility after a long illness, internal heat due to deficiency of yin, cough due to consumptive lung disease caused by impairment of the lung by fire of deficiency type, abnormality of the function of the lung in removing obstruction in the flow of qi and checking upward adverse flow of qi, manifested as spitting sticky and thick sputum full of white froth, listlessness, emaciation, palpitation, asthma, dry mouth and lips.

 

Stewed Whole Duck with Chinese Caterpillar Fungus

(Chongcao Quanya)

 

SOURCE  Supplement to the Compendium of Materia Medica

INGREDIENTS

Chinese caterpillar fungus, Cordyceps                                        10g

Old drake                                                                1

Cooking wine                                                           15g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                      5g

Scallion stalk, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                                         10g

Pepper powder, Pulvis Fructus Piperis Albi                                     3g

Salt, Sal Communis                                                        3g

PROCESS  Have the drake killed and rid of its feathers; cut off its webbed feet and cut its belly open to remove its internal organs; after washing it clean, scald it in a cooking pot with boiling water for a while; take it out and wash it clean with cold water. Wash the Chinese caterpillar fungus to remove mud and sand; have the scallion stalk and fresh ginger washed clean and cut into slices for later use. Cut the drake’s head open along its neck, put 8 to 10 Chinese caterpillar fungi into the drake’s head, tie it up tight with cotton thread; put the remaining fungi together with fresh ginger and scallion into the drake’s abdomen; put the drake in a small pot, pour some water into it, add salt, pepper powder and cooking wine to season it, cover the pot closely with damp soft paper; steamer it in a bamboo steamer for about one and a half hours. Take the drake out from the steamer, remove the paper, pick the scallion and fresh ginger out, then, add gourmet powder to season it.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the drake and drink the soup with bread (or cooked rice).

EFFICACY  Replenishing the lung and kidney, tonifying the vital essence, nourishing marrow, arresting cough and relieving asthma.

INDICATIONS  Asthma, cough, spontaneous sweating, impotence and emission caused by deficiency of the lung-qi or deficiency of both the lung and the kidney, and weakness, listlessness, anorexia after an illness.

 

Steamed Pear with Tendrill-leaved Fritillary Buld

 

SOURCE  A folk remedy

INGREDIENTS

Snow pear, Pyrus nivalis                                                     8

Tendril-leaved fritillary bulb, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae                       12g

Polished long-grained glutinous rice, Semen Oryzae Glutinosae                   100g

Candied Waxgourd strips                                                  100g

Crystal sugar                                                           180g

Alum, Alumen                                                    right amount

PROCESS  Have the tendril-leaved fritillary bulb beaten into pieces and the alum dissolved in water (about 2000ml) for later use. Have the rice washed clean and cooked; cut the Waxgourd strips into pellets the size of a soy bean. Have the pears peeled; cut a piece as a cover from the base; remove the stones with a small knife, and then soak the pears in the alum water to prevent them from changing their colour; scald them for a while I boiling water, take them out to cool them in cold water and then drain them. Have the cooked rice, Waxgourd pellets and half the amount of the crystal sugar (pounded into powder) mixed thoroughly and put the mixture into the pears, cover them with the cut pieces and put them on a plate; put the plate in a bamboo steamer and steam for about 40 minutes until the pears are thoroughly done. Have the remaining crystal sugar dissolved into 200ml of boiling water to make thick extract. Take the pears out from the steamer and pour the extract on the pears one by one.

DIRECTIONS  Take one pear at a time, twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Moistening the lung, resolving phlegm, and removing fire and heat from the lung.

INDICATIONS  Cough due to consumption; or dry cough, sputum mixed with blood; or lung heat, manifested as cough, asthma and depressed chest, yellowish and thick sputum.

 

3. Medicated Diets for Nourishing the Heart

Medicated diets for nourishing the heart are cooked by mixing medicinal herbs chosen for nourishing the heart and tranquilizing the mind into certain foods. They have the effect of nourishing the heart-blood, replenishing the heart-qi, tranquilizing the mind, and benefiting the mental power, and are applicable to symptoms caused by deficiency of blood and qi of the heart such as palpitation, shortness of breath, depressed chest, palpitation on slight exertion, insomnia, excessive dreaming in sleep, failing memory, etc.

 

Gruel of Longan Aril

(Longyanrou Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Common Saying for Senile Health Preservation

INGREDIENTS

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                                15g

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                            3 to 5

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              60g

PROCESS  Have the rice washed clean, longan arils and jujubes washed off mud and sand; cook them together to make gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the heart, tranquilizing the mind, strengthening the spleen and recuperating the blood.

INDICATIONS  Symptoms such as vexation, insomnia due to deficiency of both the heart and the spleen.

 

Decoction of Green Chinese Onion and Jujube

(Cong Zao Tang)

 

SOURCE  Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies

INGREDIENTS

Jujube, Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae                                               20

Stalk of green Chinese onion, BulbusAllii Fistulosi                                7

PROCESS  Have jujubes washed clean and make them expanded by soaking them in water and have the green Chinese onion stalks (with roots) washed clean for later use. Put jujubes into an aluminium pan with the just right amount of water and heat the water to boiling point over a strong and go on heating for 10 minutes.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the jujubes and drink the decoction, once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Tranquilizing the mind and replenishing the heart-qi.

INDICATIONS  Neurosism, insomnia, excessive dreaming during sleep, hypomnesis and other symptoms caused by deficiency of the heart-qi.

 

Roasted Sheep Heart with Rose

(Meiguihua Kao Yangxin)

 

SOURCE  Principles of Correct Diet

INGREDIENTS

Fresh rose, Flos Rosa Rugosa                                               50g

Sheep (or goat) heart                                                      50g

Salt, Sal Communis                                                       50g

PROCESS  Put the roses in a small aluminium pan, add salt, heat it for ten minutes and let it cool for later use; wash the sheep heart clean, cut it into cubes about 5cm in length 3cm in width, and 1cm in thickness, string them on a skewer to roast them over an open fire, dip them repeatedly in the salty rose decoction while roasting them. Stop roasting when they are done but slightly tender.

DIRECTIONS  Take it after it is done.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the heart, tranquilizing the mind and alleviating mental depression.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the heart-blood, manifested as palpitation, insomnia, melancholy, etc.

 

Stewed Pork Heart with Arborvitae Seed

(Baiziren Dun Zhuxin)

 

SOURCE  Popular Medicated Diets

INGREDIENTS

Arborvitae seed, Semen Biotae                                              15g

Pork heart                                                                 1

PROCESS  Wash the pork heart clean and cut it open with a thin piece of bamboo; put the arborvitae seeds into the pork heart, and then put it in an earthenware pot and add just the right amount of water to stew it without contacting water until it is thoroughly done.

DIRECTIONS  Eat the heart and drink the soup.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the heart and tranquilizing the mind, replenishing the blood and moistening the intestines.

DIRECTIONS  Palpitation, insomnia, excessive Dreaming during sleep and failing memory due to deficiency of the heart-blood and the heart-yin; constipation and other symptoms due to deficiency of blood in old age.

 

4. Medicated Diets for Tonifying the Kidney

Medicated diets for nourishing the kidney are cooked by mixing Chinese materia medica chosen for replenishing the kidney-qi, warming the kidney-yang, tonigying the kidney-yin into certain foods. They have the effects of warming the kidney, strengthening yang, replenishing the vital essence and promoting the generation of marrow, and are applicable to syndromes such as deficiency of the kidney including deficiency of the kidney-yin and kidney-yang, manifested as lassitude in the loins and knees, dizziness and tinnitus, insomnia, forgetfulness, emission and frequent urine, tidal fever, night sweating, dry mouth, or intolerance of cold, cold limbs and asthma.

 

Gruel of Pork Kidney

(Zhushen Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Compendium of Materia Medica

INGREDIENTS

Pork kidney                                                               2

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             50g

Scallion stalk, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                                  right amount

The five spices (Chinese prickly ash, star aniseed,

cinnamon, clove and fennel),fresh ginger and salt                    right amount each

PORCESS  Wash the kidney clean, remove the fasciae and cut it into slices; wash the rice clean, put the rice and the pork kidney into a cooking pot to make gruel, add scallion stalk, fresh ginger, salt and the five spices to season it.

DIRECTIONS  Take it for breakfast.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the kidney and strengthening the loins.

INDICATIONS  Pain and lassitude in the loins and knees, difficulty in walking, deafness and other symptoms caused by deficiency of the kidney-qi in old age.

 

Stewed Pork Kidney

(Dun Zhuyao)

 

SOURCE  Food and Treatment of Diseases.

INGREDIENTS

Pork kidney                                                               2

Eucommia bark, Cortex Eucommiae                                          15g

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                             30g

PROCESS  Cut the pork kidneys open, remove the renal calyces and wash them clean; stew the pork kidneys together with eucommia bark and walnut kernels until they are done; remove the eucommia bark and walnut kernels.

DIRECTIONS  Take the pork kidney with a bit of refined salt. It can be taken with bread (or cooked rice).

EFFICACY  Replenishing the kidney, supplementing yang, strengthening the loins and nourishing qi.

INDICATIONS  Pain in the loins, lassitude, intolerance of cold, cold limbs, frequent urine, dim vision, impotence, emission and other symptoms caused by deficiency of the kidney-qi.

 

Extract of Cherokee Rose-hip

(Jinyingzi Gao)

 

SOURCE  Compendium of Materia Medica

INGREDIENTS

Cherokee rose-hip, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae                                 100g

Honey, Mel                                                            200g

PROCESS  Wash the Cherokee rose-hip clean, add water to decoct it; take the extract out two hours later and add water to decoct it again-repeat the process four times altogether, then squeeze the extract out from the dregs. Put together all the extract to make it condensed, and then, add honey and mix it thoroughly. Let it cool and remove the froth on the surface.

DIRECTIONS  Take it twice a day, 10 to 15g at a time, after mixing it with boiling water.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the kidney and tonifying the essence of life.

INDICATIONS  Nocturnal emission, spermatorrhea, stranguria with whitish turbid urine, dribbling urination, leukorrhagia in women, accompanied with dizziness, insomnia, night sweating and other symptoms caused by deficiency of the kidney-qi.

 

                                           Pill of Dodder Seed

(Tusizi Wan)

 

SOURCE  Food and Treatment of diseases

INGREDIENTS

Dodder seed, Semen Cuscutae                                              150g

Poria, Poria                                                            100g

Lotus fruit pulp, Semen Nelumbinis                                          60g

PROCESS  Grind the three drugs into fine powder; beat it with rice (or millet) wine to make paste, and then make it into pills the size of a Chinese parasol seed. Keep the pills in a bottle for later use.

DIRECTIONS  Take 30 to 50 pills (about 9 to 12g) at a time, twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the kidney and reinforcing the urinary bladder.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the kidney-qi and hypofunction of the urinary bladder, manifested as enuresis accompanied with soreness of waist, frequent micturition, incontinence of urine and dribbling urination in cold weather but no burning pain sensation in the urethra.

 

Fried Duck with Walnut

(Hetao Yazi)

 

SOURCE  Imitated Court Menu

INGREDIENTS

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                            200g

Water chestnut, Bulbus Heleocharis Tuberosae                                150g

Old duck                                                                 1

Minced chicken                                                         100g

Minced rape, scallion, fresh ginger, salt, egg white, cooking wine,

corn flour paste, gourmet powder and peanut oil                     right amount each

PROCESS  Have the duck killed, remove its feathers, cut open its belly to remove its internal organs, wash it clean and then, quick-boil it in boiling water; put it in a basin, add a bit of scallion, fresh ginger, salt and cooking wine; steam it in a cooking steamer until the duck is thoroughly done; take it out and let it cool, remove its bones and cut it into halves; make paste by mixing the minced chicken, egg white, corn flour paste, gourmet powder, cooking wine and salt, put the minced walnut kernel and water chestnuts into the paste, then, spread the paste over the inside wall of the duck’s chest. Pour cooking oil into a pan, put in the duck when the oil is hot and fry it in deep oil until it becomes crisp. Take the duck out and let the remaining oil drip from the duck. Then, cut it into long cubes and have them arranged on a plate, spread some minced rape around the duck.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as dishes.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the kidney and arresting seminal emission, warming the lung to relieve asthma, loosening the bowel to relieve constipation.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the kidney, manifested as cough, pain in the waist, impotence, seminal emission, constipation, stranguria caused by the passage of urinary stone.

 

5. Medicated diets for Benefiting the Liver

Medicated diets for benefiting the liver are cooked by mixing Chinese materia medica chosen for nourishing the liver and blood, improving acuity of vision, calming the endopathic wind and checking exuberance of yang into certain food. They have the effects of nourishing the liver and blood, improving acuity of vision and concurrently nourishing the kidney, checking exuberance of yang, tranquilizing the mind, and are applicable to stirring up of endopathic wind of deficiency type caused by excess of yang due to deficiency of the liver-blood and liver-yin, manifested as giddiness, dim vision, or distending pain, dryness and discomfort of the eyes, hot temper and irritability, pain in the hypochondria, numbness of hands and feet, or even hemiplegia, and taut, thready and rapid pulse.

 

Gruel of Abalone Shell and Cassia Seed

(Shuang Jueming Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Dietetic Health-Preserving Recipe

INGREDIENTS

Abalone shell, Concha Haliotidis                                            25g

Cassia seed, Semen Cassiae                                                10g

White chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                              15g

Polished round-granined rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                           100g

Crystal sugar                                                             6g

PROCESS  Put the cassia seed in a pot to have it parched; take it out when it sends out fragrance; decoct the chrysanthemum flowers and abalone shell in an earthenware pot to get extract and remove the dregs. Have the rice washed clean, make gruel with it and the extract; add crystal sugar and then, take it.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening, with 3 to 5 days as a course of treatment.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the liver, checking exuberance of yang, removing pathogenic heat from the liver and improving acuity of sight.

INDICATIONS  Conjunctival conjestion, swelling and pain in the eyes, photophobia and delacrimation, distension and pain in the head, or giddiness, dim vision, dryness and discomfort of the eyes and other symptoms caused by hyperactivity of the liver-yang resulting from deficiency of the liver and the kidney.

 

Stewed Pork Liver with Scrophularia Root

(Xuanshen Dun Zhugan)

 

SOURCE  Fairy Prescriptions for Emergencies

INGREDIENTS

Scrophularia root, Radix Scrophulariae                                       15g

Pork liver                                                              500g

Rapeseed oil, scallion, fresh ginger, soy sauce,

white sugar, rice (or millet) wine, wet starch                        right amount each

PROCESS  Wash pork liver clean and put it together with the scrophularia roots in an aluminium pan; add just the right amount of water and heat it for an hour, then take the pork liver out, cut it into small slices and put them on a plate. Put the rapeseed oil in a cooking pan, put in scallion and fresh ginger and stir-fry them a little bit; add a bit of soy sauce, white sugar, and cooking wine, put in just the right amount of the soup in which the pork liver has been boiled, mix the wet starch into the soup (to make it clear and transparent), then, pour it over the pork liver slices and stir to mix them thoroughly.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken with bread (or cooked rice).

EFFICACY  Tonifying the liver and improving acuity of vision.

INDICATIONS  Dryness and discomfort of the eyes, poor vision, night blindness caused by deficiency of the liver-yin, chronic liver diseases, etc.

 

Goat (or Sheep) Liver Soup

(Siwu Ganpian Tang)

 

SOURCE  Dietetic Health-Preserving Recipe

INGREDIENTS

Goat (or sheep) liver                                                     200g

Prepared rehmannia root, Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata                         10g

Chuanxiong rhizome, Rhizoma ligustici Chuanxiong                              3g

Chinese angelica root, Radix Angelicae Sinensis                                 6g

White peony root, Radix Paeoniae Alba                                        8g

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                               10g

Eclipta, Herba Ecliptae                                                     6g

Parched wild jujube seed, Semen Ziziphi Spinosae                               6g

Pepper powder, Pulvis Fructus Piperis Albi                                     1g

Gourmet powder                                                          2g

Soaked edible fungus, Auricularia                                           20g

Cooking wine                                                            2g

Day lily, Flos Hemerocallis Immaturus                                       10g

Wet starch                                                              20g

Chicken broth                                                          400g

Refined salt                                                              6g

Soy sauce                                                               3g

PROCE  Wash the above medicinal herbs clean and put them into an earthenware pot; add water to decoct them for decoction and let the decoction settle to remove the sedment. Wash the goat liver clean, cut it into thin slices and put it into a bowl; add 2g of refined salt, soy sauce, cooking wine and wet starch and mix them thoroughly. Put the earthenware pot with the decoction in it over a strong fire, add chicken broth, edible fungus and day lily. When the decoction boils, take the edible fungus and day lily out and put them in a soup bowl. Spread the liver slices into the pot; skim off the froth when it boils again; put in salt, pepper powder, prepared lard and gourmet powder when the liver is done. Then, put it into the soup bowl for taking.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken with bread (or cooked rice).

EFFICACY  Nourishing the liver, replenishing the blood, improving acuity of vision and tranquilizing the mind.

INDICATIONS  Night blindness, dim eyesight and optic atrophy caused by deficiency of the liver-blood, palpitation, insomnia, forgetfulness and, in women, irregular menstruation, and other symptoms resulting from deficiency of the heart-blood.

 

Noodles of Pueraia Root Powder

(Gefen Geng)

 

SOURCE  Principles of Correct Diet

INGREDIENTS

Starch of pueraria root, Pulvis Radicis Puerariae                               250g

Schizonepeta spike, Spica Schizomepetae                                     30g

Fresh fermented soya bean, Semen Sojae Preparatum                           150g

PROCESS  Make noodles with pueraria root starch; have the schizonepeta spike and fresh fermented soy beans decocted in water until it has boiled six to seven times; obtain decoction and remove the dregs. Cook the noodles in the decoction until it is well done.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once in the morning and in the evening respectively.

EFFICACY  Tonifying the liver and the kidney, calming the endopathic wind and inducing resuscitation.

INDICATIONS  Apoplexy caused by deficiency of the liver-yin and kidney-yin, manifested as dysphasia, coma, hemiparalysis, cerebral arteriosclerosis of the middle-aged and old people, etc.  It also can be used to prevent apoplexy from occurring.

 

6. Medicated Diets for Invigorating All the Viscera

Medicated diets for invigorating all the viscera are cooked by mixing Chinese materia medica chosen for replenishing the five viscera and treating consumptive diseases into certain foods. This category of medicated foods has the effects of replenishing deficiency, nourishing qi and blood, and tonifying the five viscera, and therefore, is capable of improving nutrition, strengthening the immunologic function of organism and disease-resistance, which results in improving health, tranquilizing the mind, stimulating the appetite and exciting sexual function the mind, stimulating the appetite and exciting sexual function. It is applicable to all syndromes of deficiency, manifested as emaciation, malnutrition, pale complexion, palpitation, shortness of breath, insomnia, forgetfulness, lassitude and poor appetite, low fever due to consumptive diseases, constipation, etc.

 

Gruel of Butter and Honey

(Su Mi Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Compendium of Materia Medica

INGREDIENTS

Butter, Butyrum                                                     20 to 30g

Honey, Mel                                                             15g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

PROCESS  Wash the rice clean and put it into a pot; heat it with just the right amount of water over a strong fire; when it boils, put in the butter and honey to make gruel.

DIRECTIONS  Take it hot, once in the morning and in the evening respectively.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the five viscera, replenishing qi and blood, making the skin smooth and glossy.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the five viscera, general asthenia, fever due to consumptive diseases, chronic cough and sputum mixed with blood due to deficiency of the lung, constipation due to dryness of the intestines and stomach, rough skin, withered hair, etc.

PRECAUTIONS  It’s not fit to be taken by those who suffer from obesity, phlegm-dampness retained in the interior of the body and loose stool.

 

Gruel with Chicken Broth

(Jizhi Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Compendium of Materia Medica

INGREDIENTS

Hen                                                                      1

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             100g

PROCESS  Kill the hen and remove its feathers and intestines, and then, wash it clean. Put it in a pot, add clean water to make broth and remove the chicken fat. Wash the rice clean, add water to make gruel; mix the right amount of the chicken broth and salt into the gruel when it is about to be done, and, go on cooking for a while.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the five viscera, benefiting qi and replenishing the blood.

INDICATIONS  Various syndromes of deficiency and consumption, especially to parturients and those who suffer from chronic kidney diseases.

 

 

Gruel with Arborvitae Seed

(Baiziren Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Gruel Menu

INGREDIENTS

Arborvitae seed, Semen Biotae                                         10 to 15g

Honey, Mel                                                      right amount

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                        30 to 60g

PROCESS  First, remove the shell and impurities of arborvitae seeds, pound them a bit and used them to make gruel together with rice. Add honey when the gruel is about to be done and go on cooking until it has boiled once or twice.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening, for two or three days as a course of treatment.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the five viscera and strengthening the constitution, tonifying the heart and moistening the intestines.

INDICATIONS  Constipation, palpitation, insomnia and forgetfulness caused by weak constitution and dryness of the intestines.

PRECAUTIONS  For the old and the weak, walnut kernel should be used instead of honey. Persons who suffer from loose stool and have a fever are prohibited to take it.

 

Stir-fried Quail

(Chao Anchun)

 

SOURCE  Dietetic Health-Preserving Recipe

INGREIDENTS

Quail, Coturnix Coturnix Japonica                                            10

Radish, Napus                                                         1000g

Rapeseed oil, Oleum Brassicae Campestris                                   100g

Ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis                                                25g

Salt, Sal Communis                                                      20g

Cooking wine                                                           16g

Gourmet powder                                                          5g

PROCESS  Drown the quail in water, remove the feathers and internal organs, wash the blood away and cut them into small square cubes; have the radish cut into cubes for later use. Put the cooking pan over a strong fire, put in the rapeseed oil and heat it until it is done. First, put in the quail and stir-fry it until it has changed colour, then, put in the radish and have it stir-fried together with the quail. Then, put in scallion, minced ginger, cooking wine and vinegar, add a bit of water and go on cooking for several minutes until the quail is done.

DIRECTIONS  Take an appropriate amount of it each time as dishes.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the five viscera.

INDICATIONS  Syndromes such as emaciation due to consumptive diseases, shortness of breath, lassitude and loss of appetite.

 

Soup of Sheep (or Goat) Viscera

(Yangzang Geng)

 

SOURCE  Principles of Correct Diet

INGREDIENTS

Sheep liver                                                                1

Sheep tripe                                                                1

Sheep heart                                                               1

Sheep lungs                                                             a set

Sheep kidneys                                                          a pair

Long pepper, Fructus Piperis Longi                                          50g

Tsaoko cardamon, Fructus Tsaoko                                             2

Dried orange peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                                10g

Lard, Lardum                                                            50g

Pepper, Fructus Piperis                                                    50g

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                      10g

Scallion, Bulbus Allii fistulosi                                               10g

Fermented bean, Semen Sojae Fermentum                                    150g

Salt, gourmet powder and cooking wine                           right amount each

PORCESS  Have the sheep liver, heart lungs, and kidneys washed clean, rid of blood and water, and cut into cubes 2cm³; put long pepper, tsaoko cardamon, orange peel, pepper, ginger, scallion and fermented soybeans into a gauze bag and tie it up tight; insert the bag into the sheep tripe; put the tripe together with the other viscera in an aluminium pan after sewing the tripe up; add just the right amount of water and put in the lard and salt. Heat the pan over a strong fire until the water boils, and then change to stewing it gently over a low fire until the contents are well done; take the sheep tripe out, remove the thread and take the medicinal bag out, cut the sheep tripe, heart, liver, lung and kidney into small cubes and put them back into the soup. Heat it again until it boils.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken with bread (or cooked rice).

EFFICACY  Tonifying the five viscera and replenishing vital essence and qi.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the five viscera and general asthenia.

 

Section 3  Medicated Diets for Prolonging Life

 

This group of medicated diets are cooked by mixing some Chinese materia medica chosen for improving health, strengthening the body resistence and consolidating the constitution into certain foods. They have the effects of regulating yin and yang, replenishing qi and blood, improving the function of the spleen, tonifying the kidney and nourishing essence, and are capable of lowering cholesterol, maintaining the elasticity of blood vessels, regulating blood pressure, increasing the immunologic function of organism, preventing diseases from occurring and prolonging life. They are applied to people of all ages, especially to those of the middle-aged and the old.

 

Medicinal Gruel with Sparrow

(Queer Yao Zhou)

 

SOURCE  Peaceful Holy Benevolent Prescriptions

INGREDIENTS

Sparrow, Passer Montanus saturatus                                           5

Dodder seed, Semen Cuscutae                                          30 to 45g

Raspberry, Fructus Rubi                                               10 to15g

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                           20 to 30g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                              60g

Refined salt, Sal Communis                                                a bit

Scallion stalk, Bulbus Allii Fistulosi                                            2

Fresh ginger, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens                                   3 slices

PROCESS  First, decoct the dodder seeds, raspberry and wolfberry fruit together in an earthenware pot to obtain medicinal extract and remove the dregs; have the sparrows rid of the feathers, the intestines and othder internal organs, wash them clean and parch them in wine; cook the sparrows, rice and medicinal extract with addition of the right amount of water to make thin gruel. When it is about to be done, of water to make thin gruel. When it is about to be done, put in refined salt, scallion stalks and fresh ginger.

DIRECTIONS  Take such gruel once in the morning and once in the evening, on an empty stomach.

EFFICACY  Invigorating yang-qi, replenishing the essence and blood, tonifying the liver and kidney.

INDICATIONS  Symptoms caused by deficiency of the kidney-qi such as impotence, seminal emission and premature emission, giddiness, dim eyesight, tinnitus and deafness, enuresis and, in women, leukorrhagia. For old people, it can improve health and prolong life if taken frequently over a long period of time.

PRECAUTIONS  It is fit to be taken in winter, 3 to 5 days as a course of treatment. Those who have a fever or sexual hyperesthesia should not take it.

 

Soft Extract of “Jade”

(Qiongyu Gao)

 

SOURCE  Principles of Correct Diet

INGREDIENTS

Ginseng, Radix Ginseng                                                  120g

Juice of rehmannia root, Succus Radicis Rehmanniae                           800g

White poria, Poria                                                       245g

Honey, Mel                                                            500g

PROCESS  Grind ginseng and poria into fine powder; pound rehmannia roots to obtain the juice (not in a copper or an iron ware); filter the honey with a piece of thin, tough silk. Mix the four ingredients thoroughly and put the mixture into a china jar; cover the jar tight with 20 to 30 layers of clean paper. Put clean water into a large aluminium pan, then, put the medicinal jar into the aluminium pan and heat it, first, over a strong fire, then, over a low fire, for three days and nights. Take the jar out, seal it with wax and soak it in water for 10 days to get rid of the fire-toxin. After that, put it back into the original aluminium pan and boil it for one day and one night.

DIRECTIONS  Take a spoonful at a time, once in the morning and once in the evening, on an empty stomach. EFFICACY  Replenishing qi, blood and essence, promoting generation of marrow.

INDICATIONS  It can be used as ordinary food for improving the health of the middle-aged and the old.

 

Soft Extract of Mulberry and Honey

(Sangshen Mi Gao)

 

SOURCE  Medical Dictionary

INGREDIENTS

Fresh mulberry, Fructus Mori Recens                                       1000g

(if dried)                                                               500g

Honey, Mel                                                            300g

PROCESS  Wash the mulberry clean, add just the right amount of water to decoct it for 30 minutes and get the extract out; add water to decoct it and get extract again. Put all the extract together to have it condensed over a low fire until it becomes relatively thick and sticky; add honey and go on heating until it boils again. Wait till it cools before storing it in a bottle.

DIRECTIONS  Take a spoonful at a time, once in the morning and once in the evening after infusing it with boiling water.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the liver and the kidney, tonifying qi and blood.

INDICATIONS  Symptoms such as early graying of hair, tinnitus, deafness, constipation, insomnia, forgetfulness, deficiency of blood after an illness, premature senility, etc.

 

Paste of Chinese Yam and Sesame

(Shanyao Zhima Hu)

 

SOURCE  Folk Dietetic Recipe

INGREDIENTS

Chinese yam, Rhizoma Dioscoreae                                           15g

Black sesame seed, Semen Sesami Nigrum                                   120g

Rose paste, Pasta Rosae Rugosae                                             6g

Fresh milk, Lac Bovis                                                    200g

Crystal sugar                                                           120g

Polished round-grained rice, Semen Oryzae Sativae                             60g

PROCESS  Have the rice washed clean, soaked in clean water for an hour, take it out and filter the water out; cut the Chinese yam into small pellets and roast the black sesame seeds until they send out fragrance. Put the Chinese yam and black sesame seeds into a basin; add water and fresh milk, have them mixed thoroughly and ground into a mash, then, filter out the fine extract for later use. Put clean water and crystal sugar into a pot; after the crystal sugar has dissolved and been filtered, heat it until it boils; pour the extract of the sesame slowly into the pot, put in the rose paste; stir constantly to make it a paste. Ladle it out from the pot after it’s done.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as much as you like.

EFFICACY  Tonifying yin, replenishing the kidney, nourishing the spleen and moistening the intestines.

INDICATIONS  Symptoms due to deficiency of the liver and the kidney or asthenia after an illness, such as constipation, early graying of hair, etc. for middle-aged and old people, it can strengthen the constitution and prolong life if they take it often and frequently.

 

Drink of Hawthorn Fruit and Walnut

(Shanzha Hetao Yin)

 

SOURCE  Menu of Medicated Diet for Nourishment and Health Care

INGREDIENTS

Walnut kernel, Semen Juglandis                                            150g

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                            50g

White sugar                                                            200g

PROCESS  Add a bit of water into the walnut kernel and grind it into a fine mash with a stone mill; put it in a container, add the right amount of cool boiled water to make a thin paste. Remove the stones from the hawthorn fruit, then cut it into slices; add 500ml of water to decoct it for half an hour; filter out the extract, add water, heat it and get extract again. Put all the extract together and heat it again over the fire; put in white sugar and keep on stirring to make it dissolved, and then pour the thin paste of the walnut kernel into the extract slowly, stir it while pouring and heat it until it simmers.

DIRECTIONS  Take it as a drink once in the morning and once in the evening; it is fit to be taken hot.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the lung and kidney, moistening dryness of the intestines and promoting digestion.

INDICATIONS  Symptoms such as cough, asthma due to deficiency of the lung, pain in the loins, constipation, indigestion, scanty menstruation and pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation, etc. It can also be used as a health-protecting drink for those who suffer from coronary heart disease, hypertension, hyperlipemia and senile constipation, etc.

 

Recipe of Xichun Wine

(Xichun Jiu)

 

SOURCE  Recipe of Suixiju

INGREDIENTS

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                               20g

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                                20g

Glossy privet fruit, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi                                     20g

Rehmannia root, Radix Rehmanniae                                          20g

Spirits                                                                  2kg

Epimedium, Herba Epimedii                                                20g

Lard, Lardun                                                           100g

Mung bean, Semen Phaseoli Radiati                                          20g

PROCESS  Have the glossy privet fruit steamed and dried in the sun nine times alternately; wash the rehmannia roots, epimedium and mung beans clean and dried in the sun. Put them all into a bag of thin, tough silk and tie it up tight for later use. Put 2kg of spirits into a china jar, put in the medicinal bag, seal the jar tightly and let the medicinal bag be soaked in it for a month.

DIRECTIONS  Take 15ml at a time, once in the morning and once in the evening.

EFFICACY  Warming the kidney and replenishing the lung, making skin texture fine and glossy, beautifying the hair.

INDICATIONS  It can make one’s face glow with health and hair glossy, and cure senile prolonged cough.

 

Wine of Acanthopanax Root

(Ciwujia Jiu)

 

SOURCE  Compendium of Materia Medica

End product is available on the market today in China.

EFFICACY  It can be used to replenish qi, improve the function of the spleen.

INDICATIONS  For middle-aged and old people, it can improve health and prolong life if they drink a little bit each day.

 

Life-Prolonging Soup of Pigeon Egg

(Yishou Gedan Tang)

 

SOURCE  Records of Chinese Materia Medica in Sichuan Province

INGREDIENTS

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii                                               10g

Longan aril, Arillus Longan                                                10g

Prepared Siberian solomonseal rhizome, Rhizoma Polygonati Praeparata            10g

Pigeon egg                                                               4

Crystal sugar                                                            50g

PROCESS  Have wolfberry fruit, longan aril and prepared Siberian solomonseal rhizome washed clean and cut into pieces; pound crystal sugar into bits and put them in a bowl. Put a pot on the fire, add about 750ml of clean water into the pot; put in the three ingredients and boil them for about 15 minutes; beat the pigeon eggs and put them into the pot one by one; add crystal sugar bits and go on cooking until they are done.

DIRECTIONS  Take it once a day, for seven days successively.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the liver and kidney, tonifying qi and blood, moistening the lung and strengthening constitution.

INDICATIONS  It has a relatively good curative effect upon symptoms such as cough due to dryness of the lung, deficiency of qi and blood, and failing mentality, etc. It can also be used as health-care food for those who suffer from pain in the loins due to deficiency of the kidney, sallow complexion, emaciation, and senile debility.

 

Stir-fried Mushroom with Celery

(Qincai Chao Xiang gu)

 

SOURCE  Folk Dietetic Recipe

INGREIDENTS

Celery, Herba Apii                                                       400g

Water-soaked mushroom, soy sauce, gourmet powder, rape oil          right amount each

PROCESS  Remove the leaves and roots from the celery and wash it clean. Cut it lengthwise first and then, cut it into sections 2cm long; mix it with salt, stir it for about ten minutes later, rinse it and let it drain. Cut mushrooms into slices and put vinegar, gourmet powder and starch into a bowl; add about 50ml of water into the bowl to make its contents a thin paste; when the frying pan is hot, pour 30g of rape oil into the pan, wait till foams on the surface of the oil have disappeared and smoke is sending out before putting in the celery, stir-fry it for 2 or 3 minutes, then put in the mushroom slices, stir-fry them quickly and mix them thoroughly, add soy sauce and stir-fry them for a while, pour the above thin paste into the pan and stir-fry quickly, and then, ladle the dish out for eating.

DIRECTIONS  It can be taken with bread (or cooked rice).

EFFICACY  Calming the liver and clearing heat from the liver, replenishing qi and blood.

INDICATIONS  It is applicable to headache, dizziness caused by hyperactivity of the liver-yang and can be used as health-improving food for those who suffer from hypertension, hyperlipemia, arteriosclerosis and neurosism.

 

Chicken Braised with Medicinal Herbs

(Bai Cao Tuogu Paji)

 

SOURCE  Shengli Braised Chicken Factory of Dezhou City, Shandong Province.

INGREDIENTS

Poria, Poria

Lily bulb, Bulbus Lilii

Longan aril, Arillus Longan

Honey, Mel

Gordon euryale seed, Semen Euryales

Wolfberry fruit, Fructus Lycii

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi

Ginkgo seed, Semen Ginkgo

Prickly ash peel, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli

Chicken

The weight of the above medicinal herbs and chicken is in a ratio of 1.2 to 100.

PROCESS  Choose a healthy chicken, kill and scald it in hot water, remove its feathers, cut open its belly, get rid of its internal organs and extravasated blood, wash it clean and fry it in deep oil; boil it in a cooking pot with stock and medicinal decoction. The decoction is obtained, according to a special prescription, by decocting the above Chinese medicinal herbs first, which are ground into pieces and wrapped up in a piece of cloth, and then, filtering the medicinal decoction to remove the dregs. When the chicken has been well done (to the extent that the flesh can be easily separated from the bones), take it out from the pot and let it cool before putting it into a bag from which the air is pumped out and which is then, sterilized at 120℃under high pressure. Let it cool thoroughly and pack it up by hygienic means. Thus, the finished product packed in vacuum can be got.

DIRECTIONS  Take as much as you think fit- or take it as a tonic and nutritious dish, or make soup with it.

EFFICACY  Nourishing the five viscera, replenishing qi and blood, removing food stagnancy, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.

INDICATIONS  The recipe is fit for both the old and the yong, especially for those who are weak after an illness, those who suffer from postpartum weakness and those who are old an infirm.

Those suffering from cold should be careful when taking it.

 

Section 4  Medicated Feast for Nourishment

Introduced in this section is one of the traditional feasts of medicated diet served at Qilu Medicated Diets Restaurant, Jinan, Shandong Province. It is relatively fit to be used in spring and also can be taken for reference when you prepare medicated foods to be eaten in other seasons.

 

1. Menu of the Medicated Feast

1) Cold dishes (six courses)

Hawthorn Fruit and fry-dried Pork (Shanzha Rougan)

Edible Fungus, Tremella and Celery (Shuanger Ting Qin)

Gastrodia Tuber, Peanut and Green Soya Bean (Tianma Shuang Dou)

Chrysanthemum Flower and Shredded Pork (Juhua Rousi)

Lettus with Mustard (Xinwei Woju)

Water Chestnut and Haw Jelly (Biqi Shanzha Gao)

2) Hot dishes (ten courses)

Steamed Turtle with Quail Egg (Yuzhu Bawang)

Steamed Chicken with Gastrodia Tuber (Tianma Qiguo Ji)

Cordyceps, Chicken and Peach-shaped Steamed Bread (Chong Cao Ji Tao)

Astragalus root, Wild Jujube Seed and Prawn (Qi Zao Daxia)

Appetizing Fish Balls (Kaiwei Yuyuan)

Lucid Ganoderma, Cordyceps and Duck (Ling Cao Yazi)

Wolfberry Fruit and Shelled Shrimp (Gouqi Xiaren )

Fried Whole Scorpion with Larva of Cicada (Quanchong Nao Jinchan)

Braised Mushroom in White Sauce (Baiba Koumo)

Sichuan Fritillary Bulb and Pear (Beimu Liguan)

3) Soup (one course)

Wolfberry Fruit and Lotus Seed (Gouqi Lianzi)

4) Staple food

Steamed Purplish Black Rice (Zimi Fan)

Steamed Dumplings with (Fuling Zhengbao)

 

2. Recipe of above Dishes and Foods

 

Hawthorn Fruit and Fry-dried Pork

(Shanzha Rougan)

INGREDIENTS

Hawthorn fruit, Fructus Crataegi                                            10g

Lean pork                                                              250g

PROCESS  Cut lean pork into thick slices, wash hawthorn fruit clean for later use. Put the meat slices into the frying pan when the oil is eighty per cent hot and fry it until it becomes golden yellow. Take it out and have scallion sections, fresh ginger slices quick-fried meat slices and hawthorn slices. Add some salt, gourmet powder, cooking wine and white sugar. Heat it over a strong fire until it boils, and then stew it thoroughly over a low fire. Pour some sesame oil over the dish.

EFFICACY  Promoting digestion, eliminating stagnated food and promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis.

INDICATIONS  Feeling of fullness in the chest and stomach, loss of appetite, mass and constant pain in the abdomen.

 

Edible Fungus, Tremella and Celery

(Shuanger Ting Qin)

 

INGREDIENTS

Edible fungus, Auricularia

Tremella, Tremella

Celery, Herba Apii

PROCESS  Have edible fungus and tremella soaked in warm water, washed clean and stripped of the stalks; have the tender celery stripped of the leaves, washed clean and cut into sections. Tear the edible fungus and tremella to pieces. Scald them in boiling water separately. Take them out and flavour them with refined salt, gourmet powder, cooking wine and sesame oil. Put them on a plate and serve.

EFFICACY  Nourishing yin, moistening the lung, promoting production of the body fluid, removing heat from the blood, refreshing the brain and lowering high blood pressure.

INDICATIONS  It can be used to treat dry cough with little sputum, epistaxis due to dryness of the lung and hypertension.

 

Gastrodia Tuber, Peanut and Green Soya Bean

(Tianma Shuang Dou)

 

INGREDIENTS

Gastrodia tuber, Rhizoma Gastrodiae                                         10g

Shelled peanut, Semen Arachidis                                           100g

Green soya bean, Semen Sojae Viridis                                        50g

PROCESS  Have gastrodis tuber steeped in distilled water to obtain its medicinal liquid, shelled peanuts soaked in boiling water for 15 minutes and pinch them off their skins, green have them done. Take them out, add gastrodia tuber liquid, refined salt, gourmet powder and sesame oil, and mix them thoroughly.

EFFICACY  Tranquilizing liver-wind, improving acuity of sight and lowering high blood pressure.

INDICATIONS  It is applicable to giddiness, headache and numb extremities.

 

Chrysanthemum Flower and Shredded Pork

(Juhua Rousi)

 

INGREDIENTS

Lean pork                                                             200g

Dried chrysanthemum flower, Flos Chrysanthemi                               10g

Salt, gourmet powder and Chinese prickly ash powder                right amount each

PROCESS  Cut lean pork into shreds; have dried chrysanthemum flowers steeped in water to make them expand then, put the meat in the frying pan when the oil in it is thirty out, and mix it thoroughly with chrysanthemum flowers, salt, gourmet powder and Chinese prickly as powder.

EFFICACY  Strengthening the constitution, clearing pathogenic heat, improving acuity of sight and removing the poisonous quality of any substance.

INDICATIONS  Dizziness, headache, tinnitus and diminution of vision.

 

Lettus with Mustard

(Xinwei Woju)

 

INGREDIENTS

Peeled lettus, Loctuca Sativa                                               200g

White mustard seed powder, Pulvis Seminis Sinapis                             10g

Almonds, Semen Armeniacae Dulce                                           6g

PROCESS  Cut peeled lettus into strips; put white mustard seed powder in boiling water and cover it tight. Have almonds soaked well in water, rid of the skins and minced, then, put the lettus, the minced almonds and prepared mustard seed powder together, add sesame oil and gourmet powder, stir to mix them thoroughly.

EFFICACY  Regulating qi, resovling phlegm, moistening the intestines and relieving cough.

INDICATIONS  Acute and chronic bronchitis and constipation.

 

 

Water Chestnut and Haw Jelly

(Biqi Shanzha Gao)

INGREDIENTS

Peeled water chestnut, Bulbus Helecharis Tuberosae                            200g

Haw jelly                                                               30g

Dried orange peel, Pericarpium citri Reticulatae                                 3g

PROCESS  Cut water chestnuts and haw jelly into small cubes respectively; have dried orange peel minced after it being soaked. Put the three ingredients together and spread some white sugar on it.

EFFICACY  Invigorating the spleen, regulating the stomach, clearing sputum and arresting cough.

INDICATIONS  Loss of appetite, distension and fullness in the stomach and cough with little sputum.

 

Steamed Turtle with Quail Egg

(Yuzhu Bawang)

 

INGREDIENTS

Soft-shelled turtle, Trionyx Sinensis                                         500g

Quail egg                                                              150g

PROCESS  Make the turtle clean by scraping and washing after it is killed and scalded; put it in a soup bowl. Have the quail eggs boiled and shelled, then, put them in the soup bowl. Add scallion, ginger, Chinese prickly ash, refined salt, cooking wine, aniseed and water, and steam it in a bamboo steamer until the contents are well-done.

EFFICACY  Tonifying the liver and kidney, and replenishing qi and blood.

INDICATIONS  Debility after prolonged illness, hectic fever due to consumption, insomnia, forgetfulness, lassitude, etc.

 

Steamed Chicken with Gastrodia Tuber

(Tianma Qiguo Ji)

 

INGREDIENTS

Gastrodia tuber, Rhizoma Gastrodiae                                         12g

Black-bone chicken, Gallus Domesticus (processed)                            500g

PROCESS  Have the processed chicken cut into cubes and well quick-boiled in boiling water. Put cubes together with gastrodia tuber in a small steamer, add scallion, fresh ginger, Chinese prickly ash, cooking wine and refined salt, and then steam cubes in a bamboo steamer until it is well-done.

EFFICACY  Replenishing qi and blood, nourishing the vital essence, and tonifying the liver to improve eyesight.

INDICATIONS  Debility after an illness, giddiness, dim vision, numbness and weakness of hands and feet, etc. For normal people, it can give plenty of fresh energy.

 

Cordyceps, Chicken and Peach-shaped Steamed Bread

(Chong Cao Ji Tao)

INGREDIENTS

Cordyceps, Cordyceps                                                   10g

Chicken                                                             150g

Sesame seed, Semen Sesami                                              30g

PROCESS  Have chicken minced into a mash to be used as filling; have steamed bread cut into thick slices and moulded like peaches. Coat the steamed bread slices with the chicken filling; spread sesame seeds on the peach-shaped bread slices and make stalks of the “peaches” with cordyceps. Fry the “peaches” in deep hot oil until they are done.

EFFICACY  Replenishing the kidney, nourishing the vital essence, and moistening the lung to relieve cough.

INDICATIONS  Deficiency of the kidney and vital essence, cough due to dryness of the lung, lassitude, etc. For normal people, it can strengthen constitution and the bones.

 

Braised Mushroom in White Sauce

(Baiba Koumo)

 

INGREDINTS

Dried mushroom, Volva Fungorum                                        450g

Ginkgo nut, Semen Ginkgo                                               15g

Dried orange peel, Pericarpium citri Reticulatae                                6g

PROCESS  Have mushroom cut into a shape like combteeth, ginkgo shelled and soaked; have orange peel diced after being soaked. Put a bit of cooking oil into a pan to quick fry scallion and fresh ginger. After adding the above ingredients, put in salt, gourmet powder, sesame oil, toss and turn to mix the ingredients thoroughly.

EFFICACY  Replenishing qi, strengthening the spleen, relieving cough and dissolving plegm.

INDICATIONS  It is applicable to symptoms such as coughing and spitting whitish phlegm, dry mouth, cough with phlegm. For normal people, it can benefit qi and moisten the lung., lassitude, etc. For normal people, it can strengthen constitution and the bones.

 

Braised Mushroom in White Sauce

(Baiba Koumo)

 

INGREDIENTS

Dried mushroom, Volva Fungorum                                        450g

Ginkgo nut, Semen Ginkgo                                               15g

Dried orange peel, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae                               6g

PROCESS  Have mushroom cut into a shape like comb teeth, ginkgo shelled and soaked; have orange pe